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Encyclopedia > Central Bank of Iran
Bank Markazi, Tehran, Iran
Bank Markazi, Tehran, Iran


Bank Markazi Iran or Bank Markazi Jomhouri Islami Iran (Persian: بانک مرکزی جمهوری اسلامی ايران) is the Central bank of Iran. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...

Contents

History

20,000 Iranian rials produced by Bank Markazi
20,000 Iranian rials produced by Bank Markazi

The Ilkhanate were one of the rulers of Iran that tried to introduce paper currency in Iran in the late 13th century, without success.[1] The Rial. Irans official currency. ... The Rial. Irans official currency. ... ISO 4217 Code IRR User(s) Iran Inflation 13. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ...


In modern banking, the British first opened the Imperial Bank of Persia in 1889, with offices in all major cities of Persia, including India. To compete with the bank of Britain, Imperial Russia also opened the Russian Loan and Development Bank.[2] The Imperial Bank of Persia was an Iranian bank it was established in 1889 with a royal charter from Queen Victoria, and a concession from the government of Persia, making it the state bank of Persia. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


The Central Bank of Iran is State owned and was established in 1927 by Reza Shah [3]with the primary objective to maintain the value of Iran's national currency (rial and toman). Reza Shah the Great, also Reza Pahlavi (Persian: ‎) (March 16, 1878 – July 26, 1944), styled His Imperial Majesty, was Shah of Persia from December 15, 1925 until 1935 (at which time he requested that the international community refer to the country by its local name, Iran) and Shah of Iran... ISO 4217 Code IRR User(s) Iran Inflation 13. ... The toman (تومان in Persian, pronounced [tomæn], possibly derived from a Turkic word) was the currency of Iran until 1932. ...


Though Iran is now an Islamic Republic, the monarchy having been overthrown in 1979, the Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the vaults of the Central Bank in Tehran, and are one of the most appealing tourist attractions in Iran. So valuable are the Iranian Crown Jewels that they back the Iranian currency as a reserve, along with gold and several hard currencies. An Islamic republic in its modern context has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... The Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, is the by far largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... The Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, is the by far largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. ... Reserve can mean several things; 1. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Hard currency, in economics, refers to a currency in which investors have confidence, such as that of a politically stable country with low inflation and consistent monetary and fiscal policies, and one that if anything is tending to appreciate against other currencies on a trade-weighted basis. ...


Objectives

The objectives of the Iranian Central Bank as per its charter are as follows: Image File history File links 500rial_Iran. ... Image File history File links 500rial_Iran. ... ISO 4217 Code IRR User(s) Iran Inflation 13. ...

The balance of payments is a measure of the payments that flow from one exports and imports of goods, services, and financial capital, as well financial transfers. ... A fruit stand at a market. ... Accumulated GDP growth for various countries. ...

Statistics

Reserves of foreign exchange & gold: $40.06 billion (2005 est.) Foreign exchange has several meanings: In telecommunications, Foreign exchange service is a type of network service. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ...


Exchange rates: rials per US dollar - 8,885 (2004), 8,193.89 (2003), 6,906.96 (2002), 1,753.56 (2001), 1,764.43 (2000)


note: Iran has been using a managed floating exchange rate regime since unifying multiple exchange rates in March 2002. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


References

  1. ^ Patrick Clawson. Eternal Iran. Palgrave. 2005. Coauthored with Michael Rubin. ISBN 1-4039-6276-6 p.168
  2. ^ Patrick Clawson. Eternal Iran. Palgrave. 2005. Coauthored with Michael Rubin. ISBN 1-4039-6276-6 p.41
  3. ^ Patrick Clawson. Eternal Iran. Palgrave. 2005. Coauthored with Michael Rubin. ISBN 1-4039-6276-6 p.55

Patrick Clawson is the Deputy Director for Research at the Zionist Washington Institute for Near East Policy. ... Michael Rubin. ... Patrick Clawson is the Deputy Director for Research at the Zionist Washington Institute for Near East Policy. ... Michael Rubin. ... Patrick Clawson is the Deputy Director for Research at the Zionist Washington Institute for Near East Policy. ... Michael Rubin. ...

See also

According to the Article 44 of Constitution, the economy of Iran is to consist of three sectors: state, cooperative, and private; and is to be based on systematic and sound planning. ... This is a subarticle to Islamic economics. ... The Imperial Bank of Persia was an Iranian bank it was established in 1889 with a royal charter from Queen Victoria, and a concession from the government of Persia, making it the state bank of Persia. ... List of central banks Afghanistan – Da Afghanistan Bank Albania – Bank of Albania Algeria – Bank of Algeria Argentina – Banco Central de la República Argentina Armenia – Central Bank of Armenia Aruba – Centrale Bank van Aruba Australia – Reserve Bank of Australia Azerbaijan – National Bank of Azerbaijan Bahrain – Bahrain Monetary Agency Bangladesh – Bangladesh...

Links

  • (Persian) (English) Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

 
 

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