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Encyclopedia > Catamarca Province
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Catamarca
Capital San Fernando del
Valle de Catamarca
Area 102,602 km²
Population 334,568 (2001)
Density 3,26/km²
Governor Eduardo Brizuela del Moral
Demonym Catamarqueño

Catamarca is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. The capital is San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, usually shortened to Catamarca. The province has a population of 334,568 as per the ‍2001 census [INDEC], and covers an area of 102,602 km². Its literacy rate is 95.5%. Neighbouring provinces are (clockwise, from the north): Salta, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba, and La Rioja. To the west it borders Chile. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Stemma_catamarca. ... San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río de Valle Catamarca near the Nevados del Aconquija mountains. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Jump to: navigation, search Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Provincia de Catamarca, Argentina A map highlighting Catamarca, Argentina. ... Argentina consists of 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 federal district (Capital Federal *). Capital Federal * Buenos Aires Catamarca Chaco Chubut Córdoba Corrientes Entre Ríos Formosa Jujuy La Pampa La Rioja Mendoza Misiones Neuquén Río Negro Salta San Juan San Luis Santa Cruz Santa Fe Santiago... San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río de Valle Catamarca near the Nevados del Aconquija mountains. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Jump to: navigation, search A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (Spanish Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos, INDEC) is the Argentine state institution responsible for the recolection and processing of census and statistical data, created in 1968. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Map of Argentina highlighting the province Tucumán is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Santiago del Estero is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... Córdoba is a province of Argentina, located in the centre of the country. ... La Rioja is a one of the provinces of Argentina and is, located in the west of the country. ...

Contents


History

Before the arrival of the Spanish conquest, most of today's Catamarca was inhabited by the Diaguitas indigenous people, including the fierce Calchaquí tribe. In 1558 Juan Pérez de Zurita founded San Juan de la Ribera de Londres, but since it was constantly under attack of the indigenous people it was not very populated, it was re-founded, changed its locating, and renamed several times. For its 6th foundation, on July 5, 1683, Fernando de Mendoza Mate de Luna founded the city of San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... Jump to: navigation, search July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río de Valle Catamarca near the Nevados del Aconquija mountains. ...


When the Viceroyalty of the River Plate was created in 1776, Catamarca obtained the title of Subintendencia under the Salta indentency. In 1821 the province claims its autonomy, and Nicolás Avellaneda y Tula (grandfather of Nicolás Avellaneda) is elected as the first governor of the province. Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Nicolás Remigio Aurelio Avellaneda Silva (1837-1885) was President of Argentina from 1874 to 1880. ...


There are two versions of the origin of the name. The quichua version form words "cata" ("slope") and "marca" ("fortress") forming "Fortress on the slope", and the aymara version from words "Catán" ("small") and "marca" ("town") resulting in "Small town". Quechua (Runasimi in Quechua; Runa, People + Simi, speech, literally mouth) is a Native American language of South America. ... Help wikipedia by translating [Spanish article] into this article. ...


Economy

Mining and cattle are the main activities of the province. The province's livestock includes around 200,000 bovine heads, 100,000 ovine, and 150,000 goats, with an annual production of 7,000 tons of bovine meat, 5 tons of ovine, and 10 tons of porcine. Jump to: navigation, search Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (called simply cows in vernacular usage) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of about 24 medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Jump to: navigation, search Species See Species and subspecies A goat is an mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... The word ton or tonne is derived from the Old English tunne, and ultimately from the Old French tonne, and referred originally to a large cask with a capacity of 2526 wine gallons, which holds approximately 21000 pounds of water. ...


Mining production includes (approximate annual figures) 500 kg of gold, 5 tons of silver, 20,000 tons gypsum, and 750,000 tons limestone. The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... Gypsum is a very soft mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. // Chemical structure Gypsum from New South Wales, Australia Heating gypsum above approximately 150°C (302°F) partially dehydrates the mineral by driving off exactly 75% of the water contained in its chemical structure. ... Jump to: navigation, search Limestone (CaCO3) is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate). ...


The agriculture of the province focuses on wood (walnut), vineyards, olive, citrics, cotton and tobacco. Species See text The walnuts (genus Juglans) are plants in the walnut family Juglandaceae. ...


Tourism is a surging economy in Catamarca, with more than 3.465 beds in hotels and other types of accommodation. Mountains and geological formation are the main attraction, with sights such as Antofagasta de la Sierra, Balcones del Valle, Cumbres Nevadas de Aconquija, and Paso de San Francisco. Cultural attractions include the city of Catamarca, Las Huellas del Inca archeological park, prehistoric petroglifos drawings, the Catamarqueña music, handcrafts and wines. Antofagasta de la Sierra is a volcanic field in Argentina. ...


Political division

The province is divided into sixteen departments (Spanish: departamentos). The word department has a number of meanings: It can mean an administrative sector of the government. ...


Department (Capital)

  1. Ambato (La Puerta)
  2. Ancasti (Ancasti)
  3. Andalgalá (Andalgalá)
  4. Antofagasta de la Sierra (Antofagasta de la Sierra)
  5. Belén Department (Belén)
  6. Capayán (Chumbicha)
  7. Capital (San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca)
  8. El Alto Department (El Alto)
  9. Fray Mamerto Esquiú (San José, Catamarca)
  10. La Paz Department, Catamarca (San Antonio)
  11. Paclín (La Merced)
  12. Pomán (Pomán)
  13. Santa María (Santa María)
  14. Santa Rosa (Bañado de Ovanta)
  15. Tinogasta (Tinogasta)
  16. Valle Viejo (San Isidro)

Belén is a municipality in the Honduran department of Lempira. ... San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río de Valle Catamarca near the Nevados del Aconquija mountains. ... La Merced may refer to Argentina La Merced, Catamarca Colombia La Merced, Caldas Peru La Merced, Junín This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Jump to: navigation, search Tinogasta is a city in the west of the province of Catamarca, Argentina, on the right-hand shore of the Abaucán River, about 280 km from the provincial capital San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. ...

External links

  • Official site (Spanish)
  • History (Spanish)
  • CatamarcaWeb Portal
  • Guide to Catamarca (Spanish)


Provinces of Argentina Flag of Argentina
Buenos Aires | Buenos Aires Province | Catamarca | Chaco | Chubut | Córdoba | Corrientes | Entre Ríos | Formosa | Jujuy | La Pampa | La Rioja | Mendoza | Misiones | Neuquen | Río Negro | Salta | San Juan | San Luis | Santa Cruz | Santa Fe | Santiago del Estero | Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands | Tucumán

  Results from FactBites:
 
Unprecedented Quake Activity In Argentina (335 words)
BUENOS AIRES (Agencias) - The seismic movement that affected at least twelve of the twenty-four provinces of Argentina achieved the magnitude of an earthquake and caused the deaths of a woman, everal wounded, general alarmo among the population and light material damage.
The Meteorological Institute of the province of San Juan reported today that in San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, in the country's northwestern corner, the phenomenon reached an intensity of 6 degrees on the Richter scale while San Juan, also along the Andean Range, shook to 3 degrees on the same scale.
The epicenter was located some 500 km SW of Catamarca province, with extensions into Chilean territory.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Catamarca Province (483 words)
Neighbouring provinces are (clockwise, from the north): Salta, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba, and La Rioja.
In 1821 the province claims its autonomy, and Nicolás Avellaneda y Tula (grandfather of Nicolás Avellaneda) is elected as the first governor of the province.
The agriculture of the province focuses on wood (walnut), vineyards, olive, citrics, cotton and tobacco.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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