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Encyclopedia > Ceará
Statistics
Capital: Fortaleza
Area: 148,016km²
Population: 6,500,000
Pop. density: 43.9 inh./km²
Timezone: GMT -3
ISO 3166-2: BR-CE
Temperatures: 22°C to 36°C
Governor: Lúcio Alcântara
Map
Map of Brazil highlighting the state

Ceará is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast. Official Flag Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... Time Zone is also a historical computer game. ... For alternate meanings of GMT, see GMT (disambiguation). ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Ceará Categories: GFDL images ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ...

Contents

Geography

Ceará has a varied environment, with mangroves, caatinga, jungle, scrubland and temperate forest. However, it is hot almost all year round. This environment and temperature attracts many tourists, especially ecotourists. The temperature in the state varies from 22°C to 36°C with the lowest temperatures not being typical in the capital Fortaleza but in the innumerous mountains in the state. Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangroves are woody trees or shrubs that grow in mangrove habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999). ... Caatinga is in the northeastern part of Brazil. ... Jungle refers usually to a forest. ... Scrubland is an uncultivated region covered with scrub vegetation. ... Forest - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... Ecotourism essentially means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... Official Flag Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. ...

The endless stretch of beaches in the state is a major tourist attraction. Ceará has several famous beaches such as Canoa Quebrada, Jericoacoara, Morro Branco, Taíba and Flexeiras. The beaches are divided into two groups (in relation to the capital Fortaleza): Sunset Coast (Costa Solpoente) and Sunrise Coast (Costa Solnascente). This work is copyrighted. ... Official Flag Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. ...


History

Ceará was first colonised by the Portuguese in the middle of the 1600s, when what is today Brazil was hotly contested by the Dutch and the Portuguese. Colonization is the act where life forms move into a distant area where their kind is sparse or not yet existing at all and set up new settlements in the area. ... Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century Decades: 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s 1640s 1650s Years: 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 Events and Trends November 5, 1605 - The Gunpowder Plot to blow up the British Parliament. ...


The area was invaded twice by the Dutch, in 1644 and in 1654. Both times the settlers repelled them. Before being defeated, however, the Dutch founded what is today Fortaleza. In 1661, the Netherlands formally ceded their Brazilian territories to the Portuguese crown, ending conflict in the region. Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ...


The fight for Brazilian independence in 1822 was fierce in Ceará, with the area being a rebel stronghold that incurred vicious retribution from loyalists. 1822 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The reign of Dom Pedro II (see Empire of Brazil) saw great advances in infrastructure in Ceará, with the number of telephones increasing by a large amount, and with gas lighting becoming almost ubiquitous. Dom Pedro IIs family Dom Pedro II and President Ulysses S. Grant, Philadelphia Exposition, 1876 Dom Pedro II in his old age Dom Pedro II of Brazil Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil was the second and final Brazilian Emperor. ... After its independence from the Portuguese on September 7, 1822, Brazil became a monarchy, the Brazilian Empire, which lasted until the establishment of the Republican government on November 15, 1889. ... A telephone handset A touch-tone telephone dial Telephone This article is about telephone technology. ... Natural gas rig Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ...


In 1960, a the Orós Dam, comparable in size to the Aswan Dam has supplied Ceará with much of its water, and in 1995 construction began on the enormous Castanhão Dam, which, when completed, will be able to hold 6.5 billion m³ of water. 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Scrivener Dam, Canberra Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam (a common Teutonic word, compare to Dutch dam, Swedish and German damm, and the Gothic verb faurdammjan, to block up) is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow... Map of Egypt showing the location of Aswan and Lake Nasser Aswan is a city on the first cataract of the Nile in Egypt. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Usage in this encyclopedia One billion = 109 unless otherwise noted. ...


Flag

The flag of Ceará is identical to that of the federal Brazilian flag, however, the blue hemisphere in the Brazilian flag is replaced by the Ceará state coat of arms. Flag of the Brazilian state of Ceará This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Economy

Traditionally an agriculture based state, Ceará began a industrialisation programme in the early 20th century, and the industrial sector continues to expand annually. In 1994, industry accounted for 35% of the state's GDP. Tourism also plays a large part in Ceará's economy, with the state's many waterfalls, beaches and rainforests. On average, Fortaleza alone receives half a million tourists annually. Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Tower Fall in Yellowstone National Park A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ... Beach A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, or cobble along the shoreline of a body of water. ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall due to the Intertropical convergence zone. ... Official Flag Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. ...


Tourism

The state has several tourist attractions but is famous for its eco-tourism capabilities with hundreds of nearly deserted beaches and sand dunes.


Fortaleza's international airport (named Pinto Martins airport) is well served by international flights from North and Central America as well as Europe. Official Flag Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. ... Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...


Main Tourist Attractions

Sunset in Jericoacoara, Ceará State
  • Canoa Quebrada Beach (in Aracati)
  • Jericoacoara Beach

Photograph of Jericoacoara, Brazil. ... Photograph of Jericoacoara, Brazil. ... Aracati is a city in the state of Ceará, Brazil. ...

Cities

see Brazilian cities This article is meant to be a list of all the Brazilian cities. ...


External links

  • Official Government Site (http://www.ceara.gov.br)
  • Tourism guide Ceará (http://www.ceara.com.br)
  • Fortaleza Tourism guide and maps (http://www.ceara.com.br/fortaleza)
  • Ceará Photos (http://www.ceara.com.br/Fotos_Fortaleza/fortaleza_fotos.htm)



 
 

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