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Encyclopedia > Centaurus
Centaurus

click for larger image
Abbreviation Cen
Genitive Centauri
Symbology the Centaur
Right ascension 13 h
Declination −50°
Area 1060 sq. deg.
Ranked 9th
Number of stars
(magnitude < 3)
10
Brightest star Alpha Centauri (α Cen)
(App. magnitude −0.01)
Meteor showers
  • Alpha Centaurids
  • Omicron Centaurids
  • Theta Centaurids
Bordering
constellations
Visible at latitudes between +30° and −90°
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of May

Centaurus (Latin for centaur) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and counts also among the 88 modern constellations. This southern constellation is one of the largest in the sky. This file has been listed on Wikipedia:Images and media for deletion. ... The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ... Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body, including all four legs, and a human head and torso with arms. ... Right ascension (RA; symbol α: Greek letter alpha) is the astronomical term for one of the two coordinates of a point on the celestial sphere when using the equatorial coordinate system. ... In astronomy, declination (dec) is one of the two coordinates of the equatorial coordinate system, the other being either right ascension or hour angle. ... Here is a list of the 88 modern constellations by their area in the sky, measured in square degrees. ... // Headline text HEY!! HOW ARE YOU ALL?? Its nice of you to come read this page. ... Alpha Centauri (α Cen / α Centauri) is the brightest star system (a triple star system) in the southern constellation of Centaurus, and contains the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent visual magnitude of −0. ... // Headline text HEY!! HOW ARE YOU ALL?? Its nice of you to come read this page. ... Leonid Meteor Shower From earliest times, humankind has noticed flurries of meteors that seemed to emanate from particular points in the sky at particular times of the year. ... The constellation Antlia (Latin for pump) is a relatively new constellation as it was only created in the 18th century, being too faint to be acknowledged by the ancient Greeks. ... Carina (Latin for keel) is a southern constellation which forms part of the old constellation of Argo Navis. ... Circinus, Latin for Compass, is one of the small southern (declination −50 to −60 degrees) constellations. ... CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. ... Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Libra (Latin for balance, symbol , Unicode ) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Musca (Latin for Fly) is one of the minor southern constellations. ... Vela (Latin for sails) is a southern constellation, one of the four parts into which Argo Navis was split (the others being; Carina (constellation), Puppis and Pyxis. ... It has been suggested that History of the Latin language be merged into this article or section. ... Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body, including all four legs, and a human head and torso with arms. ... Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe at one time or another during the year. ... Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ... In astronomy and navigation, the celestial sphere is an imaginary rotating sphere of gigantic radius, concentric with the Earth. ... Here is a list of the 88 modern constellations by their area in the sky, measured in square degrees. ...

Contents


Notable features

Centaurus is a bright constellation of the southern hemisphere.


It contains Proxima Centauri, a red dwarf that is the nearest known star (other than the Sun) to Earth, as well as Alpha Centauri, which is a binary star to which Proxima Centauri is apparently gravitationally bound to form a triple star system. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Alpha Ccentauri. ... This article describes the British science fiction comedy television series. ... The Pleiades star cluster A star is a massive body of plasma in outer space that is currently producing or has produced energy through nuclear fusion. ... The Sun is the star at the center of Earths solar system. ... Earth is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... Alpha Centauri (α Cen / α Centauri) is the brightest star system (a triple star system) in the southern constellation of Centaurus, and contains the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent visual magnitude of −0. ... A binary star system consists of two stars both orbiting around their barycenter. ... A triple star system consists of three gravitationally bound stars. ...


It also contains BPM 37093, which is estimated to be a degenerate star, consisting of crystalline carbon. BPM 37093 is a white dwarf star 50 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Centaurus, for which enough evidence has been gathered to infer that it consists of crystalline carbon, confirming previous theoretical predictions. ... The Pleiades star cluster A star is a massive body of plasma in outer space that is currently producing or has produced energy through nuclear fusion. ...


