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Encyclopedia > Cenotaph
The Cenotaph, London.
The Cenotaph, London.

A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honour of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. It can also be the initial tomb for a person who has since been interred elsewhere. The word derives from the Greek κενοτάϕιον (kenos, one meaning being "empty", and taphos, "tomb"). Although the vast majority of cenotaphs are erected in honour of individuals, many of the best-known cenotaphs are instead dedicated to the memories of groups of individuals, such as the war dead of one country or empire. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2224, 498 KB) The Cenotaph, in Whitehall, London, England, is made from Portland stone. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2224, 498 KB) The Cenotaph, in Whitehall, London, England, is made from Portland stone. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ...

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The Cenotaph, London

Coordinates: 51°30′09.6″N, 0°07′34.1″W Probably the best-known cenotaph in the modern world is the one that stands in Whitehall, London. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, who conceived the idea from the name of a structure in Gertrude Jekyll's garden[1], and constructed from Portland stone between 1919 and 1920 by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts. It replaced Lutyen's identical wood-and-plaster cenotaph erected in 1919 for the Allied Victory Parade commissioned by David Lloyd George, and is a Grade I listed building.[2] It is undecorated save for a carved wreath on each end and the words "The Glorious Dead", chosen by Rudyard Kipling. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ... Gertrude Jekyll (1843–1932) was an influential British garden designer, writer, and artist who created over 400 gardens in the UK, Europe and the USA. She also contributed over 1,000 articles to Country Life, The Garden and other magazines. ... The Cenotaph, in Whitehall, London, England, is made from Portland stone Portland stone is limestone from the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. ... Holland, Hannen & Cubitts was a major building firm responsible for many of the great buildings of London. ... David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, OM, PC (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman who was Prime Minister throughout the latter half of World War I and the first four years of the subsequent peace. ... The Forth Bridge, designed by Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Fowler, opened in 1890, and now owned by Network Rail, is designated as a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland. ... This article is about the British author. ...

A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12 June 2005, remembering Irish war dead.
A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12 June 2005, remembering Irish war dead.

The sides of the Cenotaph are not parallel, but if extended would meet at a point some 1 mile above the ground. Similarly, the "horizontal" surfaces are in fact sections of a sphere whose centre is 900 feet below ground.[3] The joints of the masonry are all within one-fourteenth of an inch (1.8 millimetres).[4] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2127x1545, 530 KB) A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12th June 2005, remembering Irish war dead. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2127x1545, 530 KB) A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12th June 2005, remembering Irish war dead. ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


It is flanked on each side by various flags of the United Kingdom which Lutyens had wanted to be carved in stone. Although Lutyens was overruled and cloth flags were used, his later Rochdale cenotaph had stone flags. In the years following 1919, the Cenotaph displayed a Union Flag, a White Ensign, and a Red Ensign on one side and a Union Flag, a White Ensign, and a Blue Ensign on the other side. On 1 April 1943, an RAF Ensign was substituted for the White Ensign on the west side of the monument. The flags displayed as of 2007 represent the Royal Navy, the British Army, the Royal Air Force, and the Merchant Navy. For other uses, see Rochdale (disambiguation). ... Union Jack redirects here. ... The White Ensign. ... The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign of the United Kingdom in use in London The Red Ensign or Red Duster is a flag that originated in the early 17th century as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Royal Air Force Ensign The Royal Air Force Ensign is the official flag which is used to represent the Royal Air Force. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... RAF redirects here. ... For the steam locomotives, see SR Merchant Navy Class. ...


The Cenotaph is the site of the annual national service of remembrance held at 11:00 a.m. on Remembrance Sunday, the closest Sunday to 11 November (Armistice Day). In the United Kingdom, Remembrance Sunday is the second Sunday of November, the Sunday nearest to 11 November (Remembrance Day), which is the anniversary of the end of the hostilities of the First World War at 11 a. ... Armistice Day Celebrations in Toronto, Canada - 1918 Armistice Day is the anniversary of the official end of World War I, November 11, 1918. ...


Uniformed service personnel (excluding fire and ambulance personnel) always salute the Cenotaph as they pass. It was, for example, very noticeably the only salute made by the Royal Horse Artillery driver of Princess Diana's funeral carriage during that procession; on that occasion he did not salute even the queen.[citation needed] This article is about the gesture. ... The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) is a corps in the British Army. ... Diana Spencer redirects here. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


A replica/ minature model of this cenotaph can be found in Cookstown, Northern Ireland. , Cookstown (An Chorr Chríochach in Irish) is a town in County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. ...


Cenotaphs around the world

Memorial Cenotaph, Hiroshima, Japan.
Memorial Cenotaph, Hiroshima, Japan.

