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Encyclopedia > Catherine of Aragon
Catherine of Aragon
Queen consort of England
Born 16 December 1485(1485-12-16)
Laredo Palace, Alcala de Henares,Spain
Died 7 January 1536 (aged 50)
Kimbolton Castle, Cambridgeshire
Consort June 11, 1509 - May 23, 1533
Consort to Henry VIII
Issue Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Mary I
Royal House Trastámara
Father Ferdinand II of Aragon
Mother Isabella I of Castille

Catherine of Aragon (16 December 14857 January 1536) (Castilian Infanta Catalina de Aragón y Castilla), was the Queen of England as the first wife of Henry VIII of England. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Alcal de Henares is a Spanish city. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Kimbolton Castle in Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, is best known as the final home (or prison) of King Henry VIIIs first queen, Catherine of Aragon. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ... Henry, Duke of Cornwall was the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. ... Henry, Duke of Cornwall was the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. ... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death on 17 November 1558. ... The House of Trastámara was a dynasty of kings in the Iberian Peninsula, which governed in Castile from 1369 to 1504, in Aragón from 1412 to 1516, in Navarre from 1425 to 1479, and in Naples from 1442 to 1501. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella of Castile butt pirets rule Isabella I (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... For other uses, see The Six Wives of Henry VIII. // The six wives (queens consort) of Henry VIII of England were, in order: Catherine of Aragon (annulled), Anne Boleyn (beheaded), Jane Seymour (died, childbirth fever), Anne of Cleves (annulled), Catherine Howard (beheaded), and Catherine Parr. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ...


Henry's attempt to have their twenty-four-year marriage annulled set in motion a chain of events that led to England's break with the Roman Catholic Church. Henry was dissatisfied with the marriage because all their sons had died in childhood, leaving only one of their six children, Princess Mary (later Queen Mary I) as heiress presumptive, at a time when there was no established precedent for a woman on the throne. When the Pope refused to allow the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine, Henry defied him and married Anne Boleyn in the hope of fathering a male heir to continue the Tudor dynasty. Annulment is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death on 17 November 1558. ... An heir presumptive is one who is first in line to inherit a title or property, such as a monarchy, because there is not yet an heir apparent. ... Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke[1] (ca. ... For other uses, see Tudor (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life

Katherine was the youngest child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. Her older siblings were Isabella, Princess of Asturias Queen of Portugal; John, Prince of Asturias; Joan I of Spain; and Maria of Castile and Aragon, Queen of Portugal. She was an aunt, among others, of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, John III of Portugal and their wives, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Henry I of Portugal. She was a granddaughter of both John II of Castile and John II of Aragon. She was descended from the English royal house through her great-grandmother Katherine of Lancaster and her great-great-grandmother Philippa of Lancaster, both daughters of John of Gaunt and granddaughters of Edward III of England. She was thus a third cousin of her father-in-law and mother-in-law, Henry VII and his wife Elizabeth of York. Isabella of Asturias (1470–1498) was the Queen Consort of Portugal and the eldest daughter and heiress presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile. ... Troughout its History, the Portuguese monarchy has had only two queens regnant: Maria I and Maria II of Portugal (and, arguably, Beatrice for a short period of time in the 14th century). ... Francisco Pradilla Ortizs painting Cortejo del bautizo del Príncipe Don Juan, hijo de los Reyes Católicos, por las calles de Sevilla (Retinue of the Baptism of Don Juan, son of the Catholic Monarchs, Along the Streets of Seville), 1910 Infante don Juan de Trastamare de Aragon y... Joanna of Aragon and Castile (Spanish: ) (November 6, 1479 – April 12, 1555), called Joan the Mad (Juana La Loca), Queen regnant of Castile and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, was the second daughter of Ferdinand, King of Aragon, and Isabella, Queen regnant of Castile, and was born... Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517) was an Aragonese princess, second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I and because of that queen consort of Portugal from 1500 until her... Troughout its History, the Portuguese monarchy has had only two queens regnant: Maria I and Maria II of Portugal (and, arguably, Beatrice for a short period of time in the 14th century). ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Ferdinand in 1531, the year of his election as King of the Romans Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was an Austrian monarch from the House of Habsburg. ... Henry, the cardinal or Henrique (in Portuguese) (January 31, 1512 - January 31, 1580), was the seventeenth King of Portugal between 1578 and 1580. ... Juan II (March 6, 1405 – July 20, 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. ... John II the Great (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). ... Katherine of Lancaster (also known as Catherine Plantagenet and as Queen Catalina of Castile and Leon) (1372/1373 – 2 June 1418) was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his second wife, Constance of Castile. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 - February 3, 1399), the third surviving son of King Edward III of England, gained his name because he was born at Ghent in 1340. ... This article is about the King of England. ... The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Katherine was born at Laredo Palace in Alcalá de Henares (30 km from Madrid) in 1485, the youngest surviving child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. At an early age, she was identified as a suitable wife for Arthur, Prince of Wales, first son of Henry VII of England and heir to the throne. They were married by proxy, and corresponded in Latin until Arthur turned fifteen and it was decided that the time had arrived for them to be married in person. Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... Arthur Tudor (19 September/20 September 1486– 2 April 1502) was the first son of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and therefore, heir to the throne of England and Wales. ... The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ...


Catherine, George de Athequa, and the rest of her retinue set off for England. They arrived in the autumn, and on November 4, 1501, the couple met at last at Dogmersfield in Hampshire. Little is known about their first impressions of each other, but Arthur did write to his father- and mother-in-law that he would be 'a true and loving husband' and he later told his parents that he was immensely happy to behold the face of his lovely bride. Ten days later, on 14 November 1501, they were married at St. Paul's Cathedral. is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dogmersfield is a small village between Fleet and Hartley Wintley located in Hampshire, England. ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... St Pauls Cathedral is a cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London in London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. ...

