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Encyclopedia > Cascade Range
Cascade Range
The Cascades
Mount Rainier in Washington state
Country United States, Canada
States Oregon, Washington, California, British Columbia
Length 700 mi (1,100 km), north-south
Highest point Mount Rainier
 - coordinates 46°51′1.9″N 121°45′35.6″W / 46.850528, -121.759889
 - elevation 14,410 ft (4,392 m)
Mount Shasta from Siskiyou Trail

The Cascade Range is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from southern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California. It includes both non-volcanic mountains, including the rugged spires of the North Cascades, and the notable volcanoes known as the High Cascades. The small part of the range in British Columbia is called the Canadian Cascades or Cascade Mountains; the latter term is also sometimes used by Washington residents to refer to the Washington section of the Cascades in addition to North Cascades, the more usual American term, as in North Cascades National Park. Cascades may mean : Cascade Range, a mountain range in the Pacific Northwest in the United States Cascades Rapids (or Cascade Falls), an area of rapids in the Columbia River in Oregon North Cascades National Park, a national park in Washington, United States West Cascades Scenic Byway, a highway in Oregon... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 3522 KB) Summary Kelvin Kay user:Kkmd Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 576 pixel, file size: 286 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mt Jefferson, Cascade Range, Oregon I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 576 pixel, file size: 286 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mt Jefferson, Cascade Range, Oregon I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1397x748, 362 KB) Mt. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1397x748, 362 KB) Mt. ... The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Looking toward Magic Mountain from the Cascade Pass trail North Cascades National Park is a U.S. National Park located in Washington state. ...


The Cascades are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the ring of volcanoes and associated mountains around the Pacific Ocean. All of the known historic eruptions in the contiguous United States have been from Cascade volcanoes. The two most recent were Lassen Peak in 1914 to 1921 and a major eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. Minor eruptions of Mount St. Helens have also occurred, most recently in 2006.[1] The Pacific Ring of Fire The Pacific Ring of Fire is an area of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions encircling the basin of the Pacific Ocean. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ... Lassen Peak[1] (also known as Mount Lassen) is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The 1980 eruption of Mount St. ...

Contents

Geography

At its southern end the range is about 30 to 50 miles (50 to 80 km) wide and 4,500 to 5,000 feet (1,370 to 1,520 m) high but is higher and 80 miles (130 km) wide in northern Washington. At its northern apex at Lytton Mountain (2,049 m) in Canada, near the confluence of the Fraser and Thompson Rivers, the range is only 10 miles wide. The tallest volcanoes of the Cascades are called the High Cascades and dominate their surroundings, often standing twice the height of the nearby mountains. They often have a visual height (height above nearby crestlines) of one mile (1.6 km) or more. The tallest peaks, such as the 14,411 foot (4,392 m) high Mount Rainier, dominate their surroundings for 50 to 100 miles (80 to 160 km). Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Fraser River watershed The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ...

Cascade Range-related plate tectonics

The northern part of the range, north of Mount Rainier, is known as the North Cascades. It is extremely rugged, with many of the lesser peaks steep and glaciated. The valleys are quite low, resulting in great local relief, and major passes are only about 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high. The southern part of the Canadian Cascades are included in the North Cascades, and have the same geography and geology. Usage differs as to whether to include the Coquihalla Range, which reaches up to the confluence of the Fraser and Thompson Rivers, and which has very different terrain and geology, more resembling the plateau country which extends north and east from the range's terminus at Lytton Mountain. Image File history File links Cascade_Range-related_plate_tectonics. ... Image File history File links Cascade_Range-related_plate_tectonics. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Fraser River watershed The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ...


Because of the range's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, precipitation is substantial, especially on the western slopes, with annual accumulations of up to 150 inches (3,800 mm) in some areas—Mount Baker, for instance, recorded the largest single-season snowfall on record in the world in 1999—and heavy snowfall as low as 2,000 feet (600 m). It is not uncommon for some places in the Cascades to have over 200 inches (5,500 mm) of snow accumulation, such as at Lake Helen (near Lassen Peak), one of the snowiest places in the world. Most of the High Cascades are therefore white with snow and ice year-round. The western slopes are densely covered with Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock and Red alder, while the drier eastern slopes are mostly Ponderosa Pine, with Western Larch at higher elevations. Annual rainfall drops to 8 inches (200 mm) on the eastern foothills due to a rainshadow effect. Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... This article is about the year. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Tsuga heterophylla (Raf. ... Binomial name Alnus rubra Bong. ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... Binomial name Larix occidentalis Nutt. ... Other uses: Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increases in elevated land at the base of a mountain range. ... A rain shadow (or more accurately, precipitation shadow) is a dry region on the surface of the Earth that is leeward or behind a mountain with respect to the prevailing wind direction. ...


Beyond the foothills is an arid plateau that was created 16 million years ago as a coalescing series of layered flood basalt flows. Together, these sequences of fluid volcanic rock form a 200,000 square mile (520,000 km²) region out of eastern Washington, Oregon, and parts of Northern California and Idaho called the Columbia River Plateau. In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Basalt Basalt (IPA: ) is a common gray to black extrusive volcanic rock. ... Ignimbrite is a deposit of a pyroclastic flow. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... The Columbia River Plateau is shown in green on this map. ...


