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Encyclopedia > Cashmere wool

Cashmere fiber is a fiber obtained from the Cashmere goat and is also known as Pashmina. The name derives from an archaic spelling of Kashmir. It is sometimes incorrectly applied to any extremely soft wool regardless of origin. Kashmir may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent shared by India, Pakistan, and China Kashmir (song), a song by Led Zeppelin from Physical Graffiti Kashmir (band), a Danish rock band Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute over the Kashmir region Jammu and Kashmir, an integral state... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 435 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1824 × 2512 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 435 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1824 × 2512 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...

Contents

Classification

Cashmere is characterized by its luxuriously soft fibers. From an order of a natural sheep fiber to be considered Cashmere, it must be under 18.5 micrometers in diameter and be at least 3.175 centimeters long. It is noted as providing a natural light-weight insulation without bulk. Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics. Appropriate for all climates, a high moisture content allows insulation properties to change with the relative humidity in the air. It is a misconception that the finest fibers are harvested from the neck and belly of the goat as these are generally the dirtiest part of the animal and most subject to collecting debris. The finest fibers are gathered from the saddle of the Cashmere goat; most of the cashmere comes off of the sides and back of the goat's body from the shoulder to the rump. If the goat is shorn, the fiber must be "de-haired" to remove the coarse, unusable guard hair. Sometimes the fine fibers are collected by combing the goat; either method is time consuming and tedious, thus the high cost of cashmere. Thermal insulation on the Huygens probe The term thermal insulation can refer to materials used to reduce the rate of heat transfer, or the methods and processes used to reduce heat transfer. ... For the meaning of fiber in nutrition, see dietary fiber. ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... A variety of fabric. ...


Natural colors

The colors come in different ranges of grey, brown and white. Achromatic redirects here. ... For other uses, see Brown (disambiguation). ... This article is about the color. ...


Source of the fiber

The Cashmere (Kashmir) or goat down is the source of the wool that becomes cashmere fiber for clothing and other textile articles. The goat (Capra hircus laniger) is a mammal belonging to the subfamily Caprinae of the family Bovidae. The goats produce a double fleece consisting of the fine, soft undercoat or underdown of hair mingled with a straighter and much coarser outer coating of hair called guard hair. In order for the fine under down to be sold and processed further, it must first be de-haired. De-hairing is a mechanical process that separates the coarse hairs from the fine hair and after de-hairing the resulting "cashmere" is ready to be dyed and converted into yarn, fabrics and garments. For other uses of the term, see goat (disambiguation). ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... This article is about wool, the fiber. ... Guard hairs are the longest, thickest hairs in a mammals coat, forming the topcoat (or outer coat). ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ...


Geographic origin

The name is from the contested region of Kashmir. The cashmere products of this area first attracted the attention of Europeans in the early 1800s when India was under the British Raj. The goats reside predominantly in the high plateaus of Asia with the most significant populations being found in India's Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, Pakistan, himalayan regions of Nepal, the northwestern provinces of China (Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Gansu, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Qinghai and Tibet), Mongolia and Iran (Kerman and Khorasan provinces). Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... For the U.S. city, see Kerman, California. ... Map showing the pre-2004 Khorasan Province in Iran Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan, anciently called Traxiane during Hellenistic and Parthian times is currently a region located in north eastern Iran, but historically referred to a much larger area east and north-east of the Persian Empire...


Many nations in that area rely on cashmere as a luxury product that is exportable for high profit.


Gathering process

Specialty animal hair fibers including cashmere are collected during the spring moulting season when the animals naturally shed their winter coat. Depending on the weather and the region, the goats (in the Northern Hemisphere) moult over a period beginning as early as March and as late as May. In some regions, the mixed mass of down and coarse hair is removed by hand with a coarse comb that pulls tufts of fiber from the animal as the comb is raked through the fleece. The long, coarse guard hair is then typically clipped from the animal and is often used for brushes, interlinings as well as other non-apparel uses. As a result of this combing process, the collected fiber has a higher yield of pure cashmere after the fiber has been washed and dehaired. Animals in Iran, Afghanistan, New Zealand and Australia are typically shorn of their fleece resulting in a higher coarse hair content and lower pure cashmere yield. In America, however, the most popular method for gathering cashmere from the goat is to comb the goat. The process takes up to two weeks but, with a trained eye for when the fiber is releasing, sometimes it is possible to comb the fibers out in about a week. In birds, moulting or molting is the routine shedding of old feathers. ...


Production

China has become the largest producer of raw cashmere and current estimates of production put their annual clip at approximately 10,000 metric tons. Mongolia produces somewhat more than 3,000 tons annually with India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and Central Asian Republics producing significant but lesser amounts. In total the annual world clip is estimated to be in excess of 15,000 but less than 20,000 tonnes. After the natural animal grease, accumulated dirt and coarse hairs have been removed from the fleece, creating "pure cashmere", it is estimated the refined quantity is only about 6,500 tons. Pure cashmere then can be dyed and spun into yarns and knit into jumpers, hats, gloves, socks and other clothing, or woven into fabrics then cut and assembled into garments such as outer coats, jackets, pants, pajamas, scarves, blankets and other items. Fabric and garment producers in Italy, Scotland, England and Japan have long been known as market leaders. This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


The famous Johnstons of Elgin began cashmere weaving in 1797 and is the oldest cashmere mill still in use today. In the U.S., The Town of Uxbridge, was an incubator for the cashmere wool industry. Uxbridge had the first power looms for woolens, and the first manufacture of "satinets". The historic Capron Mill, started in 1820 was the site of the first power looms. This historic mill burned on July 21, 2007, in the spectacular Bernat Mill fire. About Johnstons of Elgin The mill established in 1797 is the same mill which produces cashmere garments today. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Uxbridge is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Look up Power in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the graphical adventure game, see LOOM. A Turkish woman in Konya works at a traditional loom. ... Woolen (British spelling woollen) is the name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Bernat is a trademark of an existing company (Bernat. ...


Annual yield

Up to 500 grams of fiber per goat, with an average 150 grams of underdown.


Types of fiber

  • Virgin — New fiber that has not been processed in any way, or has been made into yarns, fabrics or garments for the first time.
  • Recycled — fibers reclaimed from scraps or fabrics that were previously woven or felted and may or may not have been used by the consumer.
  • Raw — fiber that has not been processed and is essentially straight from the animal.
  • Processed — fiber that has been through the processes of de-hairing, washing, carding, and is ready either to spin or to knit/crochet/weave.

See also

After 25 years of selective breeding, the Australian Cashmere Goat has evolved into a distinctive breed of goat, far removed from its bush goat origins. ... Shahtoosh (also written Shatush) - a Persian word meaning Pleasure of Kings - was the name given to a specific kind of shawl, which was woven with the down hair of the Chiru or Tibetan Antelope, by the weavers of Kashmir. ... CASHMERE & PASHMINA originate from the same source. ...

External links

  • The Cashmere & Camel Hair Manufacturers Institute
  • The Australian Cashmere Growers Association
  • Cashmere and pashmina care advice
  • The History of Cashmere

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cashmere wool Summary (1844 words)
Cashmere is the second-largest hard-currencyearning export of Mongolia.
Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Kashmir goat.
Cashmere is extremely warm (in order to serve its original purpose of protecting goats from cold mountain temperatures.) Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics.
Cashmere wool - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (910 words)
Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Cashmir goat.
Cashmere wool is classified as a specialty hair fibre.
Cashmere is extremely warm (in order to serve its original purpose of protecting goats from cold mountain temperatures.) Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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