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Encyclopedia > Chaco Province
Chaco
Capital Resistencia
Area 99,633 km²
Population 984,446 (2001)
Density 9.9/km²
Governor Dr. Roy Nikisch
Demonym Chaqueño
ISO 3166-2 AR-H

Chaco is an Argentine province located on the north of the country, near the border with Paraguay. Its capital is Resistencia on the Paraná River opposite the city of Corrientes. The second city of the province is Sáenz Peña. Image File history File links Flag_of_Chaco_province_in_Argentina. ... Resistencia, city in northern Argentina, capital of Chaco Province, on a tributary of the Paraná River. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Provincia del Neuquén, Argentina A map highlighting Neuquén Province, Argentina. ... Resistencia, city in northern Argentina, capital of Chaco Province, on a tributary of the Paraná River. ... The sun rising over the Paraná River, from the north-east of Rosario, Argentina. ... The city of Corrientes and the Paraná River, photographed from the International Space Station. ... This article is about a city. ...


The province is bounded by Salta and Santiago del Estero to the west, Formosa to the north and east, Corrientes and the Republic of Paraguay to the southeast and Santa Fe to the south. From 1950 to 1955, Chaco was named Presidente Juan Perón. Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Santiago del Estero is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... Map of Argentina highlighting Formosa province Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Chaco Region. ... Corrientes is a province in northeast Argentina, in the Mesopotamia region. ... Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine soldier and politician, elected three times as President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ...

Contents


History

Chaco is a Quechua word for hunting, which was the main source of food for the aboriginal people prior to the Spanish colonisation of the Americas. Several native tribes (Guaraní, Toba, Wichí and others) have persisted in the region and have important communities in this province as well as Formosa. Quechua (Runa Simi in Quechua; Runa, human + Simi, speech, literally mouth; i. ... Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Toba are an ethnic group in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. ... The Wichí are an indigenous people of South America. ... Map of Argentina highlighting Formosa province Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Chaco Region. ...


In the 17th century the San Fernando del Río Negro Jesuit mission was founded in the area of the present city of Resistencia, but it was abandoned the late 18th century. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Since the Lausanne Congress of 1974, a widely-accepted definition of a Christian mission has been to form a viable indigenous church-planting movement. ... Resistencia, city in northern Argentina, capital of Chaco Province, on a tributary of the Paraná River. ...


At the end of the 19th century there were numerous confrontations between Argentina and Paraguay in the Gran Chaco area know as the War of the Triple Alliance, and San Fernando was reestablished, this time as a military outpost, and renamed to Resistencia in 1876. Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is an arid, sparsely populated, very hot, semi-desertic, lowland region of the River Plate basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in Brazil called... Combatants Paraguay Uruguay, Argentina, Brasil Commanders Francisco Solano López Bartolomé Mitre, Duke of Caxias Strength at the beginning of the war ca. ...


The current international division of the Gran Chaco was achieved in 1884, but it was not until 1951 that Formosa split from Chaco defining the current national division and obtaining provincial status. Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is an arid, sparsely populated, very hot, semi-desertic, lowland region of the River Plate basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in Brazil called...


Between the end of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th, the province received a variety of immigrants; among them where Mennonites from Russia, Germany, and Canada. The Mennonites (along with the other immigrants) were able to transform the difficult geography of Chaco into a productive farming region known for its milk and beef production. The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist (Re-baptizers) denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ...


Geography and climate

The province lies in the Gran Chaco plains, also known as the Green Hell for its extreme weather conditions. Frequent droughts make for desert-like parts of the geography. Yet, torrential rains and occasional floods create areas of rainforest habitat. Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is an arid, sparsely populated, very hot, semi-desertic, lowland region of the River Plate basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in Brazil called... Look up flood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the rainforest in general. ...


Differences in vegetation show the unequal distribution of precipitation: An Impenetrable ("Impenetrable") dense dry forest lies in the west, with precipitations of around 600 mm per year, and the more humid east, with 1,100 mm annual precipitation, holds the Selva Chaqueña, a jungle with no dry season.


The rivers of the province end in either the Paraná River or the Paraguay River, and run from west to east. The most important of these are the Bermejo River, Río de Oro, Guaycurú Grande, Guaycurú Chico, Salado River, Negro River, Palometa and Tapenagá. The sun rising over the Paraná River, from the north-east of Rosario, Argentina. ... The Paraguay River near Asunción The River Paraguay (Rio Paraguay in Spanish, Rio Paraguai in Portuguese) is a major river in south central South America, running through Brazil and Paraguay and forming a border between Brazil and Bolivia as well as Paraguay and Argentina. ... The Bermejo River is a river in South America that travels a total of 1450 km from Bolivia to the Paraguay River in Argentina. ... The Salado River (in Spanish Río Salado, literally Salty River) is a river that crosses several provinces of Argentina, flowing 1,500 kilometres from its source in the Salta Province to end in the Paraná River, in the Santa Fe Province. ... The Río Negro (Spanish for Black River) is a river in Uruguay. ...


