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Encyclopedia > Catgut

Catgut is the name applied to cord of great toughness and tenacity prepared from the intestines of sheep/goat, or occasionally from those of the hog, horse, mule, pig, and donkey. Those of the cat are not employed, and therefore it is supposed that the word is properly kitgut ("violin string"), kit meaning "fiddle," and that the present form has arisen through confusion with kit = cat. Another explanation of the origin of the cat in catgut is that it is an abbreviation for cattle which originally denoted not only cows, but all types of livestock. In anatomy, the intestine is the portion of the alimentary canal extending from the stomach to the anus and, in humans and other mammals, consists of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine (or colon). ... Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... HOG or hog can mean:- A pig, originally a castrated male pig. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... A barren of mules. ... This article is about the pig genus. ... Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Donkey (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Trinomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ...


The substance is used for the strings of harps, violins, and viols, as well as other stringed musical instruments, for hanging the weights of clocks, for bow-strings, and for suturing wounds in surgery. Catgut was also regularly used for stringing racquets in the past, though its use has diminished now with only one company, Babolat, continuing to use it in tennis racquets. The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ... Various sizes of viol, from Michael Praetorius Syntagma musicum (1618) The viol (also called viola da gamba) is any one of a family of bowed, fretted stringed musical instruments developed in the 1400s and used primarily in the Renaissance and Baroque periods. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... A clock (from the Latin cloca, bell) is an instrument for measuring time. ... A bow is an ancient weapon that shoots arrows powered by the elasticity of the bow. ... It has been suggested that suture material be merged into this article or section. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... Squash racquet and ball Racquetball racquet and ball Real tennis racquets and balls A tennis racquet A racquet (or racket) is a sports implement consisting of a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of cord is stretched. ... Babolat is a tennis equipment company, best known for its racquets which are used by many top players such as Andy Roddick, Rafael Nadal, Carlos Moya, and Kim Clijsters. ...


To prepare it, the intestines are cleaned, freed from fat, and steeped for some time in water, after which their external membrane is scraped off with a blunt knife. They are then steeped for some time in an alkaline lye, smoothed and equalized by drawing out, subjected to the antiseptic action of the fumes of burning sulphur, if necessary dyed, sorted into sizes, and twisted together into cords of various numbers of strands according to their uses. The best strings for musical instruments are reputedly from Italy ("Roman strings"); and it is found that lean and ill-fed animals yield the toughest gut. Steeping may mean: Soaking in liquid until saturated with a soluble ingredient, as in, for example, the steeping of tea. ... The common (Arrhenius) definition of a base is a chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. ... Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye or caustic soda, is a caustic metallic base. ... An antiseptic solution of iodine applied to a cut Antiseptics (Greek αντί, against, and σηπτικός, putrefactive) are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction. ... For the chemical element see: sulfur. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ...


Though catgut was in use for producing strings for many centuries and the Muslim physician al-Zahrawi utilized it in the 10th century, its use in the medical field became popular in the West only in the 19th century. It replaced silk and hemp sutures which caused inflammation and severe hemorrhage because the body could not absorb them. Sutures made from catgut are readily absorbed by the human body and are consequently extensively used for internal stitches. Although synthetic alternatives are available, catgut sutures are still widely used in hospitals throughout the world. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Abu al-Qasim (936 - 1013), (Arabic: أبو القاسم) also known as Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi known in the West as Abulcasis, is medieval Islams most prominent scholar of medicine. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Synthetic fibers are the result of extensive research by scientists to increase and improve upon the supply of naturally occurring animal and plant fibers that have been used in making cloth and rope. ...


In rare cases, catgut stitches can cause inflammation and be rejected by the body rather than absorbed.


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • Catgut manufacturing process explained with photos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Catgut - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (411 words)
Catgut is the name applied to cord of great toughness and tenacity prepared from the intestines of sheep/goat, or occasionally from those of the hog, horse, mule, and donkey testicles.
Catgut was also regularly used for stringing racquets in the past, though its use has diminished now with only one company, Babolat, continuing to use it in tennis raquets.
Though catgut was in use for producing strings for many centuries and the Muslim physician al-Zahrawi utilized it in the 10th century, its use in the medical field became popular in the West only in the 19th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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