The Columbia River Gorge is the only major break in the American part of the Cascades. When the Cascades started to rise 7 million years ago in the Pliocene, the Columbia River drained the relatively low Columbia River Plateau. As the range grew, the Columbia was able to keep pace, creating the gorge and major pass seen today. The gorge also exposes uplifted and warped layers of basalt from the plateau. The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ...


History

Cascade eruptions in the last 4000 years
Cascade eruptions in the last 4000 years

Native Americans have inhabited the area for thousands of years and developed their own myths and legends concerning the Cascades. According to some of these tales, Mounts Baker, Jefferson, and Shasta were used as refuge from a great flood. Other stories, such as the Bridge of the Gods tale, had various High Cascades such as Hood and Adams, act as god-like chiefs who made war by throwing fire and stone at each other. St. Helens with its pre-1980 graceful appearance, was regaled as a beautiful maiden for whom Hood and Adams feuded. Among the many stories concerning Mount Baker, one tells that the mountain was formerly married to Mount Rainier and lived in that vicinity. Then, because of a marital dispute, she picked herself up and marched north to her present position. Native tribes also developed their own names for the High Cascades and many of the smaller peaks, the most well-known to non-natives being Tahoma, the Lushootseed name for Mount Rainier. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from mythologein to relate myths, from mythos, meaning a narrative, and logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... For other uses, see Legendary (disambiguation). ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... The original Bridge of the Gods was created by the Bonneville Slide, which dammed the Columbia River (see also Columbia River Gorge) in the modern-day Pacific Northwest of the United States in the eighteenth century. ... For the community named Mount Hood, see Mount Hood, Oregon. ... Mt. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... Lushootseed (also xwəlšucid, dxwləšúcid, Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish, Skagit-Nisqually) is the language or dialect continuum of several Salish Native American groups of modern-day Washington state. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ...


The legendary and diverse ethnographic history of the Cascade Range is too complex to recount here, except to say that the spine of the range forms the divide between the Interior Salish and Coast Salish language groupings, and mythographically between the realm of Coyote on the east and that of the Transformers and the spirit-world of the Coast on the west.


Legends associated with the great volcanoes are many, as well as with other peaks and geographical features of the range, including its many hot springs and waterfalls and rock towers and other formations. Stories of Tahoma - today Mount Rainier and the namesake of Tacoma, Washington - allude to great, hidden grottos with sleeping giants, apparitions and other marvels in the volcanoes of Washington, and Mount Shasta in California has long been well-known for its associations with everything from Lemurians to aliens to elves and, as everywhere in the Cascades, Sasquatch or Bigfoot. For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical lost land variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ... Sasquatch can refer to different topics: A Sasquatch is another name for Bigfoot. ... It has been suggested that Evidence regarding Bigfoot be merged into this article or section. ...


In the spring of 1792 British navigator George Vancouver entered Puget Sound and started to give English names to the high mountains he saw. Mount Baker was named for Vancouver's third lieutenant, the graceful Mount St. Helens for a famous diplomat, Mount Hood was named in honor of Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood (an admiral of the Royal Navy) and the tallest Cascade, Mount Rainier, is the namesake of Admiral Peter Rainier. Vancouver's expedition did not, however, name the range these peaks belonged to. As marine trade in the Strait of Georgia and Puget Sound proceeded in the 1790s and beyond, the summits of Rainier and Baker became familiar to captains and crews (mostly British and American over all others, but not exclusively). 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A life sized statue covered in gold of George Vancouver on top of the British Columbia Parliament Buildings Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... For the community named Mount Hood, see Mount Hood, Oregon. ... Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, 1724–1816 by James Northcote, painted 1784. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Peter Rainier, Jr. ... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... Events and Trends French Revolution (1789 - 1799). ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ...


In 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the Cascades by using the Columbia River, which for many years was the only practical way to pass that part of the range. Trade on the lower Columbia River, which skirts the southern end of the range, did not occur until after Lewis and Clark in 1806, more specifically as a result of David Thompson's visit on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company shortly afterwards, and Simon Fraser's journey down the Fraser in 1808. The Lewis and Clark expedition, and the many settlers and traders that followed, met their last obstacle to their journey at the Cascades Rapids in the Columbia River Gorge, a feature on the river now submerged beneath the Bonneville Reservoir. Before long, the great white-capped mountains that loomed above the rapids were called the "mountains by the cascades" and later simply as the "Cascades" (the earliest attested use of this name is in the writings of botanist David Douglas). On their return trip Lewis and Clark's group spotted a high but distant snowy pinnacle that they named for the sponsor of the expedition, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson. 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806), headed by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, was the first United States overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian map-maker and explorer, known to native peoples as the Stargazer. He was born in London to Welsh parents, and died in Montreal (now Quebec, then Canada East in the Province of Canada). ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... An undated drawing of Simon Fraser Simon Fraser (1776–18 August 1862) was a fur trader and an explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Fraser River watershed The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... Cascades Rapids The Cascades Rapids (sometimes called Cascade Falls) is an area of rapids in the Columbia River where travelers by boat along the river were forced to either portage boats and supplies or pull boats up with ropes. ... The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Bonneville Lock and Dam is several dam structures that together complete a span of the Columbia River between the US states of Oregon and Washington at River Mile 146. ... Portrait of David Douglas, circa 1825 Coast Douglas-fir cone, from a tree grown from seed collected by David Douglas in 1826 This article is about the botanist. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ...

