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Encyclopedia > Cebu
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Cebu
Region: Central Visayas (Region VII)
Capital: Cebu City
Founded: April 7, 1521 and April 27, 1565
Population:
2000 census—3,356,137 (largest)
Density—660 per km² (6th highest)
Area: 5,088.4 km² (19th largest)
Languages: Cebuano
Governor: Gwendolyn Garcia (2007-2010)

Cebu is one of the provinces of the Philippines. It lies to the east of Negros Island; to the west is Leyte and to the southeast is Bohol province. It is flanked on both sides by the straits of Bohol (between Cebu and Bohol) and Tañon (between Cebu and Negros). Cebu is located between 9°25'N and 11°15'N latitude and between 123°13'E and 124°5'E longitude in the center of the archipelago. Cebu may refer to: Cebu, one of the provinces of the Philippines Cebu City Cebu Island Metro Cebu or Cebu Metropolitan Area, the metropolitan area of Cebu. ... Provincial seal of Cebu, Philippines This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Map of the Philippines showing the... Central Visayas, one of the regions of the Philippines, is designated as Region VII. It is part of the Visayas. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Cebuano, also known as Sinugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). ... Gwendolyn Garcia (Born on October 12, 1955-) often known as Gwen is the Governor of the Philippine province of Cebu. ... Image File history File links Ph_locator_map_cebu. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the location of Negros. ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bohol Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Tagbilaran City Founded: March 25, 1565 Population: 2000 census—1,137,268 (18th largest) Density—276 per km² (25th highest) Area: 4,117. ...


Cebu Island is a long narrow island stretching 225 km (140 mi) from north to south, surrounded by 167 neighboring smaller islands, that includes Mactan Island, Bantayan, Malapascua, Olango and the Camotes Islands. Of the hundreds of small islands some are uninhabited which make them the targets of adventure-seeking tourists. Cebu is an island of the Philippines. ... Marcelo Fernan Bridge The image above is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Bantayan Island is an island in the Philippines located at the western portion of the northern tip of Cebu. ... Malapascua Island is situated in Daanbantayan, Cebu. ... Camotes Islands consist of four islands, Pacijan Island, Poro Island, Ponson Island and a tiny Tulang Island. ...


Cebu is known for its narrow coastlines, limestone plateaus, and coastal plains, all characteristics of a typical tropical island. Cebu also has predominant rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges traversing the northern and southern lengths of the island. Cebu's steep mountains reach over 1,000 meters. Flat tracts of land can be found in towns of Bogo, San Remigio, Medellin, and Daanbantayan at the northern tip of the province. Bogo is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Remigio is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Medellin is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Daanbantayan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...


Its capital is Cebu City, the oldest city in the country, which forms part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area together with 6 neighboring cities Carcar City, Danao City, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City, Naga City and Talisay City and 6 other municipalities. Cebu is served by Mactan-Cebu International Airport in Mactan Island, thirty minutes drive from downtown Cebu City. Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... The Cebu Metropolitan Area or Metro Cebu is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ... Carcar (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Carcar, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Carcar) is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Danao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Lapu-Lapu City is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Seal of the Municipality of Naga The City of Naga (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Naga; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Naga) is a component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Talisay City is the name of two cities in the Philippines: Talisay City, Cebu Talisay City, Negros Occidental This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ... Marcelo Fernan Bridge The image above is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas...


Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the country and the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the central and southern parts of the archipelago. It has five-star hotels, casinos, white sand beaches, world-class golf courses, convention centers, and shopping malls. The UK-based Condenast Travellers Magazine named Cebu the 8th best Asian-Pacific island destination in 2005, and 7th in 2004.

Contents

People and culture

The native people of Cebu are called Cebuanos. Most are descendants from Austronesian people, some have Spanish and Chinese ancestry. Spanish and Chinese communities play an important economic and political role in Cebu. Cebuano culture is laid back and has preserved Hispanic traditions in its culture. The Philippines being under American rule for the early part of the 20th century, American culture is pervasive in certain areas of life, with English being retained as the medium of instruction of most subjects in private schools and, to a lesser extent, in public ones. American culture also influenced contemporary music, the fastfood industry, etc. As with other countries, foreign nationals have inter-married with the locals, with some of these nationalities being American, Japanese, Western European (British, German, etc.) Australian, and other East Asians. The Austronesian people are a population group in Oceania and Southeast Asia who speak or had ancestors who spoke one of the Austronesian languages. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... The Hispanic world The term Hispanic culture pertains to cultures found in Spain and to the cultures of any country that was colonized by the early Spanish conquistadors. ...


Literature

Main article: Cebuano literature

Cebuano literature refers to the literary works written in Cebuano, a language widely spoken in the Philippines. ...