Catherine as a young widow, by Henry VII's court painter, Michael Sittow, c.1502
Catherine as a young widow, by Henry VII's court painter, Michael Sittow, c.1502

Image File history File links Young Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII of England, by Michel Sittow. ... Image File history File links Young Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII of England, by Michel Sittow. ... The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... Diego de Guevara by Sittow, ca. ...

Princess of Wales

As Prince of Wales, Arthur was sent to Ludlow Castle on the borders of Wales, to preside over the Council of Wales and the Marches, and his bride accompanied him. A few months later, they both became ill, possibly with the sweating sickness which was sweeping the area. He died of it on April 2, 1502, and she nearly died; she recovered to find herself a widow. This article is about the title Prince of Wales. ... Ludlow Castles gatehouse Ludlow Castle is a large, now ruined castle which dominates the town of Ludlow in Shropshire, England. ... This article is about the country. ... The Council of the Marches was an English regional administrative body (similar to the Council of the North) covering all of Wales and the English counties known as the Welsh Marches. ... Sweating sickness, also known as the English sweate (Lat. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At this point Henry VII was faced with the dilemma of how to avoid returning Catherine's dowry to her father. To avoid complications, it was agreed that Catherine would marry the king's second son, Prince Henry, who was more than five years her junior. The marriage was delayed until the prince was old enough, and the king procrastinated so much that it looked doubtful whether the marriage would ever take place. Some of Catherine's letters to her father, complaining of her treatment, have survived.


Marriage to Arthur's brother depended on the Pope granting a dispensation because of the close relationship. Katherine testified that her marriage to Arthur was never consummated. The matter was considered of minor importance at the time, as the Pope had the power to overrule any objections to the marriage, whether or not they were forbidden by religious law.


Queen Consort of England

The marriage did not take place until after Henry VIII acceded to the throne in 1509. The wedding took place on June 11, followed by the coronation on June 24, 1509. Both as Princess of Wales and as Queen Consort, Catherine was extremely popular with the English people. She governed the nation as Regent while Henry invaded France in 1513. is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Camilla Mountbatten-Windsor, the current Princess of Wales. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...

The Six Wives of
King Henry VIII
Catherine of Aragon
Anne Boleyn
Jane Seymour
Anne of Cleves
Catherine Howard
Catherine Parr

The marriage seems to have been a happy one until Henry became seriously worried about producing a male heir to his throne as the years went past. Their first child, a daughter, arrived stillborn on 31 January 1510. Prince Henry, Duke of Cornwall was born on 1 January 1511, but died 52 days later. In November 1513, she gave birth to another son named Henry, but he only lived a few hours. Her next pregnancy produced a stillborn daughter, in December 1514. On February 18, 1516 at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, London, she gave birth to a daughter named Mary (later Mary I of England) - the only child to survive infancy. Her final pregnancy ended with another stillborn daughter, on 10 November 1518. Henry VIII redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (635x872, 217 KB) العربية | Česky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Español | فارسی | Français | עברית | Indonesian | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | Magyar | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Românǎ | Русский | Slovenščina | Српски | Sunda | 简体中文 | 正體中文 | Türkçe | Русский | Українська +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File links Anne_boleyn. ... Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke[1] (ca. ... Download high resolution version (801x1300, 189 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For the actress, see Jane Seymour (actress). ... Download high resolution version (829x1106, 148 KB) Anne of Cleves by Hans Holbein the Younger File links The following pages link to this file: Anne of Cleves Wives of Henry VIII ... Anne of Cleves (22 September 1515 – 16 July 1557) was the fourth wife of Henry VIII of England from 6 January 1540 to 9 July 1540. ... Image File history File links HowardCatherine02. ... Cathrine Howard (between 1520 and 1525 – 13 February 1542), also called Katherine Howard[1] was the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (1540-1542), and sometimes known by his reference to her as the rose without a thorn. Her birth date and place of birth is unknown, (occasionally cited... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Catherine Parr or Jane Grey Catherine Parr (c. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Henry, Duke of Cornwall was the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Greenwich Palace. ... This page is about Greenwich in England. ... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death on 17 November 1558. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ...


Henry considered a male heir essential. The Tudor dynasty was new, and its legitimacy might still be tested. The last time a female had inherited the English throne (Henry I of England's daughter, the Empress Matilda), a long civil war (1135–1154) had been fought. The disasters of civil war were still fresh in living memory from the Wars of the Roses (1455–1485). For other uses, see inheritance (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tudor (disambiguation). ... Henry I (c. ... Empress Matilda (February 1102 – September 10, 1167; sometimes Maud or Maude), also called Matilda, Countess of Anjou or Matilda, Lady of the English, was the daughter and dispossessed heir of King Henry I of England. ... The Anarchy in English history commonly names the period of civil war and unsettled government that occurred during the reign (1135–1154) of King Stephen of England. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ...


In 1520 her nephew Emperor Charles V paid a state visit to England, and she urged Henry to enter an alliance with Charles rather than with France. Immediately after his departure, May 31, 1520, she accompanied the king to France on the celebrated visit to Francis I, the so-called Field of the Cloth of Gold. Within two years, war was declared against France and the Emperor was once again made welcome in England, where plans were afoot to betroth him to Princess Mary. For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1520 (MDXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Francis I of France (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... The Field of Cloth of Gold , or in French Le Camp du Drap dOr, is the name given to a place in Balinghem, between Guînes and Ardres, in France, near Calais. ...


