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Encyclopedia > Ceuta
Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta
Autonomous City of Ceuta
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Ceuta City
Official language(s) Spanish
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked
 28 km²
 
Population
 – Total (2006)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked
 75,861
 
 2,709.32/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish

 
 ceuta
Statute of Autonomy March 14, 1995
Parliamentary
representation

 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats


 1
 2
President Juan Jesús Vivas Lara (PP)
ISO 3166-2 ES-CE
Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta

Ceuta is an autonomous city of Spain located on the Mediterranean, on the North African side of the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates it from the Spanish mainland. Ceuta, together with the other African autonomous city of Melilla and a number of Mediterranean islands, is claimed by Morocco. The area of Ceuta is approximately 28 km². Image File history File links Flag_of_Ceuta. ... Image File history File links EscudoCeuta. ... Civil and state flag. ... Though an exclave of Spain, the Coat of arms of Ceuta incorporate elements from both the coat of arms of Portugal and of Castile. ... Image File history File links Localización_de_Ceuta. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of population. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... ... The Spanish Senate (Spanish: Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... List of Mayor-Presidents of Ceuta The following persons have headed the administration of the municipality and autonomous region within Spain, exclaved in Morocco, of Ceuta: 19 June 1995 - 24 July 1996 Basilio Fernández López PFC 24 July 1996 - 26 August 1999 Jesús Cayetano Fortes Ramos PP... Juan Jesús Vivas Lara is the President of the autonomous city of Ceuta. ... From the left: Mariano Rajoy, Josep Piqué and José María Aznar during the proclamation act of Josep Piqué in September 2003 The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal-conservative political party in Spain. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain has five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) near Morocco administrated directly by Madrids Government. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... The Strait of Gibraltar as seen from space (on the left: Spain) A view across the Strait of Gibraltar taken from the hills over Tarifa, Spain The Strait of Gibraltar (Arabic: مضيق جبل طارق, Spanish: Estrecho de Gibraltar) is the strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Spain... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


Ceuta is dominated by a hill called Monte Hacho, on which there is a fort occupied by the Spanish army. Monte Hacho is one of the possible locations for the southern Pillars of Hercules of Greek Legend, the other possibility being Jebel Musa. Monte Hacho, with Ceuta harbour in the foreground. ... The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra in Spanish; literally, Land Army) is one of oldest active armies in the world and a branch of the Spanish Armed Forces, in charge of land operations. ... Monte Hacho, with Ceuta harbour in the foreground. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jebel Musa as seen from Gibraltar Jebel Musa (Arabic: جبل موسى) is the name given to a mountain located in the northernmost part of Morocco on the African side of the Straits of Gibraltar. ...

Contents

History

Ceuta's strategic location has made it the crucial waypoint of many cultures' trade and military ventures — beginning with the Carthaginians in the 5th century BC, who called the city Abyla. It was not until the Romans took control in about A.D. 42 that the port city (then named Septem) assumed an almost exclusive military purpose. Approximately 400 years later, the Vandals ousted the Romans for control, and later it fell to the Visigoths of Hispania and the Byzantines . Roman Carthage with former military harbor Carthage (Greek: , Latin: , from the Phoenician meaning new town; Arabic: ) refers both to an ancient city in Tunisia and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ... The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year 42. ... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iberian Peninsula. ... “Byzantine” redirects here. ...

A sign welcoming visitors to Ceuta, showing the flags of Ceuta, Spain and the European Union.

In 710, as Muslim armies approached the city, its Visigothic governor Julian (also described as "king of the Ghomara") changed sides and urged them to invade the Iberian Peninsula (for personal reasons, according to the Arab chroniclers; the Visigothic King Roderick is said to have mistreated his daughter). Under the leadership of Berber general Tariq ibn Ziyad, Ceuta was used as a prime staging ground for an assault on Visigothic Hispania soon after. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 768 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 800 pixel, file size: 205 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 768 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 800 pixel, file size: 205 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... In the late seventh and early eighth centuries, Julian, count of Ceuta in North Africa, held the African Pillar of Hercules for Christendom. ... The Ghomara are an originally Berber group in northern Morocco, between the rivers Laou and Ouringa, north of Chechaouen and south of Tetouan, just east of the Rif. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ... Tariq ibn Ziyad (d. ... USMC convoys staging prior to going north into Iraq in March of 2004 A staging area is a temporary location where military units, aircraft and warships plus their matériel are assembled ahead of an attack or invasion. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iberian Peninsula. ...


