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Encyclopedia > Ceres (mythology)
Topics in Roman mythology
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In Roman mythology, Ceres was the goddess of growing plants (particularly cereals) and of motherly love. Her name derives from the Proto-Indo-European root "ker", meaning "to grow", which is also the root for the words "create" and "increase". A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Jupiter et Thétis - by Jean Ingres, 1811. ... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and a magical flower (or Jupiter). ... In Roman mythology, Quirinus was an early god of the Roman state. ... Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman mythology, often mistaken as analogous to Hestia in Greek mythology; however, she had a large, albeit mysterious role in Roman religion long before the influence of the Greeks, and was much more important to the Romans than... IVNO REGINA (Queen Juno) on a coin celebrating Julia Soaemias. ... Fortuna governs the circle of the four stages of life, the Wheel of Fortune, in a manuscript of Carmina Burana In Roman mythology, Fortuna (Greek equivalent Tyche) was the personification of luck, hopefully of good luck, but she could be represented veiled and blind, as modern depictions of Justice are... Head of Minerva by Elihu Vedder, 1896 A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Minerva was a Roman goddess of crafts and wisdom. ... A sculpture of the Roman god Mercury by 17th-century Flemish artist Artus Quellinus. ... Vulcan, in Roman mythology, is the son of Jupiter and Juno, and husband of Maia and Venus. ... Marble Venus of the Capitoline Venus type, Roman (British Museum) Venus was a major Roman goddess principally associated with love and beauty, the rough equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. ... Lares (pl. ... For the son of Napoleon I of France, styled the King of Rome, see Napoleon II of France. ... The term Roman religion may refer to: Ancient Roman religion Imperial cult (Ancient Rome), Sol Invictus Mithraism Roman Christianity Category: ... Bust of a flamen, 3rd century, Louvre A flamen was a name given to a priest assigned to a state supported god or goddess in Roman religion. ... Roman mythology was strongly influenced by Greek mythology and Etruscan mythology. ... In Roman mythology, Bona Dea (the good goddess) was a goddess of fertility, healing, virginity and women. ... In Roman mythology, Carmenta was the goddess of childbirth and prophecy, associated with technological innovation as well as the protection of mothers and children, and a patron of midwives. ... In Roman mythology, the Camenae were originally goddesses of springs, wells and fountains, or water nymphs of Venus . ... In Roman mythology, Dea Dia is the goddess of growth. ... In Roman mythology, the god Convector oversaw the bringing in of the crops from the fields. ... In Roman mythology, Flora was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring. ... In Roman mythology, Lupercus was a name for the Greek god Pan. ... In Roman mythology, Pales was the goddess of shepherds, flocks and livestock. ... Pomona, Nicolas Fouché, c. ... In Roman mythology, the goddess Egeria (of the black poplar) was a goddess of childbirth, wisdom and prophecy and was one of the Camenae. ... A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture A goddess is a female deity, in contrast with a male deity known as a god. Many cultures have goddesses. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ...

Ceres was the daughter of Saturn and Ops, wife-sister of Jupiter, mother of Proserpina by Jupiter and sister of Juno, Vesta, Neptune and Pluto. Works of art depicted Ceres conventionally with a scepter, a basket of flowers and fruit, and a garland made of wheat ears. Saturnus, Caravaggio, 16th c. ... OPS can also refer to a baseball term, On-base plus slugging. ... Jupiter et Thétis - by Jean Ingres, 1811. ... Rape of Proserpina, by Luca Giordano Proserpina is an ancient goddess whose story is the basis of a myth of Springtime. ... IVNO REGINA (Queen Juno) on a coin celebrating Julia Soaemias. ... Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman mythology, often mistaken as analogous to Hestia in Greek mythology; however, she had a large, albeit mysterious role in Roman religion long before the influence of the Greeks, and was much more important to the Romans than... Neptune is usually depicted with a trident, as seen here in this statue by Jean de Boulogne in Bologna, Italy. ... Pluto, lord of the underworld. ... A sceptre or scepter is an ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of kingly regalia. ... A Phalaenopsis flower Rudbeckia fulgida A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Look up garland in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ...

Ceres was also patron of Enna, Sicily. According to legend, she begged Jupiter that Sicily be placed in the heavens. The result, because the island is triangular in shape, was the constellation Triangulum, an early name of which was Sicilia. Enna, the ancient Haenna, is a city located in the center of Sicily in the province of Enna, towering above the surrounding countryside. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Triangulum is a small northern constellation whose three brightest stars, of third and fourth magnitude, form an elongated triangle. ...

