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Encyclopedia > Catholic Church

The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz.:

-Or, as derived from the Apostles' Creed, and used in the liturgy of many other Christian denominations: We believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church; the word catholic being used in the sense of universal. Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Vladimir Icon, one of the most venerated of Orthodox Christian icons of the Virgin Mary. ... The Apostles Creed (in Latin, Symbolum Apostolorum), is an early statement of Christian belief, possibly from the first or second century, but more likely post-Nicene Creed in the early 4th Century AD. The theological specifics of the creed appear to be a refutation of Gnosticism, an early heresy. ... From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity such... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... The term denomination can refer to: A religious denomination A unit of currency (See Denomination (currency)) A naming. ...

For technical and theological discussions of the term and its attributions see:

  Results from FactBites:
The Catholic Church - God's One and Only Church (946 words)
The immense truth that will strike you is that there is a great difference between the doctrines of the pre-Vatican II Catholic Church and those of the post-Vatican II “Catholic Church.” Once you recognize this, you are forced to admit that they are not one and the same Church.
The movement on the part of those who still have the true faith, still in the Catholic Church, came to a joyful outcome on October 24, 1998, when Pope Pius XIII was elected to the Chair of St. Peter.
In the early Church of the 4th century, history records the terrible Arian heresy, a denial of the Divinity of Christ, which caused nearly all the bishops to leave the Church by their accepting the Arian heresy.
Roman Catholic Church. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (2272 words)
The doctrine of apostolic succession is one of the keystones of the Catholic faith; it holds that the pope (the vicar of Christ) and the bishops have in varying degrees the spiritual authority Jesus assigned to his apostles.
In addition the Roman Catholic Church stresses that since the members, living and dead, share in each other’s merits, the Virgin Mary and other saints and the dead in purgatory are never forgotten (see church; saint).
The contest between church and state continued, ruining the Hohenstaufen dynasty and, in the contest between Boniface VIII and Philip IV of France, bringing the papacy to near ruin.
  More results at FactBites »



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