Notable deep sky objects

It also contains Omega Centauri, the brightest globular cluster in the sky and Centaurus A, an elliptical galaxy. A small region at the heart of Omega Centauri, containing some 50,000 stars (NASA/STScI) Omega Centauri or NGC 5139 is a globular cluster of stars orbiting our galaxy, the Milky Way. ... A globular cluster is a spherical bundle of stars (star cluster) that orbits a galaxy as a satellite. ... VLA and Optical image of the Centaurus A Galaxy. ...


History

It was mentioned by Eudoxus (4th century B.C.) and Aratus (3rd century B.C.), Ptolemy catalogued thirty-seven stars in it. Eudoxus of Cnidus (Greek Εύδοξος) (410 or 408 BC - 355 or 347 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, physician, scholar and friend of Plato. ... Aratus (Greek Aratos) (ca. ...


Mythology

The constellation, when including fainter stars visible to the naked eye, resembles a stick man with the back end of a horse attached [1]. According to Greek mythology, the constellation is Chiron who was a wise centaur (half-man, half-horse) known as a tutor to Jason (the leader of the Argonauts), and tutor to Herakles (a demi-god). // Greek mythology consists of a large collection of narratives that explain the origins of the world and detail the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines. ... In Greek mythology, Chiron (hand) — sometimes spelled Cheiron or Kiron — was held as the superlative centaur over his brethren. ... Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body, including all four legs, and a human head and torso with arms. ... Jason (Greek: Ιάσων, Etruscan: Easun) is a hero of Greek mythology who led the Argonauts in the search of the Golden Fleece. ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ...


Centaurus is sometimes associated with the constellation Sagitta, an arrow which Centaurus appears to have fired towards the constellation Aquila. As such, together with the constellation Lupus, and the fact that Centaurus is below the ecliptic, this may have formed the basis of the myth of the Erymanthian Boar, one of The Twelve Labours of Herakles. Sagitta, being Latin for Arrow, is the third-smallest of all constellations (only Equuleus and Crux are smaller). ... Aquila (Latin for Eagle), is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy and is now also part of the list of 88 constellations acknowledged by the IAU. It lies roughly at the celestial equator. ... Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Hercules Carrying the Boar by Giambologna In Greek mythology, the Erymanthian Boar is remembered in connection with The Twelve Labours, in which Heracles, the (reconciled) enemy of Hera, visited in turn all the other sites of the Goddess throughout the world, to conquer every conceivable monster of nature and rededicate... Hercules and the Hydra by Antonio Pollaiuolo The Twelve Labours (Greek: dodekathlos) of Heracles (Latin: Hercules) are a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative, concerning a penance carried out by Heracles, the greatest of the Greek heroes. ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ...


When the sun is in the sign of Virgo, it sits directly above the constellation Centaurus. The Greeks considered that the centaur Chiron, who was accidentally poisoned and died due to Herakles, while Herakles took a detour from hunting the Erymanthian Boar, was put in the sky as a mark of pity. Virgo (Latin for virgin, symbol , Unicode ♍) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body, including all four legs, and a human head and torso with arms. ... In Greek mythology, Chiron (hand) — sometimes spelled Cheiron or Kiron — was held as the superlative centaur over his brethren. ...


The constellation Lupus is next after Centaurus in the sun's transit, and was to the Greeks an arbitrary hunted animal (Therion)- it became a wolf under the Romans. Centaurus appears to have fired an arrow, the constellation Sagitta, towards Aquila, the eagle that tortured Prometheus, thus appearing to release Prometheus from his torment. Centaurus is also under the ecliptic, and thus considered to be in the underworld. Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Sagitta, being Latin for Arrow, is the third-smallest of all constellations (only Equuleus and Crux are smaller). ... Aquila (Latin for Eagle), is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy and is now also part of the list of 88 constellations acknowledged by the IAU. It lies roughly at the celestial equator. ... This article is about the mythological figure. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ...


