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Encyclopedia > Cecil Taylor
Cecil Taylor
Background information
Birth name Cecil Percival Taylor
Born March 15, 1929
Origin New York City
Genre(s) Avant-garde jazz
Occupation(s) bandleader, composer
Instrument(s) piano
Years active 1956 – present
Label(s) Transition
Blue Note
Freedom
Hat Hut
Associated
acts
Cecil Taylor Unit
Former members
Steve Lacy, Jimmy Lyons, Archie Shepp, Albert Ayler, Buell Neidlinger, Alan Silva, William Parker,Sunny Murray, Andrew Cyrille, Tony Oxley

Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. Along with Ornette Coleman, he is now generally acknowledged to be one of the innovators sources of free jazz. March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... A music genre is a category (or genre) of pieces of music that share a certain style or basic musical language (van der Merwe 1989, p. ... Avant-jazz (also known as avant-garde jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of avant-garde art music composition with elements of traditional jazz. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In jazz and blues notes added to the major scale for expressive quality, loosely defined by musicians to be an alteration to a scale or chord that makes it sound like the blues. ... Steve Lacy (July 23, 1934 – June 4, 2004), born Steven Norman Lackritz in New York, was an innovative jazz soprano saxophonist. ... Jimmy Lyons (December 1, 1931 - May 19, 1986) was an alto saxophone player. ... Archie Shepp on the cover of his album Tomorrow Will Be Another Day Archie Shepp is an American jazz saxophonist. ... Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936–November 1970) was an American jazz saxophonist, singer and composer. ... Buell Neidlinger (born March 2, 1936) is a cellist and double bassist. ... Alan Silva (born Alan Treadwell Silva, Bermuda, January 22, 1939) is an American free jazz double bassist and keyboard player. ... This article is about the jazz bassist. ... Sunny Murray is one of the pioneers of the free jazz style of drumming. ... Andrew Charles Cyrille (born November 10, 1939) is a jazz drummer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Pianist Claudio Arrau, Carnegie Hall, 1954. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 19, 1930) is an American saxophonist and composer. ... Free jazz is a movement of jazz music characterized by diminished dependence on formal constraints. ...

Contents

Career

Taylor's first recording Jazz Advance was released in 1956, and is described by Cook & Morton in the Penguin Guide to Jazz: "While there are still many nods to conventional post-bop form in this set, it already points to the freedoms which the pianist would later immerse himself in". 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Taylor is known for being an extremely energetic, physical yet subtle player, producing exceedingly complex improvised sounds, frequently involving tone clusters and intricate polyrhythms. At first listen, his dense and percussive music can be difficult to absorb, often described as if playing "88 tuned drums." He learned piano at six and went on to study at New York College of Music and the prestigious New England Conservatory. After first steps in R&B and swing-styled small groups in the early 1950s, he formed his own band with soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy in 1956. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, it was often difficult to find work,[1] despite landmark recordings such as Unit Structures, Nefertiti the Beautiful One Has Come, and a pairing with John Coltrane (Coltrane Time/Hard Drivin' Jazz). A tone cluster, in music and in Western tuning, is a chord or simultaneity comprised of consecutive tones separated chromatically. ... Polyrhythm is the simultaneous sounding of two or more independent rhythms. ... The Greater Boston Youth Symphony Orchestra performing in Jordan Hall, New England Conservatory of Music. ... Rhythm and blues (aka R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... Steve Lacy (July 23, 1934 – June 4, 2004), born Steven Norman Lackritz in New York, was an innovative jazz soprano saxophonist. ... John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967), nicknamed Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ...


Taylor played and recorded predominantly with alto saxophonist Jimmy Lyons from 1961 until Lyons's death in 1986, along with drummers Sunny Murray and later Andrew Cyrille. Within that group, known as "The Unit", the musicians developed often volcanic new forms of conversational interplay. Jimmy Lyons (December 1, 1931 - May 19, 1986) was an alto saxophone player. ... Sunny Murray is one of the pioneers of the free jazz style of drumming. ... Andrew Charles Cyrille (born November 10, 1939) is a jazz drummer. ...


From the early 1970s onwards, Taylor began to perform solo concerts, some of which were released as the Indent and Silent Tongues albums. He began to garner critical, if not popular, acclaim, playing for Jimmy Carter on the White House Lawn, lecturing as an in-residence artist at universities, and eventually being awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1973 and then a MacArthur Fellowship in 1991. James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... The MacArthur Fellows Program or MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the genius grant) is an award given by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation each year to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the US, of any age and working in any field, who show exceptional merit...


