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Encyclopedia > Central Semitic
Central Semitic
Geographic
distribution:
Middle East and North Africa
Genetic
classification
:
Afro-Asiatic
 Semitic
  West Semitic
   Central Semitic
Subdivisions:

The Central Semitic languages are an intermediate group of Semitic languages, of which the most prominent members are Arabic, Hebrew and Aramaic. Different classification systems disagree on the precise make up of the group, but it is based around the more accepted Northwest Semitic languages. The disagreement is usually on the relationship of Arabic (and Old North Arabian dialects) with the Northwest Semitic languages, and the other West Semitic languages. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families. ... The Afro-Asiatic languages constitute a language family with about 375 languages (SIL estimate) and more than 300 million speakers spread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia (including some 200 million speakers of Arabic). ... 14th century BC diplomatic letter in Akkadian, found in Tell Amarna. ... The West Semitic languages are a proposed major sub-grouping of Semitic languages. ... The Northwest Semitic languages form a medium-level division of the Semitic language family. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... 14th century BC diplomatic letter in Akkadian, found in Tell Amarna. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... The Northwest Semitic languages form a medium-level division of the Semitic language family. ... The West Semitic languages are a proposed major sub-grouping of Semitic languages. ...


The main distinction between Arabic and the Northwest Semitic languages is the presence of broken plurals in the former. The majority of Arabic nouns form plurals in this manner, whereas almost all nouns in the Northwest Semitic languages form their plurals with a suffix (for example, Ar. بيت bayt 'house' → بيوت buyūt 'houses', He. בית bayit 'house' → בתים battîm 'houses'). In linguistics, broken plurals is a grammatical phenomenon typical in many Semitic languages of the Middle East and Ethiopia in which a singular noun is broken to form a plural by having its root consonant embedded in a different frame, rather than by merely adding a prefix or suffix to... Look up affix in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Semitic Languages - MSN Encarta (682 words)
Semitic Languages, one of the seven subfamilies or branches of the Afro-Asiatic or Hamito-Semitic language family.
Of the Semitic languages, Arabic was carried beyond its original home in the Arab Peninsula throughout the Arab Empire and is spoken across North Africa to the Atlantic coast, and Arabic and Hebrew are used by Muslims and Jews in other parts of the world.
The other Semitic languages are centred in a region bounded on the west by Ethiopia and on the north by Syria and extending south-east through Iraq and the Arab Peninsula, with some “islands” of Semitic speech farther east in Iran.
Semitic Languages - ninemsn Encarta (682 words)
The South group (of the Central sub-group) includes the ancient and modern Hebrew language in the Canaanite subset, and, in the Arabic subset of this group, all the Arabic languages including literary or Standard Arabic and the modern spoken Arabic languages.
In Semitic languages, related consonants typically fall into three subtypes: voiced, unvoiced, and emphatic; an example is the series transliterated g, k, and q from Arabic and Hebrew (the q is pronounced farther back in the throat than k).
North Semitic, the early Semitic script, was an alphabetic script; one of its earliest examples is inscribed on the Moabite stone (9th century bc, discovered in 1868 and now in the Louvre, Paris).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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