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Chakra (pronunciation (help· info)) is a Sanskrit term (refer etymology section) meaning wheel. There is a vast literature on chakra models, philosophy and lore that underpin many philosophical systems and spiritual energetic practices, religious observance and personal discipline. Chakras function and relate within the systemic suite of the human bodymind. The philosophical theories and models of chakras as systemic vortices of energy were identified through the existential [1] mystical practice of yoga in Ancient India where they were first codified. Naruto romanized as NARUTO in Japan) is a manga by Masashi Kishimoto with an anime TV series adaptation. ... Sudarshana Chakra (Sanskrit: सुदर्शण चक्रम्) is a spinning disc like weapon with very sharp edge, which is one of the weapons in the Hindu God Vishnus hands. ... Image File history File links Mgm_pronunciation_Chakra. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Look up lore in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... Bodymind is a compound conjunction of body and mind and may be used differently in different traditions, disciplines and knowledges. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement emphasizing individualism, individual freedom, and subjectivity. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... Ancient India may refer to: The ancient History of India, which generally includes the ancient history of the whole Indian subcontinent (South Asia) Indus Valley Civilization — during the Bronze Age Vedic period — the period of Vedic Sanskrit, spanning the late Bronze Age and the earlier Iron Age Mahajanapadas — during the...

Contents

Working definitions

Judith (1996: p.5) provides a salient working definition for chakras: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

A chakra is a center of activity that receives, assimilates, and expresses life force energy. The word chakra literally translates as wheel or disk and refers to a spinning sphere of bioenergetic activity emanating from the major nerve ganglia branching forward from the spinal column. There are seven of these wheels stacked in a column of energy that spans from the base of the spine to the top of the head. There are also minor chakras in the hands, feet, fingertips, and shoulders. Literally, any vortex of activity could be called a chakra. It is the seven major chakras that correlate with basic states of consciousness.... (NB: original text not meta-enhanced.) Prana (, IAST: ) is a Sanskrit word meaning breath and refers to a vital, life-sustaining force of living beings and vital energy in natural processes of the universe. ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... GÃ…NGLÃŽÃ… is a 1 man electronic grindcore band from Los Angeles California that began in August of 1999. ... The spinal cord is a part of the vertebrate nervous system that is enclosed in and protected by the vertebral column (it passes through the spinal canal). ... Vortex created by the passage of an aircraft wing, revealed by coloured smoke A vortex (pl. ... Higher Consciousness - also called Super Consciousness (Yoga), Buddhic Consciousness (Theosophy), Objective Consciousness (Gurdjieff), Christ Consciousness, Cosmic Consciousness and God-consciousness (Islam and Hinduism), to name but a few - are expressions used in various traditions of spiritual science and psychology to denote the consciousness of a human being who has reached...

Chakras are considered to be a nexus of metaphysical and/or biophysical energy of the human body. Look up nexus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Plato (Left) and Aristotle (right), by Raphael (Stanza della Segnatura, Rome) Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of reality, being, and the world. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies the theories and methods of physics, to questions of biology. ... Physical Features of the Human Body The human body is the entire physical structure of a human organism. ...


Chakra are often explained according to the protocols of evidence-based medicine like acupuncture points. In some Eastern thought, chakras are considered to be gradations of consciousness, and states of the soul, and 'proving' the existence of chakras is asking to 'prove' the existence of the thought process. A mystic deals with these metaphysical concepts as a model for their internal and external experience, and when talking about 'energy centers', they are generally talking about subtle electromagnetic forces, which connect to the physical, emotional, mental and spiritual bodies. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) or scientific medicine is an attempt to apply more uniformly the standards of evidence gained from the scientific method to certain aspects of medical practice. ... Acupuncture chart from Hua Shou (fl. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the self-aware essence unique to a particular living being. ... Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Metaphysical may refer to: Metaphysics, a branch of philosophy dealing with the ultimate nature of reality; or The Metaphysical poets, a poetic school from seventeenth century England who correspond with baroque period in European literature. ...


Organisational constructs

As Bucknell, et. al. (1986: p.vii) concisely state in implying a dichotomy between Indian Vajrayana and Himalayan Vajrayana:

In the Vajrayana tradition, now preserved mainly in Tibetan sects, it has long been recognized that certain important teachings are expressed in a form of secret symbolic language known as saṃdhyā-bhāṣā, 'Twilight Language'. Mudrās and mantras, maṇḍalas and cakras, those mysterious devices and diagrams that were so much in vogue in the pseudo-Buddhist hippie culture of the 1960s, were all examples of Twilight Language.... (NB: Original quotation not meta-enhanced.) This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Twilight language is a rendering of the Sanskrit term and may also refer to: The Twilight Language:Explorations in Buddhist Meditation and Symbolism, a 1986 book by Roderick Bucknell and Martin Stuart-Fox; A conspiracy theory proposed by James Shelby Downard and embraced by Michael A. Hoffman II; Twilight Language... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... For the film, see Mandala (film). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia Hippie (sometimes spelled hippy) refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, becoming an established social group by 1965, and expanding to other countries before declining in the mid-1970s. ...

History

Judith (1996: p.5) outlines that: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

The chakra system originated in India, more than four thousand years ago. Chakras were referred to in the ancient literature of the Vedas, the later Upanishads, the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, and most thoroughly in the 16th century by an Indian yogi in a text called the Sat-Chakra-Nirupana. In the 1920s, chakras were brought to the West by Arthur Avalon with his book, The Serpent Power." (NB: original text not meta-enhanced.) Veda redirects here. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, Upanişad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... Sir John Woodroffe (1865-1936), also known by his pseudonym Arthur Avalon, got his B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) from University College, Oxford. ...

What is construed as the New Age movement, and to some degree the distinctly different New Thought movement, have adopted and developed the chakra meme. New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... New Thought describes a religiophilosophical movement that developed in the United States during the late 19th century, originating with the metaphysical healing practices of Phineas Parkhurst Quimby and the “mental science” of Warren Felt Evans, a Swedenborgian minister. ... For other uses, see Meme (disambiguation). ...

