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Encyclopedia > Case Western Reserve

Case New Logo

Established 1967
Western Reserve College:1826
Case Inst. of Technology:1880
School type Private
President Edward M. Hundert, M.D.
Location Cleveland, OH, USA
Enrollment 3,700 undergraduate
5,700 graduate
Campus Urban
Homepage www.case.edu

Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio. It was created in 1967 by the federation of Case Institute of Technology (founded in 1880 by philanthropist Leonard Case, Jr.) and Western Reserve University (founded in 1826 in the area that was once the Connecticut Western Reserve).

The university encompasses the College of Arts and Sciences, Case School of Engineering, School of Graduate Studies, Weatherhead School of Management, School of Medicine, School of Dental Medicine, Frances P. Bolton School of Nursing, Gund School of Law, and Mandel School for Applied Social Sciences. As of 2004, the university had approximately 3,700 undergraduates and 5,700 graduate and professional students. According to US News and World Report 2005 rankings, Case is the #1 ranked college in Ohio and it ranks #35 among national universities, with Harvard and Princeton sharing the #1 spot. Furthermore, the university ranks #12 among private universities receiving the most federal research funding and spends nearly $1 million a day on research.

The university is approximately five miles (eight km) east of downtown Cleveland in University Circle, a 550-acre (2.2 kmē) area containing numerous educational, medical, and cultural institutions. Case has a number of programs taught in conjunction with nearby institutions, including the Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Hearing and Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, and the Cleveland Play House.

Case was the site of the famous Michelson_Morley interferometer experiment, conducted in 1887 by A. A. Michelson of Case Institute of Technology and E. W. Morley of Western Reserve University. This experiment proved the non-existence of ether and gave circumstantial evidence to substantiate Einstein's Theory of Relativity.

On October 5, 2004, Case hosted the Vice Presidential debate between Dick Cheney and John Edwards.


Notable alumni and faculty

Impact of Research at Case

Following is a partial list of major contributions made by faculty, staff, and students at Case:

Discovered that the earth’s motion had no effect on the movement of light, disproving the belief that the earth floated in a sea of ether. This discovery marks the beginning of modern physics and is linked with Einstein’s later work on relativity (Profs. Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley, 1887).

Discovered the atomic weight of oxygen, the basis for calculating the weights of all other elements (Prof. Morley, 1895).

Performed the first full X-ray of the human body -- on himself (Prof. Dayton C. Miller, 1896).

Performed the first modern blood transfusion using a coupling device to connect blood vessels (Dr. George W. Crile, 1905).

Pioneered chlorination of drinking water to eradicate the source of typhoid bacilli (Dr. Roger G. Perkins, 1912).

Developed simulated milk formula for infants (Dr. Henry J. Gerstenberger,1915).

Pioneered surgical treatment of coronary artery disease (Dr. Claude S. Beck, 1935).

Developed the first heart-lung machine to be used during open heart surgery (Dr. Frederick S. Cross, 1950s).

Performed the first successful lifesaving defibrillation of the human heart (Dr. Beck, 1947) and developed the method of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (Dr. Beck, 1952).

Developed a test for infants to identify mental retardation within a year after birth (Prof. Joseph F. Fagan, 1987).

Created the first artificial human chromosomes, opening the door to more detailed study of human genetics and potentially offering a new approach to gene therapy. (Prof. Huntington F. Willard of the School of Medicine and University Hospitals of Cleveland, in collaboration with colleagues at Athersys, Inc., 1997).


Case Western Reserve is a member of the University Athletic Association, which particpates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division III.

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos
    • Street map from Mapquest (http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=41.50416&longitude=-81.60845&zoom=8)
    • Topographic map from Topozone (http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lat=41.50416&lon=-81.60845&s=24&size=m)
    • Aerial photograph from Microsoft Terraserver (http://terraserver.microsoft.com/map.aspx?t=1&s=11&lon=-81.60845&lat=41.50416&w=600&h=400)

  Results from FactBites:
Case Western Reserve University (166 words)
CSE and Case are committed to the successful commercialization of the discoveries of its researchers.
Case has a number of distinctive and acclaimed research programs, including biomedical engineering, functional polymers, fuel cells, advanced materials, microgravity fluid flow and combustion, biologically inspired robots, sensors and microfabrication.
Case students enjoy research partnerships with nearby world-class institutions, including the Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals of Cleveland, NASA Glenn Research Center and the Wright Fuel Cell Group.
Case Western Reserve University (297 words)
Case Western Reserve University is one of the nation's leading independent research universities, with programs that encompass the arts and sciences, engineering, the health sciences, law, management, and social work.
Today, Case Western Reserve's enrollment and resources, distributed among undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs, achieve a balance that is distinctive among American universities.
Case Western Reserve University is located in University Circle, a 550-acre, park-like concentration of approximately 50 cultural, medical, educational, religious, and social service institutions located at the eastern edge of the city center.
  More results at FactBites »



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