Cerdanya (FrenchCerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. Historical Cerdanya is now split between the Spanish provinces of Lleida and French department of Pyrenees-Orientales.
The county had its origin in the Spanish Marches established by Charlemagne. In the 9th century Cerdagne/Cerdanya was one of the lordships united in the person of the Counts of Barcelona, who were also counts of Gerona, Narbonne and Urgel. Guifred I "le Velu" (count from 870 - 897) had three sons and established the youngest, Miron (died 927), as Count of Cerdagne. The line of Counts of Cerdagne were great patrons of abbeys, most famously Cuxa.
The major town in the French side, Haute Cerdagne or Alta Cerdanya, is Font-Romeu. The French Cerdagne/Cerdanya surrounds the Spanish exclave of Llívia.
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