Languages

Cebuano is the indigenous language of Cebu. It is also spoken in most parts of Central and Southern Philippine Islands, including Bohol, western Leyte, Negros Oriental, the northern and eastern coasts of Mindanao, and parts of Bukidnon, Agusan, Surigao, Davao, Cotabato, and Zamboanga del Sur. Differences exist but in many of these places the variations are slight.[1] There are more than 20 million speakers of Cebuano. [1] Cebuanos are conversant in Tagalog, as well as other Visayan languages such Hiligaynon and Waray-Waray. Cebuano, also known as Sinugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bohol Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Tagbilaran City Founded: March 25, 1565 Population: 2000 census—1,137,268 (18th largest) Density—276 per km² (25th highest) Area: 4,117. ... This article is about the island. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Negros Oriental Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Dumaguete City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,126,061 (20th largest) Density—208 per km² (41st highest) Area: 5,402. ... Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Agusan is the name of two provinces in the Philippines: Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Surigao is the name of two provinces in the Philippines: Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur It can also refer to: Surigao City - the capital of Surigao del Norte This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Davao refers to several places in Mindanao in the Philippines. ... Cotabato, formerly North Cotabato, is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. ... Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Visayan languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine language family. ... Hiligaynon language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Hiligaynon (or Ilonggo) is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. ... Wáray-Wáray (commonly spelled as Waray-Waray; also referred to as Winaray or L(in) eyte-Samarnon) is a language spoken in the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Leyte (eastern portion), and Biliran in the Philippines. ...


In the Camotes Islands, a language related to Waray-Waray called Porohanon is spoken. What distinguishes it from Cebuano is that what is normally "y" in Cebuano is "z" in Porohanon. So in Camotes, maazo kaazo (very good) is said instead of maayo kaayo Camotes Islands consist of four islands, Pacijan Island, Poro Island, Ponson Island and a tiny Tulang Island. ... Wáray-Wáray (commonly spelled as Waray-Waray; also referred to as Winaray or L(in) eyte-Samarnon) is a language spoken in the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Leyte (eastern portion), and Biliran in the Philippines. ...


In Bantayan Island, Bantayan Visayan is spoken. It is closer to Hiligaynon than it is to Cebuano. Bantayan Island is an island in the Philippines located at the western portion of the northern tip of Cebu. ... Hiligaynon language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Hiligaynon (or Ilonggo) is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. ...


Spanish is spoken by its mestizo and Spanish communities. English is also used on education, media, commerce and the government; and Chinese is spoken mainly by its Chinese community. Language(s) Predominantly Spanish, (with a minority of other languages), while Mestiços speaks Portuguese Religion(s) Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic, with a minority of Protestant and other Religions) Related ethnic groups European (mostly Spanish, Portuguese, French and Italian), Amerindian people, Austronesian people, Hispanics and Latinos Mestizo (Portuguese: Mestiço... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Religion

Cebu is predominantly Roman Catholic. Other religious minorities include Protestant churches of Assemblies of God, Word for the World, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Jehovah's Witnesses, God's Kingdom, the Baptists, a Reformed Baptist (http://sgbc.faithweb.com), The Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints (Mormons), Taoists, Muslims, etc. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Iglesia ni Cristo (IPA: ) (also known as INC or Iglesya ni Kristo ; literally Tagalog for Church of Christ) is a non-Trinitarian Christian church that originated in the Philippines[1] The INC was incorporated in the Philippines by Felix Y. Manalo on July 27, 1914;[2] The church professes... The kingdom of heaven (or the kingdom of God) is a key concept in both Judaism and Christianity. ... Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


The patron of Cebu is the Santo Niño de Cebu, the Holy Child Jesus The statue is housed in the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño, San Nicholas de Tolentino is the oldest church but was partialy destroyed during the war. It is the original place where the spaniards erected the cross and first set foot and later transfered to it's current location the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño. Soon, the patron was changed to the Lady of Guadalupe to conform to canonical practice of having patron saints instead of Jesus Christ himself. Santo Niño de Cebu is a is a representation of the Child Jesus, somewhat related to the Infant Jesus of Prague. ...


According to historical accounts, the Santo Niño was given by the Portuguese sea captain and explorer Ferdinand Magellan to the wife of the chief of Cebu. That act is depicted in Cebu's largest, most popular and largest cultural event, the Sinulog where street-dancing and loud drum beats preceded by a holy Mass is the main attraction. For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... The Sinulog festival is one of the grandest and most colorful festivals in the Philippines. ...

Cebu has a Roman Catholic Archdiocese and has several major churches, including the Basilica Minore del Sto. Nino, the Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, the San Carlos Church, the Sto. Rosario Parish Church, San Jose-Recoletos Church, Sacred Heart Church, etc. as well as several other non-Catholic churches and temples. Image File history File linksMetadata Magellan_cross_renovation02. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Magellan_cross_renovation02. ... Magellans Cross is a large Christian cross planted by Portuguese and Spanish explorers as ordered by Ferdinand Magellan upon arriving in Cebu in the Philippines in 1521. ... (This is a disambiguation page) The Sacred Heart Church may mean: Sacred Heart Church (Eau Claire, Wisconsin), USA Sacred Heart Church (Zeigler, Illinois), USA Sacred Heart Church (Saratoga, California), USA Sacred Heart Catholic Church (East Grand Forks, Minnesota), USA Sacred Heart Church Wimbledon, SW London, England ...


Population

In the Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000), Cebu City recorded a total population of 718,821 persons, 56,522 more compared to the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. Metro Cebu (5 cities) and Cebu Province is estimated to have over 2.5 million inhabitants. Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... The Cebu Metropolitan Area or Metro Cebu is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ...


History

Before the arrival of the Spaniards, Cebu then known as Zubu (or Sugbo) was a trading post, with trade routes to Borneo, Indonesia, China and Arabia. Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ...


The Magellan Expedition

Main article: Ferdinand Magellan
One of Magellan's ships circumnavigated the globe, finishing 16 months after the explorer's death.
One of Magellan's ships circumnavigated the globe, finishing 16 months after the explorer's death.

