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Encyclopedia > Central business district
The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia.

A central business district (or CBD, equivalent to downtown in American English and the City in Australia, India, and the United Kingdom) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In Australia, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, China (especially Hong Kong), Ireland, Kenya, New Zealand, Singapore and parts of South Africa, the phrase is commonly used, and is often colloquially abbreviated to "CBD". One of the oldest examples of an organised CBD that is still used today, the Melbourne city centre (also known as the Hoddle Grid), dates back to 1837. Image File history File links Question_book-new. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x682, 154 KB) Summary The Sydney Opera House viewed from the water with the city skyline behind taken and uploaded by Matthew Field http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x682, 154 KB) Summary The Sydney Opera House viewed from the water with the city skyline behind taken and uploaded by Matthew Field http://www. ... New York City Center Logo New York City Center is a 2,750-seat performing arts venue located on West 55th Street between 6th and 7th Avenues in Manhattan, New York City. ... CBD may stand for: Cannabidiol, cannabinoid from Cannabis Car Nicobar Air Force Base, the IATA code for the airport in India CBD-FM, a CBC Radio One station in Saint John, Canada CBD Media, the directory publishing and advertising division of Cincinnati Bell Cecil B. DeMille Cellulose binding domain Central... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The City (disambiguation). ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... This article is about the area with the postcodes 3000 and 3004 in Victoria, Australia known as Melbourne. ... Melbourne CBD Trees surrounded by buildings - King St. ...

Contents

Definition

Overview

A street view of São Paulo CBD.

The CBD or downtown is the central district of a city, usually typified by a concentration of retail and commercial buildings.[1] Although applicable to any city, both terms usually refer to larger cities only. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,297 × 1,535 pixels, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,297 × 1,535 pixels, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the city. ...


The term city centre (or city center) is similar to CBD or downtown in that both serve the same purpose for the city, and both are seen by a higher-than-usual urban density as well as the often having the tallest buildings in a city. City centre differs from downtown in that the latter can be geographically located anywhere in a city, while a city centre is generally located near the geographic heart of the city. London effectively has two city centres, the City of London and the medieval City of Westminster. Lucknow, India has three CBDs. The shape and type of a CBD or downtown almost always closely reflect the city's history. Cities with maximum building height restrictions often have a separate historic section quite apart from the financial and administrative district. In cities that grew up suddenly and more recently, such as those in the western half of North America, a single central area will often contain all the tallest buildings. It has been said that downtowns (as understood in North America) are therefore a separate phenomenon.[2] The City of Westminster is a borough of London, England with city status. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ...


Central business districts usually have very small resident populations. For example, the population of the City of London declined from over 200,000 in 1700 to less than 10,000 today. In some instances, however (and particularly in large Australian cities), CBD populations are increasing as younger professional and business workers move into city centre apartments.


Characteristics

Core frame model showing land use in the CBD

The land use in the central business district may follow the core frame model of urban structure.[3] It is likely to have many of the following characteristics:[1] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,445 × 1,032 pixels, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/png)S Knights, my diagram File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,445 × 1,032 pixels, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/png)S Knights, my diagram File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Core frame model The Core frame model is a model showing the urban structure of the Central Business District of a town or city. ... Core frame model The Core frame model is a model showing the urban structure of the Central Business District of a town or city. ...

  • Geographical centre of the settlement
  • Land use
    • Distinct land use patterns different from the surrounding areas
    • High concentration of public buildings and offices
    • Very tall buildings to maximize land use of expensive real estate
    • Activities concentrated in areas of functional zoning
    • Major retail outlets (less the case for United States and Canada)

Land use is the pattern of construction and activity land is used for. ... For the railway station in Sydney, Australia, see Town Hall railway station, Sydney. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Look up Pedestrian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mass transit redirects here. ...

Usage

Commonwealth and Ireland

The old commercial center of Delhi, India the new business hub has been established in prospering suburbs like Gurgaon and Noida

The alternative term city centre is used in Britain and Ireland, and also in some urban areas of British-influenced countries, such as the Commonwealth) and China (Chinese: 市中心). It can also be translated as "city core". In the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, Canada and New Zealand, the term is often just shortened to "city", as in "going to the city". This term is also used in the New York City area in the same manner, using the term the city to mean Manhattan. One exception is in London where "the City" specifically refers to the City of London financial district rather than to any other part of central London. In the UK, Australia, Kenya, New Zealand, and Ireland, it is often also referred to as "town" ("going (in)to town", "going up town", or "going down town"). In Kenya "going (in)to town" usually means going to Nairobi, while going to the "city centre" means going to the financial core of Nairobi, which is now also referred to as the CBD. Image File history File links Connaughtplace. ... Image File history File links Connaughtplace. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ... Location of Nairobi Coordinates: , Country Province HQ City Hall Founded 1899 Constituencies of Nairobi List Makadara Kamukunji Starehe Langata Dagoretti Westlands Kasarani Embakasi Government  - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa Area  - City 684 km² (264. ... Location of Nairobi Coordinates: , Country Province HQ City Hall Founded 1899 Constituencies of Nairobi List Makadara Kamukunji Starehe Langata Dagoretti Westlands Kasarani Embakasi Government  - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa Area  - City 684 km² (264. ...