Modern depiction of one Western model of seven chakras in the human body.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Etymology

The English word chakra is derived from the Sanskrit cakraṃ चक्रं meaning "wheel" or "circle".[2][3] More generally, the term refers to circular objects or formations, and Apte provides 23 different definitions for cakram used as a noun. Examples include "discus" (a type of divine weapon, particularly associated with the god Vishnu), a potter's wheel, a form of military array, etc. The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... Circle illustration This article is about the shape and mathematical concept of circle. ... In linguistics, a noun or noun substantive is a lexical category which is defined in terms of how its members combine with other grammatical kinds of expressions. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ... Classic potters kick-wheel at Erfurt, Germany The potters wheel is a machine used in the shaping of round ceramic wares. ...


Bhattacharyya's review of Tantric history says that the word chakra is used to mean several different things in the Sanskrit sources:[4] The Sri Yantra This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ...

  1. "Circle", used in a variety of senses, symbolizing endless rotation of shakti.
  2. A circle of people. In rituals there are different cakra-sādhanā in which adherents assemble and perform rites. According to the Niruttaratantra, chakras in the sense of assemblies are of 5 types.
  3. The term chakra also is used to denote yantras or mystic diagrams, variously known as trikoṇa-cakra, aṣṭakoṇa-cakra, etc.
  4. Different "nerve plexi within the body".

In Buddhist literature the Sanskrit term cakra (Pali cakka) is used in a different sense of "circle", referring to a Buddhist conception of the 4 circles or states of existence in which gods or men may find themselves.[5] A sphere rotating around its axis. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Sri Yantra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sample flowchart diagram A diagram is a simplified and structured visual representation of concepts, ideas, constructions, relations, statistical data, anatomy etc used in all aspects of human activities to visualize and clarify the topic. ... Plexi was a noise rock band consisting of Michael Angelos (Vocals, bass), Michael Barragan (guitar), and Norm Block (drums). ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Pali (IAST: ) is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... There is no universally accepted theory of what the word existence means. ...


Chakra models

Chakrology is a neologism sometimes employed by Alternative Medicine practitioners or esoteric philosophers for the study of chakras. There are many different chakrologies, some of them based on ancient Indian Hindu Tantric esoteric traditions, New Age interpretations, or Western occult analyses, as well as ancient Greek and Christian references. A neologism (Greek νεολογισμός [neologismos], from νέος [neos] new + λόγος [logos] word, speech, discourse + suffix -ισμός [-ismos] -ism) is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (coined) — often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... Alternative medicine is defined as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Complementary medicine is defined as any of the practices (as acupuncture) of alternative medicine accepted... Look up Esotericism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sri Yantra This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... For other uses of this term, see occult (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


There are numerous traditional and modern models of the chakra system of the human subtle energetic body. As the system is subtle, these differences may co-exist and be perceived as foregrounding and backgrounding different qualities or attributes for specific reasons or purposes rather than perceived as vying for ascendancy. That said, the bodymind is a system, refer systems theory and no chakra is supreme. Chakra work in dialogue and in relationship to each other and that is how Ayurvedic Medicine energetic interplay which is directly comparable to the human endocrine system and how different glands chemically signal and communicate to each other. Bodymind is a compound conjunction of body and mind and may be used differently in different traditions, disciplines and knowledges. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Shirodhara, one of the techniques of Ayurveda Ayurveda (Devanagari: ) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. ... The endocrine system is a control system of ductless endocrine glands that secrete chemical messengers called hormones that circulate within the body via the bloodstream to affect distant organs. ...


Hindu model

In Hinduism, the concept of chakras is part of a complex of ideas related to esoteric anatomy. These ideas occur most often in the class of texts that are called Āgamas or Tantras. This is a large body of scripture, most of which is rejected by orthodox Brahmins.[6] Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Etymology Esoteric is an adjective originating during Hellenic Greece under the domain of the Roman Empire; it comes from the Greek esôterikos, from esôtero, the comparative form of esô: within. It is a word meaning anything that is inner and occult, a latinate word meaning hidden (from which... Human heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... Agama (Sanskrit:आगम) literally means that which has come down (i. ... The Tantra (Looms or Weavings), refer to numerous and varied scriptures pertaining to any of several esoteric traditions rooted in Hindu and Buddhist philosophy. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... This page deals with the Hindu varnas. ...


There are many variations on these concepts in the Sanskrit source texts. In earlier texts there are various systems of chakras and nadis, with varying connections between them. Various traditional sources list 5, 6, 7, or 8 chakras. Over time, one system of 6 or 7 chakras along the body's axis became the dominant model, adopted by most schools of yoga. This particular system may have originated in about the 11th century AD, and rapidly became widely popular.[7] It is in this model where Kundalini is said to "rise" upward, piercing the various centers until reaching the crown of the head, resulting in union with the Divine. In the chakra-system, a Nadi (plural: Nadis) is an energy formation which is a channel in which prana energy flows and may connect chakras. ... The word axis has several meanings: In mathematics, axis can mean: A straight line around which a geometric figure can be rotated. ... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Kundalini ( ) is a Sanskrit word meaning either coiled up or coiling like a snake. ...


This is the conventional arrangement cited by Monier-Williams, where the chakras are defined as "6 in number, one above the other".[8]


Atal Behari Ghosh presents the 6-chakra model but notes that "Opinion is divided as to the number of these cakras; some say that there are 16, and others that there are more."[9] Atal is a character in the writings of H.P.Lovecraft residing in Ulthar in the Dreamlands. ...