Notable and named stars

BD F Names and other designations Mag. Ly away Comments
α Alpha Centauri, Rigel Kentaurus, Toliman −0.01
β Beta Centauri, Hadar, Agena 0.61
  • < ? Hadar settled land, ground?
θ Theta Centauri, Menkent 2.06
  • < منكب from Mankib al-Kentaurus ("Mankib" fused with "Kentaurus" to form men-kent) The shoulder of the centaurus
γ Gamma Centauri, Muhlifain 2.20
  • < محلفين muħlifayn (The star) sworn by [by two?]
ε Epsilon Centauri 2.29
η Eta Centauri 2.33
ζ Zeta Centauri, Al-Na'ir al Batn 2.55
  • < البطن الناير Al-Na'ir al-baţn[u] The bright one of the stomach [of Centaurus]
δ Delta Centauri 2.58
ι Iota Centauri 2.75
λ Lambda Centauri 3.11
κ Kappa Centauri, Ke Kwan 3.13
  • < 騎官 (Mandarin qíguān) The cavalry officer
ν Nu Centauri 3.41
μ Mu Centauri 3.47
φ Phi Centauri 3.83
τ Tau Centauri 3.85
υ¹ Upsilon1 Centauri 3.87
π Pi Centauri 3.90
d d Centauri 3.90
σ Sigma Centauri 3.91
ρ Rho Centauri 3.97
b b Centauri 4.01
ψ Psi Centauri 4.05
c1 Centauri 4.06
g 2 2 Centauri 4.19
i 1 1 Centauri 4.23
n n Centauri 4.25
ξ² Xi2 Centauri 4.27
j j Centauri 4.30
v v Centauri 4.30
k 3 3 Centauri 4.32
e e Centauri 4.33
υ² Upsilon2 Centauri 4.34
χ Chi Centauri 4.36
a a Centauri 4.41
B B Centauri 4.47
m m Centauri 4.52
J J Centauri 4.52
A A Centauri 4.62
l l Centauri 4.63
M M Centauri 4.64
w w Centauri 4.66
f f Centauri 4.71
h 4 4 Centauri 4.75
G G Centauri 4.82
ξ¹ Xi1 Centauri 4.83
p p Centauri 4.90
c2 Centauri 4.92
Q Q Centauri 4.99
F F Centauri 5.01
K K Centauri 5.04
ο¹ Omicron1 Centauri 5.07
r r Centauri 5.10
ο² Omicron2 Centauri 5.12
z z Centauri 5.15
H H Centauri 5.17
C2 Centauri 5.26
N N Centauri 5.26
D D Centauri 5.31
x1 Centauri 5.32
E E Centauri 5.34
u u Centauri 5.45
C3 Centauri 5.46
y y Centauri 5.53
C1 Centauri 5.64
x2 Centauri 5.71
HD 117618 7.18
  • has a planet
HD 102117 7.47
  • has a planet
BPM 37093 13.96
ω Omega Centauri

