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Encyclopedia > Cecilian Movement
The young Lorenzo Perosi (photo-postcard late 1890s).
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The young Lorenzo Perosi (photo-postcard late 1890s).
The Rev. Dr. Franz Xaver Haberl (1840–1910).
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The Rev. Dr. Franz Xaver Haberl (18401910).
Giovanni Tebaldini.
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Giovanni Tebaldini.

The Cecilian Movement of church reform was centered in Italy but received great impetus from Regensburg, Germany, where Franz Xaver Haberl had a world-renowned Kirchenmusicschule. (Haberl was also the Regensberg Domkappellmeister, where he directed a choir highly skilled in polyphony and chant.) The Cecilian Movement was a reaction to the roughly hundred years (c.1800 to c.1900) when Gregorian Chant all but vanished from Catholic Masses. In many serious church musicians there was a deep-seated desire to revive Chant as well as the Renaissance polyphony of Palestrina, Lassus, Victoria, Anerio, et al., and to rid Masses of the more entertaining, operatic style of music. Before Lorenzo Perosi, it may be said that Giovanni Tebaldini, Perosi's predecessor at the Basilica of San Marco in Venice was one of the leaders of this movement named for St. Cecilia, patroness of music. But by Tebaldini's own admission, it was Perosi who brought these hopes to fruition -- albeit with the backing of the future Pope Pius X and his Motu Proprio of 1903. The influence of Perosi, as well as Pius, was so strong that not only did chant and polyphony re-enter the Catholic repertory, but Perosi's works -- from the 1890s until World War I and beyond -- were by far the most widely performed contemporary works in the Roman Catholic Church. (Vide Lorenzo Perosi.) DON LORENZO PEROSI A Brief Biography by Leonardo Ciampa Monsignor Lorenzo Perosi was without question the most important composer of sacred music during the turn of the last century, and one of the greatest Catholic composers of all time. ... Franz Xaver Haberl (Oberellenbach, Lower Bavaria 12 April 1840 – Ratisbon 5 September 1910) was a German musicologist, friend of Liszt and Singenberger, cleric, and student of Proske. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 129,175 in 2005) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Franz Xaver Haberl (Oberellenbach, Lower Bavaria 12 April 1840 – Ratisbon 5 September 1910) was a German musicologist, friend of Liszt and Singenberger, cleric, and student of Proske. ... Gregorian chant is also known as plainchant or plainsong and is a form of monophonic, unaccompanied singing, which was developed in the Catholic Church, mainly during the period 800-1000. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... Palestrina (ancient Praeneste) was and is a very ancient city of Latium (modern Lazio) 23 miles (37 km) east of Rome, and was reached by the Via Praenestina (see below). ... Orlande de Lassus, a. ... Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548 – August 20, 1611) was a gifted Spanish composer of the late Renaissance. ... The brothers Anerio were two notable composers of Italy: Felice Anerio (1560-1614) Giovanni Francesco Anerio (c. ... DON LORENZO PEROSI A Brief Biography by Leonardo Ciampa Monsignor Lorenzo Perosi was without question the most important composer of sacred music during the turn of the last century, and one of the greatest Catholic composers of all time. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) is the capital of the region of Veneto and the province of the same name in Italy. ... Saint Cecilia Saint Cecilia in the Catholic Church the patron saint of music and of the blind. ... Pope Saint Pius X ( Latin: ) (June 2, 1835 — August 20, 1914), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, was Pope from 1903 to 1914, succeeding Pope Leo XIII (1878–1903). ... DON LORENZO PEROSI A Brief Biography by Leonardo Ciampa Monsignor Lorenzo Perosi was without question the most important composer of sacred music during the turn of the last century, and one of the greatest Catholic composers of all time. ...


 
 

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