The Hindu sadhana of Laya yoga works with the chakra system. A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Tantric model

The chakras are described in the tantric texts the Sat-Cakra-Nirupana, and the Padaka-Pancaka [10] , in which they are described as emanations of consciousness from Brahman, an energy emanating from the spiritual which gradually turns concrete, creating these distinct levels of chakras, and which eventually finds its rest in the Muladhara chakra. They are therefore part of an emanationist theory, like that of the kabbalah in the west, lataif-e-sitta in Sufism or neo-platonism. The energy that was unleashed in creation, called the Kundalini, lies coiled and sleeping at the base of the spine. It is the purpose of the tantric or kundalini forms of yoga to arouse this energy, and cause it to rise back up through the increasingly subtler chakras, until union with God is achieved in the Sahasrara chakra at the crown of the head. Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ... Emanationism is a component in the cosmology or cosmogony of certain religious or philosophical systems that argue that a sentient, self-aware Supreme Being, born from an unmanifested The Absolute (Root of Existence) beyond comprehension, emanated lower and lower spiritual modalities and lastly matter (the physical universe) as the resultant... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... Drawing from Quranic verses, virtually all Sufis distinguish Lataif-as-Sitta (the six subtleties): Nafs, Qalb, Sirr, Ruh, Khafi, and Akhfa. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam which encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Neoplatonism (also Neo-Platonism) is an ancient school of philosophy beginning in the 3rd century A.D. It was based on the teachings of Plato and Platonists; but it interpreted Plato in many new ways, such that Neoplatonism was quite different from what Plato taught, though not many Neoplatonists would... Kundalini ( ) is a Sanskrit word meaning either coiled up or coiling like a snake. ... The Sri Yantra This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... Kundalini yoga is a physical and meditative discipline, comprising a set of simple techniques that uses the mind, senses and body to create a communication between mind and body. Kundalini yoga focuses on psycho-spiritual growth and the bodys potential for maturation, giving special consideration to the role of... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... The Subtle body is a non-physical energy or psycho-spiritual body or bodies that all beings have, according to various esoteric, occult, and mystical teachings. ... Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ...


The Tantric sadhana of Laya yoga works with the chakra system.[11] [12][citation needed] A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


The tantric chakras

Tantric chakras

Sahasrara
Ajna
Vishuddha
Anahata
Manipura
Swadhisthana
Muladhara
The Sri Yantra This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Ajna is the sixth primary chakra according to the Indian Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Vishuddha is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Anahata is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu Yogic and Tantric (Shakta) traditions. ... Manipura chakra is shown as having ten petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters dda, ddha, nna, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, and pha. ... Swadhisthana is the second primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ...


Bindu Bindu is an Indian concept that signifies action (as in worship or prayer) - a concept that can take the meaning of a single dot. ...

Tantra (Shakta or Shaktism) describes eight primary inner chakras:[citation needed] The Sri Yantra This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ...

  1. Muladhara (Sanskrit: Mūlādhāra) tip of the tailbone, spiritual potential
  2. Swadhisthana (Sanskrit: Svādhiṣṭhāna) tailbone, unconscious emotion or desire
  3. Manipura (Sanskrit: Maṇipūra) navel, dynamism
  4. Anahata (Sanskrit: Anāhata) heart, love based decisions
  5. Vishuddha (Sanskrit: Viśuddha) neck, discrimination and wisdom
  6. Ajna (Sanskrit: Ājñā) eyebrow, mind
  7. Bindu (Sanskrit: Bindu) a dot at the back of the head, prayer and Aum
  8. Sahasrara (Sanskrit: Sahasrāra) top of head, higher consciousness

Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Swadhisthana is the second primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Manipura chakra is shown as having ten petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters dda, ddha, nna, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, and pha. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Anahata is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu Yogic and Tantric (Shakta) traditions. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Vishuddha is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Ajna is the sixth primary chakra according to the Indian Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Bindu is an Indian concept that signifies action (as in worship or prayer) - a concept that can take the meaning of a single dot. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...

Vajrayana and Tantric Buddhist model

According to contemporary buddhist teacher Tarthang Tulku, the heart chakra is very important for the feeling of existential fullfilment.[citation needed] Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... Tarthang Tulku is a Tibetan lama who lives in America, where he works to preserve the art and culture of Tibet. ...


As result of energetic imbalance between chakras arises an almost continuous feeling of dissatisfaction. When the heart chakra is agitated, people lose touch with feelings and sensations, and that breeds the sense of dissatisfaction. That leads to looking outside for fullfilment.


When people live in their heads, feelings are secondary, they are interpretations of mental images that are fed back to the individual. When awareness is focused on memories of past experiences and mental verbalizations, the energy flow to the head chakra increases and the energy flow to the heart chakra lessens. Without nurturing feelings of the heart a subtle form of anxiety arises which results in the self reaching out for experience.


When the throat chakra settles and energy is distributed evenly between the head and the heart chakras, one is able to truly contact one's senses and touch real feelings.[13]


Chögyal Namkai Norbu Rinpoche teaches a version of the Six Lokas sadhana which works with the chakra system.[citation needed] Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche Chögyal Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche (Tibetan: ཆོས་རྒྱལ་ནམ་མཁའི་ནོར་བུ་), one of the foremost living Dzogchen masters, was born in Derge, Kham (eastern Tibet) on 8 December 1938. ... Six Lokas refers to a Bönpo and Nyingmapa spiritual practice or discipline that works with chakras and the six loka that is dimensions or planes as well as the six classes of sentient beings in the Bhavachakra. ... A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ...


Bön model

Chakras, as pranic centers of the body, according to the Himalayan Bönpo tradition, influence the quality of experience, because movement of prana can not be separated from experience. Each of six major chakras are linked to experiential qualities of one of the six realms of existence.[14] Prana (, IAST: ) is a Sanskrit word meaning breath and refers to a vital, life-sustaining force of living beings and vital energy in natural processes of the universe. ... Himalayan can refer to: Himalaya, the mountains: Himalayan (cat), the type of cat Himalayan, the breed of rabbit This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Bön[1] (Tibetan: བོན་; Wylie: bon; Lhasa dialect IPA: [) is the oldest spiritual tradition of Tibet. ... Prana (, IAST: ) is a Sanskrit word meaning breath and refers to a vital, life-sustaining force of living beings and vital energy in natural processes of the universe. ... The Wheel of Life, a Buddhist painting from Bhutan, showing clockwise from the top the realms of Devas, Asuras, Pretas, Naraka, Animals, and Humans. ...


