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Encyclopedia > Celtic music in Canada
Celtic music
Brittany
Celtic Canada
Cornwall
Ireland
Man
Scotland
Northern Spain
Celtic US
Wales
Music of Canada
Maritime Provinces (NS, PE, NB)
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon
Prairie Provinces (AB, MB, SK)
First Nations (Inuit, Dene, Innu)
Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec
Genres: Celtic - Classical - Folk - Hip hop - Jazz - Pop - Rock
Timeline and Samples
Awards Junos, Félixes, Hall of Fame, ECMAs, WCMAs, CASBYs, CRMAs, CCMAs, MMVAs
Charts Jam!, Chart, Exclaim!
Festivals CMW, NXNE, Halifax Pop Explosion
Print media CM, CMN, Chart, Exclaim!, The Record, RPM
Music television Much, MMM, CMT Canada
National anthem "O Canada"

Celtic music is primarily associated with the folk traditions of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as well as the popular styles derived from folk culture. In addition, a number of other areas of the world are known for the use of Celtic styles and techniques, including much of the folk music of Canada's Maritimes, especially on Cape Breton Island and Newfoundland. Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Brittany is on the northwest coast of France and is a region unique in that country in its Celtic cultural derivation. ... Cornwall is a region in the southwest United Kingdom which has been historically Celtic, though Celtic-derived traditions had been moribund for some time before being revived during a late 20th century roots revival. ... The Isle of Man is a small island in between Great Britain and Ireland. ... Scotland is a Celtic-Germanic country, located to the north of England on the island of Great Britain. ... The Spanish regions of Galicia, Asturias and Cantabria are clustered together in the northern part of the country. ... Irish and Scottish music have long been a major part of American music, at least as far back as the 19th century. ... Wales is a part of the United Kingdom, but has had a long history as a culturally distinct Celtic country. ... Canadian music includes pop and folk genres; the latter includes forms derived from England, France (particularly in Quebec), Ireland, Scotland, and various Inuit and Indian ethnic groups. ... The Maritime Provinces of Canada are culturally marked by the strong influence of Scottish and Irish settlers. ... Nova Scotia is one of three Canadian Maritime Provinces. ... Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province. ... New Brunswick is a Canadian province. ... Newfoundland and Labrador is an Atlantic Canadian province with a folk musical heritage based on the English, Irish and Scottish traditions that were brought to its shores centuries ago. ... Nunavat is a province of Canada, inhabited mostly by Inuits and other members of the First Nations. ... The Northwest Territories are a territory of Canada. ... Prior to the 1896 Gold Rush, the area now known as Yukon Territory was sparsely populated by the Inuits. ... The city of Edmonton is the musical center of the Prairie Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta; it is sometimes called the Nashville of the North due to the predominance of country music there. ... The following are some musical figures associated with the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Manitoba has been well known for producing some of Canadas most famous music ever since the early 1960s. ... Saskatchewan is one of the Prairie Provinces of Canada. ... There are hundreds of tribes of Native Americans (called the First Nations in Canada), each with diverse musical practices, spread across the United States and Canada (excluding Hawaiian music). ... The Inuit live across the northern sections of Canada, especially in Yukon, Nunavat and Northwest Territories, as well as in Alaska and Greenland. ... The Dene live in northern Canada. ... The Innu are among the First Nations of Canada. ... Ontario is a Canadian province. ... Popular music Popular music in British Columbia is strongly associated with the city of Vancouver. ... Being a modern cosmopolitan society, today, all types of music can be found in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The term classical music in this article refers to the western or European classical music tradition. ... Canadian hip hop developed much more slowly than the rock music scene. ... Canada has been a source of rock and roll music for decades, beginning with rockabilly singer Jack Scott in the 1950s. ... The Juno Awards are awards of achievement presented to Canadian musical artists and bands; they could be considered the transnational counterpart to the United States Grammy Awards. ... The Félix Award is a music award, given on an annual basis to artists in Quebec. ... The Canadian Music Hall of Fame honors Canadian musicians for their lifetime achievements in music. ... The East Coast Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony based in Atlantic Canada for music appreciation on the East Coast of Canada. ... The CASBY Awards are a Canadian award for independent and alternative music, presented annually by Toronto radio station CFNY. The name CASBY stands for Canadian Artists Selected By You. ... Jam! is a Canadian website, which covers entertainment news. ... Chart is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Exclaim! (a/k/a !*@#) is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... North by Northeast (or NXNE) is an annual live music festival in Toronto, Ontario held each June. ... Featuring the very best in new and innovative music from Halifax, Canada and around the world, the Halifax Pop Explosion a small annual music festival that takes place every fall in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Founded in 1993, the Halifax Pop Explosion has actually been three different events that are... Chart is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Exclaim! (a/k/a !*@#) is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... MuchMusic (often called Much) is a 24-hour Canadian cable music and variety television channel based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which debuted on August 31, 1984 as one of the first Canadian cable specialty channels on the air. ... MuchMoreMusic is a Canadian cable music specialty television channel, owned by CHUM Limited. ... Country Music Television or often just refered to as CMT is a Canadian cable specialty television channel, which airs programming devoted to country music; in the form of music videos, award shows, concerts, and more. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is formally recognized by a countrys government as their states official national song. ... O Canada is the national anthem of Canada. ... Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... The Maritime Provinces of Canada are culturally marked by the strong influence of Scottish and Irish settlers. ... Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Mikmaq: Unamakika), almost always just Cape Breton, is a large island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Map of Newfoundland Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...