The area is inhabited by exotic wildlife, including crocodiles, monkeys, tarantulas, wild boars, jaguars, giant armadillos, anacondas, rattlesnakes, and a variety of other poisonous snakes. Transport: Major highways include 11 north from Santa Fé province north via Resistencia to Formosa, 16 across the Paraná from Correntes 322 km north-west via Resistencia and Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña into Santiago del Estero province, and passing through Taco Pozo in the north-east to Salta, and 89 from Avia Terai 245 km south-west via Charata to Quimili in Santiago del Estero province. There is an airport at Resistencia. Binomial name Caiman yacare Daudin, 1802 The Yacare Caiman (Caiman yacare, Jacaré in Portuguese) is an alligator found in central South America, including northern Argentina, southern Bolivia, south-west Brazil (especially in the Pantanal marshland) Categories: Animal stubs | Crocodiles ... Genera Subfamily Acanthopelminae    Acanthopelma Subfamily Aviculariinae    Avicularia    Ephobopus    Pachistopelma    Psalmopoeus    Tapinauchenius Subfamily Eumenophorinae    Anoploscelus    Batesiella    Citharischius    Encyocrates    Eumenophorus    Hysterocrates    Loxomphalia    Loxoptygus    Monocentropus    Myostola    Phoneyusa    Polyspina Subfamily Harpactirinae    Ceratogyrus    Coelogenium    Eucratoscelus    Harpactira    Pterinochilus Subfamily Ischnocolinae    Chaetopelma    Cratorrhagus    Heterothele    Ischnocolus    Nesiergus    Plesiophrictus/Neoplesiophrictus Subfamily Ornithoctoninae    Citharognathus    Cyriopagopus    Haplopelma    Lampropelma    Ornithoctonus    Phormingochilus Subfamily... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Young piglets feeding The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large member of the cat family found primarily in the warm regions of the Americas. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest species of armadillo. ... Species Anacondas (Jibóia and Sucuri, local names) are four species of aquatic boa snake inhabiting the swamps and rivers of the dense forests of tropical South America as well as the southern swamps of the island of Trinidad. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ...


Economy

Development in Chaco is linked to the quebracho wood, and the cotton production, which currently accounts for 60% of national production. Quebracho is one of the common names, in Spanish, of at least three similar species of trees that grow in the Gran Chaco region of South America: Schinopsis lorentzii (quebracho colorado santiagueño), of the family Anacardiaceae; Schinopsis balansae (quebracho colorado chaqueño), of the same family; Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco... Cotton ready for harvest. ...


Agriculture in the region includes crops such as soy, sorghum and maize. Sugar cane is also cultivated in the South, as well as rice and tobacco in lesser proportion. Binomial name Glycine max Soybeans (US) or soya beans (UK) (Glycine max) are a high-protein legume (Family Fabaceae) grown as food for both humans and livestock. ... Species About 30 species, see text Sorghum is a genus of about 20 species of grasses, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Eastern Africa, with one species native to Mexico. ... Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ...


Cattle consists of mixed races of Argentine cows with zebu, which adapt better to the high temperatures, grass shortage, and occasional flooding. Trinomial name Bos taurus indicus Linnaeus, 1758 Zebus (Bos taurus indicus), sometimes known as nothing cattle, are better-adapted to tropical environments than other domestic cattle. ...


Industry includes textiles (produced from local cotton), oil mills, and coal production, as well as sugar, alcohol and paper (all produced from sugar cane).


Chaco is home to the Chaco National Park, but tourism is not a developed industry in the province. The Chaco National Park is a national park of Argentina, located in the province of Chaco. ...


Political division

The province is divided in 25 departments (spanish departamentos). Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ...


Department (Capital)

  1. Almirante Brown (Pampa del Infierno)
  2. Bermejo Department (Chaco) (La Leonesa)
  3. Chacabuco (Charata)
  4. Comandante Fernández {Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña)
  5. Doce de Octubre (General Pinedo)
  6. Dos de Abril (Hermoso Campo)
  7. Fray Justo Santa María del Oro (Villa Sylvina)
  8. General Belgrano (Corzuela)
  9. General Donovan (Makallé)
  10. General Güemes (Juan José Castelli)
  11. Independencia (Campo Largo)
  12. Libertad (Puerto Tirol)
  13. Libertador General San Martín (General José de San Martín)
  14. Maipú (Tres Isletas)
  15. Mayor Luis Jorge Fontana (Villa Ángela)
  16. Nueve de Julio (Las Breñas)
  17. O'Higgins (San Bernardo)
  18. Presidente de la Plaza (Presidente de la Plaza)
  19. Primero de Mayo (Margarita Belén)
  20. Quitilipi (Quitilipi)
  21. San Fernando (Resistencia)
  22. San Lorenzo (Villa Berthet)
  23. Sargento Cabral Department (Colonia Elisa)
  24. Tapenaga Department (Charadai)
  25. Veinticinco de Mayo (Machagai)

Charata is a city in the province of Chaco, Argentina. ... This article is about a city. ... General José de San Martín is a city in the north-east of the province of Chaco, Argentina. ... Villa Ángela is a city in the province of Chaco, Argentina, about 186 km from the provincial capital Resistencia. ... Resistencia, city in northern Argentina, capital of Chaco Province, on a tributary of the Paraná River. ...

External links

  • Official website (Spanish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chaco Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (634 words)
Chaco is an Argentine province located on the north of the country, near the border with Paraguay.
The province is bounded by Salta and Santiago del Estero to the west, Formosa to the north and east, Corrientes and the Republic of Paraguay to the southeast and Santa Fe to the south.
Chaco is a Quechua word for hunting, which was the main source of food for the aboriginal people prior to the Spanish colonisation of the Americas.
Chaco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (143 words)
Chaco Province, Argentina in the northeastern part of the country
Chaco is a plotting application toolkit for the Python programming language.
Chaco is a suite of algorithms for decomposing grids and assigning the pieces to processors in a parallel computing environment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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