Following Lyons's death, Taylor has played in a variety of settings ranging from solo (e.g. For Olim, Garden, Erzulie Maketh Scent, The Tree of Life, and In Willisau), the "Feel Trio" formed in the early 1990s with William Parker (bass) and Tony Oxley (drums) (Celebrated Blazons, Looking (The Feel Trio), and the 10-CD set 2 T's for a Lovely T) as well as larger ensembles and big-band projects. His extended residence in Berlin in 1988 was extensively documented by the German label FMP, resulting in a massive boxed set of performances in duet and trio with a who's who of European free improvisors, including Oxley, Derek Bailey, Evan Parker, Han Bennink, Tristan Honsinger, Louis Moholo, Paul Lovens, and others. Most of his recordings for the past several decades have been put out on European labels, with the exception of the unexpected release of Momentum Space (a meeting with Dewey Redman and Elvin Jones) on Verve/Gitanes. The classical label Bridge recently released his 1998 Library of Congress performance Algonquin, a duet with violinist Mat Maneri. Few recordings from 2000 have yet been published, though Taylor, now in his seventies, continues to captivate audiences around the world with live concerts, usually played on his favored instrument, the Bösendorfer piano that features 9 extra lower register keys. A documentary spotlighting the enigmatic musician, All the Notes, was released on DVD in 2006 by director Chris Felver. This article is about the jazz bassist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Derek Bailey pictured at the Vortex Club, Stoke Newington, 1991. ... Evan Shaw Parker (born 5 April 1944 in Bristol) is a British free-improvising saxophone player from the European free jazz scene. ... Han Bennink (born April 17, 1942) is a Dutch jazz drummer, clarinetist and percussionist. ... Tristan Honsinger is a cello player active in free jazz and free improvisation. ... Louis Tebugo Moholo, born in Cape Town on 10 March 1940, is a South African jazz drummer. ... Paul Lovens was born in Aachen, Germany, 6 June 1949. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Elvin Jones Elvin Ray Jones (September 9, 1927 – May 18, 2004) was a jazz drummer. ... Mat Maneri (born 1969) is an American jazz violin and viola player. ... Bösendorfer (L. Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH) is a piano manufacturer, a wholly owned subsidiary of the BAWAG PSK Gruppe, and is based in Vienna, Austria. ...


In addition to piano, Taylor has always been interested in ballet and dance. His mother, who died while he was still young, was a dancer and also played the piano and violin. Taylor once said: "I try to imitate on the piano the leaps in space a dancer makes". He collaborated with dancer Dianne McIntyre in 1977 and 1979. In 1979 he also composed and played the music for a twelve-minute ballet "Tetra Stomp: Eatin' Rain in Space", featuring Mikhail Baryshnikov and Heather Watts. 209. ... Heather Watts (born in Long Beach, California, in 1953) is a retired American prima ballerina and former principal dancer for the New York City Ballet. ...


Taylor is also an accomplished poet, citing Robert Duncan, Charles Olson and Amiri Baraka as a major influence.[2] He often integrates his poems into his musical performances, and they frequently appear in the liner notes of his albums. The CD Chinampas, released by Leo Records in 1987, is a recording of Taylor reciting several of his poems unaccompanied. A poet is someone who writes poetry. ... Robert Duncan (January 7, 1919 – February 3, 1988), was an American poet associated with the Black Mountain poets and the beat generation. ... Charles Olson (27 December 1910 – 10 January 1970) was an important 2nd generation American modernist poet who was a crucial link between earlier figures like Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams and the New American poets, a rubric which includes the New York School, the Black Mountain School, the Beat... Amiri Baraka Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones on October 7, 1934, in Newark, New Jersey) is a American writer of poetry, drama, essays, and music criticism. ...


Selected discography

  • Jazz Advance, 1956
  • The Cecil Taylor Quartet at Newport, 1957
  • Looking Ahead!, 1958
  • Coltrane Time (identical with Hard Driving Jazz), 1958
  • Love for Sale, 1959
  • The World of Cecil Taylor, 1960
  • Air, 1961
  • Jumpin' Punkins, 1961
  • New York City R&B (with Buell Neidlinger), 1961
  • Cell Walk for Celeste, 1961
  • Mixed, 1961
  • Nefertiti the Beautiful One Has Come, 1962
  • Unit Structures, 1966
  • Conquistador!, 1966
  • Great Paris Concert, vol 1 & 2 (identical with Student Studies), 1966
  • Praxis, 1968
  • Communications, 1968 with Mike Mantler & Carla Bley's "JCOA: Jazz Composer's OrchestrA" (featuring Don Cherry, Pharoah Sanders, Larry Coryell and Gato Barbieri.)
  • The Great Concert (identical with Nuits de la Fondation Maeght), 1969
  • Indent, 1973
  • Akisakila, 1973
  • Solo, 1973
  • Spring of Two Blue J's, 1973
  • Silent Tongues, 1974
  • Dark to Themselves, 1976
  • Air Above Mountains (Buildings Within), 1976
  • Nachricht vom Lande, 1976
  • Cecil Taylor & Mary Lou Williams: Embraced, 1977
  • Cecil Taylor Unit, 1978
  • 3 Phasis, 1978
  • Live in the Black Forest, 1978
  • One Two Many Salty Swift and Not Goodbye, 1978
  • Tony Williams: Joy of Flying, 1978
  • Cecil Taylor and Max Roach: Historic Concerts, 1979
  • Fly! Fly! Fly!, 1980
  • Is it the Brewing Luminous, 1980
  • Calling it the 8th, 1981
  • Garden, 1981
  • Winged Serpent, 1984
  • Cecil Taylor Segments II/ Orchestra of two Continents, 1984
  • For Olim, 1986
  • Olu Iwa, 1986
  • Iwnontonwusi - Live at Sweet Basil, 1986
  • Live in Bologna, 1987
  • Live in Vienna, 1987
  • Chinampas, 1987
  • Tzotzil Mummers Tzotzil, 1987
  • Erzulie Maketh Scent, 1988
  • Pleistozaen mit Wasser, 1988
  • Riobec - Cecil Taylor & Günter Sommer, 1988
  • Leaf Palm Hand, 1988
  • Spots, Circles, and Fantasy, 1988
  • Regalia - Cecil Taylor & Paul Lovens, 1988
  • Remembrance, 1988
  • The Hearth, 1988
  • Riobec, 1988
  • Legba Crossing, 1988
  • Alms / Tiergarten (Spree), 1988
  • In East Berlin, 1988
  • In Florescence, 1989
  • Looking (Berlin Version) solo, 1989
  • Looking (Berlin Version) Corona, 1989
  • Looking (The Feel Trio), 1989
  • Celebrated Blazons, 1990
  • Doubly Holy House, 1990
  • Melancholy - Cecil Taylor, Harri Sjöström, Evan Parker, Barry Guy, Wolfgang Fuchs
  • Nailed, 1990
  • The Tree of Life, 1991
  • Always a Pleasure - Cecil Taylor, Harri Sjöström, Tristan Honsinger 1993
  • The Light of Corona- Cecil Taylor, Harri Sjöström 1996
  • Almeda- Cecil Taylor, Harri Sjöström 1996
  • Qu'a: Live at the Iridium, vol. 1 & 2 - Cecil Taylor, Harri Sjöström 1998
  • Algonquin, 1998
  • Incarnation, 1999
  • The Willisau Concert, 2000

