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Encyclopedia > Census 2000

The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Enumeration is the name given to the generic field of mathematics which deals with counting objects. ...


The U.S. resident population includes the total number of people in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Bureau also enumerated the residents of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; its population was 3,808,610, an 8.1 percent increase over the number from a decade earlier. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The term Free association has two meanings: Free association - a clinical technique in psychology devised by Sigmund Freud Free association - a political relationship that a country may have with another country This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents

Population profile

In an introduction to a more detailed population profile (see references below), the Census Bureau highlighted the following facts about U.S population dynamics:

  • 75.1 percent of respondents said they were White and no other race;
  • Hispanics - who may belong to any race - accounted for 12.5 percent of the U.S. population, up from 9 percent in 1990;
  • Between 1990 and 2000, the population aged 45 to 54 grew by 49 percent and those aged 85 and older grew 38 percent;
  • Women outnumber men two to one among those aged 85 and older;
  • Almost one in five adults had some type of disability in 1997 and the likelihood of having a disability increased with age;
  • Families (as opposed to men or women living alone) still dominate American households, but less so than they did thirty years ago;
  • Since 1993, both families and nonfamilies have seen median household incomes rise, with "households headed by a woman without a spouse present" growing the fastest;
  • People in married-couple families have the lowest poverty rates;
  • The poor of any age are more likely than others to lack health insurance coverage;
  • The number of elementary and high school students in 2000 fell just short of the all-time high of 49 million reached in 1970;
  • Improvements in educational attainment cross racial and ethnic lines; and
  • The majority (51%) of U.S. households have access to computers; 41% have Internet access.

The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is the short title of United States Public Law 101-336, signed into law on July 26, 1990 by George H. W. Bush. ... There is significant disagreement on how much poverty there is in the United States; particularly over how poverty ought to be defined. ... Health Insurance is a type of insurance whereby the insurer pays the medical costs of the insured if the insured becomes sick due to covered causes, or due to accidents. ... Primary or elementary education consist of the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Japanese high school students in uniform Secondary education is a period of education which follows directly after primary education (such as intermediate school or elementary school), and which may be followed by tertiary or post-secondary education. ... The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ... The Internet, or simply the Net, is the publicly available worldwide system of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using a standardized Internet Protocol (IP) and many other protocols. ...

Population breakdown

The most-populous state in the country was California (33,871,648); the least populous was Wyoming (493,782). The state that gained the most numerically since the 1990 census was California, up 4,111,627. Nevada had the highest percentage growth in population, climbing 66.3 percent (796,424 people) since 1990. State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... State nickname: Equality State Other U.S. States Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Governor Dave Freudenthal Official languages English Area 253,554 km² (10th)  - Land 251,706 km²  - Water 1,851 km² (0. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: Silver State, Battle Born State (official) Other U.S. States Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Governor Kenny Guinn Official languages None Area 286,367 km² (7th)  - Land 284,396 km²  - Water 1,971 km² (0. ...


Changes in population

Regionally, the South and West picked up the bulk of the nation's population increase, 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively. This meant that the mean center of U.S. population moved to Phelps County, Missouri. The Northeast grew by 2,785,149; the Midwest, by 4,724,144. The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... This article deals with the western United States. ... The mean center of U.S. population is determined by the United States Census Bureau after tabulating the results of each census. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... The U.S. Northeast is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... Midwest States (United States of America, ND to OH) The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ...


Image:2000-census-percent-change.jpg Image:2000-census-numeric-change.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Languages spoken at home

The Modern Language Association provides a website with overviews and detailed data about the locations and numbers of speakers of thirty languages and seven groups of less commonly spoken languages in the United States. Languages other than English are spoken at home by 46,951,595 respondents or 17.88% of people who are at least five years old. Below are the top languages spoken at home. Percentage is with respect to the number of people reported language other than English. Languages that contribute over 1% are listed. The Modern Language Association of America (often abbreviated MLA) is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of literature and literary criticism. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole (60%)
  2. French or French Creole (4.5%)
  3. Chinese (4.3%)
  4. German (2.9%)
  5. Tagalog (2.6%)
  6. Vietnamese (2.1%)
  7. Italian (2.1%)
  8. Korean (1.9%)
  9. Russian (1.5%)
  10. Polish (1.4%)
  11. Arabic (1.3%)
  12. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (1.2%)
  13. Japanese (1.0%)

A number of Creole languages are based on the Spanish language. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tagálog is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Arabic (العربية) is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Portuguese Creole is a creole language based on the Portuguese language. ...

Reapportionment

The results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U.S. Code, to reapportion among the states the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives. The apportionment population consists of the resident population of the fifty states, plus the overseas military and federal civilian employees and their dependents living with them who could be allocated to a state. Each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S. House of Representatives. U.S. Congressional districts are determined after each census. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ...


Since 1790, the first census, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. In 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House has more than quadrupled in size, and each member represents about 19 times as many constituents. Image:2000-census-reapportionment.jpg 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... census. ...


External links and references

United States Census Bureau web pages: The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...

Other 2000 census websites: Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular presentation program developed for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS computer operating systems. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States 2000 Census - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (756 words)
The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census.
This was the 22nd federal census and the largest peacetime effort in the history of the United States.
The results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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