Contents


Newfoundland

Main article: Music of Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador is an Atlantic Canadian province with a folk musical heritage based on the English, Irish and Scottish traditions that were brought to its shores centuries ago. ...


There are very strong connections between Newfoundland folk music and Irish music, however elements of English folk music and French-Canadian music can be heard within the style. ...


It should be noted that a very traditional strain of Irish music exists in Newfoundland, especially in the primarily Irish-Catholic communities along the southern shore. An Irish band playing in the Hetzel Union Building, Penn State University Ireland is internationally known for its traditional music, which has remained vibrant throughout the 20th century, when many traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. ... Irish Catholics is a term used to describe Irish people or people of Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ...


The instrumentation in Newfoundland music includes the button accordion, guitar, violin, tin whistle and more recently the bodhrán. Many Newfoundland traditional bands also include bass guitar and drum kit. Other folk instruments such as the mandolin and bouzouki are common especially among Newfoundland bands with an Irish leaning. A button accordion An accordion is a musical instrument of the handheld bellows-driven free reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as squeezeboxes. ... A guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... The pitches of open strings on a violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart, the lowest being the G just below middle C. It is the smallest and highest-tuned member of the violin family of string instruments, which... Tin whistles in a variety of makes and keys The tin whistle, also called the whistle, pennywhistle, Irish whistle, or, anachronously, the flageolet, is a simple six-holed woodwind instrument. ... Bodhrán with tipper The bodhrán (IPA or ; plural bodhráin) is an Irish frame drum ranging in anywhere from 10 to 26 in diameter, with most drums measuring from 14 to 18. The sides of the drum are 3 1/2 to 8 deep. ... A Fender Jazz Bass Bass guitar (also called electric bass guitar, electric bass, or simply bass) refers to an electric bass or an electric/acoustic string instrument with a similar appearance to the guitar, but with a larger body, commonly four strings, longer scale neck and tuned an octave lower... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set - the latter an old-fashioned term) is a collection of drums, cymbals and other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a sole percussionist (drummer), usually for jazz, rock, or other types of contemporary music. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Greek (tetrachordo) Bouzouki The bouzouki (gr. ...


Because Newfoundland is an island in the North Atlantic, many of the songs focus on the fishery and seafaring. Many songs chronicle the history of this unique people. Instrumental tune styles include jigs, reels, two steps, and polkas. A lobster boat unloading its catch in Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... This article is in need of attention. ... This article is about the folk dance jig, for other meanings, see Jig (disambiguation). ... The reel is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type. ... Two-step may stand for: Dances Country/Western Two-step Nightclub Two Step (also called California Two-step) Progressive Double Two Cajun Two-step Zydeco Two-step Other dances with this name were danced in the 19th century in the USA under the music of John Philip Sousa marches (Washington... Polka (Not to be confused with Polska) is a type of dance and genre of dance music; it originated in the middle of the 19th century in Bohemia, and is still a common genre of Czech folk music; it is also common both in Europe and in the Americas. ...


Newfoundland musicians and musical groups

  • Fiddle players: Rufus Guinchard, Kelly Russell, Emile Benoit and Patrick Moran
  • Button accordion players: Minnie White and Harry Hibbs
  • Bodhran players: Fergus O'Byrne and Paddy Mackey
  • Popular Newfoundland traditional music group: Irish Descendants, Great Big Sea, The Punters, Shanneyganock, Connemara, and The Masterless Men
  • Irish music band in Newfoundland: Ryan's Fancy

Patrick Moran Patrick Moran Patrick Moran Patrick Moran, born June 7, 1975 in Pouch Cove, Newfoundland, is considered one of the best fiddle players in North America. ... Great Big Sea (often shortened to GBS) is a Canadian folk-rock freaking awesome band from Newfoundland and Labrador, who is best known for performing energetic rock interpretations of traditional Newfoundland folk songs, which draw from the Islands 500 year old Irish, English, and French heritage; however, the band... Patrick Moran and Larry Foley of The Punters. ... Connemara (Irish Conamara), which derives from Conmaicne Mara, (meaning: descendants of Conmhac, of the sea) is a district in the west of Ireland (County Galway). ... Fergus OByrne, Dermot OReilly and Denis Ryan of Ryans Fancy Ryan’s Fancy was a conglomeration of three Irish emigrants to Canada, that rose out of the folk music scene of the late 1960s. ...

Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island

Main article: Music of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia is one of three Canadian Maritime Provinces. ...