Henry's annulment

In 1525, Henry VIII became enamoured with Anne Boleyn, a maid-of-honour to the Queen, and began his pursuit of her.[1] By this time Katherine was not in a physical condition to undergo further pregnancies. Henry began to believe that his marriage was cursed and sought confirmation from the Bible, which says that if a man marries his brother's wife, the couple will be childless.[2] If she had lied when she said her marriage to Arthur had not been consummated, it meant that their marriage was wrong in the eyes of God. It is possible that the idea of annulment had suggested itself to the King much earlier than this, and it is highly probable that it was motivated by his desire for a male heir. Before Henry's father Henry VII ascended the throne, England had been beset by civil warfare over rival claims to the English crown and Henry wanted to avoid a similar uncertainty over the succession. The King had no sons due to the death in infancy of all Katherine's children except their daughter Mary.[3] Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke[1] (ca. ... The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death on 17 November 1558. ...

Aragonese, Valencian and Sicilian Royalty
House of Trastámara

Ferdinand I
Children include
   Alfonso (future Alfonso V of Aragon, III of Valencia and I of Sicily and Naples)
   John (future John II of Aragon, Valencia and Navarre and I of Sicily)
   Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Alfonso V (III of Valencia and I of Sicily and Naples)
   Ferdinand I of Naples (natural son)
John II (I of Sicily and II of Navarre)
Children include
   Eleanor, Queen of Navarre
   Ferdinand (future Ferdinand II of Aragon, Valencia and Sicily, III of Naples, IV of Castile and V of Leon)
   Blanca
   Joan, Queen of Naples
   Charles IV of Navarre
Ferdinand II (III of Naples, IV of Castile and V of Leon)
Children include
   Isabella, Queen of Portugal
   Joan, Queen of Castile
   Juan, Prince of Asturias
   Mary, Queen of Portugal
   Catherine, Queen of England
Grandchildren include
   Miguel da Paz, Crown Prince of Portugal and Spain
   Charles (future Charles I of Spain and V of the Holy Roman Empire)

It soon became the one absorbing object of the King's desires to secure an annulment from Katherine.[4] Henry set his hopes upon a direct appeal to the Holy See, acting in this independently of Thomas Cardinal Wolsey, to whom he at first communicated nothing of his plans so far as they related to Katherine. William Knight, the king's secretary, was sent to Pope Clement VII to sue for the annulment of the marriage, on the ground that the dispensing bull of Pope Julius II was obtained by false pretences. The House of Trastámara was a dynasty of kings, of Spanish origin, which governed in Castile from 1369 to 1504, in Aragón from 1412 to 1516, in Navarre from 1425 to 1479, and in Naples from 1442 to 1501. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 496 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1016 × 1229 pixel, file size: 100 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ferdinand I (of Aragón and Sicily), called The Just (27 November 1380 – 2 April 1416) was King of Aragón and Sicily from 1412 to 1416. ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ... John II the Great (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). ... Eleanor of Aragon (Leonor de Aragón, in Spanish), Queen of Portugal as wife of Edward I of Portugal and princess of Aragon as daughter to Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque, (1402 – February 18, 1445, Toledo). ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ... Ferdinand I (1423 - January 25, 1494), also called Don Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. ... John II the Great (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). ... Eleanor de Foix (1425-Tudela, 1479), regent (1455-1479) and queen (1479) of Navarre. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Blanca of Navarre (1420-1464) was the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. ... Joanna of Aragon (also Juana of Aragon) (1454-1517) was an infanta (princess) of Aragon. ... Charles, Prince of Viana, ( 1421 - 1461), sometimes called Charles IV, king of Navarre, was the son of John, afterwards king of Aragon, by his marriage with Blanche, daughter and heiress of Charles, king of Navarre. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella of Asturias (1470–1498) was the Queen Consort of Portugal and the eldest daughter and heiress presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile. ... Joanna of Castile Joanna (Spanish: Juana) (November 6, 1479 – April 12, 1555), called Juana the Mad (Juana La Loca), queen of Castile and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, was the second daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, king and queen of Spain, and was born at Toledo on... Francisco Pradilla Ortizs painting Cortejo del bautizo del Príncipe Don Juan, hijo de los Reyes Católicos, por las calles de Sevilla (Retinue of the Baptism of Don Juan, son of the Catholic Monarchs, Along the Streets of Seville), 1910 Infante don Juan de Trastamare de Aragon y... Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517) was an Aragonese princess, second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I and because of that queen consort of Portugal from 1500 until her... Miguel da Paz of Portugal (English (lit. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, (c. ... For the antipope (1378–1394) see antipope Clement VII. Pope Clement VII (May 26, 1478 – September 25, 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de Medici, was a cardinal from 1513 to 1523 and was Pope from 1523 to 1534. ... A Papal bull is a particular type of patent or charter issued by a pope. ... Pope Julius II (December 5, 1443 – February 21, 1513), born Giuliano della Rovere, was Pope from 1503 to 1513. ...


As the pope was at that time the prisoner of Katherine's nephew, Emperor Charles V, Knight had some difficulty in obtaining access to him. In the end the king's envoy had to return without accomplishing much. Henry had now no choice but to put his great matter into the hands of Thomas Wolsey, and Wolsey did all he could to secure a decision in the King's favour.[5] How far the pope was influenced by Charles V in his resistence, it is difficult to say, but it is clear Henry saw that the Pope was unlikely to give him an annulment from the Emperor's aunt.[6] The pope forbade Henry to proceed to a new marriage before a decision was given in Rome. Wolsey had failed and he was dismissed from public office in 1529. He then began a secret plot to have Boleyn forced into exile and he began communication with Katherine and the Pope, to that end. When this was discovered, Henry ordered Wolsey's arrest and had it not been for his death from a terminal illness in 1530, he might have been executed for treason.[7] A year later, Katherine was banished from court and her old rooms were given to Boleyn. When Archbishop of Canterbury William Warham died, the Boleyn family's chaplain, Thomas Cranmer, was appointed to the vacant position.[8] In November 1531, Katherine wrote to her nephew: "My tribulations are so great, my life so disturbed by the plans daily invented to further the king's wicked intention, the surprises which the king gives me, with certain persons of his council, are so mortal, and my treatment is what God knows, that it is enough to shorten ten lives, much more mine". For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, (c. ... For other uses, see Treason (disambiguation) or Traitor (disambiguation). ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Walliam Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1527 (Louvre Museum) William Warham (c. ... Thomas Cranmer (July 2, 1489 – March 21, 1556) was the Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of the English kings Henry VIII and Edward VI. He is credited with writing and compiling the first two Books of Common Prayer which established the basic structure of Anglican liturgy for centuries and...


