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Encyclopedia > Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan
Pakistan

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Pakistan
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Pakistan. ... In recent history, the Pakistani political processess have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. ...



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The current Chairman (presiding officer) of the Senate of Pakistan is Muhammad Mian Soomro Government of Pakistan (Urdu: حکومتِ پاکستان)The Constitution of Pakistan provides for a Federal Parliamentary System of government, with a President as the Head of State and an indirectly-elected Prime Minister as the chief executive. ... The President of Pakistan (Urdū: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... The Prime Minister of Pakistan (Urdu: وزیر اعظم Wazir-e- Azam) is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ... Muhammad Mian Soomro (Urdu: محمد میاں سومرو) took over as caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan on November 15, 2007. ... Bold text Majlis-e-Shoora (Urdu: مجلس شوری) (Council of Advisors in Urdu, although referred to as Parliament) is the bicameral federal legislature of Pakistan that consists of the Senate (upper house) and the National Assembly (lower house). ... The Senate of Pakistan is the upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan is a body of judges empowered under Article 209 of the constitution of Pakistan to hear cases of misconduct against judges. ... The Supreme Court (Urdu: عدالت عظمیٰ ) is the apex court in Pakistans judicial hierarchy, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... The Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan consists of 8 muslim judges including the Chief Justice. ... The Chief Justice heads the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan. ... There are four High Courts of Pakistan, these are based in the capital cities of the four provinces. ... The District Courts of Pakistan are courts that operate at the district level, they are controlled by the high courts. ... Political parties in Pakistan lists political parties in Pakistan. ... Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (Urdu: متحدہ مجلس عمل ) (United Council of Action) is a coalition between religious-political parties in Pakistan. ... MQMs Political Flag Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ) generally known as MQM or simply Muttahida, is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ن) is a political party in Pakistan. ... PML-Q flag The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam), or PML-Q (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق) is a centrist political party in Pakistan, which was formed by Pervez Musharraf. ... The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) (Urdu: پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی ) is a mainstream centre-left political party in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Urdu: پاکستان تحريک انصاف) (Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Political parties in Pakistan lists political parties in Pakistan. ... The Provincial Governors is the head of the province in Pakistan. ... Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. ... The Government of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) is in Peshawar, the provincial capital of the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. ... ... Government of Sindh is based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... For the capital of Pakistan, see Islamabad. ... The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are areas of Pakistan outside the four provinces, comprising a region of some 27,220 km² (10,507 mi²). // The FATA are bordered by: Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... The 2001 Local Government Ordnance provides for devolution of government to district administrations. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... // Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan with its population being the second largest in the world after Mumbai. ... Union Councils of Pakistan are local governments in Pakistan. ... Pakistan is the second largest Muslim country in terms of population (behind Indonesia), and its status as a declared nuclear power, being the only Islamic nation to have that status, plays a part in its international role. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ... The Senate of Pakistan is the upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... Muhammad Mian Soomro (Urdu: محمد میاں سومرو) took over as caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan on November 15, 2007. ...


The first Chairman of the Senate was Justice Khan Habibullah Khan. This article is about the concept of justice. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Contents

History

The 1970 Assembly framed the 1973 Constitution which was passed on 12 April and promulgated on 14 August 1973. The 1973 Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of Government with a bicameral legislature, comprising of the National Assembly and the Senate. The membership of the Senate, which was originally 45, was raised to 63 in 1977 and to 87 in 1985. The government of Gen. Pervez Musharraf raised the membership of the Senate from 87 to 100 through the Legal Framework Order (LFO), 2002, enforced on 21 August 2002. is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The Senate of Pakistan is the upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


After Independence, the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, elected in December 1945 in undivided India, was assigned the task of framing the Constitution of Pakistan. This Assembly passed the Objectives Resolution on 12th March 1949, laying down principles which later became substantive part of the Constitution of Pakistan. However, before it could accomplish the task of framing the constitution, it was dissolved in October 1954. Thereafter, the Governor General, convened the Second Constituent Assembly in May 1955, which framed and passed the first Constitution of Pakistan on 29 February 1956. That Constitution was promulgated on 23 March 1956, which provided for a parliamentary form of Government with a unicameral legislature. However, from 14 August 1947 to 1 March 1956 the Government of India Act, 1935, was retained as the Constitution of Pakistan. (Redirected from 12th March) March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 7 October 1958, Martial Law was promulgated and the Constitution abrogated. The Military Government appointed a Constitution Commission in February, 1960 which framed the 1962 Constitution. That Constitution provided for a Presidential form of Government with a unicameral legislature. The 1962 Constitution was abrogated on 25 March 1969. The Civil Government, which came to power in December 1971 pursuant to 1970 elections, gave the nation an interim Constitution in the year 1972. is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events First year of Jianan era of the Chinese Han Dynasty Clodius Albinus, rival for Roman Emperor, leaves the province of Britain with all of the islands troops, and makes Gaul his headquarters. ...