Losing favor for his plan of reaching the Spice Islands by sailing westward from King Manuel I of Portugal, Portuguese maritime explorer Ferdinand Magellan offered his services to the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V of Spain. On September 20, 1519, Magellan led a flotilla of five ships with a crew of 250 out of the Spanish port of San Lucar de Barrameda enroute to the Spice Islands via the Americas and Pacific Ocean. For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... Image File history File links Magellan's_voyage_EN.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ferdinand Magellan Cebu ... Image File history File links Magellan's_voyage_EN.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ferdinand Magellan Cebu ... For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...


They reached the Philippine Archipelago on March 16, 1521. Raja Kolambu of Mazzaua in Mindanao told them to head for Cebu, where they could trade and have provisions. is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... A Raja (sometimes spelled Rajah) is a king, or princely ruler. ...


Arriving in Cebu City, Magellan, with Enrique of Malacca as translator, befriended Raja Humabon of Cebu and persuaded the Raja of allegiance to Emperor Charles V of Spain. Later Raja Humabon and his wife were baptized as King Carlos and Queen Juana. The Santo Niño was presented to Cebu's Queen as a symbol of peace between the Spaniards and the Cebuanos. On April 14, Magellan erected a large wooden cross on the shores of Cebu. Afterwards, some 800 native Cebuanos were baptized. Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Look up Enrique in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Raja (sometimes spelled Rajah) is a king, or princely ruler. ... An image of the Santo Niño de Cebu can be commonly found in many Filipino homes. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Pigafetta's ilustrations of Cebuanos during the expedition.
Pigafetta's ilustrations of Cebuanos during the expedition.

Hoping to make the new Christian King Carlos (Humabon) supreme in the region, Magellan be-friended Humabon and alliances developed between the two people. Magellan soon heard of a tribal ruler named, Lapu-Lapu, in nearby Mactan Island. It was thought that Raja Humabon and Lapu-Lapu have been fighting for control of the flourishing trade in the area. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image:Lapulapumanila. ... Mactan can refer to: Mactan Island Battle of Mactan Mactan-Cebu International Airport This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


On April 27, the historic Battle of Mactan occurred where Magellan was killed and his men were driven off the island by the natives of Mactan. According to historian and chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's body was never recovered despite efforts to trade for it with spice and jewels. is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Explorers in the service of Spain Visayan natives of Mactan Commanders Ferdinand Magellan† Lapu-Lapu Strength 49 men including Magellan on shore, at least 11 others in boats 1,500+(controversial account by pigafetta) 200+ is more accurate because the population then was really small and the barangay then... Antonio Pigafetta. ...


Magellan's second-in-command, Juan Sebastián Elcano took his place and sailed the remainder of the fleet back to Spain, circumnavigating the world. Juan Sebastián Elcano Juan Sebastián Elcano statue in Guetaria For the Spanish training ship, see Juan Sebastián Elcano (Spanish ship). ...


The Spanish Conquest and Colonial Period

Survivors of the Magellan Expedition brought tales of a savage island in the Orient with them when they returned to Spain. Consequently, several follow-up expeditions were sent but all ended in failure.


Forty-four years after Magellan first set foot in Cebu, in 1565, conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi and his 500 armed soldiers together with several Augustinian and Franciscan friars arrived and declared that the Spanish crown succeeded in colonizing the islands. Legazpi and his men then marched through Zugbo and bombarded the palisades of chieftain Rajah Tupas and destroyed the village. He and his men, later rebuilt it and called it Villa del Santíssimo Nombre de Jesús (Village of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). Thus, in 1569, it became the first Spanish settlement established by the Spanish Cortés in the Philippines. A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Miguel López de Legazpi (1502 - August 20, 1572, Manila), also known as El Adelantado (The Governor) and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador who established the first colony in the Philippine Islands in 1565. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Rajah Tupas was the chieftain of Cebu and the son of Rajah Humabon. ... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ...


On August 14, 1571, Cebu (Villa del Santíssimo Nombre de Jesús) became a Diocese. Legazpi departed for Manila in 1571, and employed garrisons, a governor and half of his soldiers in Cebu. is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but...


In 1860, Cebu opened its ports to foreign trade (Mojares xiv). The first printing house ("Imprenta de Escondrillas y Cia") was established in 1873. In 1880, Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion was established. The first periodical ("El Boletin de Cebu") started publishing in 1886. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...

See also: Manila Galleon

June 12, 1898 marked the end of the Spanish era and the onset of the American regime. In 1901, Cebu became a municipality and on February 24, 1937 became a chartered city. The Manila Galleons were Spanish galleons that sailed once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean between Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in New Spain (now Mexico). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


World War II

Cebu, being the most densely populated island in the country, served as a vital Japanese base during the Japanese occupation in World War II which began with the landing of the Japanese Imperial Army in April 1942. Almost three years later in March 1945, an American force landed and reoccupied the city. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Imperial Japanese Army (大日本帝国陸軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun) was in existence from the Meiji Reformation to the end of World War II. It was created to replace the traditional Japanese samurai with a modern Western-style conscript army. ...


