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Encyclopedia > Cartridge (electronics)
Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer

In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e.g. a video game cartridge), or a method by which consumables may be replenished (e.g. an ink cartridge for a printer). The term cartridge tends to be applied loosely to a large range of techniques which conform to this general description. Image File history File links ViC20_Cartridge. ... Image File history File links ViC20_Cartridge. ... VIC-20 with accessories. ... “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... An ink cartridge is a replaceable component of an ink jet printer that contains the ink (and sometimes the print-head itself) that is spread on paper during printing. ...


In general the term tends to mean any detachable sub-unit that is held within its own container. The term cassette has a similar meaning. A video game cartridge may also be referred to as a cart or game pa(c)k. A standard audio cassette Cassette may refer to: A small cartridge of some form. ...

Contents

Music

The 4-track cartridge and 8-track cartridge are analogue music storage formats popular from the late 1960s to the early 1980s. Here, a cartridge contains audio tape, thus providing different content using the same player. The cartridge containing the tape permits ease of handling of the fragile tape, making it far more convenient and robust than having loose tape. The 4-track cartridge or Stereo-pak is an audio storage magnetic tape cartridge technology, inspired by the 1959 Fidelipac 3-track tape cartridge system (used by radio broadcasters for commercials and jingles) and adapted by Earl Madman Muntz for use in cars as an alternative to radio. ... The 8-track cartridge or Stereo 8 is a magnetic tape technology for audio storage, popular from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. ...


The pickup on modern turntables for playing records is called a cartridge. For more information on this, see magnetic cartridge. “Tonearm” redirects here. ... A magnetic cartridge is a device used for the playback of gramophone records on a turntable or phonograph. ...


Software

A cartridge may be one method of running different software programs within a general purpose computer. This system was popularised by early home computers such as the Atari 400/800 and Commodore 64, where a special bus port was provided for the insertion of cartridges containing software in ROM. In most cases the designs were fairly crude, with the entire address and data buses exposed by the port; the cartridge was memory mapped directly into the system's address space. This type of system was pioneered on earlier home TV game systems, and until recently remained a popular approach with modern games consoles. The advantage of cartridges over other approaches such as loading software from other media is that the software is instantly available, with no loading time, and it is held in a very robust and hence damage-resistant form. Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... This article is about the machine. ... Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... C-64 redirects here. ... Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... An address bus is (part of) a computer bus, used by CPUs or DMA-capable units for communicating the physical addresses of computer memory elements/locations that the requesting unit wants to access (read/write). ... In computer architecture, a bus is a subsystem that transfers data or power between computer components inside a computer or between computers. ... Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port I/O (also called port-mapped I/O or PMIO) are two complementary methods of performing input/output between the CPU and I/O devices in a computer. ... In computing, an address space defines a range of discrete addresses, each of which may correspond to a physical or virtual memory register, a network host, peripheral device, disk sector or other logical or physical entity. ... The Atari Classic 10-in-1 TV game by Jakks Pacific A TV game is an interactive entertainment device designed for use on a television set that does not require the use of an actual video game console for operation. ... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ...


Notable machines using cartridges were the Commodore VIC-20 and 64, the Atari 8-bit family (400/800/XL/XE), the Texas Instruments TI-99/4A (where they were called Solid State Command Modules and weren't directly mapped to the system bus) and the IBM PCjr (where the cartridge was mapped into BIOS space). VIC-20 with accessories. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A was an early home computer, released in June 1981, originally at a price of $525. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... The IBM PCjr was a relatively inexpensive home computer of the 1980s, and it was IBMs first attempt to enter the educational and home computer markets. ... For other uses, see Bios. ...