Source: The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed., The Hipparcos Catalogue, ESA SP-1200 Many of the brighter stars are given names which are known as Bayer designations. ... Flamsteed designations for stars are similar to Bayer designations, except that they use numbers instead of Greek letters. ... // Headline text HEY!! HOW ARE YOU ALL?? Its nice of you to come read this page. ... A light year, abbreviated ly, is the distance light travels in one year: roughly 9. ... Alpha Centauri (α Cen / α Centauri) is the brightest star system (a triple star system) in the southern constellation of Centaurus, and contains the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent visual magnitude of −0. ... A triple star system consists of three gravitationally bound stars. ... Alpha Centauri A is a star of the star system Alpha Centauri. ... Alpha Centauri B (also Rigel Kentaurus B — the foot of the centaur in Arabic) is a star of the Alpha Centauri star system. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Alpha Ccentauri. ... Beta Centauri (β Cen / β Centauri), also known as Hadar or Agena, is the second brightest star in the constellation Centaurus and the eleventh brightest star in the nighttime sky. ... Theta Centauri (θ Cen / θ Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Gamma Centauri (γ Cen / γ Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Epsilon Centauri (ε Cen / ε Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Eta Centauri (η Cen / η Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Zeta Centauri (ζ Cen / ζ Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Delta Centauri (δ Cen / δ Centauri) is a star in the constellation Centaurus. ... Double Star is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein. ... HD 117618 is a yellow dwarf star (spectral type G2 V) 124 light years from Earth in the constellation of Centaurus. ... HD 102117 is a yellow dwarf star (spectral type G6 V) 130light years from Earth in the constellation of Centaurus. ... BPM 37093 is a white dwarf star 50 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Centaurus, for which enough evidence has been gathered to infer that it consists of crystalline carbon, confirming previous theoretical predictions. ... White dwarf Sirius-B in x-rays A white dwarf is an astronomical object which is produced when a low or medium mass star dies. ... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (sometimes called a pronumeral) is a symbol denoting a quantity or symbolic representation. ... A small region at the heart of Omega Centauri, containing some 50,000 stars (NASA/STScI) Omega Centauri or NGC 5139 is a globular cluster of stars orbiting our galaxy, the Milky Way. ... A globular cluster is a spherical bundle of stars (star cluster) that orbits a galaxy as a satellite. ...


See also


The 48 Constellations listed by Ptolemy Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe at one time or another during the year. ... Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ...

Andromeda | Aquarius | Aquila | Ara | Argo Navis | Aries | Auriga | Boötes | Cancer | Canis Major | Canis Minor | Capricornus | Cassiopeia | Centaurus | Cepheus | Cetus | Corona Australis | Corona Borealis | Corvus | Crater | Cygnus | Delphinus | Draco | Equuleus | Eridanus | Gemini | Hercules | Hydra | Leo | Lepus | Libra | Lupus | Lyra | Ophiuchus | Orion | Pegasus | Perseus | Pisces | Piscis Austrinus | Sagitta | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Serpens | Taurus | Triangulum | Ursa Major | Ursa Minor | Virgo


