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Encyclopedia > Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, is recognized as the leading United States agency for protecting the public health and safety of people. The CDC provides credible information to enhance health decisions and promotes health through strong partnerships with state health departments and other organizations. The CDC focuses national attention on developing and applying disease prevention and control (especially infectious diseases), environmental health, health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States. Nickname: The Horizon City, A B, The Big Peach, A-Town, The ATL Official website: http://www. ... An agency is a department of a local or national government responsible for the oversight and administration of a specific function, such as a customs agency or a space agency. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... Warning signs, such as this one, can improve safety awareness. ... In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent (e. ... Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization as: Those aspects of human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. ... Health promotion is the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health. ...

Contents


Goals

The CDC states that it has two primary health protection goals:

  1. Health promotion and prevention of disease, injury, and disability: All people, especially those at higher risk due to health disparities, will achieve their optimal lifespan with the best possible quality of health in every stage of life.
  2. Preparedness: People in all communities will be protected from infectious, occupational, environmental, and terrorist threats.

Structure

The CDC includes the following Centers, Institute, and Offices:

  • National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [1]
  • National Center for Environmental Health [2]
  • National Center for Health Statistics [3]
  • National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention [4]
  • National Center for Infectious Diseases [5]
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control [6]
  • National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities [7]
  • National Center for Public Health Informatics [8]
  • National Center for Health Marketing [9]
  • Office of Genetics and Disease Prevention [11]
  • Epidemiology Program Office [12]
  • Office of Global Health [13]
  • Public Health Practice Program Office [14]
  • Office of the Director
    • Associate Director for Minority Health [15]
    • Associate Director of Science [16]
    • Freedom of Information Act Office [17]
    • Information Resources Management Office [18]
    • Management Analysis and Services Office [19]
    • Office of Communication, Division of Media Relations [20]
    • Office of Health and Safety (OhASIS) [21]
    • Office of Women's Health [22]
    • Technology Transfer Office [23]
  • National Immunization Program [24]

Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, the CDC is an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services. Previously known as the Communicable Disease Center until 1946 and as the Center for Disease Control until 1970, the agency was founded in 1946 to help control malaria. The CDC has remained at the forefront of public health efforts to prevent and control infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, workplace hazards, disabilities, and environmental health threats. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is one of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


Workforce

The workforce at CDC/ATSDR totals more than 9,000 employees in 170 occupations with a public health focus, including physicians, statisticians, epidemiologists, laboratory experts, behavioral scientists, and health communicators.


Although its national headquarters is in Atlanta, more than 3,000 CDC employees work at other locations throughout the United States. Additional CDC staff are deployed to countries around the globe, assigned to almost all state health departments, and dispersed to numerous local health agencies on both long- and short-term assignments.


The CDC campus in Atlanta houses facilities for the research of extremely dangerous biological agents, in a setting well represented in the Dustin Hoffman film Outbreak although the actual location depicted in the film was supposed to be the Army's USAMRIID bio-research facility. Outbreak (1995) is a suspense film starring Dustin Hoffman, Rene Russo, and Morgan Freeman. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... USAMRIID banner The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID, pronounced U-Sam-Rid) is a military research institute for medicine based at Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland used for research of infectious disease that may have defensive applications against biological warfare that would protect the citizens of...


Additional information

The CDC also publishes the peer-reviewed journal Emerging Infectious Diseases [25]. Peer review (known as refereeing in some academic fields) is a scholarly process used in the publication of manuscripts and in the awarding of funding for research. ...


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (366 words)
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, is recognized as the lead United States agency for protecting the public health and safety of people by providing credible information to enhance health decisions, and promoting health through strong partnerships with state health departments and other organizations.
CDC focuses national attention on developing and applying disease prevention and control (especially infectious diseases), environmental health, health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
Previously known as the Communicable Disease Center until 1946 and as the Center for Disease Control until 1970, the agency was founded in 1946 to help control malaria.
MSN Encarta - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (226 words)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the United States Public Health Service, with headquarters and main laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia.
It became the Center for Disease Control in 1970, the Centers for Disease Control in 1980, and the words "and Prevention" were added in 1992, though Congress requested that CDC remain the agency's initials.
Among the CDC's accomplishments are identifying the causes of toxic shock syndrome and of Legionnaires' disease.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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