Buell Neidlinger (born March 2, 1936) is a cellist and double bassist. ... Nefertiti, the Beautiful One Has Come is a 1962 album by the Cecil Taylor Unit, recorded live at Cafe Montmartre in Copenhagen, Denmark. ... Unit Structures is a 1966 album by Cecil Taylor. ... Conquistador! is a 1966 album by Cecil Taylor. ... Don Cherry is the name of more than one notable person. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... Larry Coryell Larry Coryell (April 2, 1943-) is an American jazz guitarist. ... Leandro Barbieri (born on November 28, 1934 in Rosario, Santa Fe Province) better known as El Gato Barbieri (Spanish for Barbieri the Cat) is an Argentine jazz tenor saxophonist and composer who rose to fame during the free jazz movement in the 1960s and from his latin jazz recordings in... Mary Lou Williams (May 8, 1910 – May 28, 1981) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger. ... Tony Williams (December 12, 1945 – February 23, 1997) was an American jazz drummer. ... Jazz in 3/4 time cover released in 1957 on EmArcy Maxwell Lemuel Roach (born January 10 (according to the official records, though his family claims January 8), 1924)to parents Alphonse and Cressie Roach. ... Günter Baby Sommer (1943 Dresden) is a German jazz drummer. ... Paul Lovens was born in Aachen, Germany, 6 June 1949. ... Harri Sjöström (born February 29, 1952 in Turku, Finland) is a soprano-saxaphone player. ... Harri Sjöström (born February 29, 1952 in Turku, Finland) is a soprano-saxaphone player. ... Harri Sjöström (born February 29, 1952 in Turku, Finland) is a soprano-saxaphone player. ... Harri Sjöström (born February 29, 1952 in Turku, Finland) is a soprano-saxaphone player. ... Harri Sjöström (born February 29, 1952 in Turku, Finland) is a soprano-saxaphone player. ...

References

  1. ^ Spellman, A. B. (1985 originally 1966). Four Lives in the Bebop Business. Limelight. ISBN 0-87910-042-7.
  2. ^ Interview

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Cecil Taylor

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Interviews and discussions


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cecil Taylor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (755 words)
Cecil Percival Taylor (born in New York City March 15, 1930) is an American pianist and poet now generally acknowledged to be one of the great innovative sources of free jazz (along with the better known Ornette Coleman).
Taylor is known for being an extremely energetic, physical yet subtle player, producing exceedingly complex improvised sounds, frequently involving tone clusters and intricate polyrhythms.
Taylor played and recorded heavily with alto saxophonist Jimmy Lyons from 1961 until Lyons' death in 1986, along with drummers Sunny Murray and then Andrew Cyrille.
U B U W E B :: Fred Moten on Cecil Taylor (5898 words)
In reading, Cecil's performance-the prefatory dance, the gestures at the instrument that produce/emit sound-along with his sound-independent, though it is, of the reduction of the word to verbal assertion -are too easily subordinated to the visual/spatial and the pervasive ocularcentrism, structured around a set of obsolete temporal, ethical, and aesthetic determinations, which ground it.
Cecil's is a voice in the interruption of race and nation, just as it is a voice in the interruption of the sentence and, indeed, in the interruption of the word itself.
Cecil's concern with precisely these registers is certainly a constitutive feature of his improvisation through the determinations of the dominant understanding of that synthesis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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