Infrastructure

Industrial Estates / Economic Zones

Crossing at the Cebu Business Park
Crossing at the Cebu Business Park
Cebu City Business park in Metro Cebu
  • 13 locations

The Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIA) in Mactan Island has regular direct flights to (among others) Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei, Busan, Koror, Tokyo, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Seoul, Shanghai and Doha, Qatar. There are also direct transfer flights via the capital's NAIA that readily connects the city to other destinations in the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Cebu_Business_Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Keppel_and_innove. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Keppel_and_innove. ... The Cebu Metropolitan Area or Metro Cebu is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ...


With the number of weekly international flights to and from MCIA increasing, a new international terminal will be constructed starting 2006 and will be completed in four years


MCIA which has a capacity of 2 million passengers, will in future be purely devoted for domestic use.


The Cebu International Port is the biggest and main port of entry in the province of and Central Visayas Region. Its international port is a multipurpose terminal covering an area of 10 hectares.


Electricity

The city mostly gets its power from an interconnection grid with the Leyte Geothermal Power Plant which also powers majority of the Visayas Islands. There are also coal-fired power plants. Distribution of electricity is provided by the Visayas Electric Company (VECO).


Telecommunication facilities in the city are abundant provided by some of the country's largest telecommunication companies. Connections to the internet are also readily available (e.g. DSL/Broadband Connection).


The Cebu Business Park, a prime business and financial center in Metro Cebu Nearby is the Asiatown Information Technology (IT) Park, another business district that caters mostly to businesses related to the information technology (IT) industry such as software development, telecommunication, call centers, among others.


South of the city is the South Road Properties (SRP) Special Economic Zone, a 300-hectare prime real estate zoned that would house a business district, a tourism zone, and an industrial area patterned after the nearby Mactan Export Processing Zone. Its main thoroughfare is the South Coastal Highway which stretches from downtown Cebu City up to Talisay City down south. A 1.2 kilometer tunnel is currently being constructed at the highway's entrance in Cebu City to connect it with Sergio Osmeña Avenue which traverses the North Reclamation Area connecting with Ouano Avenue at the New Mandaue City.


Economy

Indicators (2005):

  • Investments (US$ Million) -- 4,983.60
  • Total Exports (US$ Million) -- 2,846.88
  • Total Imports (US$ Million) -- 3,127.16

Major Industries:

  • Electronics / electrical equipment manufacturing, computers, metals and precision instruments, chemicals, industrial parts assembly, food processing, furniture, fashion accessories, gifts, toys and housewares (GTH), garments, stonecraft, shipbuilding, and mining.

Principal Exports:

  • Semi-conductor devices, electronic timepieces, electronic components, wire harness, floppy disk drives, photographic equipment, garments, furniture, camera paraphernalia, car stereos, audio/video equipment, carageenan, fashion accessories, coconut oil, frozen shrimps, vehicle / machinery parts

Financial Systems:

  • 50 Commercial Banks;
  • 27 Rural Banks;
  • 9 Savings Banks;
  • 5 Gov't. Banks;
  • 2 Off-shore Banks

With more than 80% inter-Island shipping based in Cebu and having the most domestic air and sea linkages, Cebu is the most accessible place to all points of the country and a major industrial, commercial, trade, and educational hub right in the strategic center of the archipelago.


Its extensive international port facilities, its accessibility to Asia and the rest of the world has led more than a hundred firms, with multinational companies like Mitsumi, Pentax Corp., Marine Colloids, Fairchild Semiconductor, Tsuneishi Heavy Industries, Muramoto Audio-Visual, Lexmark International, Asahi Optical, Teradyne, NEC Technologies, Timex, Olympus Optical, United Technologies, Maithland-Smith, Taiyo Yuden, and others to set up manufacturing plants on the most successful industrial estates, leading the whole country in exports with growth rates for the past 5 years averaged close to 20% higher than that of the entire nation. Government support and incentives provide a major impetus for its growth.


Cebu's labor force is oriented towards non-agricultural lines and is rated one of the most productive. High domestic and foreign tourist arrivals, strategic central geographic location and accessibility, man and natural resources - all have fueled the robust growth of Cebu with an excellent economic track record and now the fastest growing economy in their country.


Cebu is home to some national and international corporations like AAA Commercial Broker & Consultancy Inc, Gaisano Group of Companies, Aboitiz Group of Companies, WG&A, Norkis Group of Companies, Bigfoot International, Lexmark Philippines Inc., Lhuillier Jewellers, among others. Its international port (cargo and container) is currently one of the busiest in the country. Homegrown brands in the city have expanded throughout the past years finding a niche in the national and even in the international market like Penshoppe, Oxygen, Loalde, and Island Souvenirs. Other homegrown brands that have expanded outside the city and province include BO's Coffee Club, Julie's Bakeshop, Orange Brutus, Mother's Fried Chicken, among others. AAA Commercial Brokerage and Consultancy Inc. ...


Due to its burgeoning furniture-making industry, Cebu has been hailed as the furniture capital of the country. The Department of Trade and Industry in Cebu is aiming to develop this aspect of Cebu economy by specifically targeting small to medium enterprises or SMEs whose products are considered export-quality.


Cebu is also fast becoming an IT hub as many companies, either local or outsourced, are establishing their headquarters in Cebu. The city has become a site for various U.S. call centers and BPOs. The Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an organization comprised of Cebu's businesses, are hedging the city's growth and economy on information and communications technology, with the aim of making it a premier ICT investment, software, and e-services hub in Southeast Asia. Business process outsourcing or BPO is an emerging industry in the Philippines. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Shipbuilding companies in Cebu have manufactured bulk carriers of up to 70,000 DWT, and double hulled fastcrafts as well.


