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Encyclopedia > Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (St. John's)
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is located in the city of St. John's, Newfoundland. This parish is the oldest in North America, founded in 1699 in response to a petition drafted by the Anglican townsfolk of St. John's and sent to the Bishop of London, the Rt. Rev. Henry Compton. In this petition, the people also requested help in the rebuilding of their church, which had been destroyed, along with the rest of the city, in 1696 by the French under the command of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. At least six wooden churches stood on or near this site and were destroyed by military operations during the wars between the French and the British which finally resulted in British control of North America. The Cathedral of St. ... The Cathedral of St. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Avancez (go forward) Nickname: The City of Legends Established: {{{Established}}} Area: (city)446. ... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Arms of the Bishop of London The Bishop of London is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. ... Henry Compton (1632 - July 7, 1713), English divine, was the sixth and youngest son of the second earl of Northampton. ... Pierre Le Moyne dIberville. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...


The first stone church was begun in 1843 under the direction of Aubrey Spencer, the first bishop of Newfoundland, but little progress was made on this relatively modest edifice beyond the laying of a cornerstone before Bishop Spencer resigned due to ill health.

Nave of the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

The present Cathedral was begun in 1847 by Edward Feild, the second bishop of Newfoundland. Bishop Feild commissioned plans from the leading Gothic Revival architect George Gilbert Scott, who envisioned a more impressive cruciform structure with varied ornamentation in the twelfth-century English style. The Nave, built between 1847 and 1850, served as the entire Cathedral Church for 35 years. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 512 KB)Nave of the Anglican Cathedral, St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 512 KB)Nave of the Anglican Cathedral, St. ... Bishop Edward Feild (1801 – 1876) educator and second Bishop of Newfoundland, born Worcester, England. ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses. ...


Construction on the choir and transept section did not commence until 1880 and was completed in September 1885, under the direction of James Butler Knill Kelly. The additions to the nave gave the cathedral the shape of a Latin cross and began the era of Gothic Revival architecture in the construction of nineteenth-century Anglican churches in Newfoundland. James Butler Knill Kelly (18 February 1832 – 15 May 1907) was a Bishop of the Church of England active in the colony of Newfoundland. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...

Anglican Cathedral after the Great Fire of 1892

On July 8, 1892, the Cathedral was extensively damaged in The Great Fire of 1892. The roof timbers ignited, which caused the roof to collapse, bringing the clerestory walls and piers in the nave down with it. The intense heat caused the lead to melt in the glass windows, resulting in the complete destruction of all but two; the sole surviving window can be seen in the Sacristy. Restoration of the Cathedral commenced in 1893, again under Kelly's direction. By 1895, the Chancel and Transepts had been rebuilt, while the Nave reached completion in 1905. A window in the restored Cathedral was dedicated to Kelly, who died in 1907. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x742, 115 KB)The Anglican Cathedral, St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x742, 115 KB)The Anglican Cathedral, St. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Great Fire in St. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ...


The restored cathedral is renowned internationally as one of North America's best ecclesiastical Gothic Revival structures. The church was re-consecrated in a service on September 21, 1905. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The cathedral remains incomplete as the structure still lacks the spire which its designer, Scott, had envisaged. Although an engineering team has established that the proposed 150-foot tower and steeple is structurally feasible, the cost was estimated to be $3,000,000. The clergy and parishioners remain committed to completing Scott's plans and are hopeful that they will see the spire erected.


Dimensions

The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

The Cathedral stretches 200 feet from the Great West Doors to the Sanctuary, with a 60-foot wide nave and a maximum width of 99 feet at the transepts. Where nave and transept cross, the floor-to-ceiling height is 57 feet; outside, the roof stands 80 feet high at the ridge. Anglican Cathedral of St. ... Anglican Cathedral of St. ...


See also

Diocese of Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador The Anglican Diocese of Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador is one of seven dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Canada. ...


External links

  • Anglican Cathedral of St. John the Baptist home page
  • Information Booklet for the Anglican Cathedral


St. John's landmarks St. John's
Buildings Anderson House | Bank of British North America Building | Basilica of St. John The Baptist | Benevolent Irish Society | Cabot Tower | Cathedral of St. John the Baptist | Colonial Building | Confederation Building | Government House | Geo Centre | Masonic Temple | Memorial University of Newfoundland | Murray Premises | National War Memorial | Newfoundland Museum | Railway Coastal Museum | Saint Bonaventure's College | St. Patrick's Church | The Rooms
Neighbourhoods The Battery | Fort Amherst | George Street | Quidi Vidi | Rawlins Cross | Water Street | Waterford Valley
Sports King George V Park | Mile One Stadium | Swilers Rugby Football Park
Nature & Parks Bannerman Park | Bowring Park | Cape Spear | Grand Concourse | Pippy Park | Signal Hill | Victoria Park
Transportation St. John's International Airport | Newfoundland Railway | Metrobus

 
 

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