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Encyclopedia > Censorship in Iran
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Censorship is the editing, removing, or otherwise changing speech and other forms of human expression. ... Image File history File links 1933-may-10-berlin-book-burning. ...

By region

P. R. China
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Censorship in the Peoples Republic of China refers to the government of the Peoples Republic of Chinas policy of controlling the publishing, dissemination, and viewing of certain information. ... There is basically no censorship in Taiwan since 1977 when all the censorship had been eliminated. ... As with many Soviet-allied countries prior to the fall of the Berlin wall, the government of the former German Democratic Republic (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik) applied wide censorship during its existence from 1949 to 1990. ... Censorship in South Asia can apply to books, movies the Internet and other media. ...

By media

Banned films
Re-edited films
Video games
Bold text Advertising regulation refers to the laws and rules defining the ways in which products can be advertised in a particular region. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... A re-edited film is a film that has been edited from the original theatrical release. ... Censorship of music, the practice of censoring music from the public, may take the form of partial or total censorship with the latter banning the music entirely. ... Editing of Anime in American distribution describes the process of altering Anime to prepare it to be distributed in the United States and forms part of the process of Localization. ... Computer and video games have been the subject of frequent controversy and censorship, due to the depiction of graphic violence, sexual themes, racism, advertising, eavesdropping, consumption of illegal drugs, consumption of alcohol or tobacco, propaganda or profanity in some games. ...


Book burning
Content-control software
Corporate censorship
Under fascist regimes
In religion
Historical revisionism
Postal censorship
Prior restraint
Tape delay
Self-censorship is the act of censoring and/or classifying ones own book(s), film(s), or other kind of art to avoid offending others without an authority pressuring them to do so. ... Book burning is the practice of ceremoniously destroying by fire one or more copies of a book or other written material. ... DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... Corporate censorship is a term used to denote either censorship through legal challenges, through refusal to sell a product, or refusal to advertise or allow air time. ... Censorship in Italy under Fascism Censorship in Italy was not created with Fascism, nor it ended with it, but it had a relevantly heavy importance in the life of Italians under the Regime. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Historical revisionism is the attempt to change commonly held ideas about the past. ... During times of war post from the front is often opened and offending parts blanked or cut out. ... Prior restraint is a legal term referring to a governments actions that prevent materials from being published. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Broadcast delay. ... This article is for the meaning of censorship, for other usage, see Whitewash (disambiguation) Whitewash is a form of censorship via omission in which errors or misdemeanors are deliberately concealed or downplayed. ...

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The censorship in the Islamic Republic of Iran has two dimensions: religious and political. The blasphemy laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran are for the elevation of Islam. Political censorship serves to protect governmental interests. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ...


Internet Censorship in Iran


In the first decade of the 21st century, Iran experienced a great surge in Internet usage, and, with 7.5 million people on the Internet, currently has the second highest percentage of its population online in the Middle East, after Israel.[1] When initially introduced, the Internet services provided by the government within Iran were comparatively open. Many users saw the Internet as an easy way to get around Iran's strict press laws.[2][3] With the election of Iranian president Mohammad Khatami, and the start of the 2nd of Khordad reform movement, a clampdown occurred that worsened after the election of conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. Iran is now considered to be one of the most repressive Internet-censorship regimes in the world. Hujjatul Islam wal Muslimeen Sayyed Mohammad Khatami (Persian : سید محمد خاتمی), born on September 29, 1943, in Ardakan city of Yazd province, is an Iranian intellectual, philosopher and political figure. ... Second of Khordad Movement refers to a movement started by 6th presidental election in Iran. ...   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Many bloggers, online activists, and even technical staff have faced jail terms, harassment and abuse.[4][5] In November 2006, Iran was one of 13 countries labeled "enemies of the internet" by activist group Reporters Without Borders.[1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as involvement in action to bring about change, be it social, political, environmental, or other change. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ...

Recently, the Iran government forced all Iranian peoples to register their web sites in Ministry of art and culture. And schedule to filter all other websites up to March 2007 [6].

Internet service providers

Every ISP must be approved by both the Telecommunication Company of Iran and the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, and must implement content-control software for websites and e-mail. ISPs face heavy penalties if they do not comply with the government filter lists. At least twelve ISPs have been shut down for failing to install adequate filters.[7] The state blacklist consists of about 15,000 websites forbidden by the Iranian government.[3] Before subscribers can access Internet service providers, they must first promise in writing not to access "non-Islamic" sites.[8] Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI) was established in 1971 with a new organizational structure as the main responsible administration for the entire telecommunication affairs, and Iran Telecommunication Industries (ITI) was also founded in the same year to manufacture the required equipment for the national long-distance network. ... DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... An Internet service provider (abbr. ...


The primary engine of Iran's censorship is the content-control software SmartFilter, developed by San Jose firm Secure Computing.[8] However, Secure denies ever having sold the software to Iran, and alleges that Iran is illegally using the software without a license.[9] DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Computer security is the effort to create a secure computing platform, designed so that agents (users or programs) cannot perform actions that they are not allowed to perform, but can perform the actions that they are allowed to. ...

