The term 'carpal tunnel' is also used quite commonly to refer to 'carpal tunnel syndrome' which is a condition where the median nerve is pinched within the tunnel and causes pain and/or numbness of the wrist/hand, once thought to be a result of repetitive motion such as painting or typing.
The carpal tunnel is a fibro-osseous tunnel on the palmar surface of the carpalbones which transmits a number of tendons (flexor pollicis longus, flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus) and the median nerve from the forearm into the hand.
It attaches to the scaphoid tubercle and ridge of the trapezium laterally (radially), and to the pisiform and hook of the hamate medially (ulnarly).
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