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Encyclopedia > Cassilis, Victoria
Cassilis Mine, circa 1900
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Cassilis Mine, circa 1900

Cassilis is a ghost town in Victoria, Australia. A street corner in the ghost town of Bodie, California. ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ...


Cassilis was named after a small township in Scotland. In the 1800's at the peak of the gold boom, it was a thriving mining center home to more than 500 people. Gold bearing quartz reefs were first discovered in 1885 at Long Gully, and by 1889 there was a battery in operation as well as a general store, butchery, bakery and Mechanics' Institute hall. A private school had already been operating when a government school commenced in the hall in 1890. The schools produced exceptional results, with pupils under headmaster McDonald gaining the highest percentage of scholarships in the State for several years. Two hotels, a coffee palace, hairdressers, bookmakers, two bank agencies and two post offices were also in existence before The first hydroelectric power station in Victoria was established at Victoria Falls to provide power and light for the mine. Of the reef mines, the Mt Hepburn and King Cassilis were the largest. The Mt Hepburn mine was an immense formation nearly a kilometer in length and as much as 15 metres wide. However the ore obtained was heavily mineralised, and gold was lost due to the lack of a smelting plant. An extensive cyanide plant was constructed at King Cassilis mine about 1896, but was not a great success. By the first World War, most of the available gold was depleted, and both mines closed down. The town rapidly declined and by 1933 there was only 34 inhabitants. The 1939 bushfires destroyed part of the town, and other buildings were taken away. Now Cassilis lies as a ghost town, with no commercial buildings in operation. Set in the 3600 hectare Cassilis Historical Area, the mines are now a local tourist attraction with many relics of the gold mining era. A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... Quartz is amongst one of the most common minerals in the Earths continental crust. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire Kingdom of Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria German Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nikolay II Nikolay Yudenich Radomir Putnik Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail... The Black Friday fires of January 13, 1939, in Victoria Australia, has been considered one of the worst natural bushfires (Wildfires) in the world, and most certainly the single worst in Australian history as a measure of partly habitated land lost. ...

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Remains at the King Cassilis Mine
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