Later years

Upon returning to Dover in England, Henry and Boleyn went through a secret wedding service.[9] The King's second wife soon became pregnant and, as was the custom with royalty, there was a second wedding service, which took place in London on 25 January 1533. Events now began to move at a quick pace. On 23 May 1533, Cranmer, sitting in judgment at a special court convened at Dunstable Priory to rule on the validity of the king's marriage to Katherine, declared that marriage null and void. Five days later, on 28 May 1533, Cranmer declared the marriage of Henry and Anne to be good and valid.[10] Until the end of her life she would refer to herself as Henry's only lawfully-wedded wife and England's only rightful Queen Consort; her faithful servants continued to address her by that title. Henry refused her the right to any title but "Dowager Princess of Wales" (in recognition of her position as his brother's widow). , Dover is a major channel port in the English county of Kent. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... The Dunstable Priory Church of St. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ...


In 1535 she was transferred to the decaying and remote Kimbolton Castle. Confining herself to one room, leaving it only to attend Mass, Catherine prepared to meet her end. While she was permitted to receive occasional visitors, she was forbidden to see her daughter Mary. She was also forbidden to communicate with her, but discreet sympathizers ferried secret letters between mother and daughter. Henry offered them both better quarters and the company of one another if they would acknowledge Anne Boleyn as his new Queen. Neither did. Kimbolton Castle in Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, is best known as the final home (or prison) of King Henry VIIIs first queen, Catherine of Aragon. ...


In late December 1535, sensing death was near, she made out her will, wrote to her nephew the Emperor Charles V asking him to protect her daughter, and penned one final letter to Henry, "my most dear lord and husband": Charles V may refer to: Charles V of France, the Wise (1338–1380). ...

My most dear lord, King and husband,
The hour of my death now drawing on, the tender love I owe you forceth me, my case being such, to commend myself to you, and to put you in remembrance with a few words of the health and safeguard of your soul which you ought to prefer before all worldly matters, and before the care and pampering of your body, for the which you have cast me into many calamities and yourself into many troubles. For my part, I pardon you everything, and I wish to devoutly pray God that He will pardon you also. For the rest, I commend unto you our daughter Mary, beseeching you to be a good father unto her, as I have heretofore desired. I entreat you also, on behalf of my maids, to give them marriage portions, which is not much, they being but three. For all my other servants I solicit the wages due them, and a year more, lest they be unprovided for. Lastly, I make this vow, that mine eyes desire you above all things.
Katharine the Queen.

Katherine died at Kimbolton Castle, on 7 January 1536. The following day, news of her death reached the King and he reportedly decked himself in bright yellow clothing. Henry called for public displays of joy regarding Katherine's death. Rumours then circulated that Katherine had been poisoned by Anne and/or Henry. The rumours were born after discovery during her embalming that her heart was blackened.[11] Modern medical experts are in agreement that the blackness of Katherine's heart was not due to poisoning, but due to cancer of the heart, something which was not understood at the time.[12] Katherine was buried in Peterborough Cathedral with the ceremony due to a Princess Dowager of Wales, not a Queen. Henry did not attend the funeral, nor did he allow Princess Mary to do so. Katherine would be the only one of Henry's wives who lived to see her fiftieth birthday. Kimbolton Castle in Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, is best known as the final home (or prison) of King Henry VIIIs first queen, Catherine of Aragon. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Peterborough Cathedral Plan Peterborough Cathedral is dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, and is very unusual amongst mediæval cathedrals in Britain because of its triple front (dominated by the statues of the three saints) and overall asymmetrical appearance. ... Camilla Mountbatten-Windsor, the current Princess of Wales. ...


Her tomb in Peterborough Cathedral can be seen and is frequently decorated with flowers. It bears the title 'Katharine Queen of England.' Peterborough is twinned with the Castilian city of Alcalá de Henares, her birthplace.


Historiography

Katherine has been admired by many for her willingness to contest the divorce and fight for her daughter's rights. She became a symbolic representation of the wronged woman[citation needed].


However, she has also had her detractors. In 1860, the German historian G. A. Bergenroth said he believed that her universal praise needed "to be less." David Starkey is another modern historian who criticized her in his book Six Wives but he insisted he had meant no disrespect, and argued that her tactics in political intrigue were a tribute to her intelligence.


She has remained a popular biographical subject to the present day. The American historian Garrett Mattingly was the author of a popular biography Catherine of Aragon in 1942. In 1967, Mary M. Luke wrote the first book of her Tudor trilogy, Catherine the Queen which portrayed her and the controversial era of English history she lived through from an impartial viewpoint. In recent years, the historian Alison Weir took a more sympathetic line in her biography The Six Wives of Henry VIII. Antonia Fraser also covered her extensively in her own 1992 biography of the same title. Garrett Mattingly (1900-1962) was a professor of European history at Columbia University, specializing in early modern diplomatic history. ... Alison Weir (born 1951) is a British writer of history books for the general public, mostly in the form of biographies about British kings and queens. ... Lady Antonia Fraser, née Pakenham, (born August 27, 1932) is a British author of history and novels, best known for writing biographies. ...


