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Encyclopedia > Carnival of the Animals

The Carnival of the Animals (Le carnaval des animaux in the original French) is a musical suite of 14 movements by the French Romantic composer Camille Saint-Saëns. Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music MusicNovatory: the science of music encyclopedia Science of Music... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... Charles Camille Saint-Saëns (IPA: [ʃaʁl. ...


Le Carnaval was composed in February 1886 while Saint-Saëns was vacationing in a small Austrian village. It was originally scored for a chamber group of flute, clarinet, two pianos, glass armonica, xylophone, two violins, viola, cello and double bass, but is usually performed today by a full orchestra, and with a glockenspiel substituting the rare glass harmonica. Saint-Saëns, apparently concerned that the piece was too frivolous and likely to harm his reputation as a serious composer, repressed performances of it and only allowed one movement, Le Cygne, to be published in his lifetime. Only small private performances were given for close friends like Franz Liszt. Saint-Saëns' will, however, included a provision which allowed the suite to be published after his death and it has since become one of his most popular works. It is a favorite of music teachers and young children, along with Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf and Britten's The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... This article pertains to the musical instrument. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common Bâ™­ soprano clarinet. ... The piano Piano is a common abbreviation for pianoforte, a large musical instrument with a keyboard (see keyboard instrument). ... A glass harmonica. ... A modern xylophone Xylophone in Bali 1937 The xylophone is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia (Nettl 1956, p. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a fifth apart. ... The viola is a stringed musical instrument which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the violin and the lower lines played by the cello and double bass. ... A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The violoncello, or as it is more commonly to refered to as the cello or cello (pronounced Cheh-loh), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Melbourne Symphony Orchestra Melbourne Symphony Orchestra Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... The glockenspiel (German, play of bells, also known as orchestra bells and, in its portable form, lyra) is a musical instrument in the percussion family. ... A glass harmonica. ... Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , April 271, 1891 – March 5, 1953) was a Ukrainian-born Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... Peter and the Wolf is a composition by Sergei Prokofiev written after his return to Russia in 1936. ... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (November 22, 1913 – December 4, 1976) was a British composer, conductor and pianist. ... The Young Persons Guide to the Orchestra, op. ...


There are fourteen movements:

  1. Introduction et marche royale du Lion (Introduction and Royal March of the Lion)
  2. Poules et Coqs (Hens and Cocks)
  3. Hémiones (animaux véloces) (Wild Asses)
  4. Tortues (Tortoises)
  5. L'Éléphant (The Elephant)
  6. Kangourous (Kangaroos)
  7. Aquarium
  8. Personnages à longues oreilles (Those with Long Ears)
  9. Le coucou au fond des bois (The Cuckoo in the Depths of the Woods)
  10. Volière (Aviary)
  11. Pianistes (Pianists)
  12. Fossiles (Fossils)
  13. Le Cygne (The Swan)
  14. Finale

As the title suggests, the work follows a zoological program and progresses from the first movement ("Introduction and Royal March of the Lion"), through portraits of elephants and donkeys ("Those with Long Ears") to a finale reprising many of the earlier motifs. Several of the movements are of humourous intent: "Pianists", for example, depicts piano students clumsily practicing scales, "Tortoises" includes a greatly slowed-down version of the famous Can-can from Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld, and "L'Éléphant" is Hector Berlioz's "Dances des sylphes" much lower than usual as a double bass solo. "Fossils" quotes Saint-Saëns' own Danse macabre and various traditional French tunes. Zoology (Greek zoon = animal and logos = word) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ... Program music is music intended to musically represent, or accompany, an extra-musical theme, contrasting with absolute music. ... Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas recki (extinct) Stegodon (extinct) Deinotherium (extinct) Mammuthus (extinct) Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of animals, the only family in the order Proboscidea that still exists today. ... Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 The donkey (Equus asinus, hence also ass) is a domesticated animal of the horse family, Equidae. ... The Can-can (also spelt Cancan, Can Can) is regarded today primarily as a music hall dance, perfomed by a chorus line of female dancers who wear costumes with long skirts, petticoats, and black stockings, harking back to the fashions of the 1890s. ... Missing image Image:JacquesOffenbach. ... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... Orphée aux enfers is an operetta in two acts by Jacques Offenbach. ... Portrait of Berlioz by Signol, 1832 Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Grande Messe des morts (Requiem) of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Danse Macabre (first performed in 1874) is the name of opus 40 by French composer Camille Saint-Saëns. ...


The most famous movement is the penultimate one ("The Swan") which is a lyrical cello solo to the accompaniment of two pianos. The ballet The Dying Swan is choreographed to this music. A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The violoncello, or as it is more commonly to refered to as the cello or cello (pronounced Cheh-loh), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... The Dying Swan is a poem by Lord Alfred Tennyson. ...


Ogden Nash wrote a set of humorous verses to accompany each movement, which are often recited when the work is performed. The conclusion of the verse for the "Fossils", for example, fits perfectly with the punchline-like first bar of the music: Frederic Ogden Nash (August 19, 1902 – May 19, 1971) was an American poet best known for writing pithy, funny, light verse. ...

Last night in the museum hall
The fossils gathered for a ball
There were no drums or saxophones,
But just the clatter of their bones,
A rolling, rattling, carefree circus
Of mammoth polkas and mazurkas.
Pterodactyls and brontosauruses
Sang ghostly prehistoric choruses.
Amid the mastodonic wassail
I caught the eye of one small fossil.
Cheer up, sad world, he said, and winked-
It's kind of fun to be extinct.

In 1999, Walt Disney Feature Animation incorporated the Finale into Fantasia 2000. In the film, a flock of flamingos is annoyed by another flamingo with a yo-yo. The music was recorded by James Levine conducting the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) is the animation studio that makes up a key element of The Walt Disney Company. ... Fantasia 2000 is an animated film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, which premiered on December 17, 1999, and was released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution; first to IMAX theaters on December 31, 1999, and later to regular theatres in June 2000. ... Species Phoenicopterus roseus Phoenicopterus minor Phoenicopterus jamesi Phoenicopterus andinus Phoenicopterus chilensis Phoenicopterus ruber Flamingos (genus Phoenicopterus monotypic in family Phoenicopteridae) are gregarious wading birds, usually 3–5 feet in height, found in both the western and eastern hemispheres. ... The yo-yo is a toy consisting of two equally-sized discs of plastic, wood, or metal, connected with an axle, around which a string is wound. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943) is an American orchestral conductor and pianist. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Carnival of the Animals (832 words)
Thus, the lumbering elephant is represented by a low-register bass melody, the graceful swan becomes a legato, solo 'cello line, and the kangaroo's hops are depicted by quick glissandos in the piano.
One of Bach's favorite animal depictions was the snake, its slithery motions easily depicted by melisma passages in the voice or obligato part.
These are fairly conservative examples of animal imagery in music, since Haydn was bound by the conventions of the Viennese Classical school.
BookPage Children's Review: Carnival of the Animals (351 words)
However, he proved he had a sense of humor when he wrote "Carnival of the Animals." Saint-Saens was a teacher in a music school when he decided to play a joke on his students -- a musical joke, of course.
The carnival opens with a majestic march for the king of beasts and continues with lighter-hearted, sometimes comical, music for each of the other animals, before the elegant swan glides gracefully into the distance.
"Carnival of the Animals" may have been written as a joke for music students, but people have enjoyed this interesting composition so much that it is arguably the best loved and most famous of all the pieces written by Camille Saint-Saens.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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