Mandaue City

Cebu International Convention Center


This convention center serves as monument of this historical landmark, in recognition of Mandaue’s involvement in the international stage since the beginning of history. The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x415, 117 KB) Photo by SSC-Cebu, November 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x415, 117 KB) Photo by SSC-Cebu, November 2006. ...


As venue of the 12th ASEAN summit, the city continues to play an important role in international relations, becoming the core of development and strengthening its role as the growth engine of the province of Cebu.


Education

Educational Center for 2/3 of the country

  • Over 1,000 private and public elementary schools
  • 200 secondary (high) schools
  • 9 universities
  • 29 colleges
  • 10 manpower training centers
  • Average annual population of 130,000 college students.

The elementary school is from grade 1-6. The high school program takes four years to finish; commonly taken after graduating from elementary school. Among the prominent high schools of Cebu are Sacred Heart School - Hijas de Jesus, Don Bosco Technology Center or DBTC, University of San Jose-Recoletos, University of San Carlos High schools, University of Southern Philippine, Cebu City National Science High School, University of the Philippines high school, PAREF - Springdale School, Sacred Heart School - Jesuit, formerly known as Sacred Heart School for Boys, University of the Visayas and several private schools that offer high school programs. Founded in 1947 by the Order of Augustinian Recollects, then Colegio de San Jose-Recoletos developed from a small institution of learning to one of the excellent schools in the country. ... University of San Carlos Main Campus Talamban Campus The University of San Carlos (USC) in Cebu City is the oldest university in the Philippines. ... The Cebu City National Science High School, commonly known as Sci-Hi is a Secondary Science public High School system located in Salvador St. ... The Oblation UP Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System UP Baguio UP Extension Program in Pampanga Temporary Campus UP Los Baños UP Manila This article is about the University of the Philippines System. ... The Sacred Heart School of the Society of Jesus, commonly known as Sacred Heart School - Jesuit is a private, Catholic college preparatory school for run by the Society of Jesus Philippine Province. ...


Cebu is the main educational hub in central and southern regions of the country. It has nine large universities each with a number of campus branches throughout the metro, and more than a dozen other schools and colleges specializing in various courses such as Medicine, Engineering, Nautical courses, Nursing, Law, Computer and IT, etc.


The most prominent of these universities are the Cebu Institute of Medicine (CIM), University of San Carlos (USC), Cebu Institute of Technology (CIT), University of San Jose-Recoletos (USJ-R), University of Cebu, University of the Visayas (UV) University of the Philippines Cebu (U.P. Cebu), and Cebu Normal University (CNU). USC is often regarded as the country's oldest educational institution and is located in four campuses within Cebu City. U.P. Cebu is a branch of the renowned University of the Philippines System. The first university in Cebu is the University of the Visayas. It is located along Colon Street, the oldest street in the country. Cebu Normal University established in 1915 as a provincial normal school, a branch of the Philippine Normal School. It became an independent institution in 1924, a chartered college in 1976, and a university in 1998. It is one of the oldest educational institutions in Cebu, with the enviable reputation of having produced a great many outstanding educators and public figures. Cebu Institute of Medicine building at 79 F. Ramos Street in Cebu City Cebu Institute of Medicine is a medical school in Cebu City, the Philippines. ... University of San Carlos Main Campus Talamban Campus The University of San Carlos (USC) in Cebu City is the oldest university in the Philippines. ... Founded in 1947 by the Order of Augustinian Recollects, then Colegio de San Jose-Recoletos developed from a small institution of learning to one of the excellent schools in the country. ... `University of the Philippines Cebu College (commonly referred to as U.P. Cebu) is a college in Cebu City under the University of the Philippines Visayas, one of the six autonomous universities of the prestigious University of the Philippines system. ... Cebu Normal University was established in 1902 as a provincial normal school, a branch of the Philippine Normal School. ...


Its newest university, Cebu Doctors' University (formerly Cebu Doctors' College) was elevated to university status on November 2004. It is currently constructing a nine-storey main building at the Cebu Boardwalk in nearby Mandaue City. Cebu Doctors University is a medical college in Cebu City, the Philippines. ... The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...


Among foreign students in Cebu are Iranians, Nepalese, Thais and Koreans.


Media

Media Facilities:

  • 7 local television channels
  • 3 cable TV stations
  • 20 FM & 13 AM radio stations
  • A variety of local, national and international papers

Cebu has 3 local stations namely: Cebu! Television Channel 28, Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36), and the Cebu Catholic Television Network (CCTN 47) (a religious station partly owned and endorsed by the Archdiocese of Cebu). Cebu! Television Channel 28 and the Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36) are only seen on cable television and CCTN operates an UHF frequency on channel 47 on free TV. It can also be accessed through Skycable's channel 56. Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... This article is about the radio frequency. ...


Despite having these local stations, Cebuanos still prefer to watch the countrys two dominant television networks namely: GMA Network and ABS-CBN Broadcasting.


While national newspapers have presence in the island, Cebu has three English-language local newspapers: The Freeman, Sun-Star - Cebu and Cebu Daily News whilst there are also Cebuano-language newspapers, SunStar SuperBalita owned by Sun Star and Banat News owned by the Freeman. As of 2005, each of the local dailies sell for P10 a copy, which is much cheaper than their national counterparts. Cebuano, also known as Sinugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). ...