As of 2006, Iran's SmartFilter is configured to filter local Farsi-language sites, and block prominent English-language sites, such as the websites for the New York Times, Amazon.com, IMDB.com, AmnestyInternational.org, Blogger, YouTube and Wikipedia. Farsi may refer to: The name of the the Persian language among native speakers Farsi Island, an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf The Jafari Shia Tajiks of Central Asia Salman al-Farsi, one of the prophet Muhammads companions Al-Farisi (1260-1320), Persian mathematician and physicist Jalaleddin Farsi... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Amazon. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb), owned by Amazon. ... Amnesty International symbol Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) comprising a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.[1] Essentially it compares actual practices of human rights with internationally accepted standards and demands compliance where these have not... The term Blogger may refer to: A blogger, someone who maintains a weblog. ... YouTube is a popular free video sharing web site which lets users upload, view, and share video clips. ... Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web-based, free-content encyclopedia project. ...

The Kurdish version of Wikipedia was blocked for several months in 2006, according to Reporters Without Borders.[10] Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ...

The software effectively blocks access to most pornographic sites, gay and lesbian sites, women's rights sites, reformist political sites, news media, sites that provide tools to help users cloak their Internet identity, and other sites nebulously defined as "immoral" on various grounds. Iran censors more Internet sites than any other nation except China.[1] Pornography (from Greek πόρνη (porne) prostitute and γραφή (grafe) writing), more informally referred to as porn or porno, is the representation of the human body or sexual activity with the goal of sexual arousal. ... For other articles with similar names, see Gay (disambiguation). ... A lesbian is a female who is exclusively emotionally, sexually, and romantically attracted to other females. ... The term women’s rights typically refers to freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. ...

American proxy server

Iranians can sometimes access forbidden sites through proxy servers, although these machines can be blocked as well. In 2003, the United States began providing a free proxy server to Iranian citizens through its IBB service Voice of America with Internet privacy company Anonymizer, Inc.[9] The proxy website changes whenever the Iranian government blocks it. A proxy server is a computer that offers a computer network service to allow clients to make indirect network connections to other network services. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB) is a United States Government federal agency that was created in 1994 to produce political radio and television broadcasts that are intended for audiences in foreign countries. ... The Voice of America (VOA) is the official international broadcasting service of the Government of the United States. ... Anonymizer, Inc. ...

However, even the U.S. proxy filters pornographic websites and keywords. "There's a limit to what taxpayers should pay for," an IBB program manager was quoted as saying.[11] The forbidden keywords are controversial--banning "gay" effectively bars access to a host of gay and lesbian sites--and have had unintended consequences. The banning of "ass", for example, blocks access to the website of the United States Embassy.[12] A complete list of the blacklisted keywords on the American server can be found here. The International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB) is a United States Government federal agency that was created in 1994 to produce political radio and television broadcasts that are intended for audiences in foreign countries. ...

Internet connection speed restrictions

In October 2006, the Iranian government ordered all ISPs to limit their download speeds to 128kbps for all residential clients and internet cafes. Although no reason for the decree was given, it is widely believed the move was designed to reduce the amount of western media (e.g. films and music) entering the country.[13] There is also a newfound state awareness of how domestically produced content considered undesirable can pervade the internet, highlighted by the 2006 controversy over the appearance of a celebrity sex tape featuring a popular Iranian soap opera actress (or a convincing look-alike).[1] (See the Iranian sex tape scandal) An Internet service provider (abbr. ... ... The Paris Hilton sex tape Pam & Tommy Lee: Hardcore & Uncensored 1 Night In China dvd cover Tonya Harding and Jeff Gillooly in Tonya and Jeffs Wedding Night A celebrity sex tape is a home video of sex acts, as performed by a celebrity and his or her partner, which... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... A look-alike is a person who bears a close physical resemblance to a celebrity, politician or royalty. ... The so-called Iranian sex tape scandal involves the public outcry and judicial proceedings against a young Iranian soap opera starlet accused of appearing in an explicit sex tape, filmed for private consumption with a camcorder, a serious crime under Sharia law. ...

Domestic criticism

Not all the Iranian public back up the governmental decision and a petition has been developed to Stop Internet Censorship in Iran. The censorship is expected to persist with the presidential election of the conservative candidate Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...

See also

Islamic Revolutionary Court[1] is a special court in the Islamic Republic of Iran designed to eliminate those suspected of wanting to overthrow the Islamic regime. ...

External links


  1. ^ a b c d Tait, R. (2006.) "Censorship fears rise as Iran blocks access to top websites". The Guardian UK. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  2. ^ Feuilherade, P. (2002.) "Iran's banned press turns to the net". BBC.com. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  3. ^ a b BBC News. (2003.) "Iran Steps Up Net Censorship". BBC.com. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  4. ^ Amnesty International. (2004.) "Iran: Civil society activists and human rights defenders under attack". AmnestyInternational.org. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  5. ^ Reporters Without Borders. (2005.) "Reporters Without Borders welcomes release of blogger Arash Sigarchi" RSF.com. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  6. ^ SAMANDEHI [1]
  7. ^ Reporters Without Borders. "Report on Iran". Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  8. ^ a b OpenNet Initiative. (2006.) "Internet Filtering in Iran in 2004-2005: A Country Study". Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  9. ^ a b Knight, W. (2005.) "Iranian net censorship powered by US technology". The New Scientist. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  10. ^ Iran Cracks Down On Internet Use
  11. ^ Poulson, K. (2003.) "US sponsors Anonymiser – if you live in Iran". The Register UK. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  12. ^ McCullagh, D. (2004.) "U.S. blunders with keyword blacklist". CNET News.com Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  13. ^ Reuters. (2006.) "Iran cuts Internet speeds to homes, cafes"". Reuters.com.



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