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Encyclopedia > Carpus
Bone: Carpus
BONES OF HAND
Proximal: A=Scaphoid, B=Lunate, C=Triquetral, D=Pisiform
Distal: E=Trapezium, F=Trapezoid, G=Capitate, H=Hamate
Latin ossa carpi
Gray's subject #54 221
MeSH Carpal+Bones
Dorlands/Elsevier o_07/12598168
This article is about Carpal bones. In Greek mythology, Carpus (Greek: Karpos, "fruit") was a son of Chloris and Zephyrus.

In tetrapods, the carpus is the cluster of bones in the hand between the radius and ulna and the metacarpus. The bones of the carpus do not belong to individual fingers, whereas those of the metacarpus do. The joint between the radius and ulna and the carpus is called the wrist. (The corresponding part of the foot is the tarsus.) Image File history File links Carpus. ... The scaphoid bone of the wrist is found on the thumb side of the hand, within the anatomical snuffbox. ... The lunate bone (os lunatum; semilunar bone) is a bone in the human hand that may be distinguished by its deep concavity and crescentic outline. ... The triquetral bone (also called triquetral, os triquetrum, cuneiform bone, pyramidal bone, cubital bone, os pyramidale, os triangulare, three-cornered bone, and triangular bone) is a type of carpal bone. ... The left pisiform bone. ... The trapezium is a bone in the human hand. ... In human anatomy, the trapezoid bone (lesser multangular bone; os multangulum minus) is a bone in the hands. ... The capitate bone (os capitatum; os magnum) is a bone in the human hand. ... The hamate bone (os hamatum; unciform bone) is a bone in the human hand that may be readily distinguished by its wedge-shaped form, and the hook-like process which projects from its volar surface. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Elseviers logo. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Karpos (or Carpus) was a Greek mythological figure, whose name in Greek means fruit. He is the son of Zephyros (the west wind) and Khloris (spring, or new vegetation), together forming a natural metaphor — the west wind comes with the new growth of spring, which later bears fruit. ... As she talks, her lips breathe spring roses: I was Chloris, who am now called Flora. ... Zephyr and Hyakinth; Attic red figure cup from Tarquinia, circa 480 BCE. Boston Museum of Fine Arts. ... Groups See text. ... Grays Anatomy illustration of a human femur. ... The hands (med. ... The radius is the bone of the forearm that extends from the outside of your limb to your phlangx (lateral) of the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist. ... The ulna (Elbow Bone) [Figs. ... The metacarpus is the intermediate part of the hand skeleton that is located between the fingers distally and the carpus which forms the connection to the forearm. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see Foot (disambiguation). ... FIG. 268– Bones of the right foot. ...

Contents

In other animals

While this article focuses primarily on human anatomy, the carpal bones have evolved differently in different animals. This article is about evolution in biology. ...


For example in some macropods, the scaphoid and lunar bones are fused into the scapholunar bone.[1] Genera Lagostrophus Dendrolagus Dorcopsis Dorcopsulus Lagorchestes Macropus Onychogalea Petrogale Setonix Thylogale Wallabia Tree kangaroos have smaller ears for easier maneuvering between tree branches, and much longer tail. ...


The carpus

Row Name Proximal/radial articulations Distal articulations Metacarpal articulations
Proximal Scaphoid radius, lunate trapezium, trapezoid, capitate -
Proximal Lunate radius, scaphoid, triquetral capitate, hamate -
Proximal Triquetral lunate, pisiform (but NOT ulna) hamate -
Proximal Pisiform (sesamoid bone) triquetral - -
Distal Trapezium scaphoid trapezoid #1 and #2
Distal Trapezoid scaphoid trapezium, capitate #2
Distal Capitate scaphoid, lunate trapezoid, hamate #2, #3 and #4
Distal Hamate triquetral, lunate capitate #4 and #5