Andromeda is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in Greek mythology. ... Aquarius (Latin for the Water-bearer or Cup-bearer, symbol , Unicode ♒) is the first sign of the zodiac, situated between Capricornus and Pisces. ... Aquila (Latin for Eagle), is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy and is now also part of the list of 88 constellations acknowledged by the IAU. It lies roughly at the celestial equator. ... Ara (Latin for Altar) is a faint southerly constellation between the constellations Centaurus and Lupus. ... The constellation Argo Navis drawn by Johannes Hevelius in 1690 Argo Navis (or simply Argo) was a large southern constellation representing the Argo, the ship used by Jason and the Argonauts in Greek mythology. ... Aries (Latin for Ram, symbol , Unicode ♈) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Auriga (Latin for charioteer) is a northern constellation. ... Boötes, a name deriving from Egypt, is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... In astronomy and astrology, Cancer (Latin for crab, symbol , Unicode ♋) is one of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. ... Canis Major (Latin for the greater dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Canis Minor (Latin for little dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Capricornus ( or , Unicode: ♑), a name meaning Horned Goat or That which has horns like a goats in Latin, is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Cassiopeia is a northern constellation which Greek mythology considered to represent a vain queen. ... Cepheus is a northern constellation named after King Cepheus in Greek mythology, and is considered to represent a king. ... Cetus (a name from Greek mythology, referring to a Whale or Sea monster, see Ceto) is a constellation of the southern sky, in the region known as the Water, near other watery constellations like Aquarius, Pisces, and Eridanus. ... Corona Australis or Corona Austrina (Latin for Southern Crown) was one of Ptolemys 48 constellations, and also counts among the 88 modern constellations. ... Corona Borealis (Latin for northern crown) is a small northern constellation whose main stars form a semicircular arc. ... Corvus (Latin for Raven/Crow) is a small southern constellation with only 11 stars visible to the naked eye (brighter than magnitude 5. ... Crater (Latin for cup) is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... For other meanings of the word Cygnus, see Cygnus (disambiguation) Cygnus (from the Latin for swan) is a northern constellation. ... Delphinus, being Latin for Dolphin, is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. ... Draco (Latin for Dragon) is a far northern constellation that is circumpolar for many northern hemisphere observers. ... Equuleus (Latin for horse-let (i. ... Eridanus is the sixth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Gemini (Latin for twins, symbol , Unicode ♊) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Hercules is the fifth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Leo (Latin for lion, symbol , Unicode ♌) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Lepus (Latin for Hare) is a constellation, lying just south of Orion, and possibly representing a hare being chased by him. ... Libra (Latin for balance, symbol , Unicode ) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Lyra (Latin for Lyre) is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is one of the 88 modern constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union. ... Ophiuchus (known as the serpent holder) is one of the 88 constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... Orion, a constellation often referred to as The Hunter, is a prominent constellation, perhaps the best-known in the sky. ... Pegasus is a northern constellation, named after the mythological Pegasus. ... Perseus is a northern constellation, named after the Greek hero who slew the monster Medusa. ... Pisces (Latin for fish (plural), symbol , Unicode ♓) is a zodiac constellation which lies between Aquarius to the west and Aries to the east. ... Piscis Austrinus or Piscis Australis (both of which are Latin for Southern Fish) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. ... Sagitta, being Latin for Arrow, is the third-smallest of all constellations (only Equuleus and Crux are smaller). ... Sagittarius (Latin for Archer, symbol , Unicode ♐) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Scorpius (Latin for scorpion, symbol , Unicode ♏) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Serpens (the snake) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... Taurus (Latin for bull, symbol , Unicode ♉) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Triangulum is a small northern constellation whose three brightest stars, of third and fourth magnitude, form an elongated triangle. ... Ursa Major (Ursa Maior in Latin) is a constellation visible throughout the year in the northern hemisphere. ... Ursa Minor is a constellation in the northern sky, the name of which means Small Bear in Latin. ... Virgo (Latin for virgin, symbol , Unicode ♍) is a constellation of the zodiac. ...

Constellations changed by Johann Bayer in the 1603 text Uranometria Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe at one time or another during the year. ... Johann Bayer (1572 – March 7, 1625) was a German astronomer. ... King James I of England/VII of Scotland, the first monarch to rule the Kingdoms of England and Scotland at the same time Events March - Samuel de Champlain, French explorer, sails to Canada March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James I of... Uranometrias engraving of the constellation Orion, courtesy of the US Naval Observatory Library Uranometria is the short title of a star atlas produced by Johann Bayer. ...

Centaurus | split into | Centaurus | Crux
Leo | split into | Leo | Coma Berenices
Piscis Austrinus | split into | Piscis Austrinus | Grus
Sagittarius | split into | Sagittarius | Corona Australis


CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. ... Leo (Latin for lion, symbol , Unicode ♌) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Leo (Latin for lion, symbol , Unicode ♌) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Coma Berenices (Latin for Berenices Hair) is a traditional asterism that has since become a constellation. ... Piscis Austrinus or Piscis Australis (both of which are Latin for Southern Fish) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. ... Piscis Austrinus or Piscis Australis (both of which are Latin for Southern Fish) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. ... Grus (Latin for Crane) is a southern constellation. ... Sagittarius (Latin for Archer, symbol , Unicode ♐) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Sagittarius (Latin for Archer, symbol , Unicode ♐) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Corona Australis or Corona Austrina (Latin for Southern Crown) was one of Ptolemys 48 constellations, and also counts among the 88 modern constellations. ...

