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Encyclopedia > Chancellor (education)

A Chancellor is the head of a university. Other titles are sometimes used, such as President or Rector. Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Most of this article is about heads of state. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ...

In most Commonwealth (or former Commonwealth) nations, the Chancellor is usually a titular (figurehead) non-resident head, often with a Pro-Chancellor as practical Chairman of the governing body ("The Council"); the actual chief executive of a university is the Vice-Chancellor. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... (In the context of property law, title refers to ownership or documents of ownership; see title (property). ... Chief Executive may refer to: Chief Executive of Hong Kong Chief Executive of Macau Chief Executive Officer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A Vice-Chancellor (commonly called the VC) of a university in the United Kingdom, other Commonwealth countries, and some universities in Hong Kong, is the de facto head of the university. ...


Canada, Hong Kong and Scotland

Canadian and Scottish universities have a figurehead Chancellor, but the day-to-day operations are typically handled by a "Principal" who also carries the title of Vice-Chancellor. In Canada, the Principal may also be called "President" or "Rector". Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... The Principal is the chief executive and the chief academic officer of a University in Scotland and at certains institutions in Canada and other parts of the Commonwealth. ... Most of this article is about heads of state. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ...

In Hong Kong, universities also have a figurehead Chancellor. Day-to-day operation is in the hands of either a Vice-Chancellor or a President, depending on the institution.

Republic of Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland the four universities all have a Chancellor as their figurehead leader. However day-to-day operations of the universities are under the directorship of a President (a Provost in the case of Trinity College Dublin). The National University of Ireland's constituent universities do not have a chancellor each, rather, the president of each constituent university has the title of Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the NUI. In Dublin City University and the University of Limerick, the chancellor is also the chairman of the university's Governing Authority. Provost is the title of a senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent of Vice-Chancellor at certain UK universites such as UCL, and the head of certain Oxbridge colleges (e. ... The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin or more commonly Trinity College, Dublin (TCD) was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ... In a university, an assistant to a Vice-Chancellor is called a Pro-Vice-Chancellor (also Pro Vice-Chancellor or Deputy Vice-Chancellor). ... Dublin City University (DCU) is a university situated between Glasnevin and Whitehall on the Northside of Dublin in Ireland. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ...


In Australia, the Chancellor is Chairman of the University's governing body; thus, as well as having ceremonial duties, the Chancellor participates in the governance of the University (but not its active management). The Chancellor is assisted by a Deputy Chancellor (known as the Pro-Chancellor in some universities). The Chancellor and Deputy Chancellor are frequently drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary (it is one of the few jobs considered compatible with judicial service). Some universities have a Visitor, who is senior to the Chancellor, and is generally the state Governor (or, for Catholic universities, a Bishop). Once upon a time, university disputes could be appealed from the governing board to the Visitor (as is still the case in the UK), but nowadays such appeal is generally prohibited by legislation, and the position has only ceremonial functions. (In fact, little function at all, since the Visitor will rarely attend University functions, unlike the Chancellor and Deputy Chancellor, who frequently preside at functions such as graduations.) A Visitor, in United Kingdom law and history, is an overseer of an autonomous ecclesiastical or eleemosynary institution (i. ...

Macquarie University in Sydney, in particular, is noteworthy in having the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for Dr John Lincoln on his retirement from his long-held post of Deputy Chancellor in 2000. The new position is not merely an honorary title, as it also retains a place in the University Council for Dr Lincoln. Macquarie University is an Australian university located in Sydney. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4,200,000 people, and 151,920 within the city centre. ...

United States

In the United States, universities usually call their heads "presidents," but the name chancellor is sometimes seen, most commonly in a system of connected state universities. A few private institutions namely Syracuse University, Vanderbilt University, and Washington University in St. Louis use the title chancellor. A given state's university system may be headed by a "chancellor" who serves as the system-wide chief, while individual campuses are headed by presidents; a typical example is the California State University system. For alternate meanings see state university (disambiguation). ... Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local, state, or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York, United States. ... Vanderbilt University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Washington University in St. ... A university system is a set of multiple affiliated university campuses that are geographically distributed. ... The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ...

Exceptions in which the two titles are reversed include:

So in California, for example, the California State University (CSU) chancellor supervises the presidents of CSU's 23 campuses, while the UC president supervises the chancellors of UC's 10 campuses. The University of Alaska is a Land-Grant, Sea-Grant, and Space Grant university founded in 1922 in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... The University of Arkansas System comprises five main campuses within the state of Arkansas, a medical school, two law schools, a unique graduate school focused on public service, and several community colleges. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The University of Colorado (CU) System consists of five campuses: University of Colorado at Boulder University of Colorado at Colorado Springs University of Colorado at Denver University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Fitzsimons campus of the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, scheduled to open in 2007 in Aurora on... The University of Illinois is a system of public universities in Illinois. ... The Louisiana State University System is the largest public university system in Louisiana. ... This page is about the university system across Massachusetts. ... University of Nebraska seal The University of Nebraska is the main public higher education outlet of the State of Nebraska in the United States. ... The University of North Carolina is a sixteen-university system which comprises all public four-year universities in North Carolina, United States. ... The University of Wisconsin System is the state university system in Wisconsin, composed of fifteen institutions with twenty-six campuses. ... See also Purdue University regarding the main campus. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ...

