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Encyclopedia > Castile

A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. It gradually merged with its neighbors to become the Kingdom of Spain. Modern Spanish monarchs are numbered according to the system of Castile. Image File history File links Castilemodified. ... Image File history File links Castilemodified. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Old Castille (Spanish: Castilla la Vieja) is an historic region of Spain, which included territory that later corresponded to the provinces of politically, Santander (now Cantabria), Burgos, Logroño (now La Rioja), Soria, Segovia, and Ávila, to which some scholars add Valladolid and Palencia. ... New Castile (Spanish: Castilla la Nueva) was the southern part of the Kingdom of Castile in central Spain, taken during the reconquista of the peninsula by Christian kings from Muslim rulers. ...

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Castilians as an ethnic group

Over millennia, most Spaniards have intermixed heritage but due to its past political dominance, and present-day cultural dominance, Castilian language has been taken as main feature of "ethnicity". Castilian language spread throughout the entire mesa of central Spain during the conquest of Muslim lands, carried out principally by the kingdom of Toledo which was renamed "New Castile". Their language, (modern day Spanish) has been adopted as the language of Spain although it is still referred to as "Castilian" in Spain and frequently in Latin America. The Castilian regions roughly coincide with the mesas of north-central Spain, historically sparsely populated highlands. For nationalist parties in the Basque country and Catalonia, Castilians are the inhabitants of all those regions of Spain where "Castilian" language is spoken. Castilian identity is now defined negatively rather than positively. The main reason for this is that Castilian nationalism was the first to be destroyed by the Spanish Crown during the revolt and war of the Castilian communities against the Spanish Monarchy, between 1520 and 1521. From a non-Castilian point of view, Castilian identity is thus excluded from "historical nationalities" of Spain such as Catalonia, the Basque regions and other Castilian-speaking regions which due to historical reasons have their own identity, culture and dialects such as the 8 million strong Andalusian region, and the Canary islands. Both Andalusia and the Canary islands experienced an early Castilian colonisation and subsequent immigration, but survival and absorption of local populations allowed for a culture particular to those regions. Certain regions are not considered Castilian, such as Valencia and the Balearic Islands because historically they belong to the Crown of Aragon and because their local language is Catalan. Galicians are not considered to be Castilian, although their region was annexed by the Crown of Castile. Navarre, a historical kingdom in its own right has Basque-speaking areas in the north and more Castilian-speaking areas in the south whereas Extremadura is considered to be Castilian in the north and Andalusian in the south. The list goes on with Murcians, Leonese, Manchegos etc... but establishing whether these people are to be considered "Castilian" is a more difficult matter. February 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → 28 February 2006 (Tuesday) Al Askari Mosque bombing: Sixty-eight people have been killed so far today in Baghdad, Iraq. ... Castilian independentist mural in Belfast Castilian nationalism, or Castilianism, is a political movement that advocates for the national recognition of Castile, and in some cases, its independence. ... The Castilian War of the Communities is also known as the Revolt of the Comuneros, and in Spanish as la Guerra de los Comunidades de Castilla. ... mary elline m. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Catalan and Spanish In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... The Basque Country (Euskal Herria in Basque) straddles the western Pyrenees mountains that define the border between France and Spain, extending down to the coast of the Bay of Biscay. ... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity) Capital Seville Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87 268 km²  17,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 1st  7 478 432  17,9%  85,70... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity) Capital Seville Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87 268 km²  17,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 1st  7 478 432  17,9%  85,70... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Catalan  â€“ Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166... King of Aragons arms in 15th century Europe in 1470. ... Catalan (Català IPA: ) a Romance language, the national and official language of Catalunya (Catalonia) (On April 3rd 06 the central government of Spain finally recognised the right to define Catalonia as a NATION on the text of the Catalan Constitution) and the Principality of Andorra. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community in Spain. ... Capital Mérida Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41 634 km²  8,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 13th  1 073 050  2,6%  25,77/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  extremeño/a, castúo Statute of Autonomy February 26... Leon or Léon or León may refer to: // Places France Léon, Landes, a commune of the Landes département, France Léon (viscounty), Brittany, France Léon (diocese), Brittany, France Mexico León, Guanajuato Nicaragua León, Nicaragua León Department Philippines Leon, Iloilo Spain León...


Andalusian Antonio Machado, perhaps one of Spain's greatest poets, describes best the place of Castile and Castilians in Spanish history.


Castilla miserable, ayer dominadora,


envuelta en sus andrajos desprecia cuanto ignora.


¿Espera, duerme o sueña? ¿La sangre derramada


recuerda, cuando tuvo la fiebre de la espada?


Todo se mueve, fluye, discurre, corre o gira;


cambian la mar y el monte y el ojo que los mira.


¿Pasó? Sobre sus campos aún el fantasma yerra


de un pueblo que ponía a Dios sobre la guerra.