Modern historians are of the general opinion that neither she nor Anne Boleyn were at fault for the roles they played during that turbulent time in English history. Both simply reacted to the circumstances in which they found themselves. The American feminist Karen Lindsey believes that the true culprit for her misery in her final years was her husband, Henry.


Spelling of her name

Grave of Katherine of Aragon in Peterborough Cathedral
Grave of Katherine of Aragon in Peterborough Cathedral

"Catherine" is the most common modern English spelling of her name. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography states that her name should be spelled "Katherine" in a professional publication. In most official documents, her name is spelled with a K, and she herself signed her name "Katharine" and "Katherina".[citation needed] Loveknots built into his various palaces by her husband, Henry VIII, display the initials "H & K". Her tomb in Peterborough Cathedral is marked "Katharine the Queen".[13] [14]The Spanish spelling is "Catalina". This article is about the city in the United Kingdom. ...


Legacy in fiction, film and television

Although Katherine is often portrayed in film and on stage as having possessed the stereotypical Spanish traits of dark hair and an olive complexion, she was in fact a grey or blue eyed, fair-skinned woman with reddish-blonde hair, not too unusual for northern Spaniards such as those from her father's land of Aragon. Furthermore, she herself was part English, through her two English great-grandmothers, Katherine of Lancaster and Philippa of Lancaster, who were both daughters of Prince John, Duke of Lancaster. Katherine of Lancaster (also known as Catherine Plantagenet and as Queen Catalina of Castile and Leon) (1372/1373 – 2 June 1418) was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his second wife, Constance of Castile. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... John of Gaunt John of Gaunt John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ...

  • She was first portrayed on the silver screen in 1911 by Violet Vanburgh in a short film production of William Shakespeare's play Henry VIII.
  • Nine years later, the German actress Hedwig Pauly-Winterstein played her in the film Anna Boleyn.
  • Actress Rosalie Crutchley played her in The Sword and the Rose an account of Mary Tudor's romance with the Duke of Suffolk in 1515. Crutchley later played Henry's sixth queen Catherine Parr in The Six Wives of Henry VIII.
  • It was not until 1969, in Hal B. Wallis's acclaimed movie Anne of the Thousand Days that she appeared again. This time she was played by the Greek actress Irene Papas.
  • In a 90-minute television drama produced by the BBC, British actress Annette Crosbie played the most historically-accurate version of Katherine in a piece simply entitled Catherine of Aragon as part one in the channel's series The Six Wives of Henry VIII. The drama began on the night she arrived in England and followed through until her early marriage to Henry VIII. It re-commenced almost a decade later, with Henry's manoeuvres to get an annulment in order to marry Anne Boleyn. The play, which co-starred the Australian actor Keith Michell as Henry VIII, Dame Dorothy Tutin as Anne Boleyn and Patrick Troughton as the Duke of Norfolk, then chronicled her life until her death in January 1536.
  • In 1979 Claire Bloom played her in another adaptation of Shakespeare's play.
  • In the 1973 film Henry VIII and his Six Wives, Frances Cuka played her, and Keith Michell reprised his role as Henry VIII. A scene was incorporated between Frances Cuka and Charlotte Rampling (playing Anne Boleyn) to show their quiet, glacial enmity.
  • It was not until 2001 that she again appeared on the screen. This time it was in Dr. David Starkey's documentary series on Henry's queens. She was portrayed by Annabelle Dowler, with Julia Marsen as Anne Boleyn.
  • In 2003 she appeared twice on British television. In January, Spanish actress Yolanda Vasquez made a brief appearance as the character in The Other Boleyn Girl, opposite Jared Harris as Henry VIII and Natascha McElhone as Mary Boleyn. In October, the ITV 2-part television drama, Henry VIII starred Ray Winstone in the title role and Assumpta Serna as Queen Katherine. Part 1 chronicled the king's life from the birth of his bastard son, Henry Fitzroy until the execution of Anne Boleyn (played by Helena Bonham Carter) in 1536. David Suchet co-starred as Cardinal Wolsey.
Maria Doyle Kennedy as Katherine in The Tudors