Constellations changed by Lacaille in 1763 Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe at one time or another during the year. ... Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (March 15, 1713 – March 21, 1762) was a French astronomer. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Argo Navis split into Carina | Puppis | Vela
Eridanus split into Eridanus | Fornax
Sagittarius | Corona Australis altered to create Telescopium
Centaurus | Lupus altered to create Circinus


The constellation Argo Navis drawn by Johannes Hevelius in 1690 Argo Navis (or simply Argo) was a large southern constellation representing the Argo, the ship used by Jason and the Argonauts in Greek mythology. ... Carina (Latin for keel) is a southern constellation which forms part of the old constellation of Argo Navis. ... Puppis (Latin for poop deck) is a southern constellation. ... Vela (Latin for sails) is a southern constellation, one of the four parts into which Argo Navis was split (the others being; Carina (constellation), Puppis and Pyxis. ... Eridanus is the sixth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Eridanus is the sixth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Fornax (Latin for furnace) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Fornax Chemica (Latin for chemical furnace). ... Sagittarius (Latin for Archer, symbol , Unicode ♐) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Corona Australis or Corona Austrina (Latin for Southern Crown) was one of Ptolemys 48 constellations, and also counts among the 88 modern constellations. ... Telescopium (Latin for Telescope) is a minor southern constellation identified and named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, the 18th century French astronomer, a student of the southern skies. ... Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Circinus, Latin for Compass, is one of the small southern (declination −50 to −60 degrees) constellations. ...

The 88 modern Constellations
Andromeda | Antlia | Apus | Aquarius | Aquila | Ara | Aries | Auriga | Boötes | Caelum | Camelopardalis | Cancer | Canes Venatici | Canis Major | Canis Minor | Capricornus | Carina | Cassiopeia | Centaurus | Cepheus | Cetus | Chamaeleon | Circinus | Columba | Coma Berenices | Corona Australis | Corona Borealis | Corvus | Crater | Crux | Cygnus | Delphinus | Dorado | Draco | Equuleus | Eridanus | Fornax | Gemini | Grus | Hercules | Horologium | Hydra | Hydrus | Indus | Lacerta | Leo | Leo Minor | Lepus | Libra | Lupus | Lynx | Lyra | Mensa | Microscopium | Monoceros | Musca | Norma | Octans | Ophiuchus | Orion | Pavo | Pegasus | Perseus | Phoenix | Pictor | Pisces | Piscis Austrinus | Puppis | Pyxis | Reticulum | Sagitta | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Sculptor | Scutum | Serpens | Sextans | Taurus | Telescopium | Triangulum | Triangulum Australe | Tucana | Ursa Major | Ursa Minor | Vela | Virgo | Volans | Vulpecula

