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Encyclopedia > Cenacle

Cenacle is the traditional Latin term for the Upper Room, or the site of The Last Supper. This word is a derivative of the Latin word "cena," which means dinner. The Last Supper was the last meal Jesus shared with his apostles before his death. ...


It allegedly lies in the second floor of a building on Mount Zion, in Jerusalem, just outside the Dormition Church behind the Franciscan house on Sion, and south of the Zion Gate in the Old City walls. In the basement of the building is King David's Tomb. Mount Zion may refer to one of several places: Mount Zion, Illinois Mount Zion, Georgia Mount Zion, Wisconsin Mount Zion, Taiwan Mount Zion, Jamaica For the Biblical and historical use of the name, see Zion. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew:  , Yerushaláyim or Yerushalaim; Arabic:  , al-Quds (the Holy); official Arabic in Israel: أورشليم القدس, Urshalim-al-Quds (combining the Biblical and common usage Arabic names) is the capital and largest city[1] of the State of Israel with a population of 724,000 (as of May 24, 2006[2... The Dormition Church, situated on Mount Zion outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, facing the Zion Gate, was built between 1906 and 1910, after Sultan Hamid gave this plot of land to Kaiser Wilhelm II as a gift. ... Zion Gate The Zion Gate (Hebrew: Shaar Zion) is one of eight gates built into the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. ... Jerusalems Old City Walls encompass an area of barely 1 km². They were built in the 16th century (1535-1538) by the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Turks after they had been razed in 1219 by al-Muazzim. ... David and Goliath by Caravaggio, c. ...


History

In Christian tradition, this was the site where the apostles of Jesus received holy orders and became his first priests, and where they were praying when the Holy Spirit descended upon them on Pentecost. The building was spared during the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus (AD 70) and became the site of the first Christian church. It was later destroyed by Persian invaders and rebuilt by a monk called Modestus. During the Crusades, the building was razed to the ground by Muslims and replaced by the Crusaders with a basilica. Franciscan monks cared for the Cenacle from 1333 to 1552 when the Turks captured Jerusalem and banished all Christians. A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as Christ. ... Alternate meaning: See Apostle (Mormonism) The Christian Apostles were Jewish men chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth (as indicated by the Greek word απόστολος apostolos= messenger), by Jesus to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles, across the... Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE to 29–36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Pentecost or Pentecost Sunday (symbolically related to the Jewish festival of Shavuot) is a feast on the Christian liturgical calendar that commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and women followers of Jesus, fifty days (seven weeks) after Easter, and ten days after Ascension Thursday. ... Combatants Roman Empire Jews of Judea Commanders Titus Flavius Vespasianus Simon Bar-Giora Yohanan mi-Gush Halav (John of Gischala) Eleazar ben Simon Strength 70,000 men 13,000 men, split among three factions Casualties Unknown 60,000–1,100,000 (mass civilian casualties) The Siege of Jerusalem in the... For other uses, see Titus (disambiguation). ... Fourth-century inscription, representing Christ as the Good Shepherd. ...


After the Franciscan Friars' eviction, this room was transformed into a mosque, as evidenced by the mihrab in the direction of Mecca and an Arabic inscription prohibiting public prayer at the site. Christians were not allowed to return until the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Following a visit by Pope John Paul II, the Israeli government arranged for its ownership to be transferred to the Catholic Church in return for a church in Toledo, Spain which had originally been a synagogue. Mihrab (in Persian مهراب or محراب, in Arabic ألمحراب pl. ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah IPA: (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. ... The Arabic language ( ), or simply Arabic ( ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic and Aramaic. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), born   (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from October 16... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ...


Architecture

The Cenacle is divided by three pillars into three naves. The pillars and the arches, windows and other Gothic style architectural elements, a clear indication the room was built by the Crusaders in the early 13th century, on top of a much older structure. The older structure, according to the archaeological research, was the church-synagogue of the early Christian community of Jerusalem.haha Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... See also Gothic art. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


External links

  • "Church of the Apostles found on Mt. Zion" - article from the May/June 1990 issue of Biblical Archaeological Review
  • The Development of the Judeo-Christian Synagogue
  • How the Last Supper room looks in the art and reality - FotoTagger Annotated Galleries
  • Small photo gallery of the Cenacle (French)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cenacles @ Moviment Sacerdotali Marjan - Marian Movement of Priests (393 words)
Normally during a Cenacle we would expect to say 5 decades of the Rosary, to pray for the Holy Father, to reflect together on some passages of the Book and to renew our Act of Consecration in the long form.
It is possible to invite neighbours and friends to come in and be part of the Cenacle, although this is not necessary.
Please note that if the Cenacle is not just being held for the family, and you are inviting people then it is important that you get the Parish Priest's permission beforehand.
4 - The Holy Cenacle (2637 words)
From the beginning of the 15th Century the Jews began to circulate the rumor of the existence of a false tomb of David in a chapel of the Cenacle.
On March 18, 1523 he received an order for the expulsion of the friars from the convent of the Cenacle, an expulsion which was to be executed by the Governor (or Pasha) of Damascus.
The Sultan replied that the Cenacle had been converted into a mosque and thus, according to their law, it could not be restored.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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