Cenotaphs have been erected in many countries around the world since ancient times. It was a common tradition in the ancient world, with many examples built in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and across in Northern Europe (in the shape of Neolithic barrows). The practice is still continued around the world. Lutyens' cenotaph influenced the design of many other war memorials in Britain and the British sectors of the Western Front. The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial in Dallas is often described as a cenotaph. The Cenotaph in Central, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong and the Cenotaph in Singapore were erected in memorial of the war dead in World War I. A cenotaph in Yale University's Hewitt Quad (or Beinecke Plaza) honours the Men of Yale who died in battle. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 968 KB) Summary Author: Michael Oswald Time: April 5, 2006 Camera: Canon Powershot G3 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hiroshima Cenotaph Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 968 KB) Summary Author: Michael Oswald Time: April 5, 2006 Camera: Canon Powershot G3 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hiroshima Cenotaph Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates... The pyramids are among the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt. ... The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... A tumulus (plural tumuli, from the Latin word for mound or small hill, from the root to bulge, swell also found in ) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. ... Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the East and the Allies to the West. ... The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial is a monument to the late U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy in the West End Historic District of downtown Dallas, Texas (USA) erected in 1970. ... For other uses, see Dallas (disambiguation). ... The night view of the Central as viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui on the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Central (Chinese: 中環; Jyutping: zung1 waan4; Cantonese IPA: ; Pinyin: Zhōnghuán) is an area located in Central and Western District, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: Xiānggǎngdǎo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory... The Cenotaph is Singapores first major war memorial. ... Hewitt University Quadrangle (until 1917, University Court; informally, Hewitt Quadrangle or Beinecke Plaza) is a plaza at the center of the Yale University campus which is the home of the administrative buildings. ... YALE (Yet Another Learning Environment) is an environment for machine learning experiments and data mining. ...


The cenotaph concept is by no means confined to Europe. One of the most famous non-European examples is the concrete Memorial Cenotaph at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, designed by Kenzo Tange to commemorate the 200,000 victims of the August 1945 atomic bomb attack. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Schoolgirl making a ringing statement for world peace Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park ) is a large park in the center of Hiroshima, Japan dedicated to the legacy of Hiroshima as the first city in the world to suffer a nuclear attack. ... Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office, Shinjuku-ku Tokyo Kenzo Tange (丹下健三, Tange Kenzō; September 4, 1913 - March 22, 2005) was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ...


The Victory Square Cenotaph, located in Victory Square in Vancouver, BC, Canada was built as a memorial to the Canadian soldiers who died in World War I. The India Gate is a war memorial in New Delhi commemorating the Indian dead of the First World War. Victory Square is a park located in the Downtown Eastside neighborhood of Vancouver, BC, Canada. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War I, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

Voortrekker Monument from the front
Voortrekker Monument from the front
The Cenotaph, on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong
The Cenotaph, on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong
The Cenotaph in 1945, when the United Kingdom resumed control over Hong Kong after Japan surrendered
The Cenotaph in 1945, when the United Kingdom resumed control over Hong Kong after Japan surrendered
Bermuda
Bermuda
The Cenotaph at Tugu Negara in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia was dismantled and moved from its original location closer to old Kuala Lumpur during the 1960s.
The Cenotaph at Tugu Negara in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia was dismantled and moved from its original location closer to old Kuala Lumpur during the 1960s.

The Voortrekker Monument stands in Pretoria, South Africa. The two main points of interest in the building are the Historical Frieze and the Cenotaph Hall. The unique marble Historical Frieze is an intrinsic part of the design of the monument and is situated in the Hall of Heroes. The focus point of the monument is the cenotaph. On top of the Hall of Heroes is a dome from where one can view the interior of the monument. It is through an opening in this dome that the sun shines at twelve o'clock on December 16 each year onto the middle of the cenotaph and the words 'Ons vir Jou, Suid-Afrika' or Afrikaans for 'We for Thee, South Africa'. The ray of sunshine symbolises God's blessing on the lives and endeavours of the Voortrekkers. 16 December was chosen as it is the date in 1838 that the Battle of Blood River was fought. Photo of the Voortrekker monument File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo of the Voortrekker monument File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Rembrance_Day_Parade_Bermuda. ... Image File history File links Rembrance_Day_Parade_Bermuda. ... Tugu Negara, the Malaysian National Monument Tugu Negara, literally the National Monument in Malay, is a sculpture that commemorates those who died in Malaysias struggle for freedom, principally against the Japanese occupation during World War II and the Malayan Emergency , which lasted from 1948 until 1960. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... The Monument from the front The Voortrekker Monument is a monument situated in the city of Pretoria, South Africa. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ... -1... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ... Combatants Voortrekkers Zulu Commanders Andries Pretorius Dambuza Ndlela kaSompisi Strength about 470 men between 10,000 and 20,000 men Casualties 3 wounded 3,000 dead The Battle of Blood River (Afrikaans: Slag van Bloedrivier) was fought on 16 December 1838 on the banks of the Blood River (Bloedrivier) in...