The Romans adopted Ceres in 496 BC during a devastating famine, when the Sibylline books advised the adoption of her Greek equivalent Demeter, along with Kore (Persephone) and Iacchus (possibly Dionysus). Ceres was personified and celebrated by women in secret rituals at the festival of Ambarvalia, held during May. There was a temple to Ceres on the Aventine Hill in Rome. Her primary festival was the Cerealia or Ludi Ceriales ("games of Ceres"), instituted in the 3rd century BC and held annually on April 12 to April 19. The worship of Ceres became particularly associated with the plebeian classes, who dominated the grain trade. Little is known about the rituals of Cerelean worship; one of the few customs which has been recorded was the peculiar practice of tying lighted brands to the tails of foxes which were then let loose in the Circus Maximus. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC Years: 499 BC 498 BC 497 BC - 496 BC - 495 BC 490 BC 489 BC 488 BC... The Sibylline Books or Sibyllae were a collection of oracular utterances, set out in Greek hexameters, purchased from a sibyl by the semi-legendary last king of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, and consulted at momentous crises through the history of the Republic and the Empire. ... Ceres (Demeter), allegory of August: detail of a fresco by Cosimo Tura, Palazzo Schifanoia, Ferrara, 1469-70 In Greek mythology Dêmêtêr (Greek: , mother-earth or possibly distribution-mother from the noun of the Indo-European mother-earth *dheghom *mater) is the goddess of grain and agriculture, the... Proserpine by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1874) (Tate Gallery, London In Greek mythology, Persephone (Greek Περσεφόνη, PersephónÄ“) was the Queen of the Underworld of epic literature. ... In Greek mythology, Iacchus is an uncertain person. ... Dionysus with a leopard, satyr and grapes on a vine, in the Palazzo Altemps (Rome, Italy) Dionysus or Dionysos (from the Ancient Greek Διώνυσος or Διόνυσος, associated with the Italic Liber), the Thracian god of wine, represents not only the intoxicating power of wine, but also its social and beneficial influences. ... Ambarvalia was a Roman agricultural fertility rite held at the end of May in honour of Ceres. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... The Aventine Hill is one of the seven hills that ancient Rome was built on. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Cerealia was a 7-day holiday celebrated in ancient Rome in honor of the goddess Ceres. ... The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. // The Pyramid of the Moon, one of several monuments built in Teotihuacán Early 3rd century BC or later - Theater, Epidauros is built. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... In Ancient Rome, the plebs was the general body of Roman citizens, distinct from the privileged class of the patricians. ... For other uses, see Circus Maximus (disambiguation). ...

Ceres had twelve minor gods who assisted her, and were in charge of specific aspects of farming: "Vervactor who turns fallow land, Reparator who prepares fallow land, Imporcitor who plows with wide furrows" (whose name comes from the Latin imporcare, to put into furrows), "Insitor who sowed, Obarator who plowed the surface, Occator who harrowed, Sarritor who weeded, Subruncinator who thinned out, Messor who harvested, Conuector who carted, Conditor who stored, and Promitor who distributed".[1]

References to Ceres

The word cereals derives from Ceres, commemorating her association with edible grains. A statue of Ceres tops the dome of the Vermont State House serving as a reminder of the importance of agriculture in that U.S. state's economy and history. There is also a statue of her on top of the Chicago Board of Trade Building, which conducts trading in agricultural commodities. This article is about cereals in general. ... The Vermont State House The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, Vermont, is the capitol and seat of government of the U.S. state of Vermont. ... The Chicago Board of Trade Building houses the Chicago Board of Trade, the worlds largest futures and options exchange. ...

The dwarf planet Ceres (discovered 1801), is named after this goddess. And in turn, the chemical element cerium (discovered 1803) was named after the dwarf planet. Artists impression of Pluto (background) and Charon (foreground). ... Spectral type: G[8] Absolute magnitude: 3. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cerium, Ce, 58 Chemical series lanthanides Group, Period, Block n/a, 6, f Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 140. ...

A poem about Ceres and man features in Dmitri's confession to his brother Alexei in Dostoevsky's The Brothers Karamozov, Part 1, Book 3, Chapter 3.

The Space Colony Station in Super Metroid is named after Ceres. Super Metroid ) is an adventure video game developed by Nintendo R&D1 and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game console. ...

See also

Roman mythology series
Major deities
Apollo | Ceres | Diana | Divus Augustus | Fortuna | Divus Julius | Juno | Jupiter | Lares
Mars | Mercury | Minerva | Neptune | Pluto | Quirinus | Sol | Venus | Vesta | Vulcan



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