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Encyclopedia > Caudal pontine reticular nucleus
Brain: Caudal pontine reticular nucleus
Latin nucleus reticularis pontis caudalis
NeuroNames hier-561
Dorlands/Elsevier n_11/12583092

The caudal pontine reticular nucleus is composed of gigantocellular neurons. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... NeuroNames is a system of nomenclature for the brain and related structures. ... Elseviers logo. ...


In rabbits and cats it is exclusively giant cells, however in humans there are normally sized cells as well. Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae, found in many parts of the world. ... Cats may refer to: Felines, members of the animal family Felidae The domesticated animal, cat The musical, yeah right, I bet that this was really dumb. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ...


The pontis caudalis is rostral to the gigantocellular nucleus and is located in the caudal pons, as the name would indicate. Position of the pons in the human brain The pons (sometimes pons Varolii after Costanzo Varolio) is a knob on the brain stem. ...


The pontis caudalis has been known to mediate head movement, in concert with the nucleus gigantocellularis and the superior colliculus[1]. The superior colliculus is part of the brain that sits below the thalamus and surrounds the pineal gland in the mesencephalon of vertebrate brains. ...


The neurons in the dorsal half of this nuclei fire rhythmically during mastication, and in an anesthetized animal it is possible to induce mastication via electrical stimulation of the PC or adjacent areas of the gigantocellular nucleus[2]. Mastication or chewing is the process by which food is mashed and crushed by teeth. ...


The pontis caudalis is also thought to play a hand in the grinding of teeth during sleep.


References

  1. ^ Sasaki S, The neural control of orienting: role of multiple-branching reticulospinal neurons. Prog Brain Res. 2004;143:383-9.
  2. ^ Scott G, Effect of lidocaine and NMDA injections into the medial pontobulbar reticular formation on mastication evoked by cortical stimulation in anaesthetized rabbits. Eur J Neurosci. 2003 May;17(10):2156-62.

 
 

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