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Encyclopedia > Carta Testamento

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The last text written by Getúlio Vargas, mid-20th Century President of Brazil. It served as a suicide note, as a call for nationalism, and as an application for martyrdom in that cause. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (pron. ... Kurt Cobains alleged suicide note. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix Nationalism is an ideology that holds that (ethnically or culturally defined) nations are the fundamental units for human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ...


The full text, as cited by Thayer Watkins of San José State University, follows: San José State University, commonly shortened to San José State and SJSU, is the founding campus of what became the California State University system. ...


Once more the forces and interests which work against the people have organized themselves anew and breakout against me. They do not accuse me, they insult me; they do not fight me, they vilify me and do not allow me the right to defend myself. They must silence my voice and impede my actions so that I shall not continue to defend the people as I always have, especially the humble. I follow my destiny. After decades of domination and plunder on the part of international economic and financial groups, I placed myself at the head of a revolution and won. I began the work of liberation and I installed a regime of social freedom. I once had to resign but I returned to the Government on the shoulders of the people. The underground campaign of international groups joined that of national groups which were working against the policy of full employment. The excess profits law was held up in Congress. Hatreds were unleashed against the just revision of minimum wages. I wished to bring national freedom in the use of our resources by means of Petrobas; this had hardly begun to operate when the wave of agitation swelled. Electrobas was obstructed to the point of despair. They do not want the worker to be free. They do not want the Brazilian people to be independent.


I assumed the Government in the midst of an inflationary spiral which was destroying the rewards of work. Profits for foreign companies were reaching as much as 500 percent per year. In declaration of import values, frauds of more than $100 million per year were proved. With the coffee crisis the value of our main product rose. We tried to protect its price and the response was such violent pressure on our economy that we were forced to give in. I have fought month after month, day after day, hour after hour, resisting constant pressure, suffering everything in silence, forgetting everything, giving of myself in order to defend the Brazilian people who are now left deserted. There is nothing more I can give you except my blood. If the birds of prey want someone's blood, if they want to go on draining the Brazilian people, I offer my life as a holocaust. I choose this means of being always with you. When they humiliate you, you will feel my soul suffering at your side. When hunger knocks at your door, you will feel in your breast the energy to struggle for yourselves and your children. When you are scorned, my memory will give you the strength to react. My sacrifice will keep you united and my name will be your battle standard.


Each drop of my blood will be an immortal flame in your conscience and will uphold the sacred will to resist. To hatred I reply with pardon, and to those who think they have defeated me, I reply with my victory. I was a slave to the Brazilian people, and today I am freeing myself for eternal life. But this people, whose slave I was, will no longer be slave to anyone. My sacrifice will remain forever in their souls and my blood will be the price of their ransom. I fought against the exploitation of Brazil. I fought against the exploitation of her people. I have fought with my whole heart. Hatred, infamy and slander have not conquered my spirit. I have given you my life. Now I offer you my death. I fear nothing. Serenely I take my first step towards eternity and leave life to enter history.


External Link

  • GETULIO VARGAS AND THE ESTADO NÔVO, Thayer Watkins

 
 

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