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Encyclopedia > Cawdor Castle
Cawdor Castle
Cawdor Castle

Cawdor Castle is a tower house set amid magnificent gardens in the parish of Cawdor, approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Inverness and 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Nairn in Scotland. It belonged to the Clan Calder. It still serves as home to the Dowager Countess Cawdor, stepmother of Colin Robert Vaughan Campbell, 7th (and present) Earl Cawdor and 25th Thane of Cawdor. The castle is perhaps best known for its literary connection to William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth, the title character of which was made Thane of Cawdor. However, the story is highly fictionalised, and the castle itself was built many years after the events of the play. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1316x828, 193 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1316x828, 193 KB) http://www. ... A tower house stands on a hillock near Quin along the back road from Limerick to Ennis. ... Cawdor is a village and parish in Nairn, Highland council area, Scotland. ... Inverness (Inbhir Nis in Scottish Gaelic) is the only city in the Highland council area and the Highlands of Scotland. ... The Royal Burgh of Nairn (Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Narann), formally North Nairnville, is a burgh in The Highlands of Scotland, lying about fifteen miles east of Inverness on the coast of the Moray Firth. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification... Clan Calder crest: Be mindful Clan Calder is a Highland Scottish clan. ... A dowager is a widow who holds a title or property, or Dower, derived from her deceased husband. ... Colin Robert Vaughan Campbell, 7th Earl Cawdor was born on 30 June 1962. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer The Tragedy of Macbeth is among the most famous of William Shakespeares plays, as well as his shortest tragedy. ... Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer The Tragedy of Macbeth is among the most famous of William Shakespeares plays, as well as his shortest tragedy. ...

Contents

History

Cawdor Castle, seat of the Clan Calder
Cawdor Castle, seat of the Clan Calder

The earliest documented date for the castle is 1454, the date a building license was granted to William, Thane of Cawdor (or Calder, as the name was sometimes spelled). However, some portions of the castle may precede that date. Architectural historians have dated the style of stonework in the oldest portion of the castle to approximately 1380. Image File history File links CawdorCastle1. ... Image File history File links CawdorCastle1. ... Clan Calder crest: Be mindful Clan Calder is a Highland Scottish clan. ... Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. ... Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer The Tragedy of Macbeth is among the most famous of William Shakespeares plays, as well as his shortest tragedy. ... Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ...


One curious feature of the castle is that it was built around a small, living holly tree, the remains of which may still be seen in the lowest level of the tower. Modern scientific testing has shown that the tree died in approximately 1372 (lending credence to the earlier date of the castle's first construction). Events In this year, the city of Aachen, Germany begins adding a Roman numeral Anno Domini date to a few of its coins. ...


Originally comprised only of the large tower (or keep). the castle was expanded numerous times in the succeeding centuries, with significant additions made in the 17th century and 19th century. The iron yett here was brought from nearby Lochindorb Castle around 1455 when the Scottish Privy Council instructed the Thane of Cawdor to dismantle Lochindorb after it had been forfeited by the Earl of Moray.[1] The keep of Scarborough Castle. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gardens

Cawdor Castle Gardens
Cawdor Castle Gardens

The castle is known for its beautiful gardens, which include the Walled Garden (originally planted in the 17th Century), the Flower Garden (18th century), and the Wild Garden (added in the 1960s). In addition, the castle property includes a wood featuring numerous species of trees (as well as over 100 species of lichen). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1544x1024, 747 KB) Gardens of Cawdor Castle, Scotland (Kathi Overton, 16 August 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cawdor Castle Wikipedia:Scottish Wikipedians notice board/New... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1544x1024, 747 KB) Gardens of Cawdor Castle, Scotland (Kathi Overton, 16 August 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cawdor Castle Wikipedia:Scottish Wikipedians notice board/New... A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Lichenes from Ernst Haeckels Artforms of Nature, 1904 Crustose and foliose lichens on a wall A foliose lichen on basalt. ...


Shakespeare Connection

Shakespeare's play Macbeth took liberties with the story of the historic Scottish King Macbeth, who ruled Scotland after his forces killed King Duncan of Scotland in battle (not assassination, as in the play). The play, first written in 1606, drew from somewhat fanciful tales of King Macbeth written by the monk Andrew of Wyntoun (in Fife) in his Cronykil (completed in 1406). Among the elements Shakespeare took from the monk's stories was the idea of the three prophesying weird sisters. For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). ... Duncan I (Donnchad mac Crínáin) (1001 - August 15, 1040) was a son of Crinan the Thane de Mormaer, lay abbot of Dunkeld, and Princess Bethoc of Scotland. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Andrew of Wyntoun (?1350-?1420), author of a long metrical history of Scotland, called the Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland, was a canon regular of St Andrews, and prior of St Serfs in Lochieven. ... Fife (Fìobh in Gaelic) is a council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with landward boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ...


In the play, Shakespeare has the three sisters foretell that Macbeth, then Thane of Glamis, would become Thane of Cawdor and King thereafer. Duncan, indeed, almost immediately thereafter makes Macbeth Thane of Cawdor. Believing it necessary to accomplish the remainder of the prophesy, Macbeth and his Lady murder Duncan in his sleep, an act that leads to Macbeth's ultimate downfall. Glamis is a small village in Angus, Scotland and is home to the famous Glamis Castle. ...

Cawdor Castle
Cawdor Castle

In the play, the murder of Duncan takes place in Macbeth's castle in Inverness, not Castle Cawdor (hardly surprising, as Macbeth had only just been granted the title Thane of Cawdor and thus would not yet have made any castle in Cawdor his home). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 972 KB) Cawdor Castle, Scotland (Kathi Overton, 16 August 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cawdor Castle Wikipedia:Scottish Wikipedians notice board/New images/Archives... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 972 KB) Cawdor Castle, Scotland (Kathi Overton, 16 August 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cawdor Castle Wikipedia:Scottish Wikipedians notice board/New images/Archives...


Although the name Cawdor will forever connect this classic work of literature to Cawdor Castle, the castle did not exist during the lifetimes of Macbeth or Duncan, and the events of the play are almost wholly fictitious. The castle's guidebook quotes the 5th Earl Cawdor (the 23rd Thane) as saying, presumably with some irony, "I wish the Bard had never written his damned play!"


Public access

The family opens Cawdor Castle to the public from spring through fall. Details are available on the official castle website.


Notes

  1. ^ Joanne Mackenzie-Winters, The Chatelaine's Scottish Castles website, [1] (last visited 14 April, 2006)

External links

  • Cawdor Castle (official website of Cawdor Castle)

 
 

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