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Encyclopedia > Cedrela
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Cedrela
Cedrela odorata foliage
Cedrela odorata foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Cedrela
Species
See text.

Cedrela is a genus of seven species in the mahogany family Meliaceae. They are evergreen or dry-season deciduous trees with pinnate leaves, native to the tropical and subtropical New World, from southern Mexico south to northern Argentina. West Indian Cedar (Cedrela odorata). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Sapindales is an order of flowering plants included among the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Genera See text The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. ... Genera See text The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... The coniferous Sequoia, the tallest tree species on earth A tree is defined as a perennial, woody plant. ... In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ...


Species

Cedrela odorata is the commonest species in the genus, widespread in seasonally dry tropical and subtropical forests; it is deciduous in the dry season which may last several months. C. lilloi and C. montana occur at higher altitudes in moister conditions, and are evergreen or only briefly deciduous. The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Commonly, Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ...


These additional names have been published, but are not now accepted as distinct taxa (see Pennington & Styles 1981): C. angustifolia, C. balansae, C. barbata, C. boliviana, C. brunelliodes, C. ciliolata, C. discolor, C. febrifuga, C. guanensis, C. mexicana, C. oaxacensis, C. occidentalis, C. pacayana, C. paraguariensis, C. rosei, C. rotunda, C. saxatilis, C. sintenisii, C. steinbachii, C. velutina.


Some authors take a wider view of the genus, and include the related Asian - Australasian genus Toona in Cedrela. Geographically and technically, both Asian and Asiatic indicates a person, place, thing, or idea original to Asia. ... Australasia is the area that includes Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and the many smaller islands in the vicinity, most of which are the eastern part of Indonesia. ... species (Toona australis - Australian Redcedar, usually included in ) Toona calantas - kalantas Toona ciliata - toon, suren Toona sinensis - timber is known as suren, sometimes grown as an ornamental without an accepted common name. ...


Uses

Cedrela tubiflora
Cedrela tubiflora

Cedrela odorata is a very important timber tree, producing a lightweight fragrant wood with very good resistance to termites and other wood-boring insects, and also rot-resistant outdoors. The wood is often sold under the name "Spanish-cedar" (like many trade names, confusing as it is neither Spanish nor a cedar), and is the traditional wood used for making cigar boxes, as well as being used for general outdoor and construction work, panelling and veneer wood. Note that it is now CITES -listed. It is also grown as an ornamental tree, and has become naturalised in some areas in Africa, southeast Asia and Hawaii. The other species have similar wood, but are less-used due to scarcity. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1561x1537, 258 KB) Summary Cedrela tubiflora Bertoni (synonym Cedrela fissilis Vell. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1561x1537, 258 KB) Summary Cedrela tubiflora Bertoni (synonym Cedrela fissilis Vell. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ... Families Mastotermitidae Kalotermitidae Termopsidae Hodotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Serritermitidae Termitidae A termite (also known as a white ant) is any member of the order Isoptera, a group of social insects that eat wood and other cellulose-rich vegetable matter. ... Four cigars of different brands (from top: H. Upmann, Montecristo, Macanudo, Romeo y Julieta) An airtight cigar storage tube and a guillotine-style cutter A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco, one end of which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ... See also: Asian and Eurasian World map showing Asia. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 28,337 km² n/a km 2,450 km 41. ...


References

  • Pennington, T. D., and Styles, B. T., eds. 1981. Flora Neotropica vol. 28. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
  • Smith, C. E., Jr. 1960. A revision of Cedrela (Meliaceae). Fieldiana 29: 295–341.

External link

  • US Silvics Manual - Cedrela odorata
  • Cedrela odorata at the IUCN
  • Cites database entrance
  • http://www.cites.org/eng/com/PC/11/E-PC11-14-05.pdf

  Results from FactBites:
 
GENETIC RESOURCES OF SWIETENIA AND CEDRELA IN THE NEOTROPICS: Proposals for Coordinated Action (1302 words)
In Brazil, Cedrela fissilis was studied by Crestana (Kageyama, 1996) who found that only trips visited the flowers of this species; in Mexico, Parraguirre and Calix (1996) report the presence of trips visiting the flowers of S.
Figueroa (1994) indicates that in the forests of the Petén on alluvial and limestone mother rock, the presence of Swietenia macrophylla was 2.25, 2.34 and 2.30 individuals per hectare.
Cedrela odorata presents a lesser number of individuals per hectare than Swietenia macrophylla: in Quintana Roo, Mexico average is 0.65 trees per hectare when considering individuals of 15 cm and up to greater than 85 cm in diameter, while for trees between 45 and 65 cm in diameter, only 0.175 trees per hectare are found.
International Conference "Tree Rings and People" (364 words)
The dendroecological studies on Swietenia macrophylla King and Cedrela odorata L. were initiated by the need for further knowledge on the relationship of exogenous input and the tree growth of these high quality timber species of the Amazon, which are already strongly exploited in primary forests.
An annual growth pattern marked by a fibre band and a subsequent formation of large sized vessels embedded in paratracheal parenchyma was found in the xylem of Cedrela.
The annual formation of increment zones in Swietenia and Cedrela was induced by the seasonal variation of the water supply of the study sites.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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