From the late 1970s to mid-1990s, the majority of home video game systems were cartridge-based. When CD technology came to be used widely for data storage, most hardware companies moved from cartridges to CD-based game systems, since CD-ROMs were much cheaper to produce and could hold more content. Nintendo remained the lone hold-out, and did not create an optical-media based system until several years later, instead opting to make their next generation system, the Nintendo 64, cartridge-based. This move was questioned by many industry insiders, who argued that cartridge-based games could never be as long or complex as CD based games, such as those found on competitor systems like the Sony PlayStation and Sega Saturn, and that the relatively high manufacturing costs of cartridges compared to optical media would make cartridge based systems uncompetitive on price. The economic consequences Nintendo suffered as a result of this gamble are often regarded as marking the end of cartridge-based home gaming systems. However, despite the smaller storage capacity, Nintendo 64 cartridges enabled faster load times and stronger copy-protection features than the Sony PlayStation. But by 2001, improved loading times for disc-based games led Nintendo to release its next gaming system, the GameCube, with a proprietary mini DVD-based format that had greater copy-protection than the standard DVD.[citation needed] Hand-held systems, however, remained cartridge-based until the release of the Nintendo DS (which uses a proprietary type of flash memory card slightly larger than an American or Canadian quarter) and PlayStation Portable (which uses Universal Media Discs, a proprietary type of optical disc which holds 1.8 gigabytes). “Game console” redirects here. ... A compact disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, was Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The Nintendo GameCube (Japanese: ゲームキューブ; originally code-named Dolphin during development; abbreviated as GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the 128-bit era; the same generation as Segas Dreamcast, Sonys PlayStation 2, and Microsofts Xbox. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ...


Games cartridge capacities are often quoted in unusual terms in an effort to dupe wide-eyed young consumers. Although the 90s practice of citing memory capacity in 'megs' — deliberately not drawing the distinction between megabits and megabytes — has now disappeared, games software cartridges are still often described as '512 megabit' instead of the more meaningful '64 megabyte', for example.


In the late 1970s, due to the similarity in appearance between Atari 2600 cartridges and 8-track tapes, many consumers called them "Atari tapes" (even though the cartridges did not use magnetic memory) and stores even advertised having "Atari tapes" for sale. The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The 8-track cartridge or Stereo 8 is a magnetic tape technology for audio storage, popular from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. ...


In the late 1980s and early 1990s, due to the similarity in size between Sega Master System and Sega Mega Drive/Genesis cartridges and audio cassettes, some consumers called them "Sega tapes", although these cartridges did not use magnetic memory either. The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... The Compact Cassette, often referred to as audio cassette, cassette tape, cassette, or simply tape, is a magnetic tape sound recording format. ...


Washing

One early form of automatic washing machine manufactured by Hoover used cartridges to programme different wash cycles. This system, called the Keymatic, used plastic cartridges with key-like slots and ridges around the edges. The cartridge was inserted into a slot on the machine and a mechanical reader operated the machine accordingly. The system did not really take off, since it offered no real advantage over the more conventional programme dial, and the cartridges were prone to getting lost. In hindsight it can be seen as a marketing gimmick rather than offering any really useful functionality. Front-loading washing machine. ... A gimmick is a unique or quirky special feature that makes something stand out from its contemporaries. ...


Ink

Replacement of consumables is an important use for cartridges. They are typically used in printers to hold the ink in the case of inkjet printers (see: ink cartridge), or toner for laser printers. A computer printer, or more commonly a printer, produces a hard copy (permanent human-readable text and/or graphics) of documents stored in electronic form, usually on physical print media such as paper transparencies]]. Many printers are primarily used as computer peripherals, and are attached by a printer cable to... Inkjet printers are a type of computer printer that operates by propelling tiny droplets of liquid ink onto paper. ... An ink cartridge is a replaceable component of an ink jet printer that contains the ink (and sometimes the print-head itself) that is spread on paper during printing. ... 1993 Apple LaserWriter Pro 630 laser printer A laser printer is a common type of computer printer that rapidly produces high quality text and graphics on plain paper. ...


See also

  • ROM cartridge

IBM PCjr; two ROM cartridge slots are below the floppy drives. ...

Footnotes


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cartridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (194 words)
Cartridge (electronics) - a module to be inserted into a larger piece of equipment, for example a games cartridge in a games console, or an ink cartridge in a printer.
Cartridge (firearms) is a round of charge-and-bullet ammunition.
Cartridge paper is a high quality type of heavy paper used for illustration, drawing, etc. It was originally used for making cartridges of the weaponry kind, hence the name.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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