Mount Rainier, with Tacoma, Washington in foreground
Mount Rainier, with Tacoma, Washington in foreground

Exploration and settlement of the Cascades region by Europeans and Americans was accelerated by the establishment of a major trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Vancouver near today's Portland, Oregon. From this base, HBC trapping parties traveled throughout the Cascades in search of beaver and other fur-bearing animals. For example, using what became known as the Siskiyou Trail, HBC trappers were the first non-natives to explore the southern Cascades in the 1820s and 1830s, establishing trails which passed near Crater Lake, Mount McLoughlin, Medicine Lake Volcano, Mount Shasta and Lassen Peak. source http://vulcan. ... source http://vulcan. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City 376. ... The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... Mount McLoughlin is a stratovolcano in the southern Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... Penis Pump juice. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Lassen Peak[1] (also known as Mount Lassen) is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range. ...


The course of political history in the Pacific Northwest saw the spine of the Cascade Range being proposed as a boundary settlement during the Oregon Dispute of 1846, which was rejected by the United States which insisted on the 49th Parallel, which cuts across the range just north of Mount Baker. Throughout the period of dispute and up to the creation of the Crown Colony of British Columbia in 1858, the edge of the range along the Columbia and Okanogan Rivers formed the main express route of the Hudson's Bay Company's busy traffic, and passes across the range were used by HBC staff at Forts Nisqually and Puyallup. The vast majority of non-native residents of the Cascade Range region until about 1840 were British subjects, most of mixed French-native blood and some Hawaiians and blacks as well as Scots who were the backbone of Hudson's Bay Company administration. The Pacific Northwest from space This page is about the region that includes parts of Canada and the United States. ... The Oregon Country/Columbia District Disputed Area is the main area of dispute, although the whole region was disputed The Oregon boundary dispute (often called the Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Oregon Country, a region of northwestern North America known also... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Fort Nisqually is a living history museum located in Tacoma, Washington, USA, within the boundaries of Point Defiance Park. ...


American settlement of the flanks of the Coast Range did not occur until the early 1840s, at first only marginally. Following the Oregon Treaty the inward flux of migration from the Oregon Trail intensified and the passes and back-valleys of what is now the state of Washington were explored and populated, and it was not long after that railways followed. Despite its being traversed by several major freeways and rail lines, and its lower flanks subjected to major logging in recent decades, large parts of the range remain intense and forbidding alpine wilderness. Most of the northern half of the High Cascades, from Rainier north, have been preserved by US national or British Columbia provincial parks (such as E.C. Manning Provincial Park), or other forms of protected area. Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... State nickname: The Evergreen State Other U.S. States Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Governor Christine Gregoire (D) Official languages None Area 184,824 km² (18th)  - Land 172,587 km²  - Water 12,237 km² (6. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... // Alberta Aspen Beach Provincial Park Beauvais Lake Provincial Park Big Hill Springs Provincial Park Big Knife Provincial Park Bow Valley Provincial Park Calling Lake Provincial Park Carson-Pagasus Provincial Park Chain Lakes Provincial Park Cold Lake Provincial Park Crimson Lake Provincial Park Cross Lake Provincial Park Cypress Hills Provincial Park... E.C. Manning Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ...


The Canadian side of the range has a history that includes the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858-60 and its famous Cariboo Road, as well as the older Hudson's Bay Company Brigade Trail from the Canyon to the Interior, the Dewdney Trail, and older routes which connected east to the Similkameen and Okanagan valleys. The Gold Rush of British Columbia occurred after gold was discovered in the Fraser River Valley. ... Route of the Cariboo Road in red. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... The Similkameen River, near Keremeos, BC The Similkameen River runs through southern British Columbia, eventually emptying into the Okanagan River. ... Map of the regional districts that the Okanagan covers The Okanagan is a region located in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...


The southern mainline of the CPR penetrated the range via the passes of the Coquihalla River, along one of the steepest and snowiest routes in the entire Pacific Cordillera. The railway's roadbed, now decommissioned, is a popular tourist recreation destination, the Othello Tunnels, a hiking and biking trail near Hope, B.C. (waystations along the line were given Shakespearean names by the local CBC administrator). The pass itself is used by BC Highway 5 (Coquihalla Highway), a government megaproject built as part of the Expo 86 spending boom of the 1980s, which is now the main route from the Coast to the British Columbia Interior. Traffic formerly went via the Fraser Canyon, to the west, or via Allison Pass and Manning Park along Highway 3 to the south, near the border. The Coquihalla River, just outside Hope, British Columbia The Coquihalla River is located in the Cascade Mountains near the town of Hope, British Columbia. ... Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, popularly called The Othello Tunnels is a provincial park located near Hope, British Columbia. ... Hope ( ) is a community of approximately 7,000 people located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... British Columbia provincial highway 5, known locally as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, is a north-south route in the southern part of the province. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Allison Pass is a highway summit along the Crowsnest Highway in British Columbia, Canada. ... Manning park is located about 50 km southeast of Hope. ...     Crowsnest Highway marker shields. ...