Dame Ellen Terry as Katherine of Aragon The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth was one of the last plays written by the English playwright William Shakespeare, based on the life of Henry VIII of England. ... Rosalie Crutchley (January 4, 1920 - July 28, 1997) was a British actress. ... The Sword and the Rose, (first released on July 23, 1953) is a United States family and adventure film, produced by Disney and directed by Ken Annakin. ... A sketch of Mary during her brief period as Queen of France Mary Tudor (March 18, 1496 – June 25, 1533) was the younger sister of Henry VIII of England and queen consort of France due to her marriage to Louis XII. Mary was the fifth child of Henry VII of... Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk (c. ... Catherine Parr or Jane Grey Catherine Parr (c. ... Not to be confused with The Six Wives of Henry VIII (documentary), a more recent Channel 4 documentary series on the subject by David Starkey. ... Hal B. Wallis (September 14, 1898 – October 5, 1986) was an American motion picture producer. ... Anne of the Thousand Days is an Academy Award-winning 1969 costume drama made by Hal Wallis Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. ... Irene Papas (Greek Ειρήνη Παππά, born September 3, 1926 in Corinth) is a Greek-born actress who has starred in over seventy films in a career spanning more than fifty years. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Annette Crosbie, OBE (born 12 February 1934) is a Scottish character actress, best known for her many television appearances. ... Not to be confused with The Six Wives of Henry VIII (documentary), a more recent Channel 4 documentary series on the subject by David Starkey. ... Keith Michell (born 1 December 1928) is an Australian actor. ... Dame Dorothy Tutin Order of the British Empire|DBE (8 April 1930–6 August 2001), was a highly-regarded English actress of stage, film, and television. ... Patrick George Troughton (25 March 1920 – 28 March 1987) was a versatile and prolific English actor known in his role as the second incarnation of the Doctor in the long running British science-fiction television series Doctor Who, which he played from 1966 until 1969. ... Claire Bloom (born Patricia Claire Blume on February 15, 1931) is a British film and stage actress. ... Henry VIII and His Six Wives (1972) is the only feature-length film to deal with all six of King Henry VIIIs wives (other television movies have divided the story up into two or six parts. ... Rampling modeling on a Mickey Spillane book cover, 1972. ... David Robert Starkey (born January 3, 1945) is one of Englands best-known historians, and a specialist in the Tudor period. ... Jared Harris (born 24 August 1961, in London, UK) is a British actor of Irish and Welsh descent. ... Natascha McElhone (born Natascha Taylor, December 14, 1971 in Hampstead, London, England) is a British television and movie actress, best known for her roles in Solaris and as Lady Mary Boleyn in the original adaptation of the controversial novel The Other Boleyn Girl. ... Mary Boleyn (c. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... Raymond Andrew Winstone (born February 19, 1957) is an Emmy Award winning English film and television actor. ... Assumpta Serna, born Asunción Rodes Serna on September 16th, 1957 in Barcelona, Spain, is both one of Spains most prolific actresses and also an acting teacher. ... Illegitimacy is the status that was once commonly ascribed to individuals born to parents who were not married. ... Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (June 15, 1519 – June 18, 1536) was the son of Henry VIII and his teenaged mistress, Elizabeth Blount, the only bastard that Henry acknowledged. ... Helena Bonham Carter (born 26 May 1966) is an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated English actress, known for her portrayals of Bellatrix Lestrange in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Marla Singer in the film Fight Club, her Oscar-nominated performance as Kate Croy in The Wings... David Suchet OBE (born May 2, 1946) is an English actor best known for his television portrayal of Agatha Christies Hercule Poirot in the television series Agatha Christies Poirot. ... Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (c. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Maria Doyle is an Irish-born actress (known as Maria Doyle Kennedy since her 1992 marriage to Kieran Kennedy) who appeared in Irish movies such as The Commitments, about a musical group, which also starred Bronagh Gallagher and Angeline Ball; and The General, with Brendan Gleeson about the notorious Irish... The year 2007 in television involves some significant events. ... This article is about the pay TV channel. ... The Tudors is an Emmy Award-nominated television series that examines the early reign of Henry VIII, with Jonathan Rhys Meyers in the lead role. ... Jonathan Rhys Meyers (born 27 July 1977) is an Irish Golden Globe-winning actor and fashion model. ... Natalie Dormer (born 1982 in Reading, Berkshire, England) is an English actress. ... 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several film franchises which premiered or had installments released in 2004, which appear again this year: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Ocean... For the 2007 film based on the novel, see The Other Boleyn Girl (film) The Other Boleyn Girl is a historical novel written by British author Philippa Gregory, based on the life of 16th-century aristocrat Mary Boleyn. ... Philippa Gregory (born 9 January 1954) is a British novelist, mainly associated with the historical fiction genre. ... Ana Torrent Bertrán de Lis (born July 12, 1966) is a Spanish actress. ... Eric Bana (born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968) is an Australian film and television actor. ... Scarlett Johansson (born November 22, 1984) is an American actress. ... Natalie Portman (‎; born June 9, 1981) is a Golden Globe-winning, Academy Award-nominated Israeli-American actress. ... Jean Plaidy was a pen name of British author Eleanor Hibbert, also known as Philippa Carr and Victoria Holt. ... The Constant Princess is a historical novel by Philippa Gregory, published in 2005. ... Philippa Gregory (born 9 January 1954) is a British novelist, mainly associated with the historical fiction genre. ...

Ancestry

John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... Ferdinand I (of Aragón and Sicily), called The Just (27 November 1380 – 2 April 1416) was King of Aragón and Sicily from 1412 to 1416. ... Eleanor of Aragon (20 January 1358 – 13 August 1382) was a daughter of King Peter IV of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Sicily. ... John II the Great (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). ... Sancho of Alburquerque (1342 - 1375) is known in Spanish as Sancho de Castilla, Infante de Castilla, Conde de Alburquerque. ... Eleanor of Alburquerque (1374 - 1435) became Queen consort of Aragon by her marriage to Ferdinand I of Aragon. ... Beatrice of Portugal (pron. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Juana Enriquez (1425-1468), was John II of Aragons second wife. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... Henry III (October 4, 1379 — 1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm (Spanish: Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390. ... Eleanor of Aragon (20 January 1358 – 13 August 1382) was a daughter of King Peter IV of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Sicily. ... Juan II (March 6, 1405 – July 20, 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. ... John of Gaunt John of Gaunt John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ... Katherine of Lancaster (also known as Catherine Plantagenet and as Queen Catalina of Castile and Leon) (1372/1373 – 2 June 1418) was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his second wife, Constance of Castile. ... Constance of Castile (1354 – June 1394) was claimant of the Castilian throne after the death of her father Pedro the Cruel. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... John of Portugal (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ...