Politics

Cebu is currently subdivided into 9 cities and 44 municipalities. Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ...


Cities

Bogo City (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Bogo) is a 4th class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Carcar is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Danao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Lapu-Lapu City is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Seal of the Municipality of Naga Naga is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Map of Cebu showing the location of Talisay City. ... Toledo City, formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan, is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...

Municipalities

Alcantara is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Alcoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Alegria is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Aloguinsan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Argao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Asturias is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Badian is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Balamban is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Bantayan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Barili is a municipality in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. ... Boljoon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Borbon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Carmen is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Catmon is a municipality located in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. ... Compostela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Consolacion is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Seal of Municipality of Cordova Cordova or Cordoba in local dialect is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Daanbantayan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Dalaguete is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Dumanjug is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Ginatilan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Liloan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Madridejos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Malabuyoc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Medellin is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Minglanilla is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Moalboal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Oslob is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Pilar is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Pinamungahan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Poro is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Ronda is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Samboan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Fernando is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Francisco is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Remigio is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Santa Fe is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Santander is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Sibonga is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Sogod is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tabogon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tabuelan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tuburan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tudela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...

Landmarks

Magellans Cross is a large Christian cross planted by Portuguese and Spanish explorers as ordered by Ferdinand Magellan upon arriving in Cebu in the Philippines in 1521. ... Front entrance of Fuerza de San Pedro. ... Basílica Menor del Santo Niño is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines Basílica Menor del Santo Niño (sometimes also called Basilica del Santo Niño) is a 16th century church structure in the heart of downtown Cebu City, Philippines. ... The Magellan shrine is large memorial statue erected in the exacted location were the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (Hernándo Magallanes) died in the Battle of Mactan on 1521, Philippines. ... The Lapu Lapu shrine is a 20 metre bronze memorial statue erected on Mactan Island in the place of Punta Engaño, Cebu, Philippines, in honour of Datu, Lapu-Lapu who defeated the Spaniards and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. ... The Cebu International Convention Center is a structure built by the Cebu provincial government in time for the 12th ASEAN Summit and 2nd East Asia Summit at a cost of more or less US$10-million dollars. ... Marcelo Fernan Bridge is a bridge erected in Cebu, which connected both Cebu and Mactan Island. ...

Festivals

Sinulog Festival.
  • Sinulog. The Sinulog festival is Cebu's biggest and most popular festival. It is celebrated every 3rd Sunday of January. The feast is in honor of the holy image Señor Santo Niño de Cebú. Fiesta Señor, as it widely known, is the most celebrated among Cebu's festivals where people converge along the route of a grand solemn procession and partake in the gaiety amidst a mardigras parade immersed in vivid colors and the constant drums of the Pit Señor.

Unique and exotic, dance steps are accompanied by a different beat, played by a brass instead of the usual drum and bugle. This makes up a one-of-a-kind festivity that entices and seduces the crowd to gather and witness one of the most anticipated celebration in the City of Mandaue, the Mantawi Festival. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 508 KB) Summary http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 508 KB) Summary http://www. ... The Sinulog festival is one of the grandest and most colorful festivals in the Philippines. ... An image of the Santo Niño de Cebu can be commonly found in many Filipino homes. ... The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...


In April 7, 1521, Magellan first sighted the island of Sugbo in search for food and supplies for his vessels’ voyage back to Spain. Mandaue at that time was called “Mantawi” - derived from a vine that grew abundantly in the coves of the area. This community with abundant vines has even been mentioned by Antonio Pigafetta as a flourishing settlement nearest to Sebu under the leadership of Datu Lambuzzan. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ...

  • Paskuhan. A Christmas celebration of songs and lantern making held during the month of December spread good cheers to local residents and visitors alike.
  • Kadaugan sa Mactan. A one day re-enactment - held at the Mactan shrine - celebrated with much pomp and pageantry every 27th of April to commemorate the historic Battle of Mactan between the forces of Lapulapu and Magellan.
  • Virgin of the Rule Fiesta. Held to honor the patroness of Opon on November 20-21, this religious and social event reveals the deep religious faith of the people and the penchant for merry making. A food fair, a procession and a coronation of the Fiesta Queen highlight the festivity.
  • Semana Santa sa Bantayan.

A unique mixture of solemn religious rites and local celebration highlights the Holy Week activities in Bantayan Island. The normally quiet island is visited by relatives and friends of the residents, as well as tourists to experience the scenic rites and to cool off the summer heat in the beautiful white sandy beaches and clear tropical waters.

  • Fiesta sa Carcar. Is celebrated on November 24-25 in honor of the town's patron, St. Catherine of Alexandria. Carcar town is noted for its old Spanish style houses in the quiet countryside setting. During fiestas, the residents would invite friends, relatives and town visitors into their homes to taste popular local delicacies. A lively and enjoyable event.
  • Nuestra Señora de Regla Fiesta. Lapulapu City - Held to honor the patroness of Opon on November 20-21, this religious and social event reveals faith of the people and the penchant for merry making. A food fair, carnival, procession and a coronation of the Fiesta Queen highlight the festivity.
  • Tagbo. Poro, Cebu - Celebrated every January in honor of Patron Santo Niño de Poro. Beloved memoir of a living past, Tagbo is the cornerstone from which this great municipality has sprung. Rich in cultural heritage and deep in spiritual values, Tagbo is a very significant event preluding the birth of a town every dear to the hearts of her sons and daughters.
  • Sanayon. Agro-tourism festival in the southern towns of the second district about 100 km from the city. A month-long activity to spread out tourism to the coutryside.
  • Tres de Abril Celebration. Celebrated every 3rd of April in commemoration of the Spanish resistance in the south. This historic battle under Leon Kilat's leadership gave Cebu the glory of being the first major island outside Luzon to oppose Spanish dominance.
  • Siloy Festival. Celebrated every August 26 in the town of Alcoy.
  • Haladaya Festival. Celebrated during the summer in the town of Daanbatayan (see Datu Daya).
  • Bakasi-Dinagat Festival. Celebrated in the town of Cordova.

