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Encyclopedia > Cessna
Cessna Aircraft Company
Image:Cessna_logo.png
Type Subsidiary of Textron
Founded 1927
Headquarters Wichita, Kansas
Key people Jack J. Pelton, Chairman, President, and CEO
Industry General Aviation
Products Cessna Citation X, Cessna Citation Mustang, Cessna 208 Caravan, Cessna 172, Cessna 182, Cessna 206
Employees 9,500
Website www.cessna.com

Cessna Aircraft Company, headquartered in Wichita, Kansas, is a manufacturer of general aviation aircraft, from small two-seat, single-engine aircraft to business jets. Image File history File links Cessna_logo. ... In business, a subsidiary is a company controlled by another company or corporation. ... Textron (NYSE: TXT) is a major US based conglomerate, who, unlike most other conglomerates, remains fairly large today after the glory years in the 1960s. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... Nickname: Air Capital Location in the state of Kansas County Sedgwick  - Mayor Carlos Mayans Area    - City 359. ... General aviation (abbr. ... The Cessna Citation X is a medium-sized business jet aircraft designed to fly at high subsonic speeds. ... The Cessna 510 Citation Mustang is a business jet with two cockpit seats, four cabin seats and a toilet. ... The Cessna 208 Caravan, also known as the Cargomaster, is a single turboprop short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft built in the USA by Cessna. ... Cessna 172RG Cessna 172 instrument panel 1964 Cessna 172E 1965 Cessna F172G 1971 Cessna 172 The early Cessna 172 Skyhawks had no rear window and featured a square fin design, like this 1957 model 1977 Cessna 172M Cessna 172R Panel of C-GLFC The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four... The Cessna 182, marketed under the name Skylane, is a four-seat, high performance, single-engine, light airplane. ... The Cessna 205, 206, and 207, known variously as the Skywagon, Super Skywagon, and Stationair is a development of the popular Cessna line of high-wing, single-engine piston aircraft used for general aviation. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Nickname: Air Capital Location in the state of Kansas County Sedgwick  - Mayor Carlos Mayans Area    - City 359. ... Official language(s) none Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... General aviation (abbr. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The company traces its history to June 1911, when Clyde Cessna, a farmer in Rago, Kansas, built a wood-and-fabric plane and became the first person to build and fly an aircraft between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Clyde Vernon Cessna (1879 - November 1954), is the founder of the Cessna Aircraft Company of Wichita, Kansas. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to the Gulf of Mexico. ... Confectionary Company, see Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory. ...


Clyde Cessna started his airplane ventures in Enid, Oklahoma testing many of his early planes on the salt flats. When bankers in Enid would not loan him the money to build his planes, he moved to Wichita.[1] Clyde Vernon Cessna (1879 - November 1954), is the founder of the Cessna Aircraft Company of Wichita, Kansas. ... The intersection of Garriott Rd. ... Nickname: Air Capital Location in the state of Kansas County Sedgwick  - Mayor Carlos Mayans Area    - City 359. ...


In 1924, Cessna partnered with Lloyd C. Stearman and Walter H. Beech to form the Travel Air Manufacturing Co., Inc., a biplane manufacturing firm, in Wichita. In 1927 he left Travel Air to form his own company, the "Cessna Aircraft Company", to build monoplanes. 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Lloyd C. Stearman (October 26, 1898 – April 3, 1975) was an American aviator and airplane designer. ... Walter Herschel Beech (January 30, 1891 – 1950) was a pioneer aviator. ... The Beechcraft Travel Air was a twin-engine development of the Beechcraft Bonanza. ... Hs123 biplane. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ...


Cessna Aircraft Company closed its doors from 19321934 due to the state of the economy. In 1934, Dwane Wallace, with the help of his brother Dwight, took control of the company and began the process of building it into a global success. Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After World War II, Cessna created the 170, which, along with later models (notably the 172), became the most widely produced light aircraft in history. Cessna's advertising boasts that its aircraft have trained more pilots than those of any other company. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Cessna 170. ... Cessna 172RG Cessna 172 instrument panel 1964 Cessna 172E 1965 Cessna F172G 1971 Cessna 172 The early Cessna 172 Skyhawks had no rear window and featured a square fin design, like this 1957 model 1977 Cessna 172M Cessna 172R Panel of C-GLFC The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four...