A modern teacher, Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche uses a computer analogy: main chakras are like hard drives. Each hard drive has many files. One of the files is always open in each of the chakras, no matter how "closed" that particular chakra may be. What is displayed by the file shapes experience. Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche is a lama of the Bön Tibetan religious tradition. ...


The tsa lung practices such as those embodied in Trul Khor lineages open channels so lung (Lung is a Tibetan term cognate with prana or qi) may move without obstruction. Yoga opens chakras and evokes positive qualities associated with a particular chakra. In the hard drive analogy, the screen is cleared and a file is called up that contains positive, supportive qualities. A seed syllable (Sanskrit bija) is used both as a password that evokes the positive quality and the armor that sustains the quality.[14] Tsa Lung (Tib. ... Trul khor (lit. ... Look up cognate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Prana (, IAST: ) is a Sanskrit word meaning breath and refers to a vital, life-sustaining force of living beings and vital energy in natural processes of the universe. ... For other uses, see Qi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Sanskrit term bīja (Jp. ...


Tantric practice eventually transforms all experience into bliss. The practice liberates from negative conditioning and leads to control over perception and cognition.[14]


Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche teaches a version of the Six Lokas sadhana which works with the chakra system. Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche is a lama of the Bön Tibetan religious tradition. ... Six Lokas refers to a Bönpo and Nyingmapa spiritual practice or discipline that works with chakras and the six loka that is dimensions or planes as well as the six classes of sentient beings in the Bhavachakra. ... A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ...


Chinese models

Traditional Chinese medicine also relies on a similar model of the human body as an energy system, except that it involves the circulation of qi energy [15][16], rather than a simple ascent as in kundalini yoga. Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... For other uses, see Qi (disambiguation). ... Kundalini yoga is a physical and meditative discipline, comprising a set of simple techniques that uses the mind, senses and body to create a communication between mind and body. Kundalini yoga focuses on psycho-spiritual growth and the bodys potential for maturation, giving special consideration to the role of...


In the circuit of qi, called the Microcosmic orbit, energy also comes back down the front torso channel (equivalent to the nadis of Hatha yoga), and enters the tan tiens: when it returns to the heart (and cycles down and reascends to the head) further meditation/contemplation or union with deity develops [citation needed]. In Macrocosmic orbit the qi is also guided through the main channels in the limbs. [17] The Microcosmic Orbit meditation is the Taoist Qigong version of the Kriya Yoga breathing technique, which is based on observing the natural flow of energy in the body during respiration. ... Dantian or Tan tien (Chinese: Dāntián 丹田; Japanese: Tanden 丹田; Korean: 단전 DanJeon 丹田; Thai Dantian ตันเถียน) which literally means cinnabar or red field and is loosely translated as elixir field. It is described as an important focus point for internal meditative techniques, and refers specifically to the physical center of gravity...


With the front tan tiens (autonomic plexuses to organs/glands) branching from cerebrospinal chakras) and two levels of a vitality triangle on/in the back (spleen and behind a 'belly chakra/tantien', and by the arm-nadi branch) on the back, there are 7 (or 8) chakra spots outside the cerebrospinal nadis.[citation needed] This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A diagram showing the CNS: 1. ...


Common currency and popular models

The chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the spine to the top of the head. In New Age practices, each chakra is often associated with a certain color. In various traditions chakras are associated with multiple physiological functions, an aspect of consciousness, a classical element, and other distinguishing characteristics. They are visualized as lotuses/flowers with a different number of petals in every chakra. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The vertebral column seen from the side The vertebral column (backbone or spine) is a column of vertebrae situated in the dorsal aspect of the abdomen. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand “The Four Elements” redirects here. ... In chakrology (see also esotericism and Tantra) the number of petals in a chakra identifies a characteristic of an individual chakra. ...


The chakras are thought to vitalize the physical body and to be associated with interactions of a physical, emotional and mental nature. They are considered loci of life energy or prana, also called shakti, qi (Chinese; ki in Japanese), coach-ha-guf (Hebrew), bios (Greek) and aether (English), which is thought to flow among them along pathways called nadis. The function of the chakras is to spin and draw in this energy to keep the spiritual, mental, emotional and physical health of the body in balance. Prana (, IAST: ) is a Sanskrit word meaning breath and refers to a vital, life-sustaining force of living beings and vital energy in natural processes of the universe. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... For other uses, see Qi (disambiguation). ... The etheric body, ether-body, æther body, or vital body is one of the subtle bodies in esoteric philosophies, in some religious teachings and in New Age thought. ... In the chakra-system, a Nadi (plural: Nadis) is an energy formation which is a channel in which prana energy flows and may connect chakras. ...


The New Age movement has led to an increased interest in the West regarding chakras. Many in this movement point to a correspondence between the position and role of the chakras and those of the glands in the endocrine system. These ideas first appear in the writings of theosophical authors like C. W. Leadbeater, who wrote a book on the Chakras. The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ... Human submaxillary gland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Theosophy, literally god-wisdom (Greek: θεοσοφία theosophia), designates several bodies of ideas. ... C.W. Leadbeater (1847 or 1854-1934), English clergyman and Theosophical author, contributed to world thought mostly through his work as a clairvoyant. ...


The seven principal chakras are said by some to reflect how the unified consciousness of humanity (the immortal human being or the soul), is divided to manage different aspects of earthly life (body/instinct/vital energy/deeper emotions/communication/having an overview of life/contact to God). The chakras are placed at differing levels of spiritual subtlety, with Sahasrara at the top being concerned with pure consciousness, and Muladhara at the bottom being concerned with matter, which is seen simply as crudified consciousness. This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ...