See also

  • List of English consorts

Notes

  1. ^ Scarisbrick, p.154.
  2. ^ Leviticus 21:21
  3. ^ Lacey, p.70.
  4. ^ Brigden, p.114.
  5. ^ "Henry VIII" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
  6. ^ Morris, p.166.
  7. ^ Haigh p.92f
  8. ^ "Clement VII" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
  9. ^ Starkey, pp. 462–464.
  10. ^ Williams, p.124.
  11. ^ Lofts, p.139.
  12. ^ Fraser.
  13. ^ http://www.peterborough-cathedral.org.uk/Tourism.htm
  14. ^ http://www.peterborough-cathedral.org.uk/
  15. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, <http://www.thepeerage.com/p10588.htm#i105871>. Retrieved on October 25, 2007
  16. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, <http://www.thepeerage.com/p11347.htm#i113464>. Retrieved on October 25, 2007
  17. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, <http://www.thepeerage.com/p329.htm#i3286>. Retrieved on October 25, 2007
  18. ^ She was the daughter John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his first wife Blanche of Lancaster, making her half-sister of Catherine of Aragon's maternal great-grandmother Catherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his second wife Constance of Castile.
  19. ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, <http://www.thepeerage.com/p10730.htm#i107293>. Retrieved on October 25, 2007
  20. ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, <http://www.thepeerage.com/p11433.htm#i114328>. Retrieved on October 25, 2007

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... John of Gaunt John of Gaunt John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ... Blanche of Lancaster (March 25, 1345 - September 12, 1369) was an English noblewoman, daughter of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife Isabel de Beaumont. ... Katherine of Lancaster (also known as Catherine Plantagenet and as Queen Catalina of Castile and Leon) (1372/1373 – 2 June 1418) was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his second wife, Constance of Castile. ... John of Gaunt John of Gaunt John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ... Constance of Castile (1354 – June 1394) was claimant of the Castilian throne after the death of her father Pedro the Cruel. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

References

  • Henry VIII and his Court by Neville Williams (1971).
  • The Life and Times of Henry VIII by Robert Lacey (1972).
  • Henry VIII by J. J. Scarisbrick (1972) ISBN 978-0520011304.
  • Anne Boleyn by N. Lofts (1979) ISBN 0-698-11005-6.
  • The Wives of Henry VIII by Lady Antonia Fraser (1992) ISBN 067973001X.
  • English Reformations by Christopher Haigh (1993).
  • Europe and England in the Sixteenth Century by T. A. Morris (1998).
  • New Worlds, Lost Worlds by Susan Brigden (2000).
  • Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII by David Starkey (2003) ISBN 0060005505.

Further reading

  • The Six Wives of Henry VIII by Alison Weir (1991) ISBN 0802136834.
  • Divorced Beheaded Survived: A Feminist Reinterpretation of the Wives of Henry VIII by Karen Lindsey (1995) ISBN 0201408236.
  • British Kings & Queens by Mike Ashley (2002) ISBN 0-7867-1104-3.
  • Henry VIII: The King and His Court by Alison Weir (2002) ISBN 034543708X.

External links

  • tudorhistory.org - A good overview of her life, accompanied by an excellent portrait gallery
  • englishhistory.net - An in-depth look at her life and times
  • A geo-biography of the Six Wives of Henry the VIII on Google Earth
  • Guardian unlimited, letter from her to Pope Clement VII
Catherine of Aragon
House of Trastámara
Born: 16 December 1485 Died: 7 January 1536
English royalty
Preceded by
Elizabeth of York
Queen Consort of England
11 June 150923 May 1533
Succeeded by
Anne Boleyn
Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Anne Neville
Princess of Wales
1501 – 1502
Vacant
Title next held by
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Persondata
NAME Katherine of Aragon
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Catalina de Aragón
SHORT DESCRIPTION Queen Consort of Henry VIII
DATE OF BIRTH December 16, 1485(1485-12-16)
PLACE OF BIRTH Alcalá de Henares, Aragon (now Spain)
DATE OF DEATH January 7, 1536
PLACE OF DEATH Kimbolton, England

