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Encyclopedia > Cerdicing Dynasty

The House of Wessex refers to the family that ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex. This House was in power from the 6th century under Cerdic of Wessex to the unification of the Kingdoms of England. A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Cerdic of Wessex (c. ... A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600. ...

The House, at this point, became rulers of all England (Bretwalda) from Alfred the Great in 871 to Edmund II in 1016. This period of the British monarchy is known as the Saxon period, though their rule was often contested, notably by the Danelaw and later by the Dane Sweyn Forkbeard who claimed the throne from 1013 to 1014, during Ethelred II's reign. Sweyn and his successors ruled until 1042. After Harthacanute, there was a brief Saxon Restoration between 1042 and 1066 under Edward the Confessor and Harold II. This was ended shortly after the Battle of Hastings, a decisive point in British history, when Edgar Atheling (grandson of Edmund II) was deposed by William the Conqueror. The title of Bretwalda was one perhaps used by some of the kings of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of southern Britain (the so-called heptarchy kingdoms) in the second half of the first millennium AD. Such a king was considered to be the overlord of several English kingdoms. ... Alfred (849? – 26 October 899) or Ælfred was king of the southern Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex from 871 to 899. ... Events Nine battles are fought between the Danes and Wessex. ... Edmund II (c. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms circa 600 CE. The Anglo-Saxons were culturally-related Germanic tribes from Angeln, a peninsula in what is now Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany. ... The Danelaw (from the Old English Dena lagu) was an area of England under the administrative control of the Vikings (or Danes, or Norsemen) from the late 9th century. ... Sweyn I Forkbeard (actually Svein Otto Haraldsson; in Danish, Svend Tveskæg, originally Svend Tjugeskæg or Tyvskæg) (circa 960 - February 3, 1014). ... Events Danish invasion of England under king Sweyn I. King Ethelred flees to Normandy, and Sweyn becomes king of England. ... Events February 14 - Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany July 29 - Battle of Kleidion: Basil II inflicts not only a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, but his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock... Ethelred II (Old English: Æþelred) (c. ... Events April 18/April 19 - Emperor Michael V of the Byzantine Empire attempts to remain sole Emperor by sending his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoe of Byzantium to a monastery. ... Harthacanute (sometimes Hardicanute, Hardecanute; Danish Hardeknud, Canute the Hardy) (1018/1019–June 8, 1042) was a King of Denmark (1035–1042) and England (1035–1037, 1040–1042). ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned List of monarchs September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... Edward the Confessor or Eadweard III (c. ... Name Harold Godwinson Lived c. ... Combatants Normans Anglo-Saxon English Commanders William of Normandy, Odo of Bayeux Harold Godwinson† Strength 7,000-8,000 7,000-8,000 Casualties Unknown, thought to be around 2,000 killed and wounded Unknown, but significantly more than the Normans {{{notes}}} The Battle of Hastings was the most decisive... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Edmund II (c. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; 1028?–September 9, 1087) ruled as the Duke of Normandy from 1035 to 1087 and as King of England from 1066 to 1087. ...

Image:Richard II arms. ...

  • These are the arms of King Richard II of England, incorporating the House of Wessex's arms on the left. The symbolism exemplified in using these arms by a Plantagenet, is the "union of Saxon and Norman". The idea was to bring them together in the Hundred Years' War against the French, although the Anglo-Saxons had ancient allies among the Carolingian Franks. Some historians and authors have considered this gesture to be a grave insult towards their pre-Norman ancestors, to be conquered by a people who would send them fighting on behalf of these Conquerors' honours. On another note, the irony here is about a symbolic mutual liberation from the reins of the French who would be conquered. So the thing is, the effects of 1066 would come around full circle and plague the French as much as it had done so towards the English. The end result of the Anglo-Norman coalition, is complete naturalisation of the formerly foreign upper class. This contributed to the rise of the Tudor dynasty, with a breakdown of feudal ties upon the French model. While important Anglo-Saxon nationalist-personalities have commented upon the excessive devotion to French affairs by the Norman French kings, this eventually came to a standstill during the reign of Queen Anne of Great Britain. Royal arms shifted, to show an Anglo-Scottish focus instead of Frankified English. France was dropped entirely once their monarchy went defunct, but this was part of the general shift back towards the Continental Saxons and the tide of societal Protestantism. Hanoverians replaced France on their standards, with the Saxon Brunswick-Lueneburg-Westphalia arms.

See also: List of monarchs of Wessex, Wessex, List of British monarchs Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ... A map of Europe in the 1430s, near the end of the Hundred Years War The Hundred Years War is the name modern historians have given to what was actually a series of related conflicts, fought over a 116-year period, between the Kingdom of England and France; beginning in... The Franks or the Frankish people were one of several west Germanic federations. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh: Tudur) is a series of five monarchs of Welsh origin who ruled England and Ireland from 1485 until 1603. ... Anne ( 6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714 ) became Queen of England, Queen of Scotland and Queen of Ireland on 8 March 1702. ... This is a list of monarchs of Wessex until 924. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain...



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