Hesychastic centres of prayer

Hesychasm specifies four centres[18]: Hesychasm (Greek hesychasmos, from hesychia, stillness, rest, quiet, silence) is an eremitic tradition of prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and some other Eastern Churches of the Byzantine Rite, practised (Gk: hesychazo: to keep stillness) by the Hesychast (Gr. ...

  1. Cerebrofrontal centre: Positioned between the eyebrows (compare with Ajna).
  2. Buccolaryngeal centre.
  3. Pectoral centre: Positioned in the upper and median region of the chest.
  4. Cardiac centre: Positioned near the upper part of the heart (compare with Anahata).

In the Hesychastic Tradition [19] (and Christian Ascetical Theology as well [20]) the ascetical methods and meditation which lead to an inner Knowledge of the Heart are often referred as Cardiognosis This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ajna is the sixth primary chakra according to the Indian Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... Anahata is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu Yogic and Tantric (Shakta) traditions. ... Hesychasm (Greek hesychasmos, from hesychia, stillness, rest, quiet, silence) is an eremitic tradition of prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and some other Eastern Churches of the Byzantine Rite, practised (Gk: hesychazo: to keep stillness) by the Hesychast (Gr. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Cardiognosis litterally Knowledge of the Heart. ...


Western derivative models and interpretations

The seven chakras and the five elements in Tantra. Origin : [http://www.sanatansociety.com/indian art galleries/chakras.htm Chakras Images Database

It is the shakta theory of 7 main chakras that many people in the West adhere to, largely thanks to a translation of two Indian texts, the Sat-Cakra-Nirupana, and the Padaka-Pancaka, by Sir John Woodroffe, alias Arthur Avalon, in a book entitled The Serpent Power[21]. This book is extremely detailed and complex, and later the ideas were developed into what is predominant western view of the Chakras by the Theosophists, and largely the controversial (in theosophical circles) C. W. Leadbeater in his book The Chakras, which are in large part his own meditations and insights on the matter. Image File history File linksMetadata Seven_chakras. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Seven_chakras. ... A Shakta, pronounced shaakt, is a follower of a sect of Hinduism which worships the Mother Goddess, or Shakti, in any of her various manifestations. ... Sir John Woodroffe (1865–1936), also known by his pseudonym Arthur Avalon, received his B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) from University College, Oxford. ... Theosophy, literally god-wisdom (Greek: θεοσοφία theosophia), designates several bodies of ideas. ... C.W. Leadbeater (1847 or 1854-1934), English clergyman and Theosophical author, contributed to world thought mostly through his work as a clairvoyant. ...


Rudolf Steiner (one-time Theosophist, and founder of Anthroposophy) says much about the Chakras that is unusual, especially that the chakra system is dynamic and evolving, is very different for modern people than it was in ancient times, and will in turn be radically different in future times. In contrast to the traditional eastern teachings, Steiner describes a sequence of development from the top down rather than the bottom up. This is the so called 'Christos Path' which has not always been available to humanity. He also seems to ignore the Thousand Petaled at the crown of the head and mentions cryptically an Eight Petaled chakra located between the Ten Petaled and the Six Petaled. In his book How to Know Higher Worlds Steiner gives clear instructions on how to develop the chakras safely into maturity. These are more like life disciplines than exercises and can take considerable time. He warns that while quicker methods exist, they can be dangerous to one's health, character, or sanity.[citations needed] Rudolf Steiner. ... Anthroposophy, also called spiritual science, is a spiritual philosophy based on the teachings of Rudolf Steiner,[1] which states that anyone who conscientiously cultivates sense-free thinking can attain experience of and insights into the spiritual world. ...


Many New Age writers, such as the Danish author and musician Peter Kjærulff in his book, The Ringbearer's Diary or Anodea Judith in her book Wheels of Life, have written their opinions about the chakras in great detail, including the reasons for their appearance and functions. Peter Kjærulff (b. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Additionally, some chakra system models describe one or more Transpersonal chakras above the crown chakra, and an Earth star chakra below the feet. There are also held to be many minor chakras, for example between the major chakras. The Transpersonal chakra is a chakra that many meditation practitioners say is located above the crown chakra. ...


Chakras and the endocrine system

The primary importance and level of existence of chakras is posited to be in the psyche. However, there are those who believe that chakras have a physical manifestation as well. [citation needed] Some authors allege that there is a relationship between the positions and functions of the chakras, and of the various organs of the endocrine system (Sivananda 1953). It is noted by many that there is a marked similarity between the positions and roles described for chakras, and the positions and roles of the glands in the endocrine system, and also by the positions of the nerve ganglia (also known as "plexuses") along the spinal cord (branching to plexuses by endocrine glands or organs), opening the possibility that two vastly different systems of conceptualization have been brought to bear to systemize insights about the same phenomenon. By some, chakras are thought of as having their physical manifestation in the body as these glands, and their subjective manifestation as the associated emotional, mental and spiritual experiences. [citation needed]. However, as there are important organs located at virtually any point in the body, the correspondence of certain biological systems or organs with the traditional locations of chakras is unsurprising and may be considered inevitable. Image File history File links Illu_endocrine_system. ... Image File history File links Illu_endocrine_system. ... The endocrine system is a control system of ductless endocrine glands that secrete chemical messengers called hormones that circulate within the body via the bloodstream to affect distant organs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Drawing by Santiago Ramón y Cajal of neurons in the pigeon cerebellum. ... This is a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) from a chicken embryo (around stage of day 7) after incubation overnight in NGF growth medium stained with anti-neurofilament antibody. ... PLEXUS (Physics Learning EXperience Using Software) is a name of project that was started by Vibor Cipan, physics student form Croatia and it is based on utilization of usage of computer technology to enhance learning of physics. ...


