Mack AC delivery truck at the Petersen Automotive Museum with chain drive visible
Chain drive was a popular power transmission system from the earliest days of the automobile. It gained prominence as an alternative to the Systeme Panhard with its rigid Hotchkissdriveshaft and universal joints. A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ... The dominant form of power transmission for front-engine, rear-drive cars in the twentieth century is called the Hotchkiss drive. ... A driveshaft or driving shaft is a mechanical device for transferring power from the engine or motor to the point where useful work is applied. ... A universal joint, U joint or Cardan joint is a joint in a rigid rod that allows the rod to bend in any direction. ...
A chain drive system uses one or more roller chain to transmit power from a differential to the rear axle. This system allowed for a great deal of vertical axle movement (for example, over bumps), and was simpler to design and build than a rigid driveshaft. Roller chain is the most common type of chain used for transmission of mechanical power on bicycles and in industrial and agricultural machinery. ... In this differential, input torque is applied to the ring gear (blue). ... An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. ...
Frazer Nash were strong proponents of this system, even adapting licensed Hotchkiss drive BMW designs to chain drive. The last popular chain drive vehicle was the Honda S800 of the 1960s. Frazer was a Formula One constructor from Britain. ... The BMW logo is a circle (known as a roundel) divided into quadrants of alternating white and light blue color. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ...
Drivechains are similar to drive belts in many ways, and which device is used is subject to several design tradeoffs.
Drive shafts are another common method used to move mechanical power around that is sometimes evaluated in comparison to chaindrive; in particular shaft drive versus chaindrive is a key design decision for most motorcycles.
Chaindrive was the main feature which differentiated the safety bicycle introduced in 1885, with its two equal-sized wheels, from the direct-drive penny-farthing or "high wheeler" type of bicycle.
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