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Encyclopedia > Celt (tool)

Celt (pron. /selt/) is an archaeological term formally used to describe long thin prehistoric stone or bronze adzes and other axe-like tools and hoes. Its use came about from a misreading of Job 19:24 in the Sixto-Clementine edition of the Latin Vulgate Bible where the certe in Stylo ferreo, et plumbi lamina, vel certe sculpantur in silice was read as celte. A 'Celte' was wrongly assumed to be a type of ancient chisel when in fact is was a mistranslation of "indeed." During the late 11th century, the word appeared with this interpretation in scholarly medieval Latin. Eighteenth century antiquarians then adopted the word for the stone and bronze tools they were finding at prehistoric sites. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... Assorted ancient bronze castings found as part of a cache, probably intended for recycling. ... Adze The tool known as the adze [pronounced adds] serves for smoothing rough-cut wood in hand woodworking. ... The axe (or ax) is an ancient and ubiquitous tool that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood, harvest timber, as a weapon and a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. ... Look up Hoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Hoe may mean: Hoe (tool) Hoe (dish) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. ... Steel woodworking chisel. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Medieval Latin refers to the Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church. ... An antiquarian or antiquary is one concerned with antiquities or things of the past. ... Ancient stone tools A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made of stone. ...

By the beginning of the twentieth century, the term had largely been abandoned by embarrassed archaeologists, who were also beginning to classify the tools into more precise sub-groups. However, its use remains fossilised in a few specific artefact types such as the Danubian and Shoe-last celt. I archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological endeavor. ... This is an article about the Danubian Neolithic culture For the River Danube go to Danube River The term Danubian culture was coined by the Australian archaeologist Vere Gordon Childe for the first agrarian society in central and eastern Europe. ... Categories: Stub ...




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