A popular chakra model

Sahasrara

Main article: Sahasrara

Sahasrara or the crown chakra is generally considered to be the chakra of consciousness. Its role may be envisioned somewhat similar to that of the pituitary gland, which secretes hormones to communicate to the rest of the endocrine system and also connects to the central nervous system via the hypothalamus. The thalamus is thought to have a key role in the physical basis of consciousness. Symbolised by a lotus with nine hundred seventy-two petals, it is located above the head outside the body. Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Sahasrara is the highest primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea that sits in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold (sellar diaphragm) at the base of the brain. ... A diagram showing the CNS: 1. ... The hypothalamus links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland (hypophysis). ... The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος = bedroom, chamber, IPA= /ˈθæləməs/) is a pair and symmetric part of the brain. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ...


Ajna

Main article: Ajna

Ajna (along with Bindu, either or both are considered to correspond to the third eye) is linked to the pineal gland which may inform a model of its envisioning. Ajna is held as the chakra of time, awareness and of light. The pineal gland is a light sensitive gland that produces the hormone melatonin which regulates sleep and awakening. Symbolised by a lotus with ninety-six petals. Ajna is the sixth primary chakra according to the Indian Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Ajna is the sixth primary chakra according to the Indian Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... 17th century representation of the third eye connection to the higher worlds by alchemist Robert Fludd. ... The pineal gland (also called the pineal body or epiphysis) is a small endocrine gland in the brain. ... Melatonin, 5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine, is a hormone found in all living creatures from algae[1] to humans, at levels that vary in a diurnal cycle. ...


(Note: some opine that the pineal and pituitary glands should be exchanged in their relationship to the Crown and Brow chakras, based on the description in Arthur Avalon's book on kundalini called Serpent Power or empirical research.) Kundalini ( ) is a Sanskrit word meaning either coiled up or coiling like a snake. ...


Vishuddha

Main article: Vishuddha

Vishuddha (also Vishuddhi) or the throat chakra may be envisioned as relating to communication and growth, growth being a form of expression. This chakra is paralleled to the thyroid, a gland that is also in the throat and which produces thyroid hormone, responsible for growth and maturation. Symbolised by a lotus with sixteen petals. Vishuddha is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Vishuddha is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... The thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), are tyrosine-based hormones produced by the thyroid gland. ...


Anahata

Main article: Anahata

Anahata or the heart chakra is related to complex emotion, compassion, love, equilibrium and well-being. It is related to the thymus, located in the chest. The thymus is an element of the immune system as well as being part of the endocrine system. It produces T cells responsible for fending off disease and may be adversely affected by stress. Symbolised by a lotus with twelve petals. See also heartmind. Anahata is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu Yogic and Tantric (Shakta) traditions. ... Anahata is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu Yogic and Tantric (Shakta) traditions. ... Thymus, see Thyme. ... A scanning electron microscope image of a single neutrophil (yellow), engulfing anthrax bacteria (orange). ... T cells are a subset of lymphocytes that play a large role in the immune response. ... In medical terms, stress is the disruption of homeostasis through physical or psychological stimuli. ... In Buddhist thought, bodhicitta (Ch. ...


Manipura/Nabhi

Main article: Manipura

Manipura (also Nabhi) or the solar plexus chakra is related to the transition from simple or base to complex emotion, energy, assimilation and digestion, and is held to correspond to the roles played by the pancreas and the outer adrenal glands, the adrenal cortex. These play a valuable role in digestion, the conversion of food matter into energy for the body. Symbolised by a lotus with ten petals. Manipura chakra is shown as having ten petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters dda, ddha, nna, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, and pha. ... Manipura chakra is shown as having ten petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters dda, ddha, nna, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, and pha. ... The solar plexus, also known as the celiac plexus, plexus cœliacus or plexus solaris, is an autonomous cluster of nerve cells (see Plexus) in the human body behind the stomach and below the diaphragm near the celiac artery in the abdominal cavity. ... The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine systems of vertebrates[2]. It is both exocrine (secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes) and endocrine (producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin). ... In mammals, the adrenal glands are the triangle-shaped endocrine glands that sit atop the kidneys. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Swadhisthana

Main article: Swadhisthana

Swadhisthana or the sacral[citation needed] chakra is located in the groin[citation needed] and is related to base emotion, sexuality and creativity. This chakra is considered to correspond to the testicles or the ovaries that produce the various sex hormones involved in the reproductive cycle which may cause dramatic mood swings. Symbolised by a lotus with six petals. Swadhisthana is the second primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... Swadhisthana is the second primary chakra according to the Hindu Tantric tradition (Shakta). ... For the record label, see Sacrum Torch. ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ... This article is about human sexual perceptions. ... Sex hormones are hormones that affect the reproductive system. ... The reproduction of many organisms follows a cyclical pattern, known as the reproductive cycle, which regulates the conception and birth of offspring. ... A mood swing is an extreme change in mood. ...


Muladhara

Main article: Muladhara

Muladhara or the base or root chakra is related to instinct, security, survival and also to basic human potentiality. This centre is located in the region between the genitals and the anus. Although no endocrine organ is placed here, it is said to relate to the inner adrenal glands, the adrenal medulla, responsible for the fight and flight response when survival is under threat. In this region is located a muscle that controls ejaculation in the sexual act in the human male. A parallel is charted between the sperm cell and the ovum where the genetic code lies coiled and the kundalini. Symbolised by a lotus with four petals. Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ... Muladhara chakra is shown as having four petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters va, sya, sha, and sa. ... In mammals, the adrenal glands are the triangle-shaped endocrine glands that sit atop the kidneys. ... A spermatozoon or spermatozoan ( spermatozoa), from the ancient Greek σπέρμα (seed) and (living being) and more commonly known as a sperm cell, is the haploid cell that is the male gamete. ... A human ovum Sperm cells attempting to fertilize an ovum An ovum (plural ova) is a haploid female reproductive cell or gamete. ... A series of codons in part of a mRNA molecule. ... Kundalini ( ) is a Sanskrit word meaning either coiled up or coiling like a snake. ...