Cessna was bought by General Dynamics Corporation in 1985, and it stopped producing piston-engine aircraft the next year due to concerns over product liability. In 1992, Textron Inc. bought Cessna and soon resumed producing light aircraft. General Dynamics (NYSE: GD) is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2005 it is the sixth largest defense contractor in the world[1]. The company has changed markedly in the post-Cold War era of defense consolidation. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Product liability encompasses a number of legal claims that allow an injured party to recover financial compensation from the manufacturer or seller of a product. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Textron (NYSE: TXT) is a major US based conglomerate, who, unlike most other conglomerates, remains fairly large today after the glory years in the 1960s. ...

Contents

Marketing Initiatives

Cessna has always had an active marketing department. This was especially notable during the 1950s and 1960s. During this period, the marketing department followed the lead of Detroit automobile manufacturers and came up with many marketing slogans or buzzwords to describe Cessna’s product line in an attempt to place their products ahead of the competition. // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... A buzzword (also known as a fashion word) is an idiom, often a neologism, commonly used in technical, administrative and political environments, consisting of an over-used word or phrase. ...


Other manufacturers and the aviation press widely ridiculed and spoofed many of these marketing terms but between Cessna’s designers producing a product that the flying public wanted and the work of the marketing department, Cessna built and sold more aircraft than any other manufacturer during the aviation boom years of the 1960s and 1970s. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Template:A year The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...

Cessna 150s produced before 1964, such as this 1962 Cessna 150B, lacked the later Omni-Vision rear window
Cessna 150s produced before 1964, such as this 1962 Cessna 150B, lacked the later Omni-Vision rear window
A 1965 Cessna 150E. The 1964 model 150D and the 150E introduced Omni-Vision rear windows on the Model 150
A 1965 Cessna 150E. The 1964 model 150D and the 150E introduced Omni-Vision rear windows on the Model 150
Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force
Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force
1951 Cessna 195
1951 Cessna 195
1977 Cessna 404 Titan II
1977 Cessna 404 Titan II

Image File history File linksMetadata Cessna150BC-FOTK02. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cessna150BC-FOTK02. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cessna150EC-FGAU.jpg Summary I took this photo at Rockcliffe airport 27 may 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cessna150EC-FGAU.jpg Summary I took this photo at Rockcliffe airport 27 may 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2816x1972, 617 KB) Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force (identifier T-784), taxiing at the Royal International Air Tattoo, RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire, England. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2816x1972, 617 KB) Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force (identifier T-784), taxiing at the Royal International Air Tattoo, RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire, England. ... Cessna 195, this example was manufactured in 1951. ... Cessna 195, this example was manufactured in 1951. ... Download high resolution version (1500x999, 583 KB) 1977 Cessna 404 Titan II (G-EXEX) at Kemble airfield, Gloucestershire, England. ... Download high resolution version (1500x999, 583 KB) 1977 Cessna 404 Titan II (G-EXEX) at Kemble airfield, Gloucestershire, England. ...

Marketing buzzwords

Cessna marketing buzzwords included:

  • Para-Piss Flaps – these were the large fowler flaps that Cessna introduced on the Cessna 170B in 1952, replacing the narrow chord plain flaps then in use. The marketing department were trying to convey that they made for “parachute-like” landings.
  • Land-O-Matic – In 1956 Cessna introduced sprung-steel tricycle landing gear on the Cessna 172. The marketing department chose the buzzwords “Land-O-Matic” to try to convey that the these aircraft were much easier to land and take-off than the conventional landing gear equipped Cessna 170 that preceded the 172. They even went as far as to say that the pilots could do “drive-up take-offs and drive-in landings” in an attempt to make it seem like flying these aircraft was as easy as driving a car. In later years some Cessna models had their steel sprung landing gear replaced with steel tube gear legs. The Cessna 206 retains the original spring steel landing gear today.
  • Omni-Vision – This referred to the introduction of rear windows on some Cessna singles, starting with the Cessna 182 and 210 in 1962, the Cessna 172 in 1963 and the Cessna 150 in 1964. The term was designed to make the pilot feel that visibility was improved on the notably poor-visibility Cessna line. The introduction of the rear window caused most models a loss of cruise speed due to the drag of the window shape, while not adding any useful visibility.
  • Cushioned power – This was to announce the introduction of rubber mounts on the cowling of the 1967 model Cessna 150, in addition to the rubber mounts that isolated the engine from the cabin.
  • Omni-Flash - This referred to the flashing beacon on the tip of the fin that could be seen 360 degrees all-around.
  • Open-View – This referred to the removal of the top section of the control wheel in 1967 models. These had been rectangular, they now became “ram’s horn” shaped, thus not blocking the instrument panel as much.
  • Quick-Scan – Cessna introduced a new instrument panel lay-out in the 1960s and this buzzword was to indicate that Cessna’s panels were ahead of the competition.

Cessna 170. ... A Cessna 152 with a tricycle landing gear Tricycle gear describes a kind of aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion. ... The Piper Super Cub is a popular taildragger aircraft. ... The Cessna 205, 206, and 207, known variously as the Skywagon, Super Skywagon, and Stationair is a development of the popular Cessna line of high-wing, single-engine piston aircraft used for general aviation. ... The Cessna 182, marketed under the name Skylane, is a four-seat, high performance, single-engine, light airplane. ... Cessna 210 Centurion Cessna T210L A Cessna T210L shows the designs strutless cantilever wing A Cessna P210N Pressurized Centurion with its distinctive small windows The Cessna 210 Centurion is a 6 seat, high-performance, single-engine general aviation aircraft which was first flown in January 1957. ... Cessna 172RG Cessna 172 instrument panel 1964 Cessna 172E 1965 Cessna F172G 1971 Cessna 172 The early Cessna 172 Skyhawks had no rear window and featured a square fin design, like this 1957 model 1977 Cessna 172M Cessna 172R Panel of C-GLFC The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four... Cessna 150s produced before 1964, such as this 1962 Cessna 150B, had square fins and no rear window A 1965 Cessna 150E. The 1964 model 150D and the 150E had an Omni-Vision rear window, but retained the square fin of the earlier 150 1965 Cessna 150E 1967 Cessna F150G... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...