For the antipope (1378–1394) see antipope Clement VII. Pope Clement VII (May 26, 1478 – September 25, 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de Medici, was a cardinal from 1513 to 1523 and was Pope from 1523 to 1534. ... The House of Trastámara was a dynasty of kings, of Spanish origin, which governed in Castile from 1369 to 1504, in Aragón from 1412 to 1516, in Navarre from 1425 to 1479, and in Naples from 1442 to 1501. ... This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke[1] (ca. ... The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. ... Anne Neville (June 11, 1456–March 16, 1485) was Queen consort of King Richard III of England 1483-1485. ... Camilla Mountbatten-Windsor, the current Princess of Wales. ... Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (or Anspach) (Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline) (1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) as Queen Caroline was the queen consort of King George II of Great Britain 1727-1737. ... Camilla Mountbatten-Windsor, the current Princess of Wales. ... Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary; formerly Parker Bowles; née Shand, born 17 July 1947) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the thrones of the United Kingdom and the other 15 Commonwealth Realms. ... Diana Spencer redirects here. ... Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the Queen Consort of George V. Queen Mary was also the Empress of India. ... This page is about the wife of Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (later Queen Caroline; 17 May 1768 – 7 August 1821) was the queen consort of George IV of the United Kingdom from 29 January 1820 to her death. ... Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (November 30, 1719 – February 8, 1772) was Princess of Wales from May 8, 1736 to March 31, 1751. ... Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (or Anspach) (Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline) (1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) as Queen Caroline was the queen consort of King George II of Great Britain 1727-1737. ... Anne Neville (June 11, 1456–March 16, 1485) was Queen consort of King Richard III of England 1483-1485. ... Joan, Countess of Kent, Princess of Wales (September 29, 1328 – August 7, 1385) is known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, and was the wife and cousin of Edward, the Black Prince. ... Prince George of Denmark Prince George of Denmark (April 2, 1653 - October 28, 1708) was the Prince consort of Queen Anne of Great Britain. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Mary of Modena (October 5, 1658 – May 7, 1718) was the queen consort of King James II of England. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Catherine of Braganza (November 25, 1638 – November 30, 1705) (Catherine Henrietta, Portuguese: Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança), was the queen consort of King Charles II of England. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... Queen Henrietta Maria (November 25, 1609 – September 10, 1669) was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland (June 13, 1625 - January 30, 1649) through her marriage to Charles I. The U.S. state of Maryland (in Latin, Terra Mariae) was so named in her honour by Cæcilius Calvert, son... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Anna of Denmark (October 14, 1574 – March 4, 1619) was queen consort of King James I of England and VI of Scotland. ... Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of the Kingdom of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Guilford Dudley (1536 - 12 February 1554) was a son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and Jane Guilford; and the younger brother of Robert Dudley, the future earl of Leicester. ... // Events June 26 - Christs Hospital in London gets a Royal Charter July 6 - Edward VI of England dies July 10 - Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England - for the next nine days July 18 - Lord Mayor of London proclaims Queen Mary as the rightful Queen - Lady Jane Grey... Catherine Parr or Jane Grey Catherine Parr (c. ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Cathrine Howard (between 1520 and 1525 – 13 February 1542), also called Katherine Howard[1] was the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (1540-1542), and sometimes known by his reference to her as the rose without a thorn. Her birth date and place of birth is unknown, (occasionally cited... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Anne of Cleves (22 September 1515 – 16 July 1557) was the fourth wife of Henry VIII of England from 6 January 1540 to 9 July 1540. ... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... For the actress, see Jane Seymour (actress). ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England, 1st Marchioness of Pembroke[1] (ca. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Anne Neville (June 11, 1456–March 16, 1485) was Queen consort of King Richard III of England 1483-1485. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Elizabeth Woodville or Wydville (c. ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Margaret of Anjou (Marguerite dAnjou, March 23, 1429 – August 25, 1482) was the Queen consort of Henry VI of England from 1445 to 1471, and led the Lancastrian contingent, in the Wars of the Roses. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401 – 3 January 1437) was the Queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... Joanna of Navarre (1370? - 1437) was the daughter of Charles the Bad, King of Navarre. ... Events July 21 - Battle of Shrewsbury. ... // March 21 - Henry V becomes King of England. ... Isabella of Valois (9 November 1389 – 13 September 1409) was a Princess of France, daughter of King Charles VI and Isabella of Bavaria-Ingolstadt. ... Events September 25 - Bayazid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births William Canynge, English merchant (approximate date; died 1474) Zara Yaqob, Emperor of Ethiopia (died 1468) Deaths January 4 - Nicolau Aymerich, Catalan theologian and... Anne of Bohemia Anne of Bohemia (1366 - 1394) was the daughter of Emperor Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Elisabeth of Pomerania. ... Year 1383 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... Philippa of Hainault Philippa of Hainault (~1314 - August 15, 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... Events King Charles V of France renounces the treaty of Brétigny and war is declared between France and England. ... Isabella returns to England with her son, Edward III. Jean Fouquet, 1455x1460. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ... Marguerite of France (1282 – 14 February 1317) was a daughter of Philip III of France and Maria of Brabant. ... Events Osman I declares the independence of the Ottoman Principality The County of Holland is annexed by the County of Hainaut April 1, 1299 Kings Towne on the River Hull granted city status by Royal Charter of King Edward I of England. ... January 18 - German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia. ... For other Eleanors of England, see Eleanor of England (disambiguation) Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first Queen consort of Edward I of England. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... // March 1 - The University of Coimbra is founded in Lisbon, Portugal by King Denis of Portugal; it moves to Coimbra in 1308. ... For other Eleanors of England, see Eleanor of England (disambiguation). ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Statue of Isabella of Angoulême, in front of the city hall of Angoulême Isabella of Angoulême (fr. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... // Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... Berengaria of Navarre Berengaria (Spanish: Berenguela, French: Bérengère) (c. ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Eleanor of Aquitaine (right) and John sans Terre Eleanor of Aquitaine (or Aliénor), Duchess of Aquitaine and Gascony and Countess of Poitou (1122[1]–April 1, 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the High Middle Ages. ... King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Events January - Byland Abbey founded Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ... Events March 4 - Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans Eleanor of Aquitaine has her marriage to Louis VII annulled May 18 - Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henry of Anjou Church of Ireland acknowledges Popes authority Almohad Dynasty conquers Algeria Establishment of the archbishopric of Nidaros (Trondheim), Norway... Geoffrey of Anjou Geoffrey V (Godefroi) (August 24, 1113 – September 7, 1151), Count of Anjou, Touraine and Maine, and later Duke of Normandy by marriage, called Le Bel (The Fair), Martel (The Hammer) or Plantagenet, was the father of King Henry II of England, and thus the forefather of the... Events February 2 - Battle of Lincoln. ... Adeliza of Louvain (1103-1151) was queen consort of England from 1121 to 1135, the second wife of King Henry I of England. ... Events Concordat of Worms condemns Pierre Abélards writings on the Holy Trinity. ... Events January - Byland Abbey founded Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ... Edith of Scotland, (c. ... August 5 - Henry I becomes King of England. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... Matilda of Flanders (c. ... For the book, see 1066 And All That. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Kimbolton is a large village in Cambridgeshire, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Catherine of Aragon - definition of Catherine of Aragon in Encyclopedia (1382 words)
Born in Alcalá de Henares, she was the youngest child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile and, as a third-great-granddaughter of Edward III of England, a fourth cousin of both Henry VII and his wife Elizabeth of York.
Catherine died of a form of cancer, at Kimbolton Castle, in 1536 and was buried in Peterborough Cathedral with the ceremony due to a Princess Dowager of Wales, not a Queen.
Catherine was savagely criticised in Joanna Denny's 2004 biography of Anne Boleyn.
Catherine of Aragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1895 words)
Born in Alcalá de Henares, Catherine was the youngest surviving child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile and, as a third-great-granddaughter of Edward III of England, a fourth cousin of both Henry VII and his wife Elizabeth of York.
Catherine refused to acknowledge the divorce and took the issue to the law, but she lost and was forced to leave Court.
Catherine died of a form of cancer, at Kimbolton Castle, on January 7, 1536 and was buried in Peterborough Cathedral with the ceremony due to a Princess Dowager of Wales, not a Queen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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