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Encyclopedia > Case marker

In linguistics, a marker is a free or bound morpheme that indicates the grammatical function of the marked word or sentence. In analytic languages and agglutinative languages, markers are generally easily distinguished. In fusional languages and polysynthetic languages, this is often not the case. In the Latin word amo, "I love", for instance, the suffix _o marks indicative mood, active voice, first person, singular, present tense. Latin is a highly fusional language.


A lexeme is called marked if it contains a marker, and unmarked if not. In nominative-accusative languages, the nominative case is typically unmarked.


Examples

  • English: the suffix -s in dogs is a plural marker
  • Latin: the suffix -is in flaminis is a case marker, specifically a genitive marker
  • Spanish: the word hay in hay muchos libros en la biblioteca is an existential marker
  • Japanese: the Japanese particle が (ga) in ジョンが学生です。[Jon ga gakusei desu.] 'John is a student.' is a subject marker



  Results from FactBites:
 
Case marker - definition of Case marker in Encyclopedia (186 words)
In linguistics, a marker is a free or bound morpheme that indicates the grammatical function of the marked word or sentence.
In fusional languages and polysynthetic languages, this is often not the case.
In nominative-accusative languages, the nominative case is typically unmarked.
Patent 5592527: Identification marker for x-ray film with carrying case (4835 words)
The marker of claim 1 wherein the second channel is provided with opposed parallel grooves and the cover has a body with outwardly aligned wings on each longitudinal edge which ride in the said grooves causing multiple points of contact to prevent rotation of the cover when it is moved along the said second channel.
The marker of claim 15 wherein the second channel is provided with opposed parallel grooves and the cover has a body with outwardly aligned wings on each longitudinal edge which ride in the said grooves causing multiple points of contact to prevent rotation of the cover when it is moved along the said second channel.
The marker of claim 26 wherein the second channel is provided with opposed parallel grooves and the cover has a body with outwardly aligned wings on each longitudinal edge which ride in the said grooves causing multiple points of contact to prevent rotation of the cover when it is moved along the said second channel.
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