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Encyclopedia > Cetshwayo

Cetshwayo kaMpande (circa 1826 - February 8, 1884) was the king of the Zulu nation from 1872 to 1879 and their leader during the Zulu War. His name has also been transliterated as Cetawayo, Cetewayo, Cetywajo and Ketchwayo. 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... The Zulu are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Rorkes Drift The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between Britain and the Zulus, and signalled the end of the Zulus as an independent nation. ... Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one system of writing into another. ...


Cetshwayo was born a son of Zulu king Mpande, who was a half-brother of Zulu king Shaka. In 1856 he defeated and killed in battle his younger brother Mbuyazi, Mpande's favorite, and became the effective ruler of Zulu tribe. However, he did not really ascend to the throne because his father was still alive. Mpande (1798 - 1872) was king of the Zulu nation from 1840 to 1872, making him the longest reigning Zulu king. ... Shaka Shaka (sometimes spelled Chaka) (ca. ...


His other brother Umtonga was still a potential rival and he knew it. In 1861 Umtonga fled to Boers' side of the border and Cetshwayo had to make deals with Boers to get him back. In 1865 Umtonga did the same thing and apparently made Cetshwayo think that Umtonga could try replace him the similar way his father had replaced his predecessor Dingaan. Afrikaners are white South Africans of predominantly Calvinist Dutch, German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloon descent who speak Afrikaans. ... Dingane kaSenzangakhona (ca. ...


Mpande died in 1873 and Cetshwayo became king on 1 September. As was customary he created a new capital for the nation and called it Ulundi (the high place). He expanded his army against and readopted many methods of Shaka. He also equipped his impis with muskets. He banished European missionaries from his land. He might have incensed other native African peoples to rebel against Boers in Transvaal. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Ulundi was at one time the capital of Zululand in South Africa, and later the capital of the Bantustan of KwaZulu. ... An Impi was a Zulu warband. ... muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smooth-bore long gun. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal was one of the provinces of South Africa from 1910 until 1994. ...


In 1878 Sir Henry Bartle Frere, British Commissioner for South Africa, began to demand reparations for border infractions. They mainly angered Cetshwayo who kept his calm until Frere demanded that he should effectively disband his army. His refusal lead to Zulu War in 1879. After initial defeats, such as the infamous Battle of Isandlwana, the British eventually began to gain victories. After Cetshwayo's capital Ulundi was captured and torched on July 4 he was deposed and exiled to London. Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, 1st Baronet (March 29, 1815 - May 29, 1884) was a British administrator. ... The Battle of Isandlwana was a battle in the Zulu War in which a Zulu army wiped out a British force on January 22, 1879. ... Ulundi was at one time the capital of Zululand in South Africa, and later the capital of the Bantustan of KwaZulu. ... St. ...


By 1882 differences between two Zulu factions - pro-Cetshwayo uSsutus and three rival chiefs UZibhebhu - had erupted into a blood feuds and civil war. In 1883, the British tried to restore Cetshwayo to rule at least part of his previous territory but the attempt failed. Chief UZibhebhu, started a war contesting the succession - with the aid of Boer cavalry mercenaries - and on July 22, 1883 he attacked Cetshwayo's new kraal in Ulundi. Cetshwayo was wounded but escaped to Nkandla forest. After pleas from the Resident Commissioner, Sir Melmoth Osborn, the king moved to Eshowe, where he died a few months later, possibly poisoned. His body was buried within sight of the forest, to the south near Nkunzane River. The remains of the wagon which carried his corpse to the site was placed on the grave, and its remains may be seen at Ondini Museum, near Ulundi. Feud may also mean fief in reference to feudalism. ... A civil war is a war in which the competing parties are segments of the same country or empire. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Kraal (also spelt craal or kraul) is an Afrikaans word for either an enclosure for horses, cattle and the like, or a native village surrounded by a palisade, mud wall, or other fencing, roughly circular in form. ... Eshowe, Uthungulu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa is the oldest town of European settlement in Zululand. ... Ulundi was at one time the capital of Zululand in South Africa, and later the capital of the Bantustan of KwaZulu. ...


He died in February 1884 as the last king of an independent Zulu nation. Cetshwayo's son Dinizulu, as heir to the throne, was proclaimed king on 20 May 1884, supported by (other) Boer mercenaries. 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... Dinizulu kaCetshwayo (1868-1913) was the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... Boer is the Afrikaans (and Dutch) word for farmer. ...


 
 

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