Antonio Machado, 'A orillas del Duero'


History

Historically, the Castilian Kingdom and people were the architects of the Spanish State by a process of expansion to the South against the Muslims and of marriages, wars, assimilation, and annexation of their smaller Eastern and Western neighbours. From the advent of the Bourbon Monarchy following the War of the Spanish Succession until the arrival of parliamentary democracy in 1977, the Castilian language alone had an official status in the Spanish State. Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


Previously an eastern county of the kingdom of León, Castile in the 11th century became an independent realm with its capital at Burgos and later Valladolid, and the leading force in the northern Christian states' 400-year Reconquista ("reconquest") of central and southern Spain from the Muslim rulers who had dominated the peninsula since the 8th century. The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid The unfinished cathedral and the Plaza de la Universidad, near the University of Valladolid The church of Santa María la Antigua, Valladolid Valladolid, which name comes from the Arabic phrase for land of the father (Balad-Al-Walid), is an industrial city in... The Reconquista (Reconquest) refers to the liberating of the Christian Iberian Peninsula from rule by Muslim invaders, taking place between 718 and 1492. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


The capture of Toledo in 1085 added New Castile to the crown's territories, and the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) heralded the Muslim loss of most of the south. León was finally reunited with Castile in 1230, and the following decades saw the capture of Córdoba (1236), Murcia (1243) and Seville (1248). By the Treaty of Alcaçovas with Portugal on March 6, 1460, the ownership of the Canary Islands was transferred to Castile. Location of Toledo in Spain Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain, the capital of the province of Toledo and of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ... Events May 25 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. ... New Castile (Spanish: Castilla la Nueva) was the southern part of the Kingdom of Castile in central Spain, taken during the reconquista of the peninsula by Christian kings from Muslim rulers. ... The July 16, 1212 battle of Las Navas de Tolosa is considered a major turning point in the history of Medieval Iberia. ... Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground Battle of Navas de Tolosa Childrens crusade Crusaders push the Muslims out of northern Spain In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... Location within Europe, Spain and Andalusia Córdoba, the Roman bridge and the Mosque-Cathedral View across the old Roman bridge towards the Mezquita Interior court of the Mezquita Córdoba is a city in Andalucía, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Murcia (37°59′N 1°8′W) is a city and municipality on the river Segura in southeastern Spain and the capital of the Autonomous Community of Murcia. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... Seville (Spanish: Sevilla, see also different names) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir (, ). It is the capital of Andalusia and of the province of Sevilla. ... Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo... The Treaty of Alcaçovas was an agreement between Portugal and Castile where ownership of the Canary Islands was transferred to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The dynastic union of Castile and Aragon in 1469, when Ferdinand II of Aragon wed Isabella of Castile, would eventually lead to the formal creation of Spain as a single entity in 1516 when their grandson Charles V assumed both thrones. See List of Spanish monarchs and Kings of Spain family tree. Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Events July 26 - Battle of Edgecote Moor October 17 - Prince Ferdinand of Aragon wed princess Isabella of Castile. ... Ferdinand II the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: Ferran dAragó el Catòlic) (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples, Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella of Castile Isabella of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was queen of Castile and Leon. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Catalonian-Aragon and Castile Crown. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Transition to Democracy Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History... This is a collection of family trees of the kingdom of Spain. ...


Nowadays many people consider that the territory traditionally regarded as Castile is now divided into the Spanish autonomous communities of Cantabria, Castile and Leon, Castile-La Mancha, Madrid and La Rioja, although this territory was conquered by Castile's Crown and separated of Navarrese Kingdom. However, the territory of the Castilian Crown actually comprised all other autonomous comunities within Spain with the exception of Aragon, Balearic Islands and Catalonia, which all belonged to the late Crown of Aragon, and Navarre, heir of the older Kingdom of the same name. Capital Santander Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 15th  5 321 km²  1. ... Capital Valladolid Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 1st  94,223 km²  18,6% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 6th  2,480,369  5. ... Capital Toledo Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 3rd 79 463 km² 15,7% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 9th  1 782 038  4,3%  22,43/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Castilian-Manchego  castellano-manchego Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 CM Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats... Capital Madrid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  7 995 km²  1,6% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 3rd  5 964 143  13,5%  745,98/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Madrilenian  madrileño/a Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166-2 M Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   281 614  0,7%  55,82/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Catalan  â€“ Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166... Capital Barcelona Official languages Catalan and Spanish In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community in Spain. ...


Language

The language of Castile emerged as the primary language of Spain — known to many of its speakers as castellano and in English as Castilian, but more often as Spanish. See Names given to the Spanish language. Castilian is a noun and adjective that refers to the region and former kingdom of Spain; in particular, it refers to the language of this region, and is therefore considered by many to be a synonym of Spanish, though with different nuances. ... There are two names given to the Spanish language: Spanish (español) and Castilian (castellano). ...


See also


Two places in the United States of America have been named after this kingdom: Village of Castile and Town of Castile. Both are located in the state of New York. The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... It is traditional (at least, since the 19th century) to start the history of modern Spain with the Visigoth kingdom. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... Castile soap is a name used in English-speaking countries for soap made exclusively from vegetable oil, as opposed to animal fat. ... Castile is a village located in Wyoming County, New York. ... Castile is a town located in Wyoming County, New York. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ...


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Natural Skin Care | Chemically Sensitive Skin | Pure Castile Soaps (518 words)
True Castile soaps are the mildest and most moisturizing of all soaps.
True Castile traditionally is made from 100% olive oil.
A True Castile soap or Pure Castile Soap must be produced from a mixture that is at least 80% olive oil.
Castile and Aragon (2847 words)
Old Castile is in outline an irregular triangle, the western frontier bordering on the ancient Kingdom of Leon, the south-eastern boundary being the Sierras de Gredos, Guadarrama, and the Moncayo (Mons Caunus), and the north-eastern, the river Ebro.
Castile, with the title of king, was given to Ferdinand, who had married Sancha, the sister of Bermudo, who was to have married García Sánchez, the last independent count.
The linguistic unity of Castile and Aragon is a very notable fact because although Aragon and Catalonia, united since the twelfth century (1137), possess two very different languages, Castile and Aragon, although they had an entirely independent historical development until the sixteenth century, have the same language with the exception of some minor dialectical differences.
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