Aircraft models

The Cessna Next Generation Piston Aircraft (NGP) is a single engine, fixed gear, high cantilever wing, light aircraft designed for personal use. ... N158CS on display at AirVenture 2007. ... The CH-1 Skyhook is the only helicopter ever built by the Cessna Aircraft Company. ... // Warner Scarab General characteristics Length: ft in (m) Wingspan: ft in (m) Height: ft in (m) Wing area: ft^2 (m^2) Empty weight: lb (kg) Max takeoff weight: lb (kg) Powerplant: 1× , hp (kW) Performance Maximum speed: mph (knots, km/h) Stall speed: mph (knots, km/h) unpowered, flaps... In the years just following the end of World War II, Cessna first began production of two-seat general aviation aircraft with the Cessna 120 and the Cessna 140. ... In the years just following the end of World War II, Cessna first began production of two-seat general aviation aircraft with the Cessna 120 and the Cessna 140. ... Cessna 150s produced before 1964, such as this 1962 Cessna 150B, had square fins and no rear window A 1965 Cessna 150E. The 1964 model 150D and the 150E had an Omni-Vision rear window, but retained the square fin of the earlier 150 1965 Cessna 150E 1967 Cessna F150G... 1985 Cessna 152 Cessna 152 panel The Cessna 152 is a two-seat, fixed tricycle gear general aviation airplane, primarily used for flight training. ... The Cessna 165 also known as the Cessna Airmaster or the C-34 is a single engine aircraft manufactured by the Cessna aircraft company. ... Cessna 170. ... Cessna 172RG Cessna 172 instrument panel 1964 Cessna 172E 1965 Cessna F172G 1971 Cessna 172 The early Cessna 172 Skyhawks had no rear window and featured a square fin design, like this 1957 model 1977 Cessna 172M Cessna 172R Panel of C-GLFC The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four... The T-41 Mescalero is a military version of the popular Cessna 172 used by the United States Air Force and the United States Army as a pilot training aircraft. ... A Cessna 175A Skylark lands at Carelton Place, Ontario, Airport 2004 The Cessna 175 Skylark was a four-seat, single-engine, high-wing airplane that was produced between 1958 and 1962. ... Cessna 177B Cardinal at Smiths Falls, Ontario 2004 Cessna 177RG Cardinal RG at the COPA Flight 33 Arnprior, Ontario Fly-in 10 July 2005 The Cardinal badge sported by many Cessna 177 and 177RG aircraft Cessna 177B Cardinal at the COPA Convention, Wetaskiwin, Alberta June 2005 The Cessna 177 Cardinal... The Cessna 180 is a four- or six-seat, fixed conventional gear general aviation airplane which was produced between 1953 and 1981. ... The Cessna 182, marketed under the name Skylane, is a four-seat, high performance, single-engine, light airplane. ... Cessna 185 (C-FFXO) Skywagon II at Cambridge Bay Airport, Nunavut, Canada The Cessna 185 also know as the Skywagon is a six seat, single engined, general aviation light aircraft. ... The Cessna 188 is a family of light agricultural airplanes produced between 1966 and 1983 by the Cessna Aircraft Company. ... 1951 Cessna 195 The Cessna 190 and 195 are light single engine general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954. ... 1951 Cessna 195 The Cessna 190 and 195 are light single engine general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954. ... A 2003 Model Cessna T206H TC Stationair at the Canadian Aviation Expo, Oshawa, Ontario, June 2004 A 2005 model Cessna T206H Stationair at the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association Convention, Wetaskiwin, Alberta 24 June 2005, showing its large clamshell cargo doors. ... A 2003 Model Cessna T206H TC Stationair at the Canadian Aviation Expo, Oshawa, Ontario, June 2004 A 2005 model Cessna T206H Stationair at the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association Convention, Wetaskiwin, Alberta 24 June 2005, showing its large clamshell cargo doors. ... A 2003 Model Cessna T206H TC Stationair at the Canadian Aviation Expo, Oshawa, Ontario, June 2004 A 2005 model Cessna T206H Stationair at the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association Convention, Wetaskiwin, Alberta 24 June 2005, showing its large clamshell cargo doors. ... The Cessna 208 Caravan, also known as the Cargomaster, is a single turboprop short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft built in the USA by Cessna. ... Cessna 210 Centurion Cessna T210L A Cessna T210L shows the designs strutless cantilever wing A Cessna P210N Pressurized Centurion with its distinctive small windows The Cessna 210 Centurion is a 6 seat, high-performance, single-engine general aviation aircraft which was first flown in January 1957. ... Cessna T303 Crusader (N11FV) The Cessna 303, also called the Crusader, is a six-place light twin aircraft. ... The O-1 Bird Dog is a military version of the Cessna 170 used by the United States Air Force, Army and Marines. ... 1968 Cessna 310N The Cessna 310 was the first twin-engine aircraft design from Cessna to enter production after World War II. The 310 first flew on January 3, 1953 with deliveries starting in late 1954. ... The Cessna 335 was an ill-conceived version of the more successful Cessna 340 6-seater business aircraft. ... A Cessna 377 Super Skymaster The Cessna Skymaster is an innovative twin-engine civil utility aircraft built in a push_pull configuration. ... A Cessna 377 Super Skymaster The Cessna Skymaster is an innovative twin-engine civil utility aircraft built in a push_pull configuration. ... The O-2 Skymaster is a military version of the Cessna 337 Super Skymaster. ... The Cessna 340 is a twin piston engine pressurized business aircraft that was manufactured by Cessna. ... The Cessna 402 is a 6 to 10 place light twin piston engine aircraft. ... The Cessna 402 is a 6 to 10 place light twin piston engine aircraft. ... Cessna Model 404 Titan II is a twin engined, propeller driven light aircraft that first flew in 1977. ... Reims-Cessna 406 Caravan II The Reims-Cessna 406 Caravan II is a twin turboprop aircraft manufactured and designed by Reims Aviation in France in cooperation with Cessna. ... The Cessna 414 is a light, twin-engine personal transport aircraft built by Cessna from 1968 until the mid 1980s, when decreased demand across the general aviation industry forced nearly all manufacturers to cut down on production models. ... The Cessna 421 Golden Eagle is a development of the earlier Cessna 414 light, twin-engine personal transport aircraft. ... The Cessna 425 or Conquest I is an 8 seat pressurised turbine aircraft. ... The Cessna 441 Conquest was the first turboprop designed by Cessna and was meant to fill the gap between their jets and piston-engined aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Description The Cessna 510 Citation Mustang is a business jet with two cockpit seats, four cabin seats and a toilet. ... The Cessna Citation CJ2 (Model 525A) is a stretch extension of the Cessna Citation CJ1 (Model 525) first delivered in the year 2000. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna Citation II The Cessna Citation includes a large family of jet-powered corporate aircraft. ... Cessna 560XL Citation Excel of the Swiss Air Force The Cessna Citation Excel, Model 560XL, is a turbofan-powered small-to-medium sized business jet built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas. ... Cessna Citation III (US registration N650DR) takes off from Bristol International Airport, Bristol, England The Cessna Citation III was the first of the Model 650 series of Citation jets, which are mid-sized, high-performance business jets. ... The Cessna Citation Sovereign is a development of the Cessna Citation X, sharing the same basic fuselage design but sacraficing the Citation Xs speed for increased range and passenger comfort. ... The Cessna Citation X is a medium-sized business jet aircraft designed to fly at high subsonic speeds. ... The Cessna AT-17 Bobcat was a twin-engined advanced trainer aircraft used by the United States during World War II to bridge the gap between single-engine trainers and twin-engine combat aircraft. ... The Cessna 165, also known as the Cessna Airmaster or the C-34, is a single engine aircraft manufactured by the Cessna aircraft company. ... One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ...