The Barlow Road was the first established land path for U.S. settlers through the Cascade Range in 1845, and formed the final overland link for the Oregon Trail (previously, settlers had to raft down the treacherous rapids of the Columbia River). The Barlow Road left the Columbia at Hood River and passed along the south side of Mount Hood at Government Camp, terminating in Oregon City. There is an interpretive site there now at "The End of The Oregon Trail." The road was constructed as a toll road - $5/wagon - and was very successful. Lassen Peak As Seen From Cinder Cone (Large Version) Photograph by Brian M. McDaniel, 2003 This is a view of Lassen Peak as seen from the Cinder Cone in Lassen Volcanic Park, California. ... Lassen Peak As Seen From Cinder Cone (Large Version) Photograph by Brian M. McDaniel, 2003 This is a view of Lassen Peak as seen from the Cinder Cone in Lassen Volcanic Park, California. ... Lassen Peak[1] (also known as Mount Lassen) is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Barlow Road was the last overland segment of the Oregon Trail before reaching the Willamette Valley. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ...


In addition, the Applegate Trail was created to allow settlers to avoid rafting down the Columbia River. The Applegate Trail used the path of the California Trail to north-central Nevada. From there, the Applegate Trail headed northwest into northern California, and continued northwest towards today's Ashland, Oregon. From there, settlers would head north along the established Siskiyou Trail into the Willamette Valley. The Applegate Trail was a north-south wilderness trail through Oregon Territory. ... Main route of California Trail (thick red line), including Applegate-Lassen and Beckwourth variations (thinner red lines) The California Trail was a major overland emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. ... Official language(s) English Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  Ranked 7th  - Total 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km²)  - Width 322 miles (519 km)  - Length 490 miles (788 km)  - % water 0. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Jackson Settled 1852 Government  - Mayor John Morrison Area  - City  6. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ...


With the exception of the 1915 eruption of remote Lassen Peak in Northern California, the range was quiet for more than a century. Then, on May 18, 1980, the dramatic eruption of little-known Mount St. Helens shattered the quiet and brought the world's attention to the range. Geologists were also concerned that the St. Helens eruption was a sign that long-dormant Cascade volcanoes might become active once more, as in the period from 1800 to 1857 when a total of eight erupted. None have erupted since St. Helens, but precautions are being taken nevertheless, such as the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System in Pierce County, Washington.[2] Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lassen Peak[1] (also known as Mount Lassen) is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ... Pierce County is the second most populous county in the state of Washington. ...


Human uses

Soil conditions for farming are generally excellent, especially downwind of volcanoes. This is largely due to the fact that volcanic rocks are often rich in minerals such as potassium and decay easily. Volcanic debris, especially lahars, also have a leveling effect and the storage of water in the form of snow and ice is also important. Much of that water eventually flows into reservoirs where it is used for recreation before its potential energy is captured to generate hydroelectric power before being used to irrigate crops. Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Technically, soil forms the pedosphere: the interface between the lithosphere (rocky part of the planet) and the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition, a highly ordered atomic structure and specific physical properties. ... General Name, Symbol, Number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It is one of 19 that supplies New York City with drinking water. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ...


Because of the abundance of powerful streams, many of the major westward rivers off the Cascades have been dammed to provide hydroelectric power. One of these, Ross Dam on the Skagit River, created a reservoir which spans the border southeast of Hope, British Columbia, extending into Canada two miles. At the foot of the southeast flank of Mount Baker, at Concrete, Washington, the Baker River is dammed to form Shannon and Baker Lakes. Gorge Dam on the Skagit River Diablo Dam on the Skagit River, with the river in full flood, Oct. ... The Skagit River (pronounced ) is a river in southwestern British Columbia in Canada and northwestern Washington in the United States, approximately 150 mi (240 km) long. ... Hope ( ) is a community of approximately 7,000 people located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Concrete is a town located in Skagit County, Washington. ...


In addition, there is a largely untapped amount of geothermal power that can be generated from the Cascades. The USGS Geothermal Research Program has been investigating this potential. Some of this energy is already being used in places like Klamath Falls, Oregon where volcanic steam is used to heat public buildings. The highest recorded temperature found in the range is 510° F (265° C) at 3,075 feet (937 m) below Newberry Caldera's floor. Krafla Geothermal Station in northeast Iceland Geothermal power is the use of geothermal heat to generate electricity. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled steam and water vapor, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Newberry Caldera, with Paulina Lake, East Lake, and Big Obsidian Flow Newberry Caldera is the caldera on Newberry Volcano, a shield volcano in central Oregon. ...


Many Washington residents enjoy hiking the various peaks of the Cascade Range. Many enjoy the variety of scenery provided by the Cascade Range's basalt deposits and volcanic lakes. Having a Northwest Forest Pass is required to access many trails in the Cascades. These can currently be bought for $5 for a day pass, or $30 for an annual pass. However, it is important to go on hikes prepared. There can be dangerous conditions on peaks such as Sauk Mountain, particularly during the spring when there is a slushy mixture of snow and rain. Hiking without the proper gear and taking "shortcuts" can lead to being stranded and being put in the embarrassing situation of being escorted down the mountain via helicopter from the Whidbey Naval Air Station.


List of Mountains of the Cascade Volcanic Belt

All the major Cascade volcanoes except Garibaldi, Cayley, Meager and Silverthrone (which are north of this image's extent).