Germany

In Germany the terms Innenstadt or Stadtmitte may be used to describe the central business district. Both terms can be literally translated to mean "inner-city" and "city-centre". While most German cities only have one central business district, Berlin has three. Due to Berlin's history of division during the Cold War, the city contains central business districts both in West Kurfürstendamm and East Berlin (Alexanderplatz), as well as a newly built business center near the Potsdamer Platz. The city's historic centre, location of the Reichstag building as well as the Brandenburg gate and most federal ministries was largely abandoned as the Berlin Wall cut through it. Only after the re-unification with the construction of numerous shopping centers, government ministries, embassies, office buildings and entertainment venues, was the area revived. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The Kurfürstendamm, Berlins upscale retail neighbourhood The Kurfürstendamm is one of the most famous avenues in Berlin, Germany. ... Alexanderplatz from the Fernsehturm   is a large open square and public transport hub in Berlin city centre, near the river Spree and the Berliner Dom, at . Berliners often call it simply Alex. ... Roof of Sony Center. Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in the center of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the south east corner of the Tiergarten park. ... The Reichstag building. ... The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate (German: Brandenburger Tor) is a former city gate and one of the main symbols of Berlin, Germany. ... View in 1986 from the west side of graffiti art on the walls infamous death strip Walls poster in memory of the fall. ...


Lebanon

Although officially called Beirut Central District, the Lebanese use the French term Centre Ville to refer to the city center, which overlooks the Saint George Bay.‎ Statue in Martyr’s Square The Beirut Central District (BCD) is the name given Beirut’s historical and geographical core, the “vibrant financial, commercial, and administrative hub of the country. ... Statue in Martyr’s Square The Beirut Central District (BCD) is the name given Beirut’s historical and geographical core, the “vibrant financial, commercial, and administrative hub of the country. ... The Saint George Bay (known in Lebanon as Golfe de Saint-Georges) is located on the northern coast of the city of Beirut in Lebanon. ...


Turkey

In Turkey, the term Çarşı is used to describe the central business district.


United States and Canada

An aerial view of the Downtown Chicago area.
Main article: Downtown

In the United States, central business districts are often referred as "downtown" (even if there is no "uptown"). In most cities the downtown area will be home to the financial district, but usually contains entertainment and retail of some kind as well. The downtown areas of many cities, such as Indianapolis, are also home to large sports and convention venues. Historic sections of a central business district may be referred to as "old town", while decaying parts of the center city are commonly referred to as the "inner city". The term inner city is sometimes not used literally but rather evocatively, applying a negative connotation and referring paradoxically to peripheral areas blighted during a mass exodus of middle class residents. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 361 KB)Chicago Aerial View I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 361 KB)Chicago Aerial View I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... Look up uptown in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Financial District is used to refer to: The Financial District (Manhattan) in New York City, New York The Financial District (San Francisco) in California A station on the Detroit People Mover This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... The term inner-city is often applied to the poorer parts at the centre of a major city. ...


Some cities in the United States, such as Minneapolis, Houston, and Dallas, have mixed use districts known as "uptown" near the downtown area. In some cities, such as Charlotte, "uptown" is instead the historic name for the business center. Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware use the term center city instead of downtown for their central business districts. Some cities, such as Toronto, regard as many as four business districts as being central. By broad definition, New York City's CBD comprises the whole southern half or third of Manhattan island. Narrow definitions include only a square mile or two (3-5 km²) of Midtown as central, with the lowest tenth of the island, including its Financial District, being a secondary business district rather than the central one. Similarly narrow and broad definitions are applied to the Chicago's Loop district. This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Houston redirects here. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Mixed-use development refers to the practice of allowing more than one type of use in a building or set of buildings. ... Charlotte redirects here. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Midtown Manhattan viewed from the World Trade Center. ... Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Rigid airship the USS Akron over Lower Manhattan Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... A view up Broad Street in the Financial District in Manhattan Federal Hall The Financial District of New York City is a neighborhood on the southernmost section of the borough of Manhattan which comprises the offices and headquarters of many of the citys major financial institutions, including the New... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Central Business District (from scalloway.org.uk website)
  2. ^ Reviving American downtowns - The Economist, Thursday 1 March 2007
  3. ^ Waugh, David Geography:An Integrated Approach 1995
The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Central Business District, Toronto (186 words)
A vast number of commercial, financial and professional institutions and services together with several government agencies are concentrated in the Central Business District (CBD), easily recognized by its towering skyscrapers.
Every weekday a multitude of bankers, stockbrokers, insurance and property agents, lawyers and business people join with an army of civil servants to squeeze themselves into this relatively small downtown area.
The main street of the Central Business District is Bay Street.
Central Business Improvement District >> Shop, Dine, Explore - Albanys Uptown (746 words)
Central Avenue Civic and Merchants Association (CAMA) is a local business organization that dates back to the 1930’s dedicated to the promotion and economic vitality of Central Avenue in the City of Albany, New York.
The result of this discussion was a call by the members of CAMA to consider the establishment of the Central Business Improvement District initiative (CBID).
Central Avenue is also home to more than 50 automotive sales and service establishments, and for clothing, music, antiques, or speciality shopping, the Avenue has a wide variety of stores.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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