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Encyclopedia > Cavaliers
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Cavaliers was the name used by Parliamentarians for the Royalist supporters of King Charles I during the English Civil War (16421651). (In response, the Royalists called the Parliamentarians Roundheads.) Typically, the term "Cavalier" referred to the high-born supporters of King Charles, who were fond of fashionable, extravagant clothing. Many cavaliers served in the cavalry under Prince Rupert, an archetypical cavalier. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (850x998, 760 KB) Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619-1682), Bohemian soldier and inventor. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (850x998, 760 KB) Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619-1682), Bohemian soldier and inventor. ... Charles I (19 November 1600–30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... The Roundheads was the nickname given to supporters of the Parliamentarian cause in the English Civil War. ... Cavalry is also a common misspelling of the Biblical hill Calvary. ... Rupert, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria (German: Ruprecht Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog von Bayern), commonly called Prince Rupert of the Rhine, (17 December 1619 – 19 November 1682), soldier and inventor, was a younger son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, and the nephew of King...

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Early usage

The usage of the term originates from the French word "chevalier", meaning knight, and was originally derived from "caballarius", meaning horseman in Vulgar Latin. Chevalier is the regular French for "knight," and is chiefly used in English for a member of certain foreign military or other orders. The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Vulgar Latin, as in this political engraving at Pompeii, was the language of the ordinary people of the Roman Empire, distinct from the Classical Latin of literature. ...


Cavalier in English was applied early in a contemptuous sense to an overbearing swashbuckler or swaggering gallant. In Shakespeare (2 Henry IV. v. iii. 62) Shallow says "I'll drink to Master Bardolph, and to all the cavaleros about London."


English civil war

"Cavalier" is chiefly associated with the Royalist supporters of King Charles I in his struggle with Parliament in the English Civil War. Here again it first appears as a term of reproach and contempt, applied by the opponents of the king. Charles in the Answer to the Petition June 13, 1642 speaks of cavaliers as a "word by what mistake soever it seemes much in disfavour." It was soon adopted (as a title of honour) by the king's party, who in return applied Roundhead to their opponents, and at the Restoration the court party preserved the name, which survived till the rise of the term Tory. The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Cavalier style of dress included long flowing hair in ringlets, a liking for elaborate embellished clothes, and feathered hats. This was in complete contrast to the "Roundhead" supporters of Parliament, with their preference for short hair and plain dress. These derogatory terms (for at the time they were so intended) also showed what the typical Parliamentarian thought of the Royalist side - capricious men who cared more for vanity than the nation at large. Young Girl Fixing her Hair, by Sophie Gengembre Anderson Hair is a filamentous outgrowth skin found only in mammals. ... The Roundheads was the nickname given to supporters of the Parliamentarian cause in the English Civil War. ... Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here:This article is about the legislative institution. ...


The chaplain to King Charles I, Edward Simmons described a cavalier as "a Child of Honour, a Gentleman well borne and bred, that loves his king for conscience sake, of a clearer countenance, and bolder look than other men, because of a more loyal Heart.” There were many men in the Royalist armies who fit this description since most of the Royalist field officers were typically in their early thirties, married with rural estates which had to be managed. Although they did not share the same outlook on how to worship God as the English Independents of the New Model Army, God was often central to their lives. This type of Cavalier was personified by Lord Jacob Astley whose prayer at the start of the Battle of Edgehill has become famous "O Lord, Thou knowest how busy I must be this day. If I forget Thee, do not forget me". At the end of the First Civil War Astley gave his word that he would not take up arms again against Parliament and having given his word he felt duty bound to refused to help the Royalist cause in the Second Civil War. The New Model Army became the best known of the various Parliamentarian armies in the English Civil War. ... Jacob Astley, 1st Baron Astley of Reading (1579–1652), was a royalist commander in the English Civil War. ... The Battle of Edgehill (or Edge Hill) was the first pitched battle of the First English Civil War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wars of Religion. ... The Second Civil War may refer to: Congo Civil War may refer to Second Congo War (1998–2002) Second English Civil War (1642–1646) Second Liberian Civil War started in 1999 Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005) This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same...


However the word was coined by the Roundheads as a pejorative propaganda image of a licentious, hard drinking and frivolous man, who rarely, if ever, thought of God. It is this image which has survived and many Royalists, for example Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, fitted this description to a tee. Of another cavalier, Lord Goring a general in the Royalist army, the principle advisor to Charles II, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, said that he "would, without hesitation, have broken any trust, or done any act of treachery to have satisfied an ordinary passion or appetite; and in truth wanted nothing but industry (for he had wit, and courage, and understanding and ambition, uncontrolled by any fear of God or man) to have been as eminent and successful in the highest attempt of wickedness as any man in the age he lived in or before. Of all his qualifications dissimulation was his masterpiece; in which he so much excelled, that men were not ordinarily ashamed, or out of countenance, with being deceived but twice by him." Wilmots family was descended from Edward Wilmot of Witney, Oxfordshire, whose son Charles, 1st Viscount Wilmot of Athlone, (1570/71–1644) had served with distinction in Ireland. ... George Goring, Lord Goring (14 July 1608 - 1657) was an English Royalist soldier. ... Charles II or The Merry Monarch (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (February 18, 1609–December 9, 1674) was an English historian and statesman. ...


Cavaliers in the Modern Military

The term cavalier survives in the Commonwealth of Nations armed forces as a historical relic. A Gentleman Cavalier is a civilian member of a Household Cavalry equestrian unit. The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Cavaliers in the arts

Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles. The famous triple portrait of Charles I by Anthony van Dyck.
Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles. The famous triple portrait of Charles I by Anthony van Dyck.
See also 1600-1650 in fashion and Cavalier poets

An example of the Cavalier style can be seen in the painting "Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles" by Anthony van Dyck. Anthony van Dyck, Charles Is court painter, created the famous Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles, commonly known as the Triple Portrait. ... Anthony van Dyck, Charles Is court painter, created the famous Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles, commonly known as the Triple Portrait. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Antoon) van Dyck (*March 22, 1599 - December 9, 1641) was a Flemish painter — mainly of portraits — who became the leading court painter in England. ... Fashion in the period 1600-1650 in Western European clothing is characterized by the disappearance of the ruff in favor of broad lace or linen collars. ... Cavalier poets is a broad description of a school of poets, who came from the classes that supported King Charles I during the English Civil War. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Antoon) van Dyck (*March 22, 1599 - December 9, 1641) was a Flemish painter — mainly of portraits — who became the leading court painter in England. ...


References

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Further reading

  • John Barratt Cavaliers The Royalist Army at War 1642-1646, Pub Sutton, 2000, ISBN 0-7509-35251
  • Dr Mark Stoyle Choosing Sides in the English Civil War BBC

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Information and Pictures (794 words)
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is descended from the King Charles Spaniel and other small Toy Spaniels seen in many sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century paintings.
By the 1940's these dogs were classified as a separate breed and were given the prefix Cavalier, to differentiate them from their forebears.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was shown in the Toy Group of the AKC beginning in 1996.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club - USA - Breed FAQ (1441 words)
Cavaliers are excellent with children, but the age of the children is an important factor in choosing a puppy.
Cavalier puppies are very slow to mature and benefit from staying with their mothers and littermates longer than many other breeds.
Women have mentioned that a Cavalier resting on her lap or in the crook of her arm is almost as peaceful as holding a sleeping infant.
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