Orion is a remarkable constellation, visible from most places on the globe at one time or another during the year. ... Andromeda is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in Greek mythology. ... The constellation Antlia (Latin for pump) is a relatively new constellation as it was only created in the 18th century, being too faint to be acknowledged by the ancient Greeks. ... Apus (Latin for bird of paradise) is a faint southern constellation, not visible to the ancient Greeks. ... Aquarius (Latin for the Water-bearer or Cup-bearer, symbol , Unicode ♒) is the first sign of the zodiac, situated between Capricornus and Pisces. ... Aquila (Latin for Eagle), is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy and is now also part of the list of 88 constellations acknowledged by the IAU. It lies roughly at the celestial equator. ... Ara (Latin for Altar) is a faint southerly constellation between the constellations Centaurus and Lupus. ... Aries (Latin for Ram, symbol , Unicode ♈) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Auriga (Latin for charioteer) is a northern constellation. ... Boötes, a name deriving from Egypt, is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Caelum (Latin for chisel, and similar to Latin for of the Sky) is a minor southern constellation introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. ... Camelopardalis, Latin for giraffe, is the name of a large but faint northern constellation first recorded by Jakob Bartsch in 1624, but probably created earlier by Petrus Plancius. ... In astronomy and astrology, Cancer (Latin for crab, symbol , Unicode ♋) is one of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. ... Canes Venatici (Latin for hunting dogs) is a small northern constellation that was introduced by Johannes Hevelius in the 17th century. ... Canis Major (Latin for the greater dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Canis Minor (Latin for little dog) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also in Ptolemys list of 48 constellations. ... Capricornus ( or , Unicode: ♑), a name meaning Horned Goat or That which has horns like a goats in Latin, is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Carina (Latin for keel) is a southern constellation which forms part of the old constellation of Argo Navis. ... Cassiopeia is a northern constellation which Greek mythology considered to represent a vain queen. ... Cepheus is a northern constellation named after King Cepheus in Greek mythology, and is considered to represent a king. ... Cetus (a name from Greek mythology, referring to a Whale or Sea monster, see Ceto) is a constellation of the southern sky, in the region known as the Water, near other watery constellations like Aquarius, Pisces, and Eridanus. ... For other uses of the word, see chameleon (disambiguation) Chamaeleon (Latin for chameleon) is a minor southern constellation. ... Circinus, Latin for Compass, is one of the small southern (declination −50 to −60 degrees) constellations. ... Columba, Latin for dove, is a small constellation just south to Canis Major and Lepus, it was cut out of the constellation Canis Major by Augustin Royer, in 1679. ... Coma Berenices (Latin for Berenices Hair) is a traditional asterism that has since become a constellation. ... Corona Australis or Corona Austrina (Latin for Southern Crown) was one of Ptolemys 48 constellations, and also counts among the 88 modern constellations. ... Corona Borealis (Latin for northern crown) is a small northern constellation whose main stars form a semicircular arc. ... Corvus (Latin for Raven/Crow) is a small southern constellation with only 11 stars visible to the naked eye (brighter than magnitude 5. ... Crater (Latin for cup) is one of the 88 modern constellations and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. ... For other meanings of the word Cygnus, see Cygnus (disambiguation) Cygnus (from the Latin for swan) is a northern constellation. ... Delphinus, being Latin for Dolphin, is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. ... Other uses: dorado is used in the fisheries of some Latin American countries to denote the edible fish mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus Dorado is also the name of mythical Latin American warriors. ... Draco (Latin for Dragon) is a far northern constellation that is circumpolar for many northern hemisphere observers. ... Equuleus (Latin for horse-let (i. ... Eridanus is the sixth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Fornax (Latin for furnace) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Fornax Chemica (Latin for chemical furnace). ... Gemini (Latin for twins, symbol , Unicode ♊) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Grus (Latin for Crane) is a southern constellation. ... Hercules is the fifth largest of the 88 modern constellations. ... Horologium (Latin for clock) is one of the lesser southern constellations (declination around -60 degrees). ... Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. ... Hydrus (Latin for Hydra, also referred to as male Hydra or little Hydra) is a minor southern constellation. ... Indus is a southern constellation that is supposed to represent an American Indian. ... Lacerta, being Latin for Lizard, is one of the 88 official constellations acknowledged by the International Astronomical Union. ... Leo (Latin for lion, symbol , Unicode ♌) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Leo Minor (Latin for Small Lion) is a rather dim constellation that can barely be recognized as a triangle and lies between the easily discerned constellations Ursa Major and Leo. ... Lepus (Latin for Hare) is a constellation, lying just south of Orion, and possibly representing a hare being chased by him. ... Libra (Latin for balance, symbol , Unicode ) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Lupus (Latin for Wolf) is a southern constellation. ... Lynx is a constellation of the northern hemisphere, introduced in the 17th century by Johannes Hevelius. ... Lyra (Latin for Lyre) is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is one of the 88 modern constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union. ... Mensa (Latin for Table) is a southern constellation which was first introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Mons Mensae (Latin for table mountain). ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations ... Monoceros (Latin for Unicorn) is a faint constellation on the winter night sky, surrounded by Orion to the west, Gemini to the north, Canis Major to the south and Hydra to the east. ... Musca (Latin for Fly) is one of the minor southern constellations. ... Norma (Latin for Normal, i. ... Octans (Latin for octant) is an inconspicuous constellation introduced by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. ... Ophiuchus (known as the serpent holder) is one of the 88 constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... Orion, a constellation often referred to as The Hunter, is a prominent constellation, perhaps the best-known in the sky. ... PENIS, being Latin for your small cock, is a southern constellation. ... Pegasus is a northern constellation, named after the mythological Pegasus. ... Perseus is a northern constellation, named after the Greek hero who slew the monster Medusa. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations ... Pictor, being Latin for easel, is one of the minor southern (declination -50 to -60) constellations. ... Pisces (Latin for fish (plural), symbol , Unicode ♓) is a zodiac constellation which lies between Aquarius to the west and Aries to the east. ... Piscis Austrinus or Piscis Australis (both of which are Latin for Southern Fish) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. ... Puppis (Latin for poop deck) is a southern constellation. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Pyxis constellation | Argo Navis constellation ... Reticulum (Latin for reticle), is one of the minor southern (declination -60 degrees) constellations. ... Sagitta, being Latin for Arrow, is the third-smallest of all constellations (only Equuleus and Crux are smaller). ... Sagittarius (Latin for Archer, symbol , Unicode ♐) is a constellation of the zodiac, commonly depicted as a centaur drawing a bow. ... Scorpius (Latin for scorpion, symbol , Unicode ♏) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Sculptor constellation ... Scutum (Latin for shield) is a small constellation. ... Serpens (the snake) is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 listed by Ptolemy. ... For the Ancient Roman coin denomination, see sextans (coin). ... Taurus (Latin for bull, symbol , Unicode ♉) is one of the constellations of the zodiac. ... Telescopium (Latin for Telescope) is a minor southern constellation identified and named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, the 18th century French astronomer, a student of the southern skies. ... Triangulum is a small northern constellation whose three brightest stars, of third and fourth magnitude, form an elongated triangle. ... Triangulum Australe is a small southern constellation whose three brightest stars, of second and third magnitude, form an approximately equilateral triangle. ... Tucana (Latin for Toucan) is a southern constellation. ... Ursa Major (Ursa Maior in Latin) is a constellation visible throughout the year in the northern hemisphere. ... Ursa Minor is a constellation in the northern sky, the name of which means Small Bear in Latin. ... Vela (Latin for sails) is a southern constellation, one of the four parts into which Argo Navis was split (the others being; Carina (constellation), Puppis and Pyxis. ... Virgo (Latin for virgin, symbol , Unicode ♍) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Modern constellations | Constellations | Volans constellation ... Vulpecula, being Latin for Fox, is a faint northern constellation located in the middle of the Summer Triangle, an asterism consisting of the bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair. ...

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  • The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Centaurus

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Centaurus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (488 words)
Centaurus is a bright constellation of the southern hemisphere.
Centaurus is sometimes associated with the constellation Sagitta, an arrow which Centaurus appears to have fired towards the constellation Aquila.
Centaurus appears to have fired an arrow, the constellation Sagitta, towards Aquila, the eagle that tortured Prometheus, thus appearing to release Prometheus from his torment.
Bristol Centaurus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (464 words)
Like most Bristol Engines designs, the Centaurus was based on the mechanicals of an earlier design, in this case the "classic" 5.75 in (146 mm) piston from their original 1918 Jupiter.
The capacity of the Centaurus was increased by placing the pistons in a longer-stroke cylinder, and moving to two rows of nine cylinders instead of two rows of seven.
In fact, the Centaurus did not see any use until near the end of the war, first appearing on an upscaled version of the Vickers Wellington, the Warwick.
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