The following table sets forth some of the properties generally associated with each chakra:

Chakra Color Primary Functions Associated Element Location Open or Balance Foods Symbol
Crown

sahasrāra, सहस्रार
white or violet; may assume color of dominant chakra Union,Bliss , Sense of empathy space / thought Top of the head Meditation, guided visualization, energy, work Air,Incense and Smudging Herbs,
Third eye
ājñā, आज्ञा
indigo Direct perception, intuition, imagination, visualization, concentration, Self-mastery , Extra Sensory Perception time / light Between the eyebrows. Meditation, guided visualization. Dark bluish colored fruits, Liquids, Spices
Throat
viśuddha, विशुद्ध
azure blue Creativity, communication, expression, eloquence, Intuition, synthesis, hearing life / sound Base of the throat Sing, chant, hum, breathe consciously. Liquids,Tart or tangy fruits,Other tree grown fruits, Spices
Heart/Lung
anāhata, अनाहत
green Love, wisdom, stability, perseverance, mental patience and equilibrium, or pleasure, Compassion, Touch Air Center of the chest Meditating, practising yoga or other bodily techniques, by swimming regularly (because water has healing powers) Leafy vegetables, Air vegetables, Liquids, Spices
Solar plexus
maṇipūra, मणिपूर
yellow Will,determination,assertion,personal power,laughter,joy,anger,sight Fire Located at the mouth of the stomach Rub your belly, become aware of the energy radiating

from your solar plexus, breathe using your diaphragm. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand “The Four Elements” redirects here. ... Violet (named after the flower violet) is used in two senses: first, referring to the color of light at the short-wavelength end of the visible spectrum, approximately 380–420 nanometres (this is a spectral color). ... Image File history File links Chakra07. ... 17th century representation of the third eye connection to the higher worlds by alchemist Robert Fludd. ... Indigo is the color on the spectrum between about 450 and 420 nm in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. ... Image File history File links Chakra06. ... Categories: Stub | Colors ... Image File history File links Chakra05. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... Leafy green fountain in Wattens, Austria. ... Image File history File links Chakra04. ... The solar plexus, also known as the celiac plexus, plexus cœliacus or plexus solaris, is an autonomous cluster of nerve cells (see Plexus) in the human body behind the stomach and below the diaphragm near the celiac artery in the abdominal cavity. ... A yellow Tulip. ...

Granola and Grains, Dairy, Spices
Sacrum
svādhiṣṭhāna, स्वाधिष्ठान
orange Creativity,sexual energy(for women),desire,pleasure,

Stability,self confidence,well-being, taste Image File history File links Chakra03. ... For the record label, see Sacrum Torch. ... See also Orange (disambiguation) for other meanings of the word. ...

Water The lower belly Sexual healing,try new ways of expressing yourself

creatively, dance, move your hips, practice yoga.

Sweet fruits, raw honey, nuts, spices
Root
mūlādhāra, मूलाधार
red or coral red (shown) Survival, grounding, sexuality (for men), stability, smell Earth The base of the spine Spend some time each day sitting directly on the earth. Dance! Root vegetables, Protein-rich foods, Spices

Woodroffe also describes 7 head chakras (including Ajna and Sahasrara) in his other Indian text sources. Lowest to highest they are: Talu/Talana/Lalana, Ajna, Manas, Soma, Brahmarandra, Sri (inside Sahasrara) Sahasrara. Image File history File links Chakra02. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Categories: Stub | Colors ... Image File history File links Chakra01. ...


Chakras in Western Literature

Chakras underpin much of the later philosophy of the writer D H Lawrence. He explores them most explicitly in his 1931 book Apocalypse and the writings on Revelation. D. H. Lawrence David Herbert Lawrence (11 September 1885 - 2 March 1930) was one of the most important, certainly one of the most controversial, English writers of the 20th century, who wrote novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, and letters. ...


See also

In parapsychology, spirituality and New Age belief, an aura is a subtle field of luminous multicolored radiation surrounding a person or object as a cocoon or halo. ... Kirlian photography refers to a form of contact print photography, theoretically associated with high-voltage. ... Kuji-in (九字印), Nine Syllable Seals, is a specialized form of Buddhist meditation. ... Kundalini ( ) is a Sanskrit word meaning either coiled up or coiling like a snake. ... Drawing from Quranic verses, virtually all Sufis distinguish Lataif-as-Sitta (the six subtleties): Nafs, Qalb, Sirr, Ruh, Khafi, and Akhfa. ... A woman performs a Qigong routine outdoors. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bön. ... A Reiki treatment in progress Reiki IPA: ) is a form of spiritual practice,[1] used as a complementary therapy,[2] proposed for the treatment of physical, emotional, and mental diseases. ... Category:Sephiroth      Sefirah redirects here. ... Category:Sephiroth      Main article: Sephirot (Kabbalah) Tree of life is a mystical concept within the Kabbalah of Judaism which is used to understand the nature of God and the manner in which He created the world ex nihilo (out of nothing). ... Tsa Lung (Tib. ...