The scaphoid bone of the wrist is found on the thumb side of the hand, within the anatomical snuffbox. ... The radius is the bone of the forearm that extends from the outside of your limb to your phlangx (lateral) of the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist. ... The lunate bone (os lunatum; semilunar bone) is a bone in the human hand that may be distinguished by its deep concavity and crescentic outline. ... The triquetral bone (also called triquetral, os triquetrum, cuneiform bone, pyramidal bone, cubital bone, os pyramidale, os triangulare, three-cornered bone, and triangular bone) is a type of carpal bone. ... The ulna (Elbow Bone) [Figs. ... The left pisiform bone. ... In anatomy, a sesamoid bone is a bone embedded within a tendon. ... The trapezium is a bone in the human hand. ... The first metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the thumb) which connects to the thumb is shorter and stouter than the others, diverges to a greater degree from the carpus, and its volar surface is directed toward the palm. ... The second metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the index finger) is the longest, and its base the largest, after the first metacarpal. ... In human anatomy, the trapezoid bone (lesser multangular bone; os multangulum minus) is a bone in the hands. ... The left capitate bone Os capitatum of the left hand, palmar surface Os capitatum of the left hand, dorsal surface The capitate bone (os capitatum; os magnum) is a bone in the human hand. ... The third metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the middle finger) is a little smaller than the second. ... The fourth metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the ring finger) is shorter and smaller than the third. ... The left hamate bone The hamate bone (os hamatum; unciform bone) is a bone in the human hand that may be readily distinguished by its wedge-shaped form, and the hook-like process which projects from its volar surface. ... The fourth metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the ring finger) is shorter and smaller than the third. ... The fifth metacarpal bone (metacarpal bone of the little finger) presents on its base one facet on its superior surface, which is concavo-convex and articulates with the hamate, and one on its radial side, which articulates with the fourth metacarpal. ...

Mnemonics

There exist several Mnemonics to remember these bones:[2] Not to be confused with pneumonic. ...

  • Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle.
  • Sally left the party / to take Cathy home.
  • Students Like The Professor / To Teach Complex Hypotheses
  • Stop Letting Those People / Touch The Cadaver's Hands
  • Sneh Lata Tinde Paka / Tere Tinde Catchey Hain (A Hindi version which is quite funny and hence popular among students in India, which can be roughly translated as an exhortation to a woman called Sneh Lata, asking her to properly cook a vegetable.)
  • Slow Lane To Preston / Tom Thumb Can Hum
  • SeLoTaPe/aTTaCH(you remove all the vowels for this one to get the eight (8) consonants)
  • Sacred Lovers Try Positions That They Cannot Handle.
  • She Likes To Play / Try To Catch Her
  • Senior Lecturers Take Prostitutes To The Calthorpe Hotel

Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ...

Common characteristics of the carpal bones

Each bone (excepting the pisiform) presents six (6) surfaces.


Of these the palmar or anterior and the dorsal or posterior surfaces are rough, for ligamentous attachment; the dorsal surfaces being the broader, except in the lunate.


The superior or proximal, and inferior or distal surfaces are articular, the superior generally convex, the inferior concave; the medial and lateral surfaces are also articular where they are in contact with contiguous bones, otherwise they are rough and tuberculated.


The structure in all is similar: cancellous tissue enclosed in a layer of compact bone. Cancellous is a type of cancer in the bone. ... Cortical bone is one of two main types of bone. ...


See also

Grays Anatomy illustration of a human femur. ... In zootomy, several terms are used to describe the location of organs and other structures in the body of bilateral animals. ... In the human wrist there is a sheath of tough connective tissue which envelopes and protects one nerve (median nerve) and tendons, which attach muscles to the wrist and hand bones. ... This article is about the medical condition. ...

Additional images

References

  1. ^ http://home.brisnet.org.au/~mccready/Swamp%20Wallaby.htm
  2. ^ Mnemonic at medicalmnemonics.com 414 381 4 3448

Not to be confused with pneumonic. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Carpus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1931 words)
In Greek mythology, Carpus (Greek: Karpos, "fruit") was a son of Chloris and Zephyrus.
In tetrapods, the carpus is the cluster of bones in the hand between the radius and ulna and the metacarpus.
It is one of the four eminences on the front of the carpus to which the transverse carpal ligament of the wrist is attached; the others being the pisiform medially, the oblique ridge of the greater multangular and the tubercle of the navicular laterally.
carpus - definition of carpus in Encyclopedia (1963 words)
In Greek mythology, Carpus "fruit" was a son of Chloris and Boreas.
It is situated in the center of the proximal row of the carpus, between the navicular and triangular.
The superior surface, the apex of the wedge, is narrow, convex, smooth, and articulates with the lunate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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