After Julian's death the Arabs took direct control of the city; this was resented by the surrounding indigenous Berber tribes, who destroyed it in a Kharijite rebellion led by Maysara al-Haqir in 740. It lay in waste until refounded in the 9th century by Majakas, chief of the Majkasa Berber tribe, who started the short-lived dynasty of the Banu Isam. Under his great-grandson they paid allegiance to the Idrisids (briefly); the dynasty finally ended when he abdicated in favour of the Umayyad Caliph of Cordoba Abd ar-Rahman III an-Nasir in 931. Chaos ensued with the fall of the Umayyad caliphate in 1031, but eventually it was taken over by the Almoravids in 1084, and again used as a base from which to invade Iberia. They were conquered by the Almohads in 1147, who ruled it, apart from Ibn Hud's rebellion of 1232, until the Hafsids took it in 1242. The Hafsids' influence in the west rapidly waned, and the city expelled them in 1249; after this, it went through a period of political instability. Kharijites were members of an Islamic sect in late 7th and early 8th century AD, concentrated in todays southern Iraq. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... The Banu Isam were a Muslim Berber dynasty that ruled Ceuta for four generations. ... The Idrisids were the first Arab dynasty in the western Maghreb, ruling from 788 to 985, and can be thought of as the originators of an independent Morocco. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The interior of the Great Mosque in Córdoba, now a Christian cathedral. ... Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (912 - 961) was the greatest and the most successful of the princes of the Ummayad dynasty in Spain. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya (1229-1574) Significant Rulers: Abu Zakariyya Yahya I. (1229-1249) Muhammad I. al-Mustansir (1249-1277) Yahya II. al-Watiq (1277-1279) Ibrahim I. (1279-1283) Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284) Abu Hafs Umar I. (1284-1295) Abu Bakr II. (1318-1346) Ishaq II. (1350-1369...


In 1309, Ceuta was conquered by the Kingdom of Fez, with Aragonese help. The Kingdom of Fez was a powerful kindgom in what is today know as Algeria and Morocco. ...


In 1415, Ceuta was occupied by the Portuguese during the reign of John I of Portugal. The primary aims of the conquest were to expel Muslim influence from the area, further promote Christianity, and to tap into the trans-Saharan gold, slave and ivory trade routes, of which Ceuta was the northern terminus. Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


After Portugal lost its independence to Spain in 1580, the majority of the population of Ceuta became of Spanish origin, so much so that, when Portugal regained its independence in 1640 and war broke out between the two countries, Ceuta was the only colony of the Portuguese Empire that sided with Spain. History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ...

Moat of the Royal Wall of Ceuta

The allegiance of Ceuta to Spain was recognized by the Treaty of Lisbon by which, on January 1, 1668, King Afonso VI of Portugal formally ceded Ceuta to Carlos II of Spain. However, the flag and coat of arms of Ceuta remained unchanged and to this day still feature the colonial configuration of the Portuguese shield. The flag's background is also the same as that of the flag of Lisbon, the Portuguese capital. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 853 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 853 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on February 13, 1668 between Afonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, by mediation of Charles II of England. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Charles II of Spain. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The flag of Portugal consists of a rectangular (ratio 2:3) uneven vertical bicolor, that is, a field vertically divided into two unequal stripes of green, at the hoist, and red, at the fly. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ...


When Spain recognized the independence of Spanish Morocco in 1956, Ceuta and the other plazas de soberanía remained under Spanish rule as they were considered integral parts of the Spanish state. Spanish Morocco, was the area of Morocco ruled by Spain from up to 1956, when France and Spain recognised Moroccan independence. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain has five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) near Morocco administrated directly by Madrids Government. ...


Culturally, modern Ceuta is considered part of the Spanish region of Andalusia. Indeed, it was until recently attached to the province of Cádiz - the Spanish coast being only 20 km away. It is a very cosmopolitan city, with a large ethnic Berber Muslim minority as well as a Jewish minority. For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Location Location of Cádiz Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Cádiz (Spanish) Spanish name Cádiz Postal code – Website http://www. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...

Council of Ceuta

Image File history File linksMetadata Ayuntamiento_de_Ceuta. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ayuntamiento_de_Ceuta. ...

Administration

Ceuta is known officially in Spanish as Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta (lit. Autonomous City of Ceuta), with a rank between a standard Spanish city and an autonomous community. Before the Statute of Autonomy, Ceuta was part of the Cádiz province. Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Nominally, a Statute of Autonomy is a law hierarchically located under the constitution of a country, and over any other form of legislation (including organic laws). ... Cádiz province Cádiz is a province of southern Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia, being the southernmost point of continental Western Europe. ...


