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Encyclopedia > Cash

Cash usually refers to money in the form of currency, such as banknotes and coins. Cash may refer to: Cash money Cash (unit), Chinese weight unit li (厘) See also Johnny Cash family There are several notable musicians related to singer Johnny Cash: His wife, June Carter Cash Their son, John Carter Cash His daughter from an earlier marriage, Rosanne Cash His brother, Tommy Cash Andrew... For other uses, see Money (disambiguation). ... A £20 Bank of England banknote. ... This article is about monetary coins. ...

In bookkeeping and finance, "cash" refers to current assets comprised of currency or currency equivalents that can be accessed immediately or near-immediately (as in the case of money market accounts). Bookkeeping (also book-keeping or book keeping) is the recording of all financial transactions undertaken by an individual or organization. ... The field of finance refers to the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interelated. ...



The English word cash is of the French caisse, itself a borrowing of the Provençal caissa. That Provençal word is a derivative of the Latin capsa (box, chest), most likely by way of an unattested Vulgar Latin form *capsea; Spanish caja and Portuguese caixa are their respective languages' reflexes.[1] [2] From the original sense of a box or a chest, the word came to refer to a sum of money such as was or might be contained in one, and eventually to specie or, with the elimination of metallic standards, banknotes.[1] In this sense, it is used in contrast to credit or other financial instruments. Provençal (Provençau) is one of several dialects of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France and other areas of France and Italy. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Latin profanity. ... For other uses, see Money (disambiguation). ... A £20 Bank of England banknote. ...

Historical usage in Asia

Main article: Cash (currency)

The word was formerly used also to refer to certain low-value coins used in South and East Asia. This sense derives from the Tamil kāsu, a South Indian monetary unit which can be traced back to Sanskrit karsa, a weight of gold or silver but akin to Old Persian karsha-, a weight. a unit of value equivalent to one cash coin. The early European representations of this Tamil word, including Portuguese caxa and English cass, merged the existing words caixa and cash, which had similar connections with money. In the pre-1818 South Indian monetary system, the cash was the basic coin, with 80 cash equalling a fanam and 42 fanams equalling a star pagoda worth roughly 7s. 8d.[3] Image File history File links Merge-arrow. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... This article is about the geographical region. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... See Aryan Language or Old Persian For more information visit: *[Ancient Iranian Languages & Literature The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about coinage. ... This article is about the coin. ...

This assimilated Tamil word was then applied to various other coins with which European traders came into contact, including the famous holed cash coins of China, the Chinese cash. These coins were commonly strung on cords for use in larger transactions; 1000 equalled a tael.[3] The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ...


  1. ^ a b "Cash, n.1". OED Online. 
  2. ^ Bloch, Oscar, and Walther von Warthburg (Dirs.) (2002). "Caisse". Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue française (1er édition «Quadrige»). Paris: Presses universitaires de France. 
  3. ^ a b "Cash, n.2". OED Online. 

OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

See also

Look up Cash in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Antique crank-operated cash register This article is about the cash register. ... Cash and cash equivalents are the most liquid asset found within the asset portion of a companys balance sheet. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An modern electronic note counter with counterfeit detection capabilities. ... In United States banking, cash management, or treasury management is a marketing term for certain services offered primarily to larger business customers. ... Businesses often need small amounts of cash known as petty cash for expenditures where it is not practical to make the disbursement by check. ... The wen (cash in English) was the currency of China from the 6th century BC until 1889, with wen continuing to circulate into the 20th century. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... As Indo-European languages, English and Persian have many words of common Proto-Indo-European origin, and many of these cognate words often have similar forms. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Johnny Cash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4727 words)
Cash was the husband of country singer and songwriter June Carter Cash.
Cash relapsed into addiction after a serious stomach injury in 1983 caused by an unusual incident in which he was kicked and critically wounded by an ostrich he kept on his farm.
Cash wrote that his reception at the 1994 Glastonbury Festival was one of the highlights of his career.
CNN.com - 'Man in Black' Johnny Cash dead at 71 - Sep. 12, 2003 (1863 words)
Cash died of complications from diabetes at Baptist Hospital in Nashville, Tennessee, hospital spokeswoman Nicole Bates said.
Cash acknowledged the death had a profound impact on his music, and he noted it may have been once reason for his music's melancholy tinge.
Cash had a somber image, but his songs were also full of fun and comedy.
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