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Encyclopedia > Chamaeleon
Chamaeleon
Chamaeleon
click for larger image
Abbreviation Cha
Genitive Chamaeleontis
Symbology Chameleon
Right ascension 11 h
Declination −80°
Area 132 sq. deg.
Ranked 79th
Number of stars
(magnitude < 3)
0
Brightest star γ Cha
(App. magnitude 4.1)
Meteor showers

None This is a celestial map of the constellation Chamaeleon. ... The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ... Genera Bradypodion Calumma Chamaeleo Furcifer Brookesia Rhampholeon Chameleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are large lizards that belong to one of the best known lizard families. ... Right ascension (RA; symbol α: Greek letter alpha; celestial longitude) is the astronomical term for one of the two coordinates of a point on the celestial sphere when using the equatorial coordinate system. ... In astronomy, declination (dec) is one of the two coordinates of the equatorial coordinate system, the other being either right ascension or hour angle. ... Here is a list of the 88 modern constellations by their area in the sky, measured in square degrees. ... The apparent magnitude (m) of a star, planet or other heavenly body is a measure of its apparent brightness; that is, the amount of light received from the object. ... The apparent magnitude (m) of a star, planet or other heavenly body is a measure of its apparent brightness; that is, the amount of light received from the object. ... Leonid Meteor Shower From earliest times, humankind has noticed flurries of meteors that seemed to emanate from particular points in the sky at particular times of the year. ...

Bordering
constellations
Visible at latitudes between +0° and −90°
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of April

Chamaeleon (Latin for chameleon) is a minor southern constellation. The constellation was one of twelve constellations created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman between 1595 and 1597, and it first appeared in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603. Musca (Latin for Fly) is one of the minor southern constellations. ... Carina (Latin for keel) is a southern constellation which forms part of the old constellation of Argo Navis. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Volans constellation ... Mensa (Latin for Table) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Mons Mensae (Latin for table mountain). ... Octans (Latin for octant) is an inconspicuous constellation introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. ... Apus (Latin for bird of paradise) is a faint southern constellation, not visible to the ancient Greeks. ... April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... Chameleon can refer to: Chameleon, the reptile Chamaeleon, the constellation Chameleon, the computer workstation design produced at ETH Zurich running Oberon Chameleon, the Marvel Comics supervillain Chameleon, a character in the Sega Saturn and Sony Playstation versions of Mortal Kombat Trilogy. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Genera Bradypodion Calumma Chamaeleo Furcifer Brookesia Rhampholeon Chameleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are large lizards that belong to one of the best known lizard families. ... Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe (but not always the whole year long). ... Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser (1540-1596) was a Dutch navigator. ... Frederick de Houtman (1571—1627) was a Dutch explorer who sailed along the Western coast of Australia (see History of Western Australia) en route to Batavia. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... Johann Bayer (1572 – March 7, 1625) was a German astronomer. ... Uranometrias engraving of the constellation Orion, courtesy of the US Naval Observatory Library Uranometria is the short title of a star atlas produced by Johann Bayer. ... King James I of England/VII of Scotland, the first monarch to rule the Kingdoms of England and Scotland at the same time Events March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James I of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England April...

Contents


Notable Stars

Stars with Bayer designations

  • α Cha 4.05; β Cha 4.24; γ Cha 4.11; δ1 Cha 5.46; δ2 Cha 4.45; ε Cha 4.88; ζ Cha 5.07; θ Cha 4.34; η Cha 5.46; ι Cha 5.34; κ Cha 5.04; μ Cha 5.53; μ2 Cha 6.60; ν Cha 5.43; π Cha 5.64

Stars with Flamsteed designations

  • 9 Cha 6.05

Notable Deep-sky Objects

In 1999, a nearby open cluster was discovered centered on the bright star Eta Chamaeleontis. The cluster, known as either the "eta Chamaeleontis cluster" or "Mamajek 1" is 6 million years old, and lies 316 light years from Earth. An open cluster is a group of up to a few thousand stars that were formed from the same giant molecular cloud, and are still gravitationally bound to each other. ... A light year, abbreviated ly, is the distance light travels in one year: roughly 9. ...