In the Indiana University System, the president holds executive authority for the system and there are chancellors at each campus, as in the above exceptions, but there is the additional post of "University Chancellor", which was created for popular past president Herman B Wells upon his retirement, largely as a sinecure position, and held by him until his death in 2000. The Indiana University system, technically founded in 1820, is an eight-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... Herman B Wells (June 7, 1902 – March 18, 2000) was the 11th president of Indiana University – Bloomington. ... A sinecure (from Latin sine, without, and cura, care) means an office which requires or involves little or no responsibility, labour, or active service. ...

The College of William and Mary uses chancellor in the British way for a figurehead leader but the day-to-day head is an American-style "president," not a "vice-chancellor." The incumbent Chancellor is Sandra Day O'Connor, former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Previous holders of the office of Chancellor include George Washington, John Tyler, Warren Burger, Margaret Thatcher, and Henry Kissinger. Before independence several Bishops of London and Archbishops of Canterbury served as Chancellor. The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... Italic textInsert non-formatted text here Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who served as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006. ... Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... John Tyler, Jr. ... Warren Burger at a press conference in May 1969 shortly after he was nominated to be Chief Justice of the United States. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ...

The Catholic University of America is headed by a President and the Archbishop of Washington serves as Chancellor. The current archbishop and chancellor, Donald Wuerl, represents the university before the Holy See. The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, D.C., is unique as the national university of the Roman Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by U.S. Roman Catholic bishops. ... The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, D.C., is unique as the national university of the Roman Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by U.S. Roman Catholic bishops. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington is home to the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, dedicated to the patron saint of the United States. ... Donald William Wuerl (born November 12, 1940) is the the sixth Roman Catholic Archbishop of Washington, DC. From 1988 to 2006, he served as the 11th Bishop of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...

The University of Mississippi uses the chancellor system, with the chancellor serving as the chief executive officer of the system, while the medical school is headed by a vice chancellor and the four other campuses are headed by various deans that report directly to the vice-chancellor of academic affairs. The University of Mississippi, also known as Ole Miss, is a public, coeducational research university located in Oxford, Mississippi. ...

Outside universities, the title is sometimes used to designate other education officials, such as the Chancellor of the New York City Department of Education.


In India, almost all universities have a chancellor (Hindi: kulādhipati) as their titular head as , whose function is largely ceremonial. The de-facto head of the university is the Vice-Chancellor (Hindi: kulapati). His equivalent for engineering institutes is the Director (Hindi: nirdéshak), even for those engineering institutes that are university equivalents, like the Indian Institutes of Technology. Hindi (Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the official languages of the Union government of India. ... Hindi (Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the official languages of the Union government of India. ... Hindi (Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the official languages of the Union government of India. ... Location of IITs The Indian Institutes of Technology, or IITs, are a group of seven autonomous engineering and technology oriented institutes of higher education established and declared as Institutes of National Importance by the Government of India. ...

The Philippines

In the Philippines, the premier state university (University of the Philippines) designates the head of its autonomous universities as the Chancellor. The autonomous universities make up the system, whose head is designated as the President. The Chancellor designates the different Vice-Chancellors for different areas of concern of the University: academic affairs, finance, and community affairs, among others. The Oblation UP Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System UP Baguio UP Los Baños UP Manila UP Visayas in Miag-Ao This article is about the University of the Philippines System. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Education board chancellor to step down - The Boston Globe (583 words)
The chancellor of the Massachusetts Board of Higher Education, Judith I. Gill, will announce at today's board meeting that she intends to step down later this year after six years in the post, a board spokeswoman said.
In her statement, Gill said her six years in the position made her the state's longest serving higher education chancellor.
She spent about five years as director of research and policy analysis for the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, and taught as an adjunct professor at the University of Denver.
Gotham Gazette -- Education (1837 words)
The chancellor is advised by the Panel for Educational Policy on which sit five parents appointed by the borough presidents and seven mayoral appointees.
The first city schools chancellor appointed directly by the mayor is a New York City native, and a graduate of the city's public schools, who even did a brief, long-ago teaching stint in the city school system.
Educational Priorities Panel - The current mission of this 26-year-old organization is to improve the quality of public education for New York City's children so that there is no longer a performance gap between city schools and those in the rest of the state.
  More results at FactBites »



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