The Church of Santa Engrácia, in Lisbon, Portugal, turned into a National Pantheon since 1966, holds six cenotaphs, namely to Luís de Camões, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Afonso de Albuquerque, Nuno Álvares Pereira, Vasco da Gama and Henry the Navigator. Main façade of the Church of Santa Engrácia. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. ... Pedro Álvares (about 1467 – about 1520), pron. ... Afonso de Albuquerque (or Afonso dAlbuquerque - disused) (pronounced ) (treated with a Don by some although his birth didnt grant him that treatment) (1453, Alhandra - Goa, December 16, 1515) was a Portuguese fidalgo, or nobleman, a naval general officer whose military and administrative activities conquered and established the Portuguese... NunÁlvares Pereira 1360-1431 Blessed Nuno Álvares Pereira (1360-1431), also spelled NunÁlvares Pereira, was a Portuguese General of great success with an decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugals independence of Castile. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... The Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ...


Chhatris (cenotaphs) in India

In India, cenotaphs are a basic element of Hindu architecture borrowed from Islam. They are termed chhatris, meaning canopy, and are found throughout the northwestern region of Rajasthan. In the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, chhatris are built on the cremation sites of wealthy or distinguished individuals. Chhatris in Shekhawati may consist of a simple structure of one dome raised by four pillars to a building containing many domes and a basement with several rooms. In some places, the interior of the chhatris is painted in the same manner as the Havelis. Chhatris (cenotaphs) in India are a basic element of Hindu architecture. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article is about building architecture. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Cenotaph, London Overview A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Shekhawati (शेखावाटी) is a semi-arid region located in the northeast part of Rajasthan, India. ... View of a typical Haveli at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan Haveli (हवेली)is the term used for a private residence in Pakistan and North India. ...

View of Chhatri (Cenotaph) of Scindia Rulers at Shivpuri, India
View of Chhatri (Cenotaph) of Scindia Rulers at Shivpuri, India

Some of the best-known chhatris in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan are located at the following cities and towns: View of Chhatri of Scindias at Shivpuri. ... View of Chhatri of Scindias at Shivpuri. ...

Many other chhatris exist in other parts of Rajasthan. Their locations include: , Bissau is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunun district in the state of Rajasthan, India. ... The Cenotaph, London Overview A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ... Shekhawat is a sub-clan of Kachwaha Rajputs found mainly in Rajasthan, India. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Cenotaph, London Overview A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ... Udaipurwati is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunun district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Dundlod is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. ... Mukungarh is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. ... , Churu (Hindi: चूरु) is a town in the desert region of Rajasthan state of India. ... Mahansar is town of Shekhawati region in Rajasthan, India. ... Udaipurwati is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunun district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Fatehpur is a town of Sikar district in Rajasthan, India. ...

  • Jaipur - Gaitore is an enclosed area in a narrow valley where the cenotaphs of Jaipur's rulers are located. The cenotaphs of the former rulers of Jaipur consist of the somewhat typical chhatri or umbrella-shaped memorials. Jai Singh Chhatri is particularly noteworthy because of the carvings that have been used to embellish it.
  • Jodhpur - White marble Chhatri of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II
  • Bharatpur- the cenotaphs of the members of the Jat royal family of Bharatpur, who died fighting against the British in 1825, are erected in the town of Govardhan. The chhatri of Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur has fine frescos illuminating the life of Surajmal, vividly depicting darbar and hunting scenes, royal processions and wars.
  • Udaipur-. Flanked by a row of enormous stone elephants, the Lake Pichola island has an impressive chhatri carved from gray blue stone, built by Maharana Jagat Singh.
  • Haldighati - a beautiful Chhatri with white marble columns, dedicated to Rana Pratap, stands here. The cenotaph dedicated to Chetak, Rana Pratap's famous horse, is also noteworthy.
  • Alwar - Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri is a beautiful red sandstone and white marble cenotaph of the rulers of Alwar.
  • Bundi - Suraj Chhatri and Mordi Ki Chhatri, Chaurasi Stambh Chhatri and Nath Ji ki Chhatri are located in Bundi. Rani Shyam Kumari wife of Raja Chhatrasal on the northern hill constructed the Suraj Chhatri and Mayuri the second wife of Chhatrasal on the southern hill erected Mordi Ki Chhatri.
  • Bikaner - Devi Kund near Bikaner is the royal crematorium place with a number of cenotaphs. The chhatri of Maharaja Surat Singh is most imposing. It has the spectacular Rajput paintings on the ceilings.
  • Nagaur - Nath Ji ki Chhatri, Amar Singh Rathore-ki-Chhatri