The constellation contains a number of molecular clouds (called the "Chamaeleon dark clouds") that are forming low-mass T Tauri stars. The cloud complex lies some 400 to 600 light years from Earth, and contains tens of thousands of solar masses of gas and dust. A Molecular cloud is a type of interstellar clouds whose density and size permits the formation of molecular hydrogen, H2. ... T Tauri stars are a class of variable stars named after their prototype T Tauri. ... A light year, abbreviated ly, is the distance light travels in one year: roughly 9. ...


History

Since it is an invention of the 17th century and was not visible to early Mediterranean cultures, there is no mythology associated with it. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The word culture, from the Latin colere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... ...


Mythology

See also


Constellations created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman between 1595 and 1597 and introduced by Johann Bayer in the 1603 text Uranometria Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe (but not always the whole year long). ... Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser (1540-1596) was a Dutch navigator. ... Frederick de Houtman (1571—1627) was a Dutch explorer who sailed along the Western coast of Australia (see History of Western Australia) en route to Batavia. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... Johann Bayer (1572 – March 7, 1625) was a German astronomer. ... King James I of England/VII of Scotland, the first monarch to rule the Kingdoms of England and Scotland at the same time Events March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James I of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England April... Uranometrias engraving of the constellation Orion, courtesy of the US Naval Observatory Library Uranometria is the short title of a star atlas produced by Johann Bayer. ...

Apus | Chamaeleon | Dorado | Grus | Hydrus | Indus | Musca | Pavo | Phoenix | Triangulum Australe | Tucana | Volans


Apus (Latin for bird of paradise) is a faint southern constellation, not visible to the ancient Greeks. ... Other uses: dorado is used in the fisheries of some Latin American countries to denote the edible fish mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus Dorado is also the name of mythical Latin American warriors. ... Grus (Latin for Crane) is a southern constellation. ... Hydrus (Latin for Hydra, also referred to as male Hydra or little Hydra) is a minor southern constellation. ... Indus is a southern constellation that is supposed to represent an American Indian. ... Musca (Latin for Fly) is one of the minor southern constellations. ... PENIS, being Latin for your small cock, is a southern constellation. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations ... Triangulum Australe is a small southern constellation whose three brightest stars, of second and third magnitude, form an approximately equilateral triangle. ... Tucana (Latin for Toucan) is a southern constellation. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Volans constellation ...

The 88 modern Constellations
Andromeda | Antlia | Apus | Aquarius | Aquila | Ara | Aries | Auriga | Boötes | Caelum | Camelopardalis | Cancer | Canes Venatici | Canis Major | Canis Minor | Capricornus | Carina | Cassiopeia | Centaurus | Cepheus | Cetus | Chamaeleon | Circinus | Columba | Coma Berenices | Corona Australis | Corona Borealis | Corvus | Crater | Crux | Cygnus | Delphinus | Dorado | Draco | Equuleus | Eridanus | Fornax | Gemini | Grus | Hercules | Horologium | Hydra | Hydrus | Indus | Lacerta | Leo | Leo Minor | Lepus | Libra | Lupus | Lynx | Lyra | Mensa | Microscopium | Monoceros | Musca | Norma | Octans | Ophiuchus | Orion | Pavo | Pegasus | Perseus | Phoenix | Pictor | Pisces | Piscis Austrinus | Puppis | Pyxis | Reticulum | Sagitta | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Sculptor | Scutum | Serpens | Sextans | Taurus | Telescopium | Triangulum | Triangulum Australe | Tucana | Ursa Major | Ursa Minor | Vela | Virgo | Volans | Vulpecula

Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe (but not always the whole year long). ... Andromeda is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in greek mythology. ... The constellation Antlia (Latin for pump) is a relatively new constellation as it was only created in the 18th century, being too faint to be acknowledged by the ancient Greeks. ... Apus (Latin for bird of paradise) is a faint southern constellation, not visible to the ancient Greeks. ... Aquarius ( , Latin for the Water-bearer or Cup-bearer) is the eleventh sign of the zodiac, situated between Capricornus and Pisces. ... Aquila (Latin for Eagle), is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy and is now also part of the list of 88 constellations acknowledged by the IAU. It lies roughly at the celestial equator. ... Ara (Latin for Altar) is a faint southerly constellation between the constellations Centaurus and Lupus. ... Aries ( , Latin for Ram) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Auriga (Latin for chariot) is a northern constellation. ... Boötes, a name deriving from Egypt, is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Caelum (Latin for chisel, and similar to Latin for of the Sky) is a minor southern constellation introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. ... Camelopardalis, Latin for giraffe, is the name of a large but faint northern constellation first recorded by Jakob Bartsch in 1624, but probably created earlier by Petrus Plancius. ... In astronomy and astrology, Cancer ( ), Latin for crab, is one of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. ... Canes Venatici (Latin for hunting dogs) is a small northern constellation that was introduced by Johannes Hevelius in the 17th century. ... Canis Major (Latin for big dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Canis Minor (Latin for little dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Capricornus ( or ), a name meaning Horned Goat or That which has horns like a goats in Latin, is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Carina (Latin for keel) is a southern constellation which forms part of the old constellation of Argo Navis. ... Cassiopeia is a northern constellation which Greek mythology considered to represent a vain queen. ... Centaurus (Latin for centaur) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and counts also among the 88 modern constellations. ... Cepheus is a northern constellation named after King Cepheus in Greek mythology, and is considered to represent a king. ... Cetus (a name from Greek mythology, referring to a Whale or Sea monster, see Ceto) is a constellation of the southern sky, in the region known as the Water, near other watery constellations like Aquarius, Pisces, and Eridanus. ... Circinus, Latin for Compass, is one of the small southern (declination −50 to −60 degrees) constellations. ... Columba, Latin for dove, is a small constellation just south to Canis Major and Lepus, it was cut out of the constellation Canis Major by Augustin Royer, in 1679. ... Coma Berenices (Latin for Berenices Hair) is a traditional asterism that has since become a constellation. ... Corona Australis or Corona Austrina (Latin for Southern Crown) was one of Ptolemys 48 constellations, and also counts among the 88 modern constellations. ... Corona Borealis (Latin for northern crown) is a small northern constellation whose main stars form a semicircular arc. ... Corvus (Latin for Raven/Crow) is a small southern constellation with only 11 stars visible to the naked eye (brighter than magnitude 5. ... Crater (Latin for cup) is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... Crux, being Latin for cross, commonly known as the Southern Cross (in contrast to the Northern Cross), is the smallest of the 88 modern constellations, but nevertheless one of the most famous. ... For the software company, see Cygnus Solutions. ... Delphinus, being Latin for Dolphin, is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. ... Other uses: dorado is used in the fisheries of some Latin American countries to denote the edible fish mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus Dorado is also the name of mythical Latin American warriors. ... Draco (Latin for Dragon) is a far northern constellation that is circumpolar for many northern hemisphere observers. ... Equuleus (Latin for horse-let (i. ... Eridanus is the sixth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Fornax (Latin for furnace) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Fornax Chemica (Latin for chemical furnace). ... In mythology, the Gemini are Castor and Polydeuces. ... Grus (Latin for Crane) is a southern constellation. ... Hercules is the fifth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Horologium (Latin for clock) is one of the lesser southern constellations (declination around -60 degrees). ... Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Hydrus (Latin for Hydra, also referred to as male Hydra or little Hydra) is a minor southern constellation. ... Indus is a southern constellation that is supposed to represent an American Indian. ... Lacerta, being Latin for Lizard, is one of the 88 official constellations acknowledged by the International Astronomical Union. ... Leo (Latin for lion, symbol , Unicode ♌) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Leo Minor (Latin for Small Lion) is a rather dim constellation that can barely be recognized as a triangle and lies between the easily discerned constellations Ursa Major and Leo. ... Lepus (Latin for Hare) is a constellation, lying just south of Orion, and possibly representing a hare being chased by him. ... Libra (Latin for balance, symbol , Unicode ♎) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... For the autoimmune disorder see lupus erythematosus. ... Lynx is a constellation of the northern hemisphere, introduced in the 17th century by Johannes Hevelius. ... Lyra (Latin for Lyre) is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is one of the 88 modern constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union. ... Mensa (Latin for Table) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Mons Mensae (Latin for table mountain). ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations ... Monoceros (Latin for Unicorn) is a faint constellation on the winter night sky, surrounded by Orion to the west, Gemini to the north, Canis Major to the south and Hydra to the east. ... Musca (Latin for Fly) is one of the minor southern constellations. ... Norma (Latin for Normal, i. ... Octans (Latin for octant) is an inconspicuous constellation introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. ... Ophiuchus (known as the serpent holder) is one of the 88 constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... Orion, a constellation often referred to as The Hunter, is a prominent constellation, perhaps the best-known in the sky. ... PENIS, being Latin for your small cock, is a southern constellation. ... Pegasus is a northern constellation, named after the mythological Pegasus. ... Perseus is a northern constellation, named after the Greek hero who slew the monster Medusa. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations ... Pictor, being Latin for easel, is one of the minor southern (declination -50 to -60) constellations. ... Pisces ( , Latin for fish (plural)) is a zodiac constellation which lies between Aquarius to the west and Aries to the east. ... Piscis Austrinus or Piscis Australis (both of which are Latin for Southern Fish) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. ... Puppis (Latin for poop deck) is a southern constellation. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Pyxis constellation | Argo Navis constellation ... Reticulum (Latin for reticle), is one of the minor southern (declination -60 degrees) constellations. ... Sagitta, being Latin for Arrow, is the third-smallest of all constellations (only Equuleus and Crux are smaller). ... Sagittarius ( , and Latin for Archer) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Scorpius ( , and Latin for scorpion) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Sculptor constellation ... Scutum (Latin for shield) is a small constellation. ... Serpens (the snake) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... For the Ancient Roman coin denomination, see sextans (coin). ... Taurus ( , Latin for bull) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Telescopium (Latin for Telescope) is a minor southern constellation identified and named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, the 18th century French astronomer, a student of the southern skies. ... Triangulum is a small northern constellation whose three brightest stars, of third and fourth magnitude, form an elongated triangle. ... Triangulum Australe is a small southern constellation whose three brightest stars, of second and third magnitude, form an approximately equilateral triangle. ... Tucana (Latin for Toucan) is a southern constellation. ... Ursa Major (Ursa Maior in Latin) is a constellation visible throughout the year in the northern hemisphere. ... Ursa Minor is a constellation in the northern sky, the name of which means Small Bear in Latin. ... Vela (Latin for sails) is a southern constellation, one of the four parts into which Argo Navis was split (the others being; Carina (constellation), Puppis and Pyxis. ... See VIRGO (physics) for a French-Italian project in physics. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Volans constellation ... Vulpecula, being Latin for Fox, is a faint northern constellation located in the middle of the Summer Triangle, an asterism consisting of the bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair. ...

References

External links

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Chamaeleon

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chamaeleon facts - about chamaeleon (544 words)
A star such as chamaeleon is a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived from thermonuclear reactions in the interior.
Star formation such as for chamaeleon occurs in molecular clouds, which are large regions of high density in the interstellar medium (albeit less dense than the inside of an earthly vacuum chamber).
The energy produced by stars such as chamaeleon radiates into space as electromagnetic radiation, as a stream of neutrinos from the star's centre, and as a stream of particles from the star's outer layers (its stellar wind).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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