References

  1. ^ Article in "Enid News"

External links

  • Company website
  • Aircraft-Info.net - Cessna
  • PilotFriend.com - Cessna company history and aircraft types details
  • EnidNews.com - Enid News & Eagle
  • Patents owned by Cessna Aircraft Company. US Patent & Trademark Office. Retrieved on December 5, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clyde Cessna (194 words)
Cessna accepted and served as president of the company for two years, but a disagreement with his partners over monoplane versus biplane design eventually caused him to leave and form his own company.
When Cessna finished that task, during late 1927, his model "AW" as it was known, could reach speeds of 145 miles per hour and remain in the air for more than seven hours.
Clyde Cessna died in 1954 at the age of 74, but the company he left behind is now one of the largest makers of small aircraft in the world.
Cessna Helicopter (18559 words)
Cessna test pilot Jack Zimmerman (now deceased; Jack was a WWII helicopter pilot flying Sikorsky R-4s) was the pilot for these flights and flew off the Peak with Captain Knowles of Fort Carson and then with the commanding general of Fort Carson, Major General Van Houten.
Cessna was awarded an Army contract for $1.1 million to build ten ships, designated as the YH-41 Seneca, for military evaluation purposes, this contract being signed in the spring of 1956.
Cessna, however, did continue to deliver MAP helicopters to foreign countries into 1963 and I have no idea how these were supported.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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