The region of Madhya Pradesh is the site of several other notable chhatris: , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... About 8 million Jats live in the Indian state of Haryana. ... Krishna holding Govardhan hill from Smithsonian Institute’s collections Govardhan hill, literal meaning the increasing cattle, was the name of a mythical hill near Vrindavan. ... Maharaja Suraj Mal (1707-1763) was ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan in India. ... A XIV Century fresco featuring Saint Sebastian Note: Fresco is the NATO reporting name of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17. ... Udaipur redirects here. ... Haldighati is a mountain pass in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan in western India. ... Pratapa Simha (17XX - 1777) was the king of Nepal between 1775 and 1777. ... Chetak is the name of all of the following: Chetak (horse) The horse of Rana Pratap, famous in Indian folk-legend. ... Alwar is famous for its scenic landscape Alwar is a city in the Rajasthan state of western India. ... Bundi is a city and a municipality of approximately 88,000 inhabitants (2001) in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. ... Stamp issued by India in 1987 shows the the king on horseback. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India. ... Nagaur is a city in the state of Rajasthan in India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ...

Shivpuri is a town and district place in Gwalior region in northwest Madhya Pradesh in India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scindia Family of India. ... Shivpuri is a town and district place in Gwalior region in northwest Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Gohad is a town of historical importance of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... About 8 million Jats live in the Indian state of Haryana. ... Gohad is a town of historical importance of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1707-1756) was the most powerful ruler of princely state Gohad in northwestern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ...

Cenotaphs for the missing

Although most notable cenotaphs commemorate notable individuals buried elsewhere, many cenotaphs pay tribute to people whose remains have never been located. One of the most striking cenotaphs to be found in Arlington National Cemetery is that of RMS Titanic victim Major Archibald Butt, aide to President William Taft, whose body was not recovered after the sinking. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Titanic (disambiguation). ... Lieutenant Archibald Butt in 1909. ... William Howard Taft I (September 15, 1857–March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909-1913), and the 10th Chief Justice of the United States (1921 - 1930). ...


Cenotaphs in art

Étienne-Louis Boullée, Cénotaphe a Newton (1784)
Étienne-Louis Boullée, Cénotaphe a Newton (1784)

Cenotaphs have also been the subject of a number of famous illustrations, notably: Image File history File links Étienne-Louis Boullée, Cénotaphe a Newton (1784) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Étienne-Louis Boullée, Cénotaphe a Newton (1784) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Étienne-Louis Boullée (February 12, 1728 - February 6, 1799) was a French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects and is still influential today. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

  • The Cenotaph to Reynold's Memory (John Constable, c. 1833)
  • Elevation for Newton's Cenotaph, Perspective (Etienne-Louis Boullée, c. 1785)
  • and The Cenotaph of Jean Jacques Rousseau (Hubert Robert, 1794).

A self portrait by John Constable John Constable (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English Romantic painter. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Étienne-Louis Boullée (February 12, 1728 - February 6, 1799) was a French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects and is still influential today. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Hubert Robert by Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cenotaphs

Chhatris (cenotaphs) in India are a basic element of Hindu architecture. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... The Landsoldaten (foot soldier) statue in Fredericia, Denmark. ... The Shrine of Remembrance, located in St Kilda Road, Melbourne, is one of the largest war memorials in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... The New London School explosion occurred on March 18, 1937, when a natural gas leak caused an explosion, destroying the New London School of the city of New London, Texas. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.purtonmagazine.co.uk/2006-04_apr.pdf
  2. ^ "buildings of outstanding or national architectural or historic interest"
  3. ^ The Cenotaph - Churches of St Peter and All Saints, Nottingham, England on-line magazine
  4. ^ Cenotaph Garden Marker

Further reading


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cenotaph - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1125 words)
It is identical to the Cenotaph in London.
Jaipur - Gaitore is a typical Cenotaph of the maharajas of Jaipur.
Bharatpur- the cenotaphs of the members of the Jat royal family of Bharatpur, who perished whilst fighting against the British in 1825, are erected in the town of Govardhan.
Counter-Attack: Lutyens' Cenotaph: Inscribing the FWW onto London's Political Landscape by Michele Fry (2718 words)
The word 'cenotaph' literally means 'empty tomb' in Greek, and Lutyens' design of it is based on the Greek principle of entasis, in which curved surfaces create the illusion of linearity.
As a monument to war, the Cenotaph goes beyond both politics and common architectural forms, to express existential truths which are frequently obscured by the aesthetic and rhetorical fog of war and war's aftermath.
The Cenotaph symbolised for many, all those who had died in the war, as a letter to The Times argued when a correspondent stated that the Cenotaph made him think of the lives of the young men killed during the war.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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