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Encyclopedia > Cenobium

The cenobitic tradition is a monastic tradition that stresses community life. Often the community belongs to a religious order and the life of the cenobitic monk is regulated by rules. The opposite, to live as a hermit, is called eremitic. Monastery of St. ... A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. ... A hermit (from the Greek erēmos, signifying desert, uninhabited, hence desert-dweller) is a person who lives to some greater or lesser degree in seclusion and/or isolation from society. ...


Cenobite and cenobitic are derived, via Latin from the Greek words κοινός and βίος (koinos and bios meaning "common" and "life"). The adjective is κοινοβιακόν in Greek. The group of monks is often referred to as a 'cenobium'. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ...


Cenobitic monasticism exists in various religions, though Buddhist and Christian cenobitic monasticism are the most prominent. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ...


Christian cenobitic monasticism started in Egypt. Originally, all Christian monks were hermits, and especially in the Middle East, this continued to be very common until the decline of Syrian Christianity in the Late Middle Ages. But not everybody is fit for solitary life, and numerous cases of hermits losing their emotional stability are reported. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Dante by Michelino The Late Middle Ages is a term used by historians to describe European history in the period of the 14th and 15th centuries (1300–1500 CE). ...


The need for some form of organized spiritual guidance was obvious, and around 320 Pachomius started to organize his many followers in what was to become the first Christian monastery. Soon the Egyptian desert abounded with similar institutions. This article is about the year 320 AD. For the aircraft, see Airbus A320. ... Pachomius, who died around AD 345 in Tabennisi, Egypt, was one of the founders of Christian monasticism. ...


The idea caught on, and other places followed:

  • St. Bruno of Carthusia, prompted by the spectre of the damnation of the Good Doctor of Paris Cenodoxus founded a monastery just outside of Paris in the 11th Century.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Monastery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1520 words)
There are higher levels to ascetic practice but the monks who practice these do not live in monasteries, but alone.
When monks live together, work together, and pray together, following the directions of the abbot and the elder monks, this is called a cenobium.
The idea behind this is when you put many men together, like rocks with sharp edges, their “sharpness” becomes worn away and they become smooth and polished.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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