Cape Breton is internationally known for unusual styles of Cape Breton fiddling, which is derived from Scottish techniques. The island has produced traditional music-based popular performers like John Allen Cameron, The Rankin Family, Natalie MacMaster, Buddy MacMaster, The Barra MacNeils, Rita MacNeil, Ashley MacIsaac, Nathan MacDonald and others. Cape Breton fiddling is a lively regional violin style which falls within the Celtic Music idiom. ... Scotland is a Celtic-Germanic country, located to the north of England on the island of Great Britain. ... The Rankin Family is a Canadian folk music family group from Mabou, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. ... Natalie MacMaster (born 1973) is an award-winning fiddler from the town of Troy, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Hugh Alan Buddy MacMaster, CM , ONS , LL.D (born October 18, 1924) is one of the most renowned artists in the tradition of Cape Breton fiddle music. ... The Barra MacNeils are a Canadian musical group, consisting of siblings Sheumas, Kyle, Stewart, and Lucy MacNeil. ... Rita MacNeil (born May 28, 1944 in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian country and folk singer. ... Ashley MacIsaac, born February 24, 1975 in Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada, is a professional fiddler. ... Nathanial Nathan MacDonald is a singer/songwriter based in Ottawa, Canada. ...


Prince Edward Island

Main article: Music of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province. ...


Prince Edward Island has long been associated with traditional Celtic music. Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (The small under the protection of the great) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Area 5,660 km² (13th) • Land 5,660 km² • Water 0 km² (0%) Population (2004) â...


Quebec

Main article: Music of Quebec Being a modern cosmopolitan society, today, all types of music can be found in the Canadian province of Quebec. ...


There are strong ties between traditional Québécois music and the music of Brittany, Ireland, Scotland and the Maritimes. The songs generally draw more from the French tradition, whereas the dance tunes are more closely related to Celtic traditions. Fiddle and accordion are the most common lead instruments, while piano and guitar often provide accompaniment. More recently, swing has significantly influenced accompaniment styles and techniques. La Bottine Souriante is one of the most well-recognized groups which exemplifies this tradition. In Canadian English, a Québécois (IPA: ) is a native or resident of the province of Quebec, Canada, especially a French-speaking one. ... Traditional coat of arms This article is about the historical duchy and French province, as well as the cultural area of Brittany. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The Maritime Provinces, or simply the Maritimes, constitute a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a fifth apart. ... A button accordion An accordion is a musical instrument of the handheld bellows-driven free reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as squeezeboxes. ... A grand piano A piano is a keyboard instrument, widely used in western music for solo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment, and also as a convenient aid to composing and rehearsal. ... A guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... The term Swing has several meanings: Swing (dance), a kind of dance, including West Coast Swing and East Coast Swing. ... La Bottine Souriante is a folk band from Quebec specialising in traditional Quebecois music, often with a modern twist. ...


Pan-Canadian Celtic Music

There are also bands that are formed out of a fusion of a few of these other traditions. The Cape Breton, Newfoundland, Irish and Scottish traditions are present in the music of Celtae. Lahey is a blend the sounds of Cape Breton and Ontario. Celtae are a Canadian Celtic music band based out of Ottawa, Ontario. ...


Popular music

A number of popular Canadian rock bands are also influenced by Celtic folk traditions. The most important and influential such band was Spirit of the West, whose musical marriage of traditional Scottish and Irish jigs and reels with hard rock and Britpop influences paved the way for later bands such as Great Big Sea, Captain Tractor, Mackeel, Kilt, Celtae, The Mahones, Jimmy George and The Clumsy Lovers. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Spirit of the West are a Canadian folk rock band, who were popular on the Canadian folk music scene in the 1980s before evolving a blend of hard rock, pop and Celtic folk influences which made them one of Canadas most successful alternative rock acts in the 1990s. ... The jig (sometimes seen in its French language or Italian language forms gigue or giga) is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type, popular in Ireland and Scotland. ... The reel is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type. ... Hard rock is a form of rock and roll music which finds its closest roots in early 1960s garage rock. ... Britpop was a British alternative rock movement from the mid 1990s, characterised by the appearance of bands who were influenced by British guitar pop music of the 1960s and 1970s. ... Great Big Sea (often shortened to GBS) is a Canadian folk-rock freaking awesome band from Newfoundland and Labrador, who is best known for performing energetic rock interpretations of traditional Newfoundland folk songs, which draw from the Islands 500 year old Irish, English, and French heritage; however, the band... Captain Tractor is a Canadian folk rock band, based in Edmonton, Alberta. ... The kilt is seen as an item of traditional Scottish Highland dress, although the origin of that tradition is more recent than is commonly believed. ... Celtae are a Canadian Celtic music band based out of Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Mahones were a jazz group of the early 1960s. ...


The Rankin Family served much the same role in pop music, influencing later bands such as Leahy. For the 1979 song by M, see Pop Muzik. ... Leahy is the name of a Canadian folk music group. ...


See also

  • Scottish-Canadian
  • Scots-Quebecer

 
 

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