The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was an social-economic organization of Polish landowners in Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of Poznań established at the meeting on 21-22 February1861 as a result of a merger of several local societies.
Its main goal was to promote modern argicultural methods by organizing meetings, speeches, debates, excursions and competitions and also publishing the newspapers and magazines. Its main publication was Ziemianin (The Landowner). Its secondary activities were also trade of agricultral products and organizations of the agricultural labour force.
The society was managed by the the Chairman (Przewodniczący) and the Central Board (Zarząd Centralny) which main role was to coordinate the work of the central sections and the brach societies with their own managing boards. The society and its 14 branches had 800 members (as of 1914)
The role of the central control should be to improve economic co-ordination where decentralized decisions alone are unable to ensure the dynamic equilibrium of the economy.
Central control may direct the development of the economy in agreement with the goals of the whole society.
Central control bases itself on trends of development as they appear in the macrostructure and in distribution, on the primary resources, on the main trends of science, technology and organization, and on preferences of society as a whole.
The centraleconomic work conference that has just concluded pointed out that the better the situation, the more necessary it is that we soberly perceive the contradictions and problems existing in economic and social development.
As this centraleconomic work conference pointed out, with regard to these problems, we must take a long-term view, focus on the present, and persist in applying the methods of reform and development to seriously resolve them.
This latest centraleconomic work conference has summed up this year's economic work in a scientific, pragmatic, and cool attitude, showing that the party has become more mature and self-confident in applying Marxist stance, viewpoint, and method to analyse and resolve practical problems.
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