Notes

  1. ^ In this context 'existential' refers to the propensity of individual human beings to exercise full responsibility for establishing and embodying the meanings of their own lives.
  2. ^ V. S. Apte, A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary, p. 424.
  3. ^ Monier-Williams, p. 380.
  4. ^ Bhattacharyya, N. N., History of the Tantric Religion. Second Revised Edition. (Manohar: New Delhi, 1999) pp. 385-86. ISBN 81-7304-025-7
  5. ^ Edgerton, Franklin. Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary. Volume II. p. 221. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers: Delhi, 1953. Reprint edition, Delhi, 2004, ISBN 81-208-0999-8. E.g., catvāri devamanuṣyāṇāṃ cakrāṇi.
  6. ^ Flood, op. cit., p. 122.
  7. ^ Flood, op. cit., p. 99.
  8. ^ Monier-Williams, Monier. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. p. 380. (Motilal-Banardidass: Delhi). Cf. [1]
  9. ^ Ghosh, Atal Behari. "The Spirit and Culture of the Tantras" pp. 67 in: Studies on the Tantras. [Collection of monographs] (The Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture: Calcutta, 1989) Second reprint edition, 2000, ISBN 81-85843-36-8. For Ghosh's use of the six-chakra model see the portion "The Six Cakras and the Six Adhvans" within his monograph (op. cit., pp. 66-68).
  10. ^ Woodroffe, The Serpent Power, pp.317ff.
  11. ^ Woodroffe, The Serpent Power, ch. VI.
  12. ^ Goswami, Layayoga. Page reference needed.
  13. ^ Tarthang Tulku. Tibetan Relaxation. The illustrated guide to Kum Nye massage and movement - A yoga from the Tibetan tradition. Dunkan Baird Publishers, London, 2007, ISBN-13:978-1-84483-404-4, pp. 31, 33
  14. ^ a b c Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, Healing with Form, Energy, and Light. Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion Publications, 2002. ISBN 1559391766, pp. 84
  15. ^ Lu K'uan Yü, Taoist Yoga - Alchemy and Immortality, Rider and Company, London, 1970
  16. ^ Mantak and Maneewan Chia Awaken Healing Light of the Tao (Healing Tao Books, 1993), ch.5
  17. ^ Mantak and Maneewan Chia Awaken Healing Light of the Tao (Healing Tao Books, 1993), ch.13
  18. ^ Mircea Eliade, Yoga, Immortality and Freedom, 1969, Princeton University Press, p.410
  19. ^ Tommaso Palamidessi, The Mystical Ascesis and Meditation on the Heart, ed. Archeosofica, 1971
  20. ^ Adolphe Tanquerey, The Spiritual life: A Treatise On Ascetical And Mystical Theology, Paperback, 2001
  21. ^ Woodroffe, The Serpent Power, Dover Publications, pp.317ff

Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche is a lama of the Bön Tibetan religious tradition. ... Mantak Chia (b. ... Mantak Chia (b. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Tommaso Palamidessi (Pisa, February 16, 1915 – Rome, April 29, 1983) was an Italian esotericist. ...

References

  • "You are Clairvoyant - Developing the secret skill we all have" by By BelindaGrace. Rockpool Publishing (2007)
  • Apte, Vaman Shivram (1965). The Practical Sanskrit Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 81-208-0567-4.  (fourth revised & enlarged edition).
  • Bhattacharyya, N. N. History of the Tantric Religion. Second Revised Edition. (Manohar: New Delhi, 1999) p. 174. ISBN 81-7304-025-7
  • Bucknell, Roderick & Stuart-Fox, Martin (1986). The Twilight Language: Explorations in Buddhist Meditation and Symbolism. Curzon Press: London. ISBN 0-312-82540-4
  • Edgerton, Franklin (2004). Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 81-208-0999-8.  Two volumes; Reprint edition; first published 1953.
  • Flood, Gavin (1996). An Introduction to Hinduism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43878-0. 
  • Chia, Mantak; Chia, Maneewan (1993). Awaken Healing Light of the Tao. Healing Tao Books. 
  • Monier-Williams, Monier. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. 
  • Prabhananda, S. (2000). Studies on the Tantras. Calcutta: The Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture. ISBN 81-85843-36-8.  Second reprint edition.
  • Rinpoche, Tenzin Wangyal (2002). Healing with Form, Energy, and Light. Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1559391766. 
  • Tulku, Tarthang (2007). Tibetan Relaxation. The illustrated guide to Kum Nye massage and movement - A yoga from the Tibetan tradition. London: Dunkan Baird Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84483-404-4. 
  • Woodroffe, John (1919 - 1964). The Serpent Power. Madras, India: Ganesh & Co. Private Ltd.. ISBN 0-486-23058-9. 

Photo of Monier Monier-Williams by Lewis Carroll Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1819–1899) studied, documented and taught Asian languages in England, and compiled one of the most widely-used Sanskrit-English dictionaries. ...

Further reading

Traditional secondary sources and commentary

  • Banerji, S. C. Tantra in Bengal. Second Revised and Enlarged Edition. (Manohar: Delhi, 1992) ISBN 81-85425-63-9
  • Saraswati, Swami Sivananda, MD (1953 - 2001). Kundalini Yoga. Tehri-Garhwal, India: Divine Life Society. ISBN 81-7052-052-5. 
  • Shyam Sundar Goswami, Layayoga: The Definitive Guide to the Chakras and Kundalini, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

Kundalini yoga is a physical and meditative discipline, comprising a set of simple techniques that uses the mind, senses and body to create a communication between mind and body. Kundalini yoga focuses on psycho-spiritual growth and the bodys potential for maturation, giving special consideration to the role of...

Derivative sources, Western and interpretive literature

  • Guru Dharam S Khalsa and Darryl OKeeffe. The Kundalini Yoga Experience New York, NY U.S.A.:2002, Fireside, Simon & Schuster, Inc. Copyright by Baia Books Limited. Kriyans and meditations copyright Yogi Bhajan, All Rights reserved.
  • Judith, Anodea (1996). Eastern Body Western Mind: Psychology And The Chakra System As A Path To The Self. Berkeley, California, USA: Celestial Arts Publishing. ISBN 0-89087-815-3

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External links

Look up chakra in
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Petal (chakra) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1951 words)
In current literature on the human aura and chakras, the expression subtle energy centres is often used in conjunction with or instead of the Sanskrit term chakras.
Chakra Animals, Chakra Geometric Shapes and, as discussed here, the number of chakra petals that are traditionally used in the description of the chakras.
Each chakra as a whole is usually also associated with a single Sanskrit Devanagari character, an element, a color, a geometric shape, an animal, a sense, one organ or a pair of organs, a gland and a mantric sound.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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