The 1970 Assembly framed the 1973 Constitution which was passed on 12 April and promulgated on 14 August 1973. The 1973 Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of Government with a bicameral legislature, comprising of the National Assembly and the Senate. is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...


The membership of the Senate, which was originally 45, was raised to 63 in 1977 and to 87 in 1985. The government of Gen. Pervez Musharraf raised the membership of the Senate from 87 to 100 through the Legal Framework Order (LFO), 2002, enforced on 21 August 2002. is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Purpose and role

The main purpose for the creation of the Senate of Pakistan was to give equal representation to all the federating units since the membership of the National Assembly was based on the population of each province. Equal provincial membership in the Senate, thus, balances the provincial inequality in the National Assembly and dispels doubts and apprehension, if any, regarding deprivation and exploitation.


The role of the Senate is to promote national cohesion and harmony and to alleviate fears of the smaller provinces regarding domination by any one province because of its majority, in the National Assembly.


The Senate is a body that represents the provinces and territories of the country and promotes a feeling of equality, peace and good understanding between them, which is so essential for the growth and prosperity of a nation. Thus, the Senate in Pakistan, over the years, has emerged as an essential organ and a stabilizing factor of the federation.


Relationship between Constituent's of the Parliament

a) President and Parliament: Under Article 50 of the Constitution, the Majlis-i-Shoora (Parliament) of Pakistan consists of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the National Assembly and the Senate.


The President is elected by members of both Houses of the Parliament and the Provincial Assemblies. The President may be removed from office or impeached through a resolution, passed by not less than two-thirds of the total membership of the Parliament in a joint sitting of the two Houses, convened for the purpose.


The Constitution empowers the President to dissolve the National Assembly in his discretion if a situation has arisen in which the Government of the Federation cannot be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and an appeal to the electorate is necessary. However, the Senate is not subject to dissolution.


In case the office of the President becomes vacant for any reason, the Chairman, or if he is unable to perform the functions of the office of the President, the Speaker, acts as President till such time that a President is elected. Same is the case when the President by reason of absence from Pakistan or any other cause is unable to perform his functions.


b) Relations between the Houses: Unless both the Houses pass a Bill and it receives President's assent it cannot become a law except in the case of a money bill which is the sole prerogative of the National Assembly. Under the Legal Framework Order, 2002, the role of a Mediation Committee, comprising of eight members of each House, has been introduced for the first time to evolve consensus on Bills, in case there is a disagreement between the two Houses.


c) Cabinet: The Constitution provides that there shall be a Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister which is collectively responsible to the National Assembly. The Prime Minister is chosen from the National Assembly.


The Federal Ministers and Ministers of State are appointed from amongst the members of Parliament. However, the number of Federal Ministers and Ministers of State who are members of Senate, shall not at any time, exceed one fourth of the numbers of Federal Ministers.


NAMES AND TENURES OF FORMER CHAIRMEN


OF THE SENATE OF PAKISTAN


FROM 1973 TO 1999



1

 Mr Khan Habibullah Khan 06-08-1973 05-08-1975 ‑ 

2 This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

 Mr Khan Habibullah Khan 06-08-1975 04-07-1977 (Ceased to hold office before the expiry of Constitutional term i.e. 05-08-1977 on proclamation of Martial Law on the 5th July, 1977). 

3 This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

 Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan 21-03-1985 20-03-1988 


4 Ghulam Ishaq Khan (abbreviated as GIK) (Urdu: غلام اسحاق خان) (January 20, 1915 - October 27, 2006) was President of Pakistan from August 17, 1988 until July 18, 1993. ...

 Mr Ghulam Ishaq Khan 21-03-1988 12-12-1988 (Assumed charge of Acting President of Pakistan on 18th August, 1988 Took oath as President of Pakistan on 13-12-1988) 

5 Ghulam Ishaq Khan (abbreviated as GIK) (Urdu: غلام اسحاق خان) (January 20, 1915 - October 27, 2006) was President of Pakistan from August 17, 1988 until July 18, 1993. ...

 Mr Wasim Sajjad 24-12-1988 20-03-1991 ‑ 

6 Wasim Sajjad (b. ...

 Mr Wasim Sajjad 21-03-1991 20-03-1994 ‑ 

7 Wasim Sajjad (b. ...

 Mr Wasim Sajjad 21-03-1994 20-03-1997 ‑ 

8 Wasim Sajjad (b. ...

 Mr Wasim Sajjad 21-03-1997 12-10-1999 (Senate of Pakistan was suspended w.e.f. 12th October, 1999, on proclamation of Emergency dated 14th October, 1999. ‑ 

9 Wasim Sajjad (b. ...

 Mr Mohammad Mian Soomro 2003 2006 - 


10

 Mr Mohammad Mian Soomro 2006 to date - 

See also

The Parliament of Pakistan is known as the Majlis-e-Shoora (Council of Advisors). ...

 
 

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