Ceuta is part of the territory of the European Union. The city was a free port before Spain joined the European Union in 1986. Now it has a low-tax system within the European Monetary System. As of 2006, its population was 75,861. A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. ...


Ceuta does not have an airport. There is, however, a regular helicopter service linking it to Málaga Airport. Access to and from Ceuta is by ferry or land. Málaga Airport (IATA: AGP, ICAO: LEMG) is the main airport for the Costa del Sol of Spain. ...


Political status

The government of Morocco has called for the integration of Ceuta and Melilla, along with uninhabited islands such as Isla Perejil, into its national territory, drawing comparisons with Spain's territorial claim to Gibraltar. The Spanish government and both Ceuta's and Melilla's autonomous governments and inhabitants reject these comparisons on the ground that both Ceuta and Melilla are integral parts of the Spanish state whereas Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, is not nor never has been part of the United Kingdom. Ceuta's Islamic past is also shorter than much of the rest of Southern Spain. Morocco, however, dismisses these arguments as irrelevant. Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... A satellite NASA World Wind caption of Isla Perejil seen as a tiny island (top middle) The Isla Perejil (Parsley Island in English; Arabic: Leila, night , local, i. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ...


ISO 3166-1 reserves EA as the country code for Ceuta and Melilla. The amateur radio call sign used for both cities is EA9, and they count as one separate "entity." ISO 3166-1, as part of the ISO 3166 standard, provides codes for the names of countries and dependent areas. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... Amateur radio station with modern solid-state transceiver featuring LCD display and DSP capabilities Amateur radio, often called ham radio, is a hobby that uses various types of radio broadcasting equipment to communicate with other radio amateurs for public service, recreation and self-training. ... Call sign can refer to different types of call signs: Airline call sign Aviator call sign Cosmonaut call sign Radio and television call signs Tactical call sign, also known as a tactical designator See also: International Callsign Allocations, Maritime Mobile Service Identity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational...

Cathedral

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2207x2672, 996 KB) From French Wikipedia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2207x2672, 996 KB) From French Wikipedia. ...

Ecclesiastical history

By the Concordat of 1851 the diocese of Ceuta, a suffragan of the Andalusian archbishopric of Seville was suppressed and incorporated in the diocese of Cádiz, whose bishop usually was the Apostolic Administrator of Ceuta. A concordat is an agreement between the pope and a government or sovereign on religious matters. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Location Location of Cádiz Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Cádiz (Spanish) Spanish name Cádiz Postal code – Website http://www. ... In the Roman Catholic Church, an apostolic administrator is a prelate appointed by the Pope to serve as an ordinary for an Apostolic Administration, which is a territorial jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church, similar in function but lower in status then a diocese, but are usually to be found...


By the early 20th century there were 22 parishes, 26 priests, and 11,700 inhabitants in Ceuta.


See also

The Ceuta border fence is a separation barrier between Morocco and the Autonomous City of Ceuta, in Spain. ... A satellite NASA World Wind caption of Isla Perejil seen as a tiny island (top middle) The Isla Perejil (Parsley Island in English; Arabic: Leila, night , local, i. ... Spanish Morocco, was the area of Morocco ruled by Spain from up to 1956, when France and Spain recognised Moroccan independence. ... For the racehorse of the same name, see Rock of Gibraltar (horse). ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Ceuta (524 words)
Ceuta is an enclave in mainland Morocco, covering an area of 19,7 km².
Ceuta is governed through a 25 seat local council with 4 parties, of which Groupo Independiente Liberal is the largest with 12 seats.
The topography around Ceuta is marked by 7 peaks, of which Musa Mountain is one of the two Pillars of Hercules, once the symbolic gate between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Marokko beansprucht Ceuta und Melilla (1101 words)
August zu einem Staatsbesuch in Rabat eintraf, entgegnete, dass Ceuta und Melilla keine Kolonien seien und sich außerdem allerbester Gesundheit erfreuten, was auch in Zukunft der Fall sein werde.
Ceuta und Melilla haben jeweils etwa 70.000 Einwohner, von denen etwa 85% spanischer Herkunft und 10% Mohammedaner sind.
Ceuta ist zudem das Ziel tausender Flüchtlinge aus ganz Afrika, die versuchen von hier aus eine sichere Passage für die Einreise nach Spanien und damit in die EU zu erhalten.
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