Leon Kilat (July 27, 1873 - April 8, 1898) born as Pantaleon Villegas was a leader in Cebu during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. ... Alcoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Daanbantayan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Datu Daya is a legendary tribal chief in the place that is now known as Daanbantayan, Cebu, in the Philippines. ... Seal of Municipality of Cordova Cordova or Cordoba in local dialect is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...

See also

The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... The Cebu Metropolitan Area or Metro Cebu is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ... Gamang Sugbo (Cebuano for products of Cebu) is a collective term for various products that are distinctly Cebuano. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Resil Mojares, Cebuano Literature: A Survey of Bibliography with Finding List (Cebu City: University of San Carlos, 1975), p. 5.

Trivia

Cebu has gotten unique fame during 2007 when footage of it's correctional facility's population was seen on news broadcasts (CNN in particular) and later on the internet. Its prisoners have become famous for reenacting various dances as part of their daily exercise routines. Most famously, they performed a step for step reenactment of the main dance scenes in Micheal Jackson's Thriller.


It was also the locale for the Pulitzer-nominated nonfiction book, "I Have Tasted the Sweet Mangoes of Cebu," by George Estada.


External links

Coordinates: 10°25′35″N, 123°47′53″E Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... Alcantara is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Alcoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Alegria is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Aloguinsan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Argao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Asturias is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Badian is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Balamban is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Bantayan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Barili is a municipality in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. ... Bogo City (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Bogo) is a 4th class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Boljoon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Borbon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Carcar (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Carcar, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Carcar) is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Carmen is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Catmon is a municipality located in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. ... Compostela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Consolacion is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Seal of Municipality of Cordova Cordova or Cordoba in local dialect is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Daanbantayan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Dalaguete is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Danao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Dumanjug is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Ginatilan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Liloan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Madridejos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Malabuyoc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Medellin is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Minglanilla is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Moalboal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Seal of the Municipality of Naga The City of Naga (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Naga; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Naga) is a component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Oslob is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Pilar is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Pinamungahan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Poro is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Ronda is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Samboan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Fernando is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Francisco is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... San Remigio is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Santa Fe is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Santander is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Sibonga is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Sogod is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tabogon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tabuelan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Map of Cebu showing the location of Talisay City. ... Toledo City, formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan, is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tuburan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Tudela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Lapu-Lapu City is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... The City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandawe; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization, the First Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Second Republic of the Philippines (Japanese-Sponsored Republic), the Third Republic of the Philippines, the Fourth Republic... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Agusan del Sur Region: Caraga (Region XIII) Capital: Prosperidad Founded: June 17, 1967 Population: 2000 census—559,294 (45th largest) Density—62 per km² (7th lowest) Area: 8,966. ... Aklan is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas. ... Albay is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Antique P is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Apayao Region: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) Capital: Kabugao Founded: February 14, 1995 Population: 2000 census—97,129 (4th smallest) Density—25 per km² (lowest) Area: 3,927. ... Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Basilan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bataan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Balanga City Founded: —1754 Population: 2000 census—557,659 (46th largest) Density—406 per km² (12th highest) Area: 1,373. ... The Province of Batanes is the northernmost and the smallest province of the Philippine Republic, both in terms of population and land area. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Batangas Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Batangas City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,905,348 (9th largest) Density—602 per km² (7th highest) Area: 3,165. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Benguet Region: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) Capital: La Trinidad, Benguet Founded: — Population: 2000 census—330,129 (43rd largest) Density—219 per km² (36th highest) Area: 2,599. ... Biliran is one of the smallest provinces in the Philippines and it is located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bohol Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Tagbilaran City Founded: March 25, 1565 Population: 2000 census—1,137,268 (18th largest) Density—276 per km² (25th highest) Area: 4,117. ... Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bulacan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Malolos City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest) Density—851 per km² (5th highest) Area: 2,625. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cagayan Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II) Capital: Tuguegarao City Founded: 1581 Population: 2000 census—993,580 (25th largest) Density—110 per km² (16th lowest) Area: 9,002 km² (3rd largest) Divisions: Highly urbanized cities—0 Component cities—1 Municipalities—28 Barangays—820 Congressional districts... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Camarines Norte Region: Bicol Region (Region V) Capital: Daet Founded: — Population: 2000 census—458,840 (25th smallest) Density—217 per km² (37th highest) Area: 2,112. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Camarines Sur Region: Bicol Region (Region V) Capital: Pili Founded: — Population: 2000 census—1,551,549 (15th largest) Density—295 per km² (22nd highest) Area: 5,266. ... Camiguin is a small island province of the Philippines off the northern coast of Mindanao. ... Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... Catanduanes is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cavite Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Imus† Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—2,163,161 (5th largest) Density—1,590 per km² (Highest) Area: 1,297. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Compostela Valley Region: Davao Region (Region XI) Capital: Nabunturan Founded: January 31, 1998 Population: 2000 census—580,244 (44th largest) Density—124 per km² (19th lowest) Area: 4,667. ... Cotabato, formerly North Cotabato, is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. ... Davao, formerly Davao del Norte, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. ... Davao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. ... Davao Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Dinagat Island. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Eastern Samar Region: Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Capital: Borongan Founded: June 19, 1965 Population: 2000 census—375,822 (20th smallest) Density—87 per km² (13th lowest) Area: 4,339. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Guimaras Region: Western Visayas (Region VI) Capital: Jordan Founded: May 22, 1992 Population: 2000 census—141,450 (7th smallest) Density—234 per km² (33rd highest) Area: 604. ... Ifugao is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Norte Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Laoag City Founded: — Population: 2000 census—514,241 (48th largest) Density—151 per km² (27th lowest) Area: 3,399. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Sur Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Vigan City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—594,206 (41st largest) Density—230 per km² (34th highest) Area: 2,579. ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Isabela Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II) Capital: Ilagan Founded: May 01, 1856 Population: 2000 census—1,287,575 (17th largest) Density—121 per km² (18th lowest) Area: 10,664. ... Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Laguna is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Lanao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Leyte Region: Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Capital: Tacloban City Founded: 1543 and March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,592,336 (14th largest) Density—279 per km² (24th highest) Area: 5,712. ... Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. ... Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Negros Occidental Region: Western Visayas (Region VI) Capital: Bacolod City Founded: — Population: 2000 census—2,565,723 (2nd largest) Density—324 per km² (15th highest) Area: 7,926. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Negros Oriental Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Dumaguete City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,126,061 (20th largest) Density—208 per km² (41st highest) Area: 5,402. ... Northern Samar is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Occidental Mindoro Region: MIMAROPA (Region IV-B) Capital: Mamburao Founded: — Population: 2000 census—380,250 (21st smallest) Density—65 per km² (9th lowest) Area: 5,879. ... Oriental Mindoro (Filipino: Silangang Mindoro) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Pampanga Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: City of San Fernando Founded: December 11, 1571 Population: 2000 census—1,882,730 (10th largest) Density—863 per km² (4th highest) Area: 2,180. ... Pangasinan, officially Province of Pangasinan (Pangasinan: Luyag na Pangasinan), is one of the provinces of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Quirino Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II) Capital: Cabarroguis, Quirino Founded: June 18, 1966 Population: 2000 census—148,575 (8th smallest) Density—49 per km² (2nd lowest) Area: 3,057. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Rizal Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Antipolo City† Founded: June 11, 1901 Population: 2000 census—1,707,218 (11th largest) Density—1,304 per km² (2nd highest) Area: 1,308. ... Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Samar, formerly Western Samar, is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sarangani Region: SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) Capital: Alabel Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—410,622 (58th largest) Density—138 per km² (23rd lowest) Area: 2,980. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Shariff Kabunsuan Region: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Capital: Kabuntalan Founded: Population: 2000 census— () Density— per km² () Area: km² () Divisions: Highly urbanized cities—0 Component cities—0 Municipalities—10 Barangays— Congressional districts— Languages: Maguindanaoan Governor: (2004-2007) Shariff Kabunsuan is the newest province... Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sorsogon Region: Bicol Region (Region V) Capital: Sorsogon City Founded: — Population: 2000 census—650,535 (37th largest) Density—304 per km² (19th highest) Area: 2,141. ... South Cotabato is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. ... Southern Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sultan Kudarat Region: SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) Capital: Isulan Founded: Population: 2000 census—586,505 (42nd largest) Density—124 per km² (21st highest) Area: 4,714. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sulu Region: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Capital: Jolo Founded: Population: 2000 census—619,668 (40th largest) Density—387 per km² (13th highest) Area: 1,600. ... Surigao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... Surigao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Tarlac Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Tarlac City Founded: 1872 Population: 2000 census—1,068,783 (23rd largest) Density—350 per km² (14th highest) Area: 3,053. ... Tawi-Tawi is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Zambales Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Iba Founded: 1578 Population: 2000 census—627,802 (39th largest) Density—169 per km² (49th highest) Area: 3,714. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Zamboanga del Norte Region: Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX) Capital: Dipolog City Founded: June 23, 1635 and June 6, 1952 Population: 2000 census—823,130 (27th largest) Density—124 per km² (27th highest) Area: 6,618. ... Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. ... Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. ... The Philippines is divided into, from the highest division to the lowest: Provinces and independent cities Municipalities and component cities Barangays Each division at each level from the provinces down to the barangays is a local government unit (LGU). ... The Philippines is divided into three island groups. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Map of the Philippines showing the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... The Legislative districts of the Philippines are the representations of the Philippines provinces and cities in the Philippine Congress. ... A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ... For other uses, see Sabah (disambiguation). ... The Scarborough Shoal, more correctly described as a group of islands, atolls, and reefs then a shoal, is located in the Luzon Sea (South China Sea). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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CEBU, Philippines -Seattle Sister City (0 words)
Cebu City is the capital of Cebu Island Province.
Cebu City is centrally located in the widest portion of the island at the east coast harbor.
Cebu is a commercial center whose main industries include copper mining, fishing and aquaculture, farming and agriculture, shipbuilding, steel and cement.
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