Note: the Cascades are incorrectly considered to include all of the volcanoes of the Cascade Volcanic Belt (a geological term), which includes some peaks north of the Fraser River, even though the Cascade Range (a geographic term) itself has its northern boundary at the Fraser. The first section of peaks in the list below are all in the Cascade Volcanic Belt but are not in the Cascade Range. Peaks are listed north to south. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x720, 17 KB)USGS image from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x720, 17 KB)USGS image from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ... Mount Cayley is a eroded stratovolcano in the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt in southwestern British Columbia, which last erupted during the Pleistocene. ... Mount Meager is a dormant stratovolcano with at least 8 vents, located 150 km north of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Mount Silverthrone is a deeply dissected caldera complex in the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia, located at the northern end of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt containing rhyolitic, dacitic and andesitic lava domes, lava flows and breccia. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Fraser River watershed The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... Map of the Earth Geography (from the Greek words Geo (γη) or Gaea (γαια), both meaning Earth, and graphein (γραφειν) meaning to describe or to writeor to map) is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena. ...


Cascade Volcanic Belt peaks north of the Fraser

None of these peaks are in the Cascade Range, but are still part of the larger Cascade Volcanic Belt. See Cascade Volcanoes. For a listing of non-volcanic peaks in this area see North Cascades.

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Mount Silverthrone is a deeply dissected caldera complex in the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia, located at the northern end of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt containing rhyolitic, dacitic and andesitic lava domes, lava flows and breccia. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Bridge River Cones is a volcanic field with a small group of trachybasaltic and basaltic eruptive centers at the northern end of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt in southwestern British Columbia. ... A volcanic field is a spot of the earths crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity. ... Basalt Basalt is an extrusive igneous rock, sometimes porphyritic, and is often both fine-grained and dense. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... Mount Meager is a dormant stratovolcano with at least 8 vents, located 150 km north of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Homa Mountain, Kenya in 1994 Mount Edziza, British Columbia, Canada as seen from Stewart-Cassiar Highway An eruption of Pacaya, Guatemala in 1976 Mt. ... Plinth Peak is a dormant volcano in British Columbia, Canada. ... The 1980 eruption of Mount St. ... Devastator Peak, sometimes called The Devastator, is the lowest of the six volcanic peaks of the Mount Meager volcanic complex in Squamish-Lillooet Regional District, British Columbia, in the Pacific Northwest region of Canada. ... Andesite is an igneous, volcanic (extrusive) rock, of intermediate composition, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture. ... Volcanic plug near Rhumsiki, Far North Province, Cameroon A volcanic plug, also called a volcanic neck or lava neck, is a volcanic landform created when lava hardens within a vent on an active volcano. ... In computer programming jargon, lava flow is a problem in which computer code, usually written under less than optimal conditions, is put into production and then built on when still in a developmental state. ... Mount Cayley is a eroded stratovolcano in the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt in southwestern British Columbia, which last erupted during the Pleistocene. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... Mount Fee is a volcanic neck located in the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt. ... Ignimbrite is a deposit of a pyroclastic flow. ... Brandywine Creek (also called the Brandywine River) is a tributary of the Christina River, approximately 20 mi (32 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States. ... The Black Tusk is a remarkably abrupt pinnacle of volcanic rock located in Garibaldi Provincial Park. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... Cinder Cone is a pyroclastic cone that has a small crater on the west side of the Helm Glacier in Garibaldi Provincial Park. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... We dont have an article called Pyroclastic cone Start this article Search for Pyroclastic cone in. ... Mount Price is a dormant stratovolcano located on the western shore of Garibaldi Lake in the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, British Columbia, Canada. ... Towering over the city of Naples, Vesuvius is dormant but certainly not extinct A dormant volcano is a volcano which is not currently erupting, but is believed to still be capable of erupting in the future. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... Garibaldi Lake is a group of nine small andesitic stratovolcanoes and basaltic-andesite vents in the scenic Garibaldi Lake area immediately north of Mount Garibaldi was formed during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. ... The Table is a 300 m high flow-dominated tuya or volcanic plateau near Mount Garibaldi, British Columbia. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... A tuya is a flat-topped, steep-sided volcano, which has been built up on the surface of a plateau. ... Opal Cone is a cinder cone located on the southeast flank of Mount Garibaldi. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... Cinder Cone is a cinder cone volcano in Lassen Volcanic National Park. ... Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... The Watts Point volcanic centre is a small outcrop of volcanic rock in British Columbia, Canada, located on the eastern shore of Howe Sound about 10 km (6 mi) south of Squamish and 40 km (25 mi) north of Vancouver. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

North Cascades and Canadian Cascades

  • Mount Slesse (British Columbia) (Near the United States-Canada border). An ancient volcanic plug, long extinct.
  • Mount Baker (Near the United States-Canada border) — highest peak in northern Washington. It still shows some steam activity from its crater, though it is considered dormant.
  • Glacier Peak (northern Washington) — secluded and relatively inaccessible peak. Contrary to its name, its glacial cover isn't that extensive. The volcano is surprisingly small in volume, and gets most of its height by having grown atop a nonvolcanic ridge.

Slesse Mountain, or Mount Slesse, is a mountain just north of the US-Canada border, in the North Cascades of British Columbia, near the town of Chilliwack. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Craters on Mount Cameroon Perhaps the most conspicuous part of a volcano is the crater, a basin of a roughly circular form within which occurs a vent (or vents) from which magma erupts as gases, lava, and ejecta. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ...

High Cascades

  • Mount Rainier (southeast of Tacoma, Washington) — highest peak in the Cascades, it dominates the surrounding landscape. There is no other higher peak northward until the Yukon-Alaska-BC border apex beyond the Alsek River.
  • Mount St. Helens (southern Washington) — Erupted in 1980, leveling forests to the north of the mountain and sending ash across the northwest. The northern part of the mountain was destroyed in the blast 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption).
  • Mount Adams (east of Mount St. Helens) — the second highest peak in Washington and third highest in the Cascade Range.
  • Mount Hood (northern Oregon) — the highest peak in Oregon and arguably the most frequently climbed major peak in the Cascades.
  • Mount Jefferson (northcentral Oregon) — the second highest peak in Oregon.
  • Three Fingered Jack (northcentral Oregon) — Highly eroded Pleistocene volcano.
  • Mount Washington (between Santiam and McKenzie passes) — a highly eroded shield volcano. [3]
  • Three Sisters (near the city of Bend, Oregon) — South Sister is the highest and youngest, with a well defined crater. Middle Sister is more pyramidal and eroded. North Sister is the oldest and has a crumbling rock pinnacle.
  • Broken Top (to the southeast of South Sister) — a highly eroded extinct stratovolcano. Contains Bend Glacier.
  • Newberry Volcano and Newberry Caldera — isolated caldera with two crater lakes. Very variable lavas. Flows from here have reached the city of Bend.
  • Mount Bachelor (near Three Sisters) — a geologically young (less than 15,000 years) shield-to-stratovolcano which is now the site of a popular ski resort.
  • Mount Bailey (north of Mount Mazama)
  • Mount Thielsen (east of Mount Bailey) — highly eroded volcano with a prominent spire, making it the Lightning Rod of the Cascades.
  • Mount Mazama (southern Oregon) — better known as Crater Lake, which is a caldera formed by a catastrophic eruption which took out most of the summit roughly 6,900 years ago. Mt. Mazama is estimated to have been about 11,000 ft. (3,350 m) elevation prior to the blast.
  • Mount Scott (southern Oregon) — on the southeastern flank of Crater Lake. At 8,929 feet (2,721 m) elevation, this small stratovolcano is the highest peak in Crater Lake National Park.
  • Mount McLoughlin (near Klamath Falls, Oregon) — presents a symmetrical appearance when viewed from Klamath Lake.
  • Medicine Lake Volcano — a shield volcano in northern California which is the largest volcano by volume in the Cascades.
  • Mount Shasta (northern California) — second highest peak in the Cascades. Can be seen in the Sacramento Valley as far as 140 miles (225 km) away, as it is a dominating feature of the region.
  • Lassen Peak (south of Mt. Shasta) — southernmost volcano in the Cascades and the most easily climbed peak in the Cascades. It erupted from 1914 to 1921, and like Mount Shasta, it too can be seen in the Sacramento Valley, up to 120 miles (193 km) away.

For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... Location of Alsek River. ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... (Redirected from 1980 Mount St. ... Mt. ... For the community named Mount Hood, see Mount Hood, Oregon. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Three-Fingered Jack is a very distinctively shaped Pleistocene volcano in the Cascade Range. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... Mount Washington is a shield volcano in the Cascade Range of Oregon. ... The Three Sisters are three volcanic peaks of the Cascade Range, located about 15 miles SW from the nearest town of Sisters, Oregon. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... Broken Top is an extinct stratovolcano highly eroded by glaciation. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... Map of Newberry Volcano and surroundings Newberry Volcano 7,985 ft (2,434 m) high is a large shield volcano located 40 miles (60 km) east of the Cascade Range and about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Bend, Oregon. ... Newberry Caldera, with Paulina Lake, East Lake, and Big Obsidian Flow Newberry Caldera is the caldera on Newberry Volcano, a shield volcano in central Oregon. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... Blowdown Lake in the mountains near Pemberton, British Columbia A lake (from Latin lacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... Mount Bachelor is a stratovolcano (called Bachelor Butte until the 1980s) built atop a shield volcano in the Cascade Range of central Oregon. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Mount Bailey is a relatively young tephra cone shield volcano in the Cascade Range that is located opposite Mount Thielsen from Diamond Lake in southern Oregon. ... Mount Thielsen is a stratovolcano in southern Oregon that has been so deeply eroded by glaciers that there is no summit crater and the upper part of the mountain is more or less a horn. ... Mount Mazama is a destroyed stratovolcano in the Oregon part of the Cascade Volcanic Belt and the Cascade Range. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... Satellite image of Santorini. ... Mount Scott is a small stratovolcano on the southeast flank of Crater Lake in southern Oregon. ... Image:CraterLake Oregon USA.jpg Crater Lake with Wizard Island Crater Lake National Park is a United States National Park located in Southern Oregon whose primary feature is Crater Lake. ... Mount McLoughlin is a stratovolcano in the southern Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... Klamath Lake is a large freshwater body located in Klamath County Oregon, a small distance south of Crater Lake and close to Klamath Falls[1]. Upper Klamath Lake, at approximately 30 miles long and as much as 8 miles wide at poins is the largest body of freshwater west of... Penis Pump juice. ... Shield volcano A shield volcano is a large volcano with shallowly-sloping sides. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... The California Central Valley Part of the Valley as seen from overhead A typical Central Valley scene at ground level The California Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the central portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Lassen Peak[1] (also known as Mount Lassen) is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range. ...

Protected areas

There are four U.S. National Parks in the Cascade Range and many U.S. National Monuments, U.S. Wilderness Areas, and U.S. National Forests. Each classification protects the various glaciers, volcanoes, geothermal fields, rivers, lakes, forests, and wildlife to varying degrees. The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the National Park Service. ... Navajo National Monument Devils Tower National Monument Statue of Liberty National Monument Fort Matanzas National Monument A National Monument is a protected area of the United States that is similar to a national park (specifically a U.S. National Park) except that the President of the United States can quickly... The Wilderness Act protects exceptional undisturbed natural areas and scenery, such as in the Ansel Adams Wilderness On federal lands in the United States, Congress may designate a wilderness area under the provisions of the Wilderness Act of 1964. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... Earth cutaway from core to exosphere. ...


National parks

Map of Lassen area showing hydrothermal features (red dots) and volcanic feature or remnant (yellow cones). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Yellowstone National Park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest intact ecosystem in the Earths northern temperate zone. ... Image:CraterLake Oregon USA.jpg Crater Lake with Wizard Island Crater Lake National Park is a United States National Park located in Southern Oregon whose primary feature is Crater Lake. ... Mount Mazama is a destroyed stratovolcano in the Oregon part of the Cascade Volcanic Belt and the Cascade Range. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... A crater lake that simply goes by the name Crater Lake, in Oregon, USA Heaven Lake (Chonji / Tianchi), North Korea / China Cuicocha, Ecuador Lake formed after 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines Mount Katmai, Alaska, USA Mount Wenchi crater lake, Ethiopia Nemrut, Turkey Volcán Irazú, Costa Rica This page... Mount Rainier National Park is a United States National Park located in southeast Pierce County, Washington. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Looking toward Magic Mountain from the Cascade Pass trail North Cascades National Park is a U.S. National Park located in Washington state. ... Quartzite, a form of metamorphic rock, from the Museum of Geology at University of Tartu collection. ... Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ...

National monuments

  • Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument is located in southern Oregon at the junction of the Cascades and the Siskiyou Mountains.

Mount St. ... (Redirected from 1980 Mount St. ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... Newberry National Volcanic National Monument was designated in November 1990 to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the United States. ... Map of Newberry Volcano and surroundings Newberry Volcano 7,985 ft (2,434 m) high is a large shield volcano located 40 miles (60 km) east of the Cascade Range and about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Bend, Oregon. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument was established by President Bill Clinton in 2000. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Siskiyou Mountains The Siskiyou Mountains are a coastal mountain range in the northern Klamath Mountains in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... Lava Beds National Monument, located in Siskiyou and Modoc Counies, California, is the site of the largest concentration of lava tube caves in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Penis Pump juice. ...

Wilderness Areas

  • Shasta-Trinity National Forest Wilderness Areas
    • Mt. Shasta Wilderness

The Alpine Lakes Wilderness is a large, mountainous wilderness area in Washington, United States. ... The Glacier Peak Wilderness, created by Congress in the original 1964 wilderness legislation, is located within portions of Chelan, Washington, and Skagit Counties in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. The area, 572,000 acres (2315 km²) in size, 35 miles (56 kilometers) long and 20 miles (32 kilometers... US Forest Service sign along the North Fork Skykomish Trail at the edge of the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area. ... Lake-Chelan-Sawtooth Wilderness is a 613 square km protected area located within Okanogan National Forest and Wenatchee National Forest in Washington State. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The northwest corner of Douglas Wilderness looking south from State Route 410 The William O. Douglas Wilderness includes 166,000 acres located between the U.S. Route 12 and State Route 410 and is jointly administered by the Gifford Pinchot National Forest and the Wenatchee National Forest. ... Goat Rocks Wilderness is a U.S. Wilderness Area in Washington, United States. ... Gifford Pinchot National Forest is a national forest located in southwestern Washington. ... Goat Rocks Wilderness is a U.S. Wilderness Area in Washington, United States. ... Located in Washington State, the 15,750 acres of Tatoosh Wilderness is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. ... The Mount Adams Wilderness has 47,280 acres of ecologically complex and geologically active land. ... Hiker next to a large old-growth tree in the Trapper Creek Wilderness The small Trapper Creek Wilderness area consists of 5,970 acres in Southwest Washington in the Gifford Pinchot National Forest. ... The northwest corner of Douglas Wilderness looking south from State Route 410 The William O. Douglas Wilderness includes 166,000 acres located between the U.S. Route 12 and State Route 410 and is jointly administered by the Gifford Pinchot National Forest and the Wenatchee National Forest. ... The Alpine Lakes Wilderness is a large, mountainous wilderness area in Washington, United States. ... Mount Rainer, Cascade Range, Washington Clearwater Wilderness, a small 14,300 acre wilderness created by Congress in the 1984 under the 1964 Wilderness Act establishing the National Wilderness Preservation System. ... The Glacier Peak Wilderness, created by Congress in the original 1964 wilderness legislation, is located within portions of Chelan, Washington, and Skagit Counties in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. The area, 572,000 acres (2315 km²) in size, 35 miles (56 kilometers) long and 20 miles (32 kilometers... US Forest Service sign along the North Fork Skykomish Trail at the edge of the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area. ... Mount Baker Wilderness in northern Washington, USA, contains 117,500 acres (475 km²). Its eastern border is shared with the boundary of the North Cascades National Park for a distance of 40 miles (65 kilometers). ... The Noisy-Diobsud Wilderness is a relatively small wilderness area in northwestern Washington state adjacent to North Cascades National Park. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Old-growth Douglas Fir in the Mount Hood National Forest The Mount Hood National Forest is located 20 miles (32 km) east of the city of Portland, Oregon, and the northern Willamette River valley. ... The Badger Creek Wilderness is located on the southern side of Mount Hood in the northwestern Cascades of Oregon, U.S., within Mount Hood National Forest. ... The Bull of the Woods Wilderness is located on the southern side of Mount Hood in the northwestern Cascades of Oregon. ... The Mark O. Hatfield Wilderness is located on the northern side of Mount Hood in the northwestern Cascades of Oregon, near the Columbia River Gorge and within Mount Hood National Forest. ... The Mount Hood Wilderness is a protected wilderness area inside the Mount Hood National Forest. ... The Salmon-Huckleberry Wilderness is located on the southern side of Mount Hood in the northwestern Cascades of Oregon, U.S., within Mount Hood National Forest. ... The Deschutes National Forest is a United States National Forest located in Deschutes County, Oregon. ... The Diamond Peak Wilderness straddles the Cascade crest and includes the Diamond Peak Volcano. ... The Mt. ... The Mt. ... The Mt. ... The eponymous Three Sisters The Three Sisters Wilderness is a wilderness area in the Willamette National Forest in Oregon, east of Eugene and southeast of Portland. ... The Willamette National Forest is named after the Willamette River, which has its headwaters in the Forest. ... The Opal Creek Wilderness is a wilderness area located in the Willamette National Forest in the U.S. state of Oregon, on the border of the Mount Hood National Forest. ... The Middle Santiam Wilderness is located near Mount Washington in the central Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S., within Willamette National Forest. ... The Menagerie Wilderness is located near Mount Washington in the central Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S., within Willamette National Forest. ... Waldo Lake is a lake in the Cascade Mountains of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Umpqua National Forest, in southern Oregons Cascade mountains, covers an area of one-million acres, and borders Crater Lake National Park. ... The Boulder Creek Wilderness is located in the Umpqua National Forest in the southern Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S.. Categories: | | | ... The Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest is a United States National Forest located on both sides of the border between the states of Oregon and California. ... The Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest is a United States National Forest located on both sides of the border between the states of Oregon and California. ... The Sky Lakes Wilderness is located in the Rogue River National Forest/Siskiyou National Forest in the southern Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S.. Categories: | | | ... The Rogue-Umpqua Divide Wilderness is located in the Rogue River National Forest/Siskiyou National Forest in the southern Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S.. Categories: | | | ... Shasta-Trinity National Forest is a nationally protected forest in northern California, USA. Categories: California-related stubs ... Lassen National Forest is a national forest located in northern California. ... Ishi Wilderness Area,[1] lying within the Lassen National Forest[2] in the Shasta Cascade foothills, is approximately twenty miles east of Red Bluff, California, USA. The Ishi Wilderness Area is a unique 41,000 acre, low-elevation wilderness. ... The Thousand Lakes Wilderness is located within the southern portion of the Cascade Range in northeastern California. ...

Provincial Parks

Garibaldi Provincial Park is a wilderness park located in British Columbia, Canada, about 70km north of Vancouver. ... Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... Skagit Valley Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ... E.C. Manning Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ... Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, popularly called The Othello Tunnels is a provincial park located near Hope, British Columbia. ...

See also

Different definitions of Cascadia and related terms. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Pacific Northwest region of the United States is still geologically active. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Methow, Washington Methow was founded in 1889 by W.A. Bolinger when he moved his store from the former mining boom-town at Squaw Creek (approx. ...

References

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Mountain Press Publishing Company is an American book publishing company based in Missoula, Montana. ... The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ... Fred Beckey (born Friedrich Wolfgang Beckey in 1923) is a legendary American mountaineer, who has made hundreds of first ascents, more than any other North American climber ever. ... The Cascade Alpine Guide(s) are a series of three climbing guides written by Fred Beckey, longtime explorer and climber of the Cascade Mountains in Washington State and British Columbia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

External links

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Cascade Range

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cascade Range - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2963 words)
The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California.
The course of political history in the Pacific Northwest saw the spine of the Cascade Range being proposed as a boundary settlement during the Oregon Dispute of 1846, which was rejected by the United States which insisted on the 49th Parallel, which cuts across the range just north of Mount Baker.
Because of the range's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, precipitation is substantial, especially on the western slopes, with annual accumulations of up to 150 inches (3800 mm) in some areas—Mount Baker, for instance, apparently recorded the largest single-season snowfall on record in the world in 1999—and heavy snowfall as low as 2000 feet (600 m).
Cascade Range - definition of Cascade Range in Encyclopedia (1844 words)
The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California.
The Cascades (as they are called for short) are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the ring of volcanoes around the Pacific Ocean.
Because of the range's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, precipitation is substantial, especially on the western slopes, with annual accumulations of up to 150 inches (380 cm